FLOOR

Syntax

Description of floor.gif follows
Description of the illustration floor.gif

Purpose

FLOOR returns the largest integer equal to or less than n. The number n can always be written as the sum of an integer k and a positive fraction f such that 0 <= f < 1 and n = k + f. The value of FLOOR is the integer k. Thus, the value of FLOOR is n itself if and only if n is precisely an integer.

This function takes as an argument any numeric data type or any nonnumeric data type that can be implicitly converted to a numeric data type. The function returns the same data type as the numeric data type of the argument.

See Also:

Table 3-10, "Implicit Type Conversion Matrix" for more information on implicit conversion and CEIL

Examples

The following example returns the largest integer equal to or less than 15.7:

SELECT FLOOR(15.7) "Floor"
  FROM DUAL;

     Floor
----------
        15