Glossary

!
See bang character (!).
#MISSING
See missing data (#MISSING).
accessor
Input and output data specifications for data mining algorithms.
accounts dimension
A dimension type that makes accounting intelligence available. Only one dimension can be defined as Accounts.
Administration Server
A Java middle-tier server that handles communication between Administration Services Console and supported Hyperion product servers, such as Analytic Servers, HIgh Availability Servers, and Smart View Providers.
Administration Services
A Hyperion Analytic Services product used to manage the Analytic Services environment from a single point of access. It consists of a Java client console and middle-tier server that communicate directly with Analytic Servers.
Administration Services Console
A Java graphical user interface that communicates with Analytic Servers by way of Analytic Administration Server. The console enables administrators to manage Analytic Servers from a single, graphical representation of the Analytic Services environment.
administrator
An individual who installs and maintains Analytic Services, including setting up user accounts and security. See also database administrator (DBA) and system administrator.
agent
An Analytic Server process that starts and stops applications and databases, manages connections from users, and handles user-access security. The agent is referred to as ESSBASE.EXE.
aggregate
See consolidate.
aggregate cell
In aggregate storage databases, cells with values that are rolled up from lower-level cell values and potentially stored in aggregations. Input (level 0) cells, accounts dimension cells, and cells for members with formulas are not aggregate cells.
aggregate storage database
The Analytic Services database storage model provided by Enterprise Analytics, supporting large-scale, sparsely distributed data which is categorized into many, potentially large dimensions. Selected data values are aggregated and stored, typically with improvements in aggregation time.
aggregate view
A collection of aggregate cells based on the levels of the members within each dimension. For example, a single aggregate view in a three-dimension outline can be represented as 0,2,1. Each number represents the member level in the dimension. If the dimensions are Measures, Products, and Geography, the aggregate view 0,2,1 includes aggregate cells for level 0 members of Measures, level 2 members of Products, and level 1 members of Geography. See also aggregate cell.
aggregation
The process of rolling up and storing values in an aggregate storage database; the stored result of the aggregation process.
aggregation script
In aggregate storage databases only, a file that defines a selection of aggregate views to be built into an aggregation.
algorithm
A method (set of instructions) that the Data Mining Framework uses to analyze data.
alias
An alternative name.
alternate hierarchy
A hierarchy of shared members. An alternate hierarchy is based upon an existing hierarchy in a database outline, but has alternate levels in the dimension. An alternate hierarcy allows the same data to be seen from different points of view.
Analytic Server
The server component of Analytic Services.
Analytic Server log
A record of actions performed by the Analytic Server (agent).
Analytic Services
The product that provides OLAP capabilities in the Hyperion platform. An instance of Analytic Services is an Analytic Server.
ancestor
A branch member that has members below it. For example, in a dimension that includes years, quarters, and months, the members Qtr2 and 2001 are ancestors of the member April.
application
A management structure containing one or more Analytic Services databases and the related files that control many system variables, such as memory allocation and autoload parameters.
application designer
See application manager.
application log
A record of user actions performed on an application.
application manager
An individual who designs, creates, and maintains Analytic Services applications and databases.
application programming interface (API)
A library of functions that can be used in a custom program. Provides programmatic access to the data or services of an application.
ARBORPATH
An environment variable that specifies the Hyperion Analytic Services root directory.
area
A predefined set of members and values that makes up a partition.
arithmetic data load
A data load that performs operations on values in the database, such as adding 10 to each value.
asymmetric report
A report characterized by groups of members that differ by at least one member across the groups. There can be a difference in the number of members or the names of members under each heading in the report. For example, a report can have three members grouped under "East" and two members grouped under "West."
attribute
A classification of a member in a dimension. For example, a Product dimension can have several attributes, such as Size and Flavor. A specific member of the Product dimension can have the Size attribute, 8, and the Flavor attribute, Cola.
attribute association
A relationship in a database outline whereby a member in an attribute dimension describes a characteristic of a member of its base dimension. For example, if product 100-10 has a grape flavor, the product 100-10 has the Flavor attribute association of grape. Thus, the 100-10 member of the Product dimension is associated with the Grape member of the Flavor attribute dimension.
Attribute Calculations dimension
A system-defined dimension that performs the following calculation operations on groups of members: Sum, Count, Avg, Min, and Max. This dimension is calculated dynamically and is not visible in the database outline. For example, by using the Avg member, you can calculate the average sales value for Red products in New York in January.
attribute reporting
A process of defining reports that is based on the attributes of the base members in the database outline.
attribute type
A text, numeric, Boolean, or date type that enables different functions for grouping, selecting, or calculating data. For example, because the Ounces attribute dimension has the type numeric, the number of ounces specified as the attribute of each product can be used to calculate the profit per ounce for that product.
attributes
In data mining, a class of values used as a factor in analysis of a set of data.
axis
In MaxL DML, a specification determining the layout of query results from a database. For example, for a data query in Sample Basic, an axis can define columns for values for Qtr1, Qtr2, Qtr3, and Qtr4. Row data would be retrieved with totals in the following hierarchy: Market, Product. A different arrangement of data would require a different axis definition. In the MaxL DML query "SELECT {Jan} ON COLUMNS FROM Sample.Basic", the axis specification is "{Jan} ON COLUMNS" (quotation marks are used for clarity but are not part of the syntax).
bang character (!)
A character that terminates a series of report commands and requests information from the database. A report script must be terminated with a bang character; several bang characters can be used within a report script.
base currency
The currency in which daily business transactions are performed.
base dimension
A standard dimension that is associated with one or more attribute dimensions. For example, assuming products have flavors, the Product dimension is the base dimension for the Flavors attribute dimension.
batch calculation
Any calculation on a database that is done in batch; for example, a calculation script or a full database calculation. Dynamic calculations are not considered to be batch calculations.
batch file
An operating system file that can call multiple ESSCMD scripts and run multiple sessions of ESSCMD. On Windows-based systems, batch files have .BAT file extensions. On UNIX, batch files are written as a shell script.
batch processing mode
A method of using ESSCMD to write a batch or script file that can be used to automate routine server maintenance and diagnostic tasks. ESSCMD script files can execute multiple commands and can be run from the operating system command line or from within operating system batch files. Batch files can be used to call multiple ESSCMD scripts or run multiple instances of ESSCMD.
block
The primary storage unit within the Analytic Services product Essbase Analytics. A block is a multidimensional array representing the cells of all dense dimensions.
block storage database
The Essbase Analytics database storage model categorizing and storing data based on the sparsity of data values defined in sparse dimensions. Data values are stored in blocks, which exist only for sparse dimension members for which there are values.
build method
A method used to modify database outlines. Choice of a build method is based on the format of data in data source files.
cache
A buffer in memory that holds data temporarily.
cache memory locking
An Analytic Services database setting that, when enabled, locks the memory used for the index cache, data file cache, and data cache into physical memory, potentially improving database performance. This setting is disabled by default.
calculated member in MaxL DML
In MaxL DML, a member designed for analytical purposes and defined in the optional WITH section of a MaxL DML query.
calculation
The process of aggregating or of running a calculation script on a database.
calculation script
A file containing commands that define how a block storage database is consolidated or aggregated. A calculation script may also contain commands that specify allocation and other calculation rules separate from the consolidation process.
cascade
The process of creating multiple reports for a subset of member values.
CDF
See custom-defined function (CDF).
CDM
See custom-defined macro (CDM).
cell
A unit of data representing the intersection of dimensions in a multidimensional database; the intersection of a row and a column in a worksheet.
cell note
A text annotation of up to 599 bytes for a cell in an Analytic Services database. Cell notes are a type of linked reporting object.
change log
See outline change log.
clean block
A data block marked as clean. A data block is clean if the database is fully calculated, if a calculation script calculates all dimensions at once, or if the SET CLEARUPDATESTATUS command is used in a calculation script.
client
(1) A client interface, such as Analytic Administration Services Console or a custom API program. (2) A workstation that is connected to a server through a local area network.
code page
A mapping of bit combinations to a set of text characters. Different code pages support different sets of characters. Each computer contains a code page setting for the character set requirements of the language of the computer user. In the context of this document, code pages map characters to bit combinations for non-Unicode encodings. See also encoding.
column
A vertical display of information in a grid or table. A column can contain data from a single field, derived data from a calculation, or textual information.
column heading
A part of a report that lists members across a page. When columns are defined that report on data from more than one dimension, nested column headings are produced. A member that is listed in a column heading is an attribute of all data values in its column.
committed access
An Analytic Services Kernel Isolation Level setting that affects how Analytic Services handles transactions. Under committed access, concurrent transactions hold long-term write locks and yield predictable results.
consolidate
The process of gathering data from dependent entities and rolling up the data up to parent entities. For example, if the dimension Year consists of the members Qtr1, Qtr2, Qtr3, and Qtr4, its consolidation is Year. The term roll-up also describes the consolidation process.
crosstab reporting
A type of reporting that categorizes and summarizes data in a table format. The cells within the table contain summaries of the data that fit within the intersecting categories. For example, a crosstab report of product sales information could show size attributes, such as Small and Large, as column headings and color attributes, such as Blue and Yellow, as row headings. The cell in the table where Large and Blue intersect could contain the total sales of all Blue products that are sized Large.
cube
A block of data that contains three or more dimensions. Multidimensional cubes are better suited for complex data analyses than for relational databases because relational databases are limited to two dimensions. An Analytic Services database is a cube.
currency
The monetary unit of measure associated with a balance or transaction.
currency conversion
A process that converts currency values in a database from one currency into another currency. For example, to convert one U. S. dollar into the euro, the exchange rate (for example, 0.923702) is multiplied with the dollar (1* 0.923702). After conversion, the euro amount is .92.
currency partition
A dimension type that separates local currency members from a base currency, as defined in an application. A currency partition identifies currency types, such as Actual, Budget, and Forecast.
currency symbol
A character that represents a currency. For example, the currency symbol for the U. S. dollar is $ and the currency symbol for the British pound is .
custom-defined function (CDF)
Analytic Services calculation functions that are developed in the Java programming language and added to the standard Analytic Services calculation scripting language by means of MaxL. See also custom-defined macro (CDM).
custom-defined macro (CDM)
Analytic Services macros that are written with Analytic Services calculator functions and special macro functions. Custom-defined macros use an internal Analytic Services macro language that enables the combination of calculation functions and they operate on multiple input parameters. See also custom-defined function (CDF).
cycle through
To perform multiple passes through a database while calculating it.
data block
See block.
data cache
A buffer in memory that holds uncompressed data blocks.
data cell
See cell.
data file cache
A buffer in memory that holds compressed data (.PAG) files.
data load
The process of populating an Analytic Services database with data values. Loading data establishes actual values for the cells defined by the structural outline of the database.
data load rules
A set of criteria or rules that Analytic Services uses to determine how to load data from a text-based file, a spreadsheet, or a relational data set into an Analytic Services database.
data mining
The process of searching through an Analytic Services database for hidden relationships and patterns in a large amount of data.
data security
Security set at the data level to control which data users have access.
data source
External data, such as a text file, spreadsheet file, relational database, or data warehouse that will be loaded into an Analytic Services database.
data value
See cell.
database
A repository of data within Analytic Services that contains a multidimensional data storage array. Each database consists of a storage structure definition (a database outline), data, security definitions, and optional calculation scripts, report scripts, and data loading scripts.
database administrator (DBA)
An individual who administers database servers, such as Analytic Server, and who may also design, maintain, and create databases.
database designer
See database manager.
database manager
In Analytic Services, the highest type of access that can be assigned per database. This type of access allows complete calculate and update access as well as the ability to change the database design, export data, query against the database, and run report and calculation scripts.
DBA
See database administrator (DBA).
dense dimension
In block storage databases, a dimension with a high probability that data exists for every combination of dimension members.
dimension build
The process of adding new dimensions and members (without data) to an Analytic Services outline. Contrast with data load.
dimension build rules
Specifications, similar to data load rules, that Analytic Services uses to modify an outline. The modification is based on data in an external data source file.
dimension type
A dimension property that enables the use of predefined functionality. Dimensions that are tagged as Time have a predefined calendar functionality.
dimensional hierarchy
A type of Hyperion Shared Services model that typically includes a hierarchy of related group members, such as entities or accounts. See also model.
dimensionality
In MaxL DML, the represented dimensions (and the order in which they are represented) in a set. For example, the following set consists of two tuples of the same dimensionality because they both reflect the dimensions (Region, Year): { (West, Feb), (East, Mar) }
dirty block
A data block containing cells that have been changed since the last calculation. Upper level blocks are marked as dirty if their child blocks are dirty (that is, they have been updated).
disabled username
A inactive username, meaning that the user is not able to log on to Analytic Server.
domain
In data mining, a variable representing a range of navigation within data.
drill-down
Navigation through the query result set using the organization of the dimensional hierarchy. Drilling down moves the user perspective from general aggregated data to more detailed data. While default drill down typically refers to parent-child navigation, drilling can be customized to use other dimension member relationships. For example, drilling down can reveal the hierarchical relationships between year and quarters or between quarter and months.
duplicate alias name
A name that occurs more than once in an alias table and that can be associated with two or more different members in a database outline. Duplicate alias names can be used with duplicate member outlines only.
duplicate member name
The multiple occurence of a member name in a database. Each occurrence of the name represents a different member in the database. For example, two members named "New York" exist in the same database. One member represents New York state and the other member represents New York city.
duplicate member outline
A database outline that contains duplicate member names.
Dynamic Calc and Store members
A member in a block storage outline that Analytic Server calculates only upon the first retrieval of the value. Analytic Server then stores the calculated value in the database. Subsequent retrievals of a Dynamic Calc And Store member do not require calculating.
Dynamic Calc members
A member in a block storage outline that Analtyic Server calculates only at retrieval time. Analytic Server discards calculated values after the retrieval request is complete.
dynamic calculation
In Analytic Services, a calculation that occurs only when you retrieve data on a member that has been tagged as Dynamic Calc or Dynamic Calc And Store. The member's values are calculated at retrieval time instead of being precalculated during batch calculation.
dynamic hierarchy
In aggregate storage database outlines only. A hierarchy in which the members are calculated at retrieval time.
dynamic reference
A pointer in the rules file to header records in a data source. Header records define data load or dimension build criteria for the fields in a data source.
Dynamic Time Series
A process that is used to perform dynamic period-to-date reporting for all values associated with a query.
Dynamic Time Series members
Predefined members that are used to perform Dynamic Time Series reporting.
encoding
A method for mapping bit combinations to text characters for creating, storing, and displaying character text. Each encoding has a name; for example, UTF-8. Within a specific encoding, each character maps to a specific bit combination; for example, in UTF-8, uppercase A maps to HEX41. See also code page, UTF-8 (Unicode Transformation Format, 8-bit encoding format), and locale.
Enterprise View
An Administration Services feature that enables viewing and managing of the Analytic Services environment from a graphical tree view. From Enterprise View, you can operate directly on Analytic Services objects.
Essbase kernel
A layer of the Analytic Server that provides the foundation for a variety of functionality, including data loading, calculations, spreadsheet lock&send, partitioning, and restructuring. The Analytic Services Kernel reads, caches, and writes data; it manages transactions; and it enforces transaction semantics to ensure data consistency and data integrity.
essbase.cfg
The name of an optional configuration file for Analytic Services. Administrators may enter parameters and values in this file to customize Analytic Server functionality. Some of the configuration settings may also be used with Analytic Services clients to override the Analytic Server settings.
EssCell
The spreadsheet cell retrieve function into an Analytic Services database. An EssCell function is entered into a cell in Essbase Spreadsheet Add-in to retrieve a single database value that represents an intersection of specific database members.
ESSCMD
A command-line interface that is used to perform Analytic Services operations interactively or through a batch file.
ESSCMD script file
A text file that contains ESSCMD commands, executed in order to the end of the file. A script file can be run from the operating system command line or from within an operating system batch file. The default extension is .SCR.
ESSLANG
The Analytic Services environment variable that defines the encoding that Analytic Server uses to interpret text characters. See also encoding.
essmsh
See MaxL Shell.
export
The process of transferring data or objects to a file that can be imported and used by another application or program. The exported object is not identical to the original. Contrast with import.
extraction command
A type of reporting command that handles the selection, orientation, grouping, and ordering of raw data extracted from a database. These commands begin with the less than (<) character.
field
A value or item in a data source file that will be loaded into an Analytic Services database.
file delimiter
One or more characters, such as commas or tabs, that separate fields in a data source.
filter
A method for controlling access to values and metadata in Analytic Services databases. A filter enables the placing of access restrictions on specific data and metadata for specific users.
filter
In Hyperion Shared Services, a method that enables users to filter selected members from the model when the model is imported. See also model.
formula
A combination of operators and calculation functions, as well as dimension names, member names, and numeric constants. Formulas are used to perform specific calculations on members of a database.
free-form reporting
A method of creating reports in which you type members of dimensions or report script commands in a worksheet.
function
A predefined routine that returns a value, a range of values, a Boolean value, or one or more database members.
generation
A layer in a hierarchical tree structure that defines member relationships in a database. For example, generations are ordered incrementally from the top member of the dimension (generation 1) down to the child members.
generation name
A unique name that describes a generation.
global report command
A command that is executed when it occurs in the report script file and that stays in effect until the end of the report file or until another global command replaces it.
grouping
A set of members that is selected by a filtering process and that may be treated as a separate aggregate group. This group behaves very much like a parent to all of its specific members, and it supports full calculation logic, including additive and non-additive calculations. For example, you can use the attribute Small to view and work with all members with the attribute Small.
header record
One or more records at the top of a data source. Header records describe the contents of the data source.
Hybrid Analysis
The integration of a relational database with an Analytic Services multidimensional database so that lower-level data remains in the relational database and is mapped to summary-level data residing in the Analytic Services database. Hybrid Analysis enables Analytic Services to take advantage of the mass scalability of a relational database while maintaining a multidimensional view of the data in a live environment.
import
The process of bringing in, from an outside source (1) an exported object such as a partition or a model; (2) data. Contrast with export.
index
(1) A method that Analytic Services uses to retrieve block storage data. The retrieval is based on the combinations of sparse dimensions. (2) The index file.
index cache
A buffer in memory that holds index pages.
index entry
A pointer to an intersection of sparse dimensions. Each index entry points to a data block on disk and locates a particular cell within the block by means of an offset.
index file
A file that Analytic Services uses to store data retrieval information from block storage databases. The index file resides on disk and contains index pages.
index page
A subdivision of an index file containing entries that point to data blocks.
input block
A type of data block that has at least one loaded data value.
input data
Any data that is loaded from a data source and is not generated by calculating the database.
intelligent calculation
A calculation method that tracks which data blocks have been updated since the last calculation.
interactive mode
A method of providing input commands to Analytic Services at the keyboard, as opposed to running batch scripts.
interdimensional irrelevance
A situation in which a specific dimension does not intersect with other dimensions. The data is not irrelevant, but because the data in the specific dimension cannot be accessed from the other dimensions, those other dimensions are not relevant to the specific dimension.
isolation level
An Analytic Services Kernel setting that determines the lock and commit behavior of database operations. Choices are committed access and uncommitted access.
latest
A key word that is used to extract data values based on the member defined as the latest period of time.
layer
A generic way to refer to either a generation or a level. Refers to the location of members within the hierarchical tree structure of relationships in a database. That location is not specifically identified using numbered steps counted from the bottom up (as with levels) or from the top down (as with generations). For example, in the Sample Basic database, Qtr1 and Qtr4 are in the same layer.This means that Qtr1 and Qtr4 are also in the same generation. However, in a different database with a ragged hierarchy, Qtr1 and Qtr4 might not necessarily be in the same level simply because they are in the same generation.
leaf member
A member that has no children.
level
A layer of a hierarchical tree structure that defines database member relationships. Levels are ordered incrementally from the bottom member of the dimension (level 0) up through the parent members.
level 0 block
A data block that is created for sparse member combinations when all of the members of the sparse combination are level 0 members.
level 0 member
See leaf member.
level name
A unique name that describes a level.
linked object
A term that encompasses linked partitions and linked reporting objects.
linked partition
A form of shared partition that provides the ability to use a data cell to link together two different databases. When a user clicks a linked cell in a worksheet, for example, Analytic Services opens a new sheet displaying the dimensions in the second database. The user can then drill down into the available dimensions in the second database.
linked reporting object (LRO)
A cell-based link to an external file in the Analytic Services database. Linked reporting objects can be cell notes, URLs, or files that contain text, audio, video, or pictures. Note that support of Analytic Services LROs in Financial Reporting applies only to cell notes at this time (by way of Cell Text functions).
locale
A computer setting that identifies the local language and cultural conventions such as the formatting of currency and dates, sort order of the data, and the character set encoding to be used on the computer. Analytic Services uses only the encoding portion of the locale. See also encoding and ESSLANG.
locale header record
An additional text record, at the beginning of some non-Unicode-encoded text files such as scripts, that identifies the encoding locale.
location alias
A descriptor that identifies a data source. The location alias specifies a server, application, database, username, and password. Location aliases are set by the database administrator at the database level using Administration Services Console, ESSCMD, or the API.
log
A system-maintained record of transactional data resulting from actions and commands.
Log Analyzer
An Administration Services feature that enables filtering, searching, and analysis of Analytic Services logs.
log delimiter
A character inserted between fields of a log file to allow a program to parse and manipulate log file information.
log file
A system-maintained file that records transactional data resulting from actions and commands. For example, an application log file records user actions that are performed on that application; a client log file records client messages, actions, and errors.
LRO
See linked reporting object (LRO).
mathematical operator
A symbol that defines how data is calculated. A mathematical operator can be any of the standard mathematical or Boolean operators; for example, +, -, *, /, and %. Mathematical operators are used in formulas and outlines.
MaxL
The multidimensional database access language for Analytic Services, consisting of a data definition language (MaxL DDL) and a data manipulation language (MaxL DML). MaxL DDL statements make possible the performance of batch or interactive system-administrative tasks on the Analytic Services system. MaxL DML statements enable the performance of data querying and extraction. See also MaxL Shell.
MaxL Perl Module
A Perl module (essbase.pm) that is part of the MaxL DDL component of Analytic Services. The essbase.pm module can be added to the Perl package to provide access to Analytic Services databases from Perl programs.
MaxL Script Editor
A script-development environment that is part of the Administration Console interface. The MaxL Script Editor is an integrated alternative to using a text editor and the MaxL Shell for creating, opening, editing, and running MaxL scripts for Analytic Services system administration.
MaxL Shell
An interface for passing MaxL statements to Analytic Server. The MaxL Shell executable file, located in the bin directory for Analytic Services, is named essmsh (UNIX) or essmsh.exe (Windows).
member filtering (member selection)
The process of selecting specific members that will be used in a query. Selection criteria can be applied, such as generation names, level names, pattern match, attributes, and UDAs.
member load
In Analytic Integration Services, the process of adding new dimensions and members (without data) to an Analytic Services outline. Contrast with data load.
member selection
See member filtering (member selection).
member selection report command
A type of Report Writer command that selects ranges of members based on database outline relationships, such as sibling, generation, and level.
member-specific report command
A type of Report Writer formatting command that is executed as it is encountered in a report script. The command affects only the member to which it is associated and executes the format command before it processes the member.
metadata sampling
The process of retrieving a portion of the members of a selected dimension when performing a drill-down operation. This portion of members is defined by the spreadsheet end user as a percentage of the members to retrieve during drill down. By drilling down to a portion of the members instead of all members in a dimension, retrieval is rapid and you can perform analysis with a focus on trends.
metadata security
Security set at the member level to control users from accessing certain members in an outline.
metaoutline
In Analytic Integration Services, a template containing the structure and rules for creating an Analytic Services outline from an OLAP model.
missing data (#MISSING)
A marker indicating that data in the labeled location does not exist, contains no value, or was never entered or loaded. For example, missing data exists when an account contains data for a previous or a future period but not for the current period.
model
In Hyperion Shared Services, a file or string of content containing an application-specific representation of data. Models are the basic data managed by Hyperion Shared Services. Models are of two major types: dimensional and non-dimensional application objects.
model
In data mining, a collection of an algorithm's findings about examined data. A model can be used (applied) against a wider set of data to generate useful information about that data.
multidimensional database
A method of organizing, storing, and referencing data through three or more dimensions. An individual value is the intersection of a point for a set of dimensions.
multithreading
Within a single program, concurrent handling of multiple, separately executable sequences of program instructions.
named set
In MaxL DML, a set with its logic defined in the optional WITH section of a MaxL DML query. The named set can be referenced multiple times in the query.
nested column headings
A column heading format for report columns that displays data from more than one dimension. For example, a column heading that contains both Year and Scenario members is a nested column. The nested column heading shows Q1 (from the Year dimension) in the top line of the heading, qualified by Actual and Budget (from the Scenario dimension) in the bottom line of the heading.
non-dimensional model
A type of model in Hyperion Shared Services that includes application objects such as security files, member lists, calculation scripts, and Web forms.
non-unique member name
See duplicate member name.
numeric attribute range
A feature used to associate a base dimension member that has a discrete numeric value with an attribute that represents a range of values. For example, to classify customers by age, an Age Group attribute dimension can be defined that contains members for the following age ranges: 0-20, 21-40, 41-60, and 61-80. Each member of the Customer dimension can be associated with a particular Age Group range. Data can then be retrieved based on the age ranges rather than based on individual age values.
object
A program component that is related to an application or database. Objects can be outlines, rules files, calculation scripts, report scripts, or data sources. They are stored within the application or database subdirectory on the server or client machine.
OLAP
See online analytical processing (OLAP).
OLAP Metadata Catalog
In Analytic Integration Services, a relational database containing metadata describing the nature, source, location, and type of data that is pulled from the relational data source. Analytic Integration Server accesses the OLAP Metadata Catalog to generate the SQL statements and the information required to generate an Analytic Services database outline.
OLAP model
In Analytic Integration Services, a logical model (star schema) that is created from tables and columns in a relational database. The OLAP model is then used to generate the structure of a multidimensional database.
online analytical processing (OLAP)
A multidimensional, multiple-user, client-server computing environment for users who need to analyze consolidated enterprise data. OLAP systems feature functionality such as drilling down, data pivoting, complex calculations, trend analyses, and modeling.
outline
The database structure of a multidimensional database, including all dimensions, members, tags, types, consolidations, and mathematical relationships. Data is stored in the database according to the structure defined in the outline.
outline change log
A record of changes made to an Analytic Services database outline.
outline synchronization
For partitioned databases, the process of propagating outline changes from one database to the other database.
page file
Analytic Services data file
page heading
A type of report heading that lists members that are represented on the current page of the report. All data values on the page have the members in the page heading as a common attribute.
paging
A storage scheme that makes use of spare disk space to increase the available memory.
parallel calculation
An optional calculation setting. Analytic Services divides a calculation into tasks and calculates some of the tasks at the same time.
parallel data load
In Analytic Services, the concurrent execution of different stages of a single data load by multiple process threads.
parallel export
The ability to export Analytic Services data to multiple files. This may be faster than exporting to a single file, and it may resolve problems caused by a single data file becoming too large for the operating system to handle.
partition area
A subcube within a database. A partition is composed of one or more areas. These areas are composed of cells from a particular portion of the database. For replicated and transparent partitions, the number of cells within an area must be the same for both the data source and the data target to ensure that the two partitions have the same shape. If the data source area contains 18 cells, the data target area must also contain 18 cells to accommodate the number of values.
partitioning
The process of defining areas of data that are shared or linked between data models. Partitioning can affect the performance and scalability of Analytic Services applications.
pattern matching
The ability to match a value with any or all characters of an item that is entered as a criterion. A missing character may be represented by a wild card value such as a question mark (?) or an asterisk (*). For example, "Find all instances of apple" returns apple, but "Find all instances of apple*" returns apple, applesauce, applecranberry, and so on.
period
An interval within the time dimension.
permission
A level of access granted to users and groups for managing data or other users and groups.
persistence
The continuance or longevity of effect for any Analytic Services operation or setting. For example, an Analytic Services administrator may limit the persistence of username and password validity.
pivot
The ability to alter the perspective of retrieved data. When Analytic Services first retrieves a dimension, it expands data into rows. You can then pivot or rearrange the data to obtain a different viewpoint.
precalculation
The process of calculating the database prior to user retrieval.
preserve formulas
The process of keeping user-created formulas within a worksheet while retrieving new data.
private application
An application for the exclusive use of a product to store and manage Hyperion Shared Services models.
property
A characteristic of a member, such as two-pass calculation or shared member. Properties affect how Analytic Services works with the data.
qualified name
A member name in a qualified format that differentiates duplicate member names in a duplicate member outline. For example, [Market].[East].[State].[New York] or [Market].[East].[City].[New York]
query governor
An Analytic Integration Server parameter or Analytic Server configuration setting that controls the duration and size of the queries made to the data source.
record
In a database, a group of fields that make up one complete entry. For example, a record about a customer might contain fields for name, address, telephone number, and sales data.
redundant data
Duplicate data blocks that Analytic Services retains during transactions until Analytic Services commits the updated blocks.
replicated partition
A portion of a database, defined through Partition Manager, that is used to propagate an update to data that is mastered at one site to a copy of data that is stored at another site. Users are able to access the data as though it were part of their local database.
report
The formatted summary information that is returned from a database after a report script is run. One or more reports can be generated from a report script.
Report Extractor
An Analytic Services component that retrieves report data from the Analytic Services database when a report script is run.
report script
A text file containing Analytic Services Report Writer commands that generate one or more production reports. Report scripts can be run in batch mode, through the ESSCMD command-line interface, or through Administration Services Console. The report script is a text file that contains data retrieval, formatting, and output instructions.
Report Viewer
An Analytic Services component that displays the complete report after a report script is run. Saved reports typically show the file extension .RPT.
request
A query sent to Analytic Server by a user or by another process; for example, starting an application, or restructuring a database outline. Requests happen in the context of sessions. Only one request at a time can be processed in each session. A request can be terminated by another user with the appropriate permissions (for example, by an administrator). See also session.
restore
An operation to reload data and structural information after a database has been damaged or destroyed. The restore operation is typically performed after you shut down and restart the database.
restructure
An operation to regenerate or rebuild the database index and, in some cases, the data files.
roll-up
See consolidate.
root member
The highest member in a dimension branch.
row heading
A report heading that lists members down a report page. The members are listed under their respective row names.
sampling
The process of selecting a representative portion of an entity for the purpose of determining the characteristics of that entity. See also metadata sampling.
scope
The area of data encompassed by any Analytic Services operation or setting; for example, the area of data affected by a security setting. Most commonly, scope refers to three levels of granularity, where higher levels encompass lower levels. From highest to lowest, these levels are as follows: the entire system (Analytic Server), applications on Analytic Server, or databases within Analytic Server applications. See also persistence.
security platform
A framework providing the ability for Hyperion applications to use external authentication and single sign-on.
serial calculation
The default calculation setting. Analytic Services divides a calculation pass into tasks and calculates one task at a time.
server
See Analytic Server and Administration Server.
server console
For Analytic Services, the computer on which Agent commands are entered and messages from the Agent are shown. If you run Analytic Services in the foreground on either Windows or UNIX, you can enter Agent commands. On UNIX, a telnet session is used to access Analytic Services remotely. On Windows, Analytic Services can be accessed only from the server console.
server interruption
Any occurrence that stops the server, including an abnormal shutdown, a power outage, or a user pressing the Ctrl+C keys.
session
The time between login and logout for a user connected to Analytic Server.
set
In MaxL DML, a required syntax convention for referring to a collection of one or more tuples. For example, in the following MaxL DML query, SELECT { [100-10] } ON COLUMNS FROM Sample.Basic { [100-10] } is a set.
shared application
An application in Hyperion Shared Services that enables two or more products to share their models. See also model.
shared member
A member that shares storage space with another member of the same name. A storage property designates members as shared. The use of shared members prevents duplicate calculation of members that occur more than once in an Analytic Services outline.
sibling
A child member at the same generation as another child member and having the same immediate parent. For example, the members Florida and New York are both children of East and siblings of each other.
single sign-on
The ability of an externally-authenticated user to access multiple, linked Hyperion applications after logging on to the first application. The user can launch other applications from the first application (and from other linked Hyperion applications) without logging on again. The user's ID and password are already authenticated.
slicer
In MaxL DML, the section at the end of a query that begins with and includes the keyword WHERE.
sparse dimension
In block storage databases, a dimension with a low probability that data exists for every combination of dimension members.
Spreadsheet Add-in
Analytic Services software that works with a spreadsheet. Essbase Spreadsheet Add-in is an add-in module to spreadsheet software.
standard dimension
A dimension that is not an attribute dimension.
stored hierarchy
In aggregate storage databases outlines only. A hierarchy in which the members are aggregated according to the outline structure. Stored hierarchy members have certain restrictions, for example, they cannot contain formulas.
subset
A cross-section of data. Subsetting further defines members that meet specific conditions.
substitution variable
A variable that acts as a global placeholder for information that changes regularly. The variable and a corresponding string value is set; the value can then be changed at any time. Substitution variables can be used in calculation scripts, report scripts, rules files, outline formulas, security filters, partition definitions, MDX statements, Hyperion Smart View for Office, Essbase Spreadsheet Add-in, Analytic Services API, and Hyperion Planning data forms.
supervisor
A defined type of user who has full access to all applications, databases, related files, and security mechanisms for a server.
suppress rows
The option to exclude rows that contain missing values and to underscore characters from spreadsheet reports.
swapping
See paging.
symmetric multiprocessing (SMP)
A server architecture that enables multiprocessing and multithreading. Analytic Server supports multiple threads over SMP servers automatically. Thus, performance is not significantly degraded when a large number of users connect to an single instance of Analytic Server simultaneously.
synchronized
The condition that exists when the latest version of a model resides in both the application and in Hyperion Shared Services. See model.
system administrator
A person who maintains the hardware, software, disk space distribution, and configurations for running software applications, such as Essbase Analytic Services.
TCP/IP
See Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
template
A predefined format that is designed to retrieve particular data on a regular basis and in a consistent format.
time dimension
A dimension type that defines how often data is collected and updated, such as fiscal or calendar periods. Only one dimension may be tagged as time; a time dimension is not required.
time series reporting
A process of reporting data based on a calendar date (for example, year, quarter, month, or week).
toolbar
A series of shortcut buttons providing quick access to commands. The toolbar is usually located directly below the menu bar. Not all windows display a toolbar.
tranformation
In data mining, a way to modify data (bidirectionally) flowing between the cells in the cube and the algorithm.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
A standard set of communication protocols that is adapted by many companies and institutions around the world and that links computers with different operating systems and internal architectures. TCP/IP utilities are used to exchange files, send mail, and store data to various computers that are connected to local and wide area networks.
transparent partition
A form of shared partition that provides the ability to access and manipulate remote data transparently as though it is part of a local database. The remote data is retrieved from the data source each time a request is made. Any updates made to the data are written back to the data source and become immediately accessible to both local data target users and transparent data source users.
triggers
An Analytic Services feature that enables efficient monitoring of data changes in a database. If data breaks rules that you specified, Analytic Services alerts the user or system administrator.
tuple
In MaxL DML, a required syntax convention for referring to a member or a member combination from any number of dimensions. For example, in the Sample Basic database, (Jan) is a tuple, and so is (Jan, Sales), and so is ( [Jan], [Sales], [Cola], [Texas], [Actual] ).
two-pass calculation
An Analytic Services property that is used to recalculate members that are dependent on the calculated values of other members. Two-pass members are calculated during a second pass through the database outline.
UDA
A user-defined attribute. A UDA is a term associated with members of an outline to describe a particular characteristic of the members. Users can specify UDAs within calculation scripts and reports so that they return lists of members that have the specified UDA associated with them. UDAs can be applied to dense as well as sparse dimensions.
unary operator
A group of mathematical indicators (+, -, *, /, %) that define how roll-ups take place on the database outline.
uncommitted access
An Analytic Services Kernel setting that affects how Analytic Services handles transactions. Under uncommitted access, concurrent transactions hold short-term write locks and can yield unpredictable results.
Unicode
An approach to encoding character text such that thousands of text characters from hundreds of different languages are all supported within a single encoding form. See also encoding.
Unicode-mode Analytic Server
An Analytic Server with the setting enabled so that Unicode-mode applications can be created and non-Unicode-mode applications can be migrated to be Unicode-mode applications. See also Unicode-mode application.
Unicode-mode application
An Analytic Services application wherein character text is encoded in UTF-8, enabling users with their computers set up for different languages to share the application data.
unique member name
A non-shared member name that exists only once in a database outline. Shared instances of the unique member name can occurr in the outline, but all instances represent the same member in the database.
unique member outline
A database outline that is not enabled for duplicate member names.
upper-level block
A type of data block that is created for sparse member combinations when at least one of the sparse members is a parent-level member.
user-defined attribute
See UDA.
UTF-8 (Unicode Transformation Format, 8-bit encoding format)
A Unicode encoding format that maps characters in a sequence of one to four bytes for each character. The first 128 characters of this encoding form use the same bit combinations as the common Latin1 encoding used for English characters. See also Unicode and encoding.
UTF-8 signature
An internal mark, at the beginning of a text file, that indicates that the file is encoded in UTF-8.
validation
A process of checking a rules file, report script, or partition definition against the outline to make sure that the object being checked is valid.
visual cue
A formatted style, such as a font or a color, that highlights specific types of data values. Data values may be dimension members; parent, child, or shared members; dynamic calculations; members containing a formula; read only data cells; read and write data cells; or linked objects.
WITH section
In MaxL DML, an optional section of the query used for creating re-usable logic to define sets or members. Sets or custom members can be defined once in the WITH section, and then referenced multiple times during a query.
workbook
An entire spreadsheet file with many worksheets.
write-back
The ability for a retrieval client, such as a spreadsheet, to update a database value.