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Oracle® Text Application Developer's Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2)

E24435-03
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A CONTEXT Query Application

This appendix describes how to build a simple Web search application using the CONTEXT index type, whether by writing your own code or by using the Oracle Text Wizard. The following topics are covered:

A.1 Web Query Application Overview

A common use of Oracle Text is to index HTML files on Web sites and provide search capabilities to users. The sample application in this appendix indexes a set of HTML files stored in the database and uses a Web server connected to Oracle Database to provide the search service.

This appendix describes two versions of the Web query application:

  • One using PL/SQL Server Pages (PSP)

  • One using Java Server Pages (JSP)

Both versions of these applications can be produced by means of a query application wizard, which produces the necessary code automatically.

You can view and download both the PSP and JSP application code, as well as the text query application wizard, at the Oracle Technology Network Web site:

http://www.oracle.com/technology/products/text

The text query application wizard Web page also contains complete instructions on how to use the wizard.

Figure A-1 shows what the JSP version of the text query application looks like. This application was created with the Oracle Text application wizard.

Figure A-1 The Text Query Application

Description of Figure A-1 follows
Description of "Figure A-1 The Text Query Application"

Figure A-2 shows the results of the text query.

Figure A-2 The Text Query Application with Results

Description of Figure A-2 follows
Description of "Figure A-2 The Text Query Application with Results"

The application returns links to documents containing the search term. Each document has four links:

A.2 The PSP Web Application

This application is based on PL/SQL server pages. Figure A-3, "The PSP Web Application" illustrates how the browser calls the PSP-stored procedure on Oracle Database through a Web server.

Figure A-3 The PSP Web Application

Description of Figure A-3 follows
Description of "Figure A-3 The PSP Web Application"

A.2.1 Web Application Prerequisites

This application has the following requirements:

  • Your Oracle Database (version 8.1.6 or higher) is up and running.

  • You have the Oracle PL/SQL gateway running.

  • You have a Web server such as Apache up and running and correctly configured to send requests to Oracle Database.

A.2.2 Building the Web Application

This section describes how to build the PSP Web application.

Step 1   Create your Text Table

You must create a text table to store your HTML files. This example creates a table called search_table as follows:

create table search_table (tk numeric primary key, title varchar2(2000), 
  text clob);
Step 2   Load HTML Documents into Table Using SQL*Loader

You must load the text table with the HTML files. This example uses the control file loader.ctl to load the files named in loader.dat. The SQL*Loader statement is as follows:

% sqlldr userid=scott/tiger control=loader.ctl 
Step 3   Create the CONTEXT index

If you are using the text query wizard: The wizard produces a script to create an index. (See the instructions on the download Web page for the wizard.) Run that script.

If you are not using the wizard: Index the HTML files by creating a CONTEXT index on the text column as follows. Because you are indexing HTML, this example uses the NULL_FILTER preference type for no filtering and uses the HTML_SECTION_GROUP type:

create index idx_search_table on search_table(text)
  indextype is ctxsys.context parameters
  ('filter ctxsys.null_filter section group CTXSYS.HTML_SECTION_GROUP');
Step 4   Compile search_htmlservices Package in Oracle Database

The application must present selected documents to the user. To do so, Oracle Database must read the documents from the CLOB in search_table and output the result for viewing, This is done by calling procedures in the search_htmlservices package. The file search_htmlservices.sql must be compiled. You can do this at the SQL*Plus prompt:

SQL> @search_htmlservices.sql

Package created.
Step 5   Compile the search_html PSP page with loadpsp

The search page is invoked by calling search_html.psp from a browser. You compile search_html in Oracle Database with the loadpsp command-line program:

% loadpsp -replace -user scott/tiger search_html.psp
"search_html.psp": procedure "search_html" created.

See Also:

Oracle Database Advanced Application Developer's Guide for more information about using PSP
Step 6   Configure Your Web Server

You must configure your Web server to accept client PSP requests as a URL. Your Web server forwards these requests to Oracle Database and returns server output to the browser. See Figure A-3.

You can use the Oracle WebDB Web listener or Oracle Application Server, which includes the Apache Web server. See your Web server documentation for more information.

Step 7   Enter Query from Browser

You can access the query application from a browser using a URL. You configure the URL with your Web server. An example URL might look like:

http://server.example.com:7777/mypath/search_html

The application displays a query entry box in your browser and returns the query results as a list of HTML links, as shown in Figure A-1 and Figure A-2.

A.2.3 PSP Sample Code

This section lists the code used to build the example Web application. It includes the following files:

A.2.3.1 loader.ctl

This example shows a sample loader.ctl file. It is used by sqlldr to load the data file, loader.dat.

LOAD DATA 
        INFILE 'loader.dat'
        INTO TABLE search_table 
        REPLACE 
        FIELDS TERMINATED BY ';'
        (tk             INTEGER,
         title          CHAR,
         text_file      FILLER CHAR,
         text           LOBFILE(text_file) TERMINATED BY EOF)

A.2.3.2 loader.dat

This example shows a sample loader.dat file. Each row contains three fields: a reference number for the document, a label (or "title"), and the name of the HTML document to load into the text column of search_table. The file has been truncated for this example.

1;   Pizza Shredder;Pizza.html
2;   Refrigerator w/ Front-Door Auto Cantaloupe Dispenser;Cantaloupe.html
3;   Self-Tipping Couch;Couch.html
4;   Home Air Dirtier;Mess.html
5;   Set of Pet Magnets;Pet.html
6;   Esteem-Building Talking Pillow;Snooze.html
      . . .
28;   Shaggy Found Inspiration For Success In Jamaica ;shaggy_found.html
29;   Solar Flare Eruptions Likely ;solar_flare.html
30;   Supersonic Plane Breaks Food Barrier ;food_barrier.html
31;   SOUNDSCAN REPORT: Recipe for An Aspiring Top Ten;urban_groove_1.html
      . . .

A.2.3.3 search_htmlservices.sql

set define off
create or replace package search_htmlServices as
  procedure showHTMLDoc (p_id in numeric);
  procedure showDoc  (p_id in varchar2, p_query in varchar2);
end;
/
show errors;

create or replace package body search_htmlServices as

  procedure showHTMLDoc (p_id in numeric) is
    v_clob_selected   CLOB;
    v_read_amount     integer;
    v_read_offset     integer;
    v_buffer          varchar2(32767);
   begin


     select text into v_clob_selected from search_table where tk = p_id;
     v_read_amount := 32767;
     v_read_offset := 1;
   begin
    loop
      dbms_lob.read(v_clob_selected,v_read_amount,v_read_offset,v_buffer);
      htp.print(v_buffer);
      v_read_offset := v_read_offset + v_read_amount;
      v_read_amount := 32767;
    end loop;
   exception
   when no_data_found then
     null;
   end;
 end showHTMLDoc;


procedure showDoc (p_id in varchar2, p_query in varchar2) is

 v_clob_selected   CLOB;
 v_read_amount     integer;
 v_read_offset     integer;
 v_buffer          varchar2(32767);
 v_query           varchar(2000);
 v_cursor          integer;

 begin
   htp.p('<html><title>HTML version with highlighted terms</title>');
   htp.p('<body bgcolor="#ffffff">');
   htp.p('<b>HTML version with highlighted terms</b>');

   begin
     ctx_doc.markup (index_name => 'idx_search_table',
                     textkey    => p_id,
                     text_query => p_query,
                     restab     => v_clob_selected,
                     starttag   => '<i><font color=red>',
                     endtag     => '</font></i>');

     v_read_amount := 32767;
     v_read_offset := 1;
     begin
      loop
        dbms_lob.read(v_clob_selected,v_read_amount,v_read_offset,v_buffer);
        htp.print(v_buffer);
        v_read_offset := v_read_offset + v_read_amount;
        v_read_amount := 32767;
      end loop;
     exception
      when no_data_found then
         null;
     end;

     exception
      when others then
        null; --showHTMLdoc(p_id);
   end;
end showDoc;
end;
/
show errors


set define on

A.2.3.4 search_html.psp

<%@ plsql procedure="search_html" %>
<%@ plsql parameter="query" default="null" %>
<%! v_results numeric := 0; %>

<html>
<head>
  <title>search_html Search </title>
</head>
<body>

<%

If query is null Then
%>

  <center>
    <form method=post action="search_html">
     <b>Search for: </b>
     <input type=text name="query" size=30>&nbsp;
     <input type=submit value=Search>
  </center>
<hr>

<% 
  Else
%>

   <p>
   <%!
      color varchar2(6) := 'ffffff';
   %>

   <center>
     <form method=post action="search_html">
      <b>Search for:</b>
      <input type=text name="query" size=30 value="<%= query %>">
      <input type=submit value=Search>
     </form>
   </center>
   <hr>
   <p>

   <%
     -- select statement 
    for doc in (
                select /*+ DOMAIN_INDEX_SORT */ rowid, tk, title, score(1) scr
                from search_table
                where contains(text, query,1) >0
                order by score(1) desc
               ) 
         loop
           v_results := v_results + 1;
           if v_results = 1 then

   %>

             <center>
              <table border="0">
                <tr bgcolor="#6699CC">
                  <th>Score</th>
                  <th>Title</th>
                </tr>

  <%      end if; %>
          <tr bgcolor="#<%= color %>">
           <td> <%= doc.scr %>% </td>
           <td> <%= doc.title %>
           [<a href="search_htmlServices.showHTMLDoc?p_id=
                  <%= doc.tk %>">HTML</a>]
           [<a href="search_htmlServices.showDoc?p_id=
                  <%= doc.tk %>&p_query=<%= query %>">Highlight</a>]
           </td>
         </tr>

   <%
          if (color = 'ffffff') then
               color := 'eeeeee';
             else
               color := 'ffffff';
          end if;

     end loop; 
   %>

    </table>
   </center>

<% 
  end if;
%>
</body></html>

A.3 The JSP Web Application

Creating the JSP-based Web application involves most of the same steps as those used in building the PSP-based application (see "Building the Web Application"). You can use the same loader.dat and loader.ctl files. However, with the JSP-based application, you do not need to do the following:

  • Compile the search_htmlservices package

  • Compile the search_html PSP page with loadpsp

A.3.1 Web Application Prerequisites

This application has the following requirements:

  • Your Oracle database (version 8.1.6 or higher) is up and running.

  • You have a Web server such as Apache up and running and correctly configured to send requests to Oracle Database.

A.3.2 JSP Sample Code

This section lists the Java code used to build the example Web application. It includes the following files:

  • search_html.jsp

    The code for this file was generated by the text query application wizard. (Some longer lines have been split to make the code easier to read.)

A.3.2.1 search_html.jsp

<%@ page import="java.sql.*, java.util.*, java.net.*, 
   oracle.jdbc.*, oracle.jsp.dbutil.*" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" %>
<% oracle.jsp.util.PublicUtil.setReqCharacterEncoding(request, "UTF-8"); %>
<jsp:useBean id="name" class="oracle.jsp.jml.JmlString" scope ="request" >
<jsp:setProperty name="name" property="value" param="query" />
</jsp:useBean>
 
<%
String connStr="jdbc:oracle:thin:@jsmith-pc.us.oracle.com:1521:zippy922";
 
java.util.Properties info=new java.util.Properties();
Connection conn = null;
ResultSet rset = null;
OracleCallableStatement callStmt = null;
Statement stmt = null;
String userQuery = null;
String myQuery = null;
URLEncoder myEncoder;
int count=0;
int loopNum=0;
int startNum=0;
if (name.isEmpty()) {
%>
  <html>
    <title>Text Search</title>
    <body>
      <table width="100%">
        <tr bgcolor="#336699">
          <td><font face="arial, helvetica" align="left" 
          color="#CCCC99" size=+2>Text Search</td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    <center>
      <form method = post>
      Search for:
      <input type=text name=query size = 30>
      <input type=submit value="Search">
      </form>
    </center>
    </body>
  </html>
 
<%}
 
else {
%>
  <html>
    <title>Text Search</title>
    <body text="#000000" bgcolor="#FFFFFF" link="#663300" 
          vlink="#996633" alink="#ff6600">
      <table width="100%">
        <tr bgcolor="#336699">
          <td><font face="arial, helvetica" align="left" 
                 color="#CCCC99" size=+2>Text Search</td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    <center>
      <form method = post action="TextSearchApp.jsp">
      Search for:
      <input type=text name="query" value="<%=name.getValue() %>" size = 30>
      <input type=submit value="Search">
      </form>
    </center>
<%
  try {
    DriverManager.registerDriver(new oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver() );
    info.put ("user", "jsmith");
    info.put ("password","hello");
    conn = DriverManager.getConnection(connStr,info);
    stmt = conn.createStatement();
    userQuery =   request.getParameter("query");
    myQuery =   URLEncoder.encode(userQuery);
    String numStr =   request.getParameter("sn");
    if(numStr!=null)
      startNum=Integer.parseInt(numStr);
    String theQuery =   translate(userQuery);
    callStmt =(OracleCallableStatement)conn.prepareCall("begin "+
         "?:=ctx_query.count_hits(index_name=>'ULTRA_IDX1', "+
         "text_query=>?"+
         "); " +
         "end; ");
    callStmt.setString(2,theQuery);
    callStmt.registerOutParameter(1, OracleTypes.NUMBER);
    callStmt.execute();
    count=((OracleCallableStatement)callStmt).getNUMBER(1).intValue();
    if(count>=(startNum+20)){
%>
    <font color="#336699" FACE="Arial,Helvetica" SIZE=+1>Results
           <%=startNum+1%> - <%=startNum+20%> of <%=count%> matches
<%
    }
    else if(count>0){
%>
    <font color="#336699" FACE="Arial,Helvetica" SIZE=+1>Results
           <%=startNum+1%> - <%=count%> of <%=count%> matches
<%
    }
    else {
%>
    <font color="#336699" FACE="Arial,Helvetica" SIZE=+1>No match found
<%
    }
%>
  <table width="100%">
  <TR ALIGN="RIGHT">
<%
  if((startNum>0)&(count<=startNum+20))
  {
%>
    <TD ALIGN="RIGHT">
    <a href="TextSearchApp.jsp?sn=<%=startNum-20 %>&query=
            <%=myQuery %>">previous20</a>
    </TD>
<%
  }
  else if((count>startNum+20)&(startNum==0))
  {
%>
    <TD ALIGN="RIGHT">
    <a href="TextSearchApp.jsp?sn=<%=startNum+20 
          %>&query=<%=myQuery %>">next20</a>
    </TD>
<%
  }
  else if((count>startNum+20)&(startNum>0))
  {
%>
    <TD ALIGN="RIGHT">
    <a href="TextSearchApp.jsp?sn=<%=startNum-20 %>&query=
              <%=myQuery %>">previous20</a>
    <a href="TextSearchApp.jsp?sn=<%=startNum+20 %>&query=
              <%=myQuery %>">next20</a>
    </TD>
<%
  }
%>
  </TR>
  </table>
<%
    String ctxQuery = "select /*+ DOMAIN_INDEX_SORT */ rowid, 'TITLE',
     score(1) scr from 'ULTRA_TAB1' where contains('TEXT', '"+theQuery+"',1 )
     > 0 order by score(1) desc";
    rset = stmt.executeQuery(ctxQuery);
    String color = "ffffff";
    String rowid = null;
    String fakeRowid = null;
    String[] colToDisplay = new String[1];
    int myScore = 0;
    int items = 0;
    while (rset.next()&&items< 20) {
      if(loopNum>=startNum)
      {
        rowid = rset.getString(1);
        fakeRowid = URLEncoder.encode(rowid);
        colToDisplay[0] = rset.getString(2);
        myScore = (int)rset.getInt(3);
        items++;
        if (items == 1) {
%>
        <center>
          <table BORDER=1 CELLSPACING=0 CELLPADDING=0 width="100%"
            <tr bgcolor="#CCCC99">
              <th><font face="arial, helvetica" color="#336699">Score</th>
              <th><font face="arial, helvetica" color="#336699">TITLE</th>
              <th> <font face="arial, helvetica" 
                       color="#336699">Document Services</th>
            </tr>
<%   } %>
      <tr bgcolor="#FFFFE0">
        <td ALIGN="CENTER"> <%= myScore %>%</td>
        <td> <%= colToDisplay[0] %>
        <td>
        </td>
      </tr>
<%
      if (color.compareTo("ffffff") == 0)
        color = "eeeeee";
      else
        color = "ffffff";
      }
      loopNum++;
    }
} catch (SQLException e) {
%>
    <b>Error: </b> <%= e %><p>
<%
} finally {
  if (conn != null) conn.close();
  if (stmt != null) stmt.close();
  if (rset != null) rset.close();
  }
%>
  </table>
  </center>
  <table width="100%">
  <TR ALIGN="RIGHT">
<%
  if((startNum>0)&(count<=startNum+20))
  {
%>
    <TD ALIGN="RIGHT">
    <a href="TextSearchApp.jsp?sn=<%=startNum-20 %>&query=
               <%=myQuery %>">previous20</a>
    </TD>
<%
  }
  else if((count>startNum+20)&(startNum==0))
  {
%>
    <TD ALIGN="RIGHT">
    <a href="TextSearchApp.jsp?sn=<%=startNum+20 %>&query=
          <%=myQuery %>">next20</a>
    </TD>
<%
  }
  else if((count>startNum+20)&(startNum>0))
  {
%>
    <TD ALIGN="RIGHT">
    <a href="TextSearchApp.jsp?sn=<%=startNum-20 %>&query=
          <%=myQuery %>">previous20</a>
    <a href="TextSearchApp.jsp?sn=<%=startNum+20 %>&query=
          <%=myQuery %>">next20</a>
    </TD>
<%
  }
%>
  </TR>
  </table>
  </body></html>
<%}
 
%>
<%!
   public String translate (String input)
   {
      Vector reqWords = new Vector();
      StringTokenizer st = new StringTokenizer(input, " '", true);
      while (st.hasMoreTokens())
      {
        String token = st.nextToken();
        if (token.equals("'"))
        {
           String phrase = getQuotedPhrase(st);
           if (phrase != null)
           {
              reqWords.addElement(phrase);
           }
        }
        else if (!token.equals(" "))
        {
           reqWords.addElement(token);
        }
      }
      return getQueryString(reqWords);
   }
 
   private String getQuotedPhrase(StringTokenizer st)
   {
      StringBuffer phrase = new StringBuffer();
      String token = null;
      while (st.hasMoreTokens() && (!(token = st.nextToken()).equals("'")))
      {
        phrase.append(token);
      }
      return phrase.toString();
   }
 
 
   private String getQueryString(Vector reqWords)
   {
      StringBuffer query = new StringBuffer("");
      int length = (reqWords == null) ? 0 : reqWords.size();
      for (int ii=0; ii < length; ii++)
      {
         if (ii != 0)
         {
           query.append(" & ");
         }
         query.append("{");
         query.append(reqWords.elementAt(ii));
         query.append("}");
      }
      return query.toString();
   }
%>