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GROUPING_ID

Syntax

Description of grouping_id.gif follows
Description of the illustration grouping_id.gif

Purpose

GROUPING_ID returns a number corresponding to the GROUPING bit vector associated with a row. GROUPING_ID is applicable only in a SELECT statement that contains a GROUP BY extension, such as ROLLUP or CUBE, and a GROUPING function. In queries with many GROUP BY expressions, determining the GROUP BY level of a particular row requires many GROUPING functions, which leads to cumbersome SQL. GROUPING_ID is useful in these cases.

GROUPING_ID is functionally equivalent to taking the results of multiple GROUPING functions and concatenating them into a bit vector (a string of ones and zeros). By using GROUPING_ID you can avoid the need for multiple GROUPING functions and make row filtering conditions easier to express. Row filtering is easier with GROUPING_ID because the desired rows can be identified with a single condition of GROUPING_ID = n. The function is especially useful when storing multiple levels of aggregation in a single table.

Examples

The following example shows how to extract grouping IDs from a query of the sample table sh.sales:

SELECT channel_id, promo_id, sum(amount_sold) s_sales,
       GROUPING(channel_id) gc,
       GROUPING(promo_id) gp,
       GROUPING_ID(channel_id, promo_id) gcp,
       GROUPING_ID(promo_id, channel_id) gpc
  FROM sales
  WHERE promo_id > 496
  GROUP BY CUBE(channel_id, promo_id)
  ORDER BY channel_id, promo_id, s_sales, gc;
 
CHANNEL_ID   PROMO_ID    S_SALES         GC         GP        GCP        GPC
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
         2        999 25797563.2          0          0          0          0
         2            25797563.2          0          1          1          2
         3        999 55336945.1          0          0          0          0
         3            55336945.1          0          1          1          2
         4        999 13370012.5          0          0          0          0
         4            13370012.5          0          1          1          2
                  999 94504520.8          1          0          2          1
                      94504520.8          1          1          3          3