|Oracle® Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Oracle WebCenter
11g Release 1 (11.1.1)
Part Number E10149-04
Group spaces support the formation and collaboration of project teams and communities of interest by providing a dedicated space for relevant services, pages, and content and by supporting the inclusion of specified members. Group spaces bring people together in a virtual environment for ongoing interaction and information sharing—in essence, group spaces enable the formation and support of social networks.
This chapter provides information about group spaces. It contains the following sections:
This chapter is intended for users who want to learn more about group spaces and how to access them in WebCenter Spaces.
See Also:For general tasks associated with group spaces, refer to the following sections in Chapter 2, "Learning Your Way Around":
Within any company, large groups or departments frequently must break into smaller groups to focus on a particular goal, project, or even topic. To help these groups organize themselves, WebCenter Spaces provides the notion of group spaces, which bring together small groups of people to share information and interact in a collaborative setting. For example:
Internal departments within your company that must share common information, such as HR, Sales, and so on.
Software projects that must bring together the efforts and input of Development, Quality Assurance, Product Management, Documentation, and Curriculum Development.
Special interest groups that share a common interest in a particular topic.
Many features and tools to facilitate teamwork are built into the group space framework, instantly allowing group space members to share documents, discuss issues, schedule meetings, exchange messages, create lists, and much more. Group spaces can be monitored through RSS feeds, which you can add to your personal page or view in any external RSS reader.
WebCenter Spaces provides templates for creating group spaces that support different types of endeavors. For information about these templates, see Section 13.2, "What You Should Know About Group Space Templates".
When you create a group space, you are the group space moderator. As the moderator, you establish the rules for membership to a group space (see Section 15.1, "Setting Up the Group Space Membership Policy"). When a new group space is created, WebCenter Spaces creates default group space roles with default permissions. The group space moderator can assign group space members to these roles and modify the default permissions as required, or create new custom roles (see Section 15.2, "Managing Group Space Roles and Permissions" and Section 15.3, "Managing Members and Assigning Roles").
WebCenter Spaces enables you to participate in multiple group spaces and manage your group space memberships through My Group Spaces, which displays all the group spaces and group space templates that are available to you. On the Group Spaces page in My Group Spaces, you can see a list of:
Group spaces for which you are the moderator.
Group spaces to which you subscribe.
Group spaces that are marked by the moderator as discoverable.
Group spaces that are public and available to non-WebCenter Spaces users.
See Section 14.8, "Managing Group Space Templates" for information about the Templates page in My Group Spaces.
To display a list of these group spaces:
Log in, and from the Group Spaces menu at the top of the application, select My Group Spaces (Figure 12-1).
Figure 12-1 The Group Spaces Menu
My Group Spaces displays the Group Spaces page (Figure 12-2).
Figure 12-2 My Group Spaces
The Group Spaces menu also offers quick access to all the group spaces to which you currently subscribe.
By default, the Group Spaces page displays your group spaces in card view. Click Switch to List View to toggle the display to list view.
Show All (Figure 12-4) to display an unfiltered list of names of all group spaces.
Figure 12-4 Showing All Group Spaces
Show Joined to display names of group spaces to which you subscribe.
Show Moderated to display names of group spaces for which you have moderator privileges.
Show Public to display names of group spaces that are available to anyone, even people who are not logged in to WebCenter Spaces.
Show Discoverable to display the names of group spaces that have been made known to anyone logged in to WebCenter Spaces. A group space is made discoverable when the group space moderator enables Discoverable on the Settings tab's General page (see Section 13.12.1, "Making a Group Space Known (Discoverable)".
To join a group space, see Section 12.3, "Subscribing to a Group Space".
To list one or more specific group spaces, enter a full or partial search term in the Search field, then click the Search icon to refresh the list with all group spaces for which a match is found in the Display Name, Description, or Search Keywords (specified on the Settings tab's General page).
To clear the current search string and display all group spaces, click the Clear Search icon.
Under Actions, click the Group Space Actions icon (Figure 12-5) for a selected group space to perform any of the following actions:
To manage the group space, select Edit Group Space to display the group space Settings pages. This option is available only to group space moderators and users granted the
Group Spaces-Manage permission.
To rename the group space, select Rename Group Space to display the Rename Group Space dialog box. Enter a new name for the group space, and click the Save icon. This option is available only to group space moderators and users granted the
Group Spaces-Manage permission.
To change your current membership role or unsubscribe, select Change Roles/Unsubscribe to display the Change Role or Unsubscribe dialog box. This option is available only to group space members.
To send mail to all members or the moderator(s) of a group space, select Email Members or Email Moderators. These options are available only to group space members.
To view information about the group space, select About Group Space to open the Group Space Information dialog box (Figure 12-7), which shows:
Name: Internal name of the group space. To change the internal group space name, click the Group Space Actions icon and select Rename Group Space. Caution: The group space's URL changes when you change the internal group space name. Bookmarks to the group space must be updated as they will no longer work.
Display Name: Display name of the group space. Display name of the group space. This name displays on the group space tab and other places where group spaces are available for selection. To change the Display Name, enter a new name on the Settings tab's General page. Changing the display name does not impact the URL that other people will use to navigate to the group space.
Description: A description of the group space, as specified on the Settings tab's General page.
Membership: Your role in the group space. A Join Space button displays if the group space allows self-subscription (see Section 15.1.1, "Managing Self-Subscription and Membership Changes for a Group Space"). Users can click Join Space to become a member of the group space. If this button button is inactive, users wanting to join the group space can contact the group space moderator directly to request membership (click the moderator's name in the Creator column to display a range of contact options).
Created By: User name of the group space creator.
Date Created: Date and time that the group space was created.
Direct URL: URL that provides direct access to the group space.
To become a member of a group space, you can subscribe to (or join) the group space. You may be registered with WebCenter Spaces, or you may receive an invitation to join a group space when you are not registered with WebCenter Spaces.
This section includes the following subsections:
Some group spaces allow WebCenter Spaces users to self-subscribe. This means that you can request membership to the group space.
Some membership requests require approval from the group space moderator so you may not gain access immediately. You will receive a Worklist notification when your membership is approved.
To subscribe to a group space:
Log in, and from the Group Spaces menu at the top of the application, select My Group Spaces to display the Group Spaces page.
From the Filter list, select Show Discoverable.
To subscribe to a group space, click the Actions icon and select About Group Space (Figure 12-6).
In the Group Space Information dialog box, next to Membership, click Join Space (Figure 12-7).
Note:Join Space is active only if the group space allows self-subscription (see Section 15.1.1, "Managing Self-Subscription and Membership Changes for a Group Space"). If Join Space is disabled, contact the group space moderator directly to request membership (click the moderator's name in the Creator column to display a range of contact options).
A group space subscription page similar to Figure 12-8 opens, showing the default Self-Subscription page. Because the group space moderator may customize this page, the page and roles you see may be different to the example shown here.
Figure 12-8 Requesting Group Space Membership
Select the type of Role you want to play in this group space.
Note:Out-of-the-box group space roles include
Moderator, but a subset of these or other custom roles names may display, depending on what roles the group space moderator has defined for the group space.
(Optional) In the Purpose field, enter an explanation of why you need access to the group space with the role you have requested.
Click Request Membership.
Figure 12-9 Confirmation Message (Approval Required)
Figure 12-10 Confirmation Message (No Approval Required)
Refresh My Group Spaces (click the Refresh icon) to confirm your new membership status.
Note:If membership requests require approval, you do not gain access immediately. Check back later or monitor your Worklist—you will receive notification as soon as your membership is approved.
Click the group space Display Name to open the group space.
If you do not have an account with WebCenter Spaces and you receive mail inviting you to join a group space, click the registration URL included in the mail message to accept the invitation. You will be prompted to register with WebCenter Spaces before gaining access to the group space.
To register with WebCenter Spaces and subscribe to a group space:
Click the Register Yourself link included in the invitation mail to open the Self-Registration page, similar to Figure 12-11. Because the group space moderator may customize this page, the page you see may be different to the example shown here.
Note:For the Self-Registration page to display, both of the following must be checked on the WebCenter Spaces Administration General page, under Self-Registration:
Allow Self-Registration Through Invitations
Allow Public Users to Self-Register
For more information, see "Allowing Self-Registration" and "Customizing the Self-Registration Page" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle WebCenter.
Choose a suitable User Name. The user name restrictions depend on the underlying identity store that is configured with WebCenter Spaces.
Click Check User Name Available to determine whether a WebCenter user is registered with that name. Click OK to dismiss the confirmation message and, if necessary, enter a different name.
Enter a suitable Password, and then Re-enter Password for verification. The password restrictions depend on the underlying identity store that is configured with WebCenter Spaces.
Enter your First Name and Last Name, and an Email Address.
Once your User Name and Password are registered with WebCenter Spaces, the group space to which you were invited opens.
It is easy to unsubscribe from a group space when you no longer want or need membership.
Some unsubscription requests require approval from the group space moderator so you may not be removed from the group space immediately. You will receive a Worklist notification when your membership is revoked.
Once you have successfully unsubscribed from a group space, it is removed from your Group Spaces menu.
To unsubscribe from a group space:
Log in, and from the Group Spaces menu at the top of the application, select My Group Spaces to display the Group Spaces page (Figure 12-12).
To unsubscribe from a group space, click the Actions icon for the group space and select Change Roles/Unsubscribe.
The Change Role or Unsubscribe dialog box opens (Figure 12-13).
Figure 12-13 Unsubscribing from a Group Space
To remove yourself from the group space, click Unsubscribe.
A confirmation message similar to Figure 12-14 displays.
Figure 12-14 Unsubscription Confirmation Message
Click OK to acknowledge the confirmation message.
If an unsubscription request requires approval, you are not removed from the group space immediately. Check back later or monitor your Worklist—you will receive notification when your unsubscription request is approved or rejected by the group space moderator.
If you are unable to perform all the actions that you would like in your group space, you can request a change to your membership role. For example, you might want to participate in an interesting discussion thread or raise a new issue but in your current role you are only allowed to view ongoing discussions.
Role change requests may or may not require approval, depending on how the group space moderator has defined membership changes for a particular role. You will receive a Worklist notification when your new role is approved.
To change your group space role:
Log in, and from the Group Spaces menu at the top of the application, select My Group Spaces to display the Group Spaces page (Figure 12-15).
To determine your current group space role, click the Actions icon, and select About Group Space. The Membership field indicates your current role in the group space. To change your role in a group space, click the Actions icon for the group space and select Change Roles/Unsubscribe.
The Change Role or Unsubscribe dialog box opens (Figure 12-17).
Figure 12-16 Changing Your Group Space Role
Choose your preferred role from the New Role list.
The group space moderator controls the list of roles displayed here. Out-of-the-box group space roles include
Moderator but a subset of these or other custom roles may display.
You should see a confirmation message similar to Figure 12-17. This message displays whether or not the selected role change requires approval.
Figure 12-17 Change Membership Confirmation Message
Click OK to acknowledge the confirmation message.
Click the Refresh icon to refresh My Group Spaces to confirm your membership status has changed.
Note:Your new role is not effective immediately when membership change requests require approval. Check back later or monitor your Worklist —your new role will be effective as soon as the group space moderator approves it.
Public group spaces are available to anyone with Internet access, without logging in to WebCenter. A group space moderator can make an entire group space public, or restrict access to certain group space pages. The public information provided allows the group space to be shared with non-members and people outside of the WebCenter Spaces community.
You can access public group spaces:
Directly, using the group space's URL.
From the WebCenter Spaces Welcome page, if your installation is configured to display this page (Figure 12-18).
Figure 12-18 Public Group Spaces link on Welcome Page
The WebCenter Spaces administrator controls what a public user can see or do. Typically, public users have read-only (
View) permissions, but administrators can grant additional privileges should this be required. For more information, see "Granting Permissions to the Public-User" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle WebCenter.
A role called
Public-User is available by default for every group space. The group space moderator can control what the public user can see or do, overriding the public user permissions set by the administrator at the application level. For more information, see Section 13.12.3, "Granting Public Access to a Group Space".