12 Developing Security-Aware Clients

You can develop WebLogic clients that use the Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS) and Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). The following sections provide information on security-aware clients:

Developing Clients That Use JAAS

JAAS enforces access controls based on user identity and is the preferred method of authentication for WebLogic Server clients. A typical use case is providing authentication to read or write to a file. Users requiring client certificate authentication (also referred to as two-way SSL authentication) should use JNDI authentication, as described in "Using JNDI Authentication" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming Security for Oracle WebLogic Server. For more information about how to implement JAAS authentication, see "Using JAAS Authentication in Java Clients" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming Security for Oracle WebLogic Server.

Developing Clients That Use SSL

WebLogic Server provides Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) support for encrypting data transmitted between WebLogic Server clients and servers, Java clients, Web browsers, and other servers.

All SSL clients need to specify trust. Trust is a set of CA certificates that specify which trusted certificate authorities are trusted by the client. In order to establish an SSL connection, RMI clients need to trust the certificate authorities that issued the server's digital certificates. The location of the server's trusted CA certificate is specified when starting the RMI client.

By default, all trusted certificate authorities available from the JDK (...\jre\lib\security\cacerts) are trusted by RMI clients. However, if the server's trusted CA certificate is stored in one of the following trust keystores, you need to specify certain command line arguments in order to use the keystore:

  • Demo Trust—The trusted CA certificates in the demonstration Trust keystore (DemoTrust.jks) are located in the WL_HOME\server\lib directory. In addition, the trusted CAs in the JDK cacerts keystore are trusted. To use the Demo Trust, specify the following command-line argument:


    Optionally, use the following command-line argument to specify a password for the JDK cacerts trust keystore:


    where password is the password for the Java Standard Trust keystore. This password is defined when the keystore is created.

  • Custom Trust—A trust keystore you create. To use Custom Trust, specify the following command-line arguments.

    Specify the fully qualified path to the trust keystore:


    Specify the type of the keystore:


    Optionally, specify the password defined when creating the keystore:

  • Sun Microsystem's keytool utility can also be used to generate a private key, a self-signed digital certificate for WebLogic Server, and a Certificate Signing Request (CSR). The keytool utility is a product of Sun Microsystems. Therefore, Oracle does not provide complete documentation on the utility. For more information about Sun's keytool utility, see the keytool-Key and Certificate Management Tool description at http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/tooldocs/windows/keytool.html. Sun Microsystems provides a tutorial, Installing and Configuring SSL Support, at http://java.sun.com/j2ee/1.4/docs/tutorial/doc/Security6.html. This tutorial includes the section, "Creating a Client Certificate for Mutual Authentication."


When using the keytool utility, the default key pair generation algorithm is DSA. WebLogic Server does not support the use of the Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA). Specify another key pair generation and signature algorithm when using WebLogic Server.

You can find more information on how to implement SSL in "Configuring SSL" and "Configuring Identity and Trust" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Securing Oracle WebLogic Server.

Thin-Client Restrictions for JAAS and SSL

WebLogic thin-client applications only support JAAS authentication through the following methods:

WebLogic thin-clients only support two-way SSL by requiring the SSLContext to be provided by the SECURITY_CREDENTIALS property. For example, see the client code below:

Example 12-1 Client Code with sslcontext

System.out.println("Getting initial context");
Hashtable props = new Hashtable();
props.put(Context.PROVIDER_URL,"corbaloc:iiops:" + host + ":" + port +"/NameService");
props.put(Context.SECURITY_CREDENTIALS, "welcome1");
//Set the ssl properties through system property
//set the path to the keystore file (one key inside the store)
System.setProperty("javax.net.ssl.keyStore", YOUR-KEY_STORE_FILE_PATH);
//set the keystore pass phrase
//Set the trust store
//set the path to the trust store file
//set the trust store pass phrase
Context ctx = new InitialContext(props);

Security Code Examples

Security samples are provided with the WebLogic Server product. The samples are located in the SAMPLES_HOME\server\examples\src\examples\security directory. A description of each sample and instructions on how to build, configure, and run a sample, are provided in the package-summary.html file. You can modify these code examples and reuse them.