This section describes how to prepare for and perform an upgrade of your WebLogic application environments. Topics include:
If you are upgrading from WebLogic 9.x, see Appendix A, "Upgrading WebLogic Server 9.x or 10.0 Application Environments to 10.3.1."
Note:Oracle does not require WebLogic domains to be upgraded from WebLogic Server 10.3 to 10.3.1. WebLogic domains based upon WebLogic Server 10.3 will run on WebLogic Server 10.3.1 without modification.
Planning how you will upgrade an application environment is an important step in the process. To ensure that your plan addresses all of the aspects of upgrading that are necessary for your environment, complete the following steps:
Generate an inventory of the application environment by identifying the following components:
Administration Server and the machine on which it resides
Managed Servers and the machine(s) on which they reside
Custom security providers used in the domain
Custom Node Managers used in the domain
Location of the applications (including all external client applications)
External resources, for example:
Databases used to store persisted and application data
Tools, scripts, templates, and source code used for automating the tasks required to create the application environment
You can view a sample application environment in Overview of the Upgrade Process.
Verify support for all the hardware and software components in the application environment. Table 2-1 lists the key components for which you need to verify support.
|To verify ...||See ...|
OS and hardware support
"List of Supported Operating System Configurations" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Supported System Configurations page at
"Supported Database Configurations" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Supported System Configurations page.
Please note the following:
Database Support (Continued)
Web servers, browsers, and firewalls
"Supported Web Servers, Browsers, and Firewalls" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Supported System Configurations page.
Most existing WebLogic Server applications can be run without modification in the new WebLogic Server 10.3.1 application environment. However, you should review Appendix B, "WebLogic Server 10.3.1 Compatibility with Previous Releases," to determine whether any feature changes affect the applications in your environment.
Using the information gathered in the preceding steps, create a plan for upgrading your application environment. Identify the scope and timing of the upgrade process, based on your business needs. Please note the following:
Oracle does not recommend upgrading an application environment that is currently deployed in production. Instead, you should upgrade your application environment while it is under development or test and execute standard procedures for quality assurance and performance tuning before promoting the upgraded environment to production.
If your application is complex, for example, if it includes multiple clustered domains and a large number of deployed applications, you may choose to upgrade the components of the application environment in stages.
You may consider limiting the number of WebLogic Server versions used in any single application environment to minimize the diversity and cost of systems being administered.
If you use transactional message-driven beans (MDBs) driven by non-WebLogic XA-enabled JMS providers, you must quiesce gracefully all pending transactions before shutting down and upgrading a server. Pending transactions cannot be recovered after an upgrade. For more information about message-driven beans, see "Message-Driven EJBs" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming WebLogic Enterprise JavaBeans for Oracle WebLogic Server.
If you plan to use the RDBMS security store in a WebLogic domain, Oracle recommends that you create a new domain in which the RDBMS security store is configured. If you have an existing domain in which you want to use the RDBMS security store, you should create the new domain, then migrate your security realm to it. Oracle does not recommend "retrofitting" the RDBMS security store to an existing domain. For more information, see "Managing the RDBMS Security Store" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Securing Oracle WebLogic Server.
Before you upgrade the application environment, you must perform the following steps:
WebLogic Server applications do not need to be undeployed before upgrading the domain. In most cases, WebLogic Server applications can be run without modifications in the new WebLogic Server 10.3.1 application environment. Review the compatibility information in Appendix B, "WebLogic Server 10.3.1 Compatibility with Previous Releases," to determine whether any features changes affect the applications in your environment. Note that if you use deprecated or removed APIs in the application, you might encounter warnings or exceptions at run time.
Before you upgrade, you must shut down all servers in the application environment.
Note:If you are upgrading a cluster from WebLogic Server 10.0 to 10.3.1, you do not need to shut down Managed Server instances all at once. Instead, you can perform a rolling upgrade, as described in Appendix G, "WebLogic Server Rolling Upgrade."
You have the option of backing up the domain during the upgrade process, as described in Table 5-1, "Procedure for Upgrading a WebLogic Domain". However, the wizard archives the domain directory only; it does not preserve file permissions.
Oracle recommends that before upgrading your application environment, you manually back up the components defined in Table 2-2. You should back up the relevant information on all machines in the domain.
Back up the Administration Server and any remote Managed Server domain directories that are defined in the application environment.
By default, the Configuration Wizard creates a domain directory in the MW_HOME\user_projects directory, where MW_HOME represents the Middleware Home directory in which you installed WebLogic Server.
Applications and application-persisted data
Back up any applications and data that reside outside the domain directory.
By default, applications are created in the MW_HOME\user_projects\applications directory, where MW_HOME represents the Middleware Home directory in which you installed WebLogic Server. In releases prior to 10.3.1, this location was called the BEA Home directory.
Custom security providers
Back up any custom security providers that you are using in your application environment.
By default, security providers are located in WL_HOME\server\bin\mbeantypes, where WL_HOME specifies the root directory of the WebLogic Server installation.
Node Manager directory and scripts
Back up any Node Manager directories and scripts that you are using to manage your servers in a clustered environment.
The names of the directory and script depend on your operating system:
In the preceding path names, WL_HOME represents the root directory of the WebLogic Server installation, for example, c:\bea\wlserver_10.0.
If it is important for you to maintain a record of all messages that are logged, back up the log files. As log files can be large, you may want to delete them to conserve disk space, if it is not important to maintain them.
Before upgrading your application environment, you must install the Oracle WebLogic products that you require on each machine in the domain. For more information about installing Oracle WebLogic products, see the Oracle WebLogic Server Installation Guide.
Note:If you are using Node Manager in your pre-10.0 installation, when installing the 10.3.1 product, you should set the Node Manager listen port to match the port number used in the pre-10.0 installation, if possible. The default value for the listen port for Node Manager is 5556.
Some configurations include Managed Servers running on one or more machines that are remote from the Administration Server for the domain. If you have this type of configuration, you must upgrade the domain directories on each of the machines that host the remote Managed Servers.
To prepare the remote domain directories, you must copy the following files from the root directory of the pre-upgraded domain directory on the host machine for the Administration Server to the root directory of the host domain(s) of the remote Managed Servers:
config.xml (configuration file)
Note:If the database in your configuration is not compatible with WebLogic Server 10.3.1, the data must be upgraded to a database that is supported before it can be used in the new application environment. For more information, see Step 4: Create an Upgrade Plan.
To set up the environment for an upgrade:
Open an MS-DOS command prompt window (on Windows) or a command shell (on UNIX).
Add the WebLogic Server classes to the CLASSPATH environment variable and WL_HOME\server\bin to the PATH environment variable, where WL_HOME refers to the top-level installation directory for WebLogic Server 10.3.1.
You can perform this step by running the WL_HOME\server\bin\setWLSEnv script.
If you use JMS JDBC stores:
Make sure the JDBC driver classes are added to the CLASSPATH environment variable.
Start the corresponding database.
Figure 2-1 identifies the steps required to upgrade your application environment.
Table 2-3 summarizes the steps for updating an application environment. Some steps are mandatory, others are optional. Each step that is performed must be done on every machine in the domain and in the sequence shown in this table.
1. Upgrade custom security providers
If are upgrading from WebLogic Server 7.0 or 8.1, and you have custom security providers in your current application environment that you wish to continue using in the new environment, upgrade them:
Note: If you are installing WebLogic Server 10.3.1 into an existing directory that contains a pre-9.0 installation of WebLogic Server, all custom security providers that reside in the default location (WL_HOME\server\lib\mbeantypes) are upgraded automatically. If all of your custom security providers reside in the default location, then the security provider upgrade step is complete, and you do not have to perform the steps described in this section.
2. Upgrade Node Managers
If you are currently using a customized version of Node Manager to provide high availability to Managed Servers and you wish to continue doing so in the new application environment, upgrade Node Manager:
3. Upgrade WebLogic domain (Administration Server)
Upgrade the WebLogic domain on the machine that hosts the Administration Server.
Note: Oracle recommends that you upgrade the Administration Server for a domain before the Managed Servers.
4. Upgrade WebLogic domain (remote Managed Servers)
Upgrade the WebLogic domain on every machine that hosts any Managed Servers. Be sure to copy the appropriate files to the Managed Servers before performing the upgrade, as described in Step 5: Prepare the Remote Managed Server Domain Directories.
Note: Managed Servers that reside on the same machine as the Administration Server do not require additional upgrade steps.
Once you have used the WebLogic Upgrade Wizard to upgrade the application environment, you may need to perform the following steps:
Not all of these steps are required for all situations. Review the sections to determine which, if any, of these steps are appropriate for your environment.
Due to recent changes in the MBean hierarchy, Oracle does not guarantee that all existing configuration and administration scripts (such as WLST,
weblogic.Admin, Ant, and so on) will run from all pre-9.2 environments. Oracle recommends that you update your scripts to take advantage of the new features introduced in WebLogic Server 9.2, 10.0, 10.3, and 10.3.1. For more information about new WebLogic Server features and changes in the MBean hierarchy, see "What's New in WebLogic Server" in Oracle Fusion Middleware What's New in Oracle WebLogic Server.
More information is provided in the following sections about scripting tools, custom configuration templates, and SNMP:
The following configuration and administration tools are deprecated as of WebLogic Server 9.0:
weblogic.Admin utility. For more information, see "weblogic.Server Command-Line Reference" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Command Reference for Oracle WebLogic Server.
If you are currently using one of these utilities, Oracle recommends that you use the Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool, as described in the next section.
The WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) is a command-line scripting interface (built with Jython) that you can use to configure WebLogic domains. Using WLST, WebLogic Server administrators can perform administrative tasks and initiate WebLogic Server configuration changes interactively or by running an executable script.
Online and offline versions of WLST are delivered as a single tool. WLST fully supports the administrative and configuration features offered by 10.3.1. For more information about WLST, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool.
As with the other pre-9.2 tools, Oracle does not guarantee that existing pre-9.2 WLST scripts will run in 9.2 or 10.x due to recent changes in the MBean hierarchy. Oracle recommends that you update your scripts to take advantage of the new features provided with WebLogic Server 9.2, 10.0, 10.3, and 10.3.1.
For more information about new WebLogic Server features and changes in the MBean hierarchy, see "What's New in WebLogic Server" in Oracle Fusion Middleware What's New in Oracle WebLogic Server.
Table 2-4 summarizes the steps required to upgrade custom configuration templates created with the Template Builder.
Using the Upgrade Wizard, upgrade the domain that was created using the custom configuration and/or extension template.
Follow the steps described in Upgrade Your Application Environment.
Modify the domain configuration to leverage new features, as appropriate.
See "What's New in WebLogic Server" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware What's New in Oracle WebLogic Server.
Use the Template Builder or
If you use an SNMP manager to monitor WebLogic Server:
Load the WebLogic Server 10.3.1 MIB into your SNMP manager.
The MIB is located at WL_HOME/server/lib/BEA-WEBLOGIC-MIB.asn1. WebLogic Server does not change object identifiers (OIDs) for existing managed objects; it only adds new OIDs for new managed objects.
If you are generating traps for any deprecated managed objects, create new traps for the replacement objects.
For a list of deprecated managed objects, see "Deprecated MBeans" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server MBean Reference. The description of each deprecated MBean includes a pointer to the replacement MBean. (Each SNMP managed object corresponds to an MBean attribute.)
Note:A number of runtime MBeans that are internal to Oracle have been removed from the MIB. These MBeans are not included in the deprecated MBeans list. For more information, see the following documents:
To complete the upgrade of your application environment to 10.3.1, you may need to re-apply any customizations to startup scripts. The following sections describe how to customize the default startup scripts as well as any custom startup scripts.
The Upgrade Wizard does not carry forward any customizations that have been made to the default startup scripts, such as the setting of the JAVA_OPTIONS environment variable. After the upgrade process is complete, you will need to customize the default scripts again.
If you are upgrading your domain to 10.3.1 and you want to continue using a pre-5.7 version of PointBase, you must add the JAR files for the pre-5.7 version of the PointBase database to the beginning of the CLASSPATH environment variable definition. To do so, update the
set CLASSPATH statement in your setDomainEnv files.
Note:You can use the pre-5.7 version of PointBase only for WebLogic Server domains.
If you have created custom startup scripts, you will need to update them manually, as follows:
Set the JDK version to JDK 6.0.
Update the CLASSPATH variable, as follows:
Add WebLogic Server 10.3.1 classes to the beginning of the variable.
Remove all unused pre-10.3 WebLogic classes.
If you want to continue using your pre-5.7 version of PointBase, include the pre-5.7 versions of the PointBase database JARs at the beginning of the CLASSPATH environment variable definition.
Verify the file permissions, as follows:
If you backed up the domain directory as part of the upgrade, you now need to make your backup files secure, as they may contain confidential information.
During the upgrade process, file permissions are not preserved. If non-default file permissions were set on files, they need to be verified and reset.
On a UNIX system, ownership and permissions for any new files created during the upgrade process are assigned to the user performing the upgrade. For example, if the upgrade is performed by root, then root is assigned ownership of any new files. As a result, any user who subsequently wants to update these files in the domain must have root privileges. You may want to review and/or modify the permissions on files created during the upgrade process.
If you upgrade Node Manager during the upgrade process, enroll the machine that is hosting the WebLogic domain with Node Manager. This can be accomplished using the
Note:If the nodemanager.domains file resides on the machine where the Administration Server and Managed Server are configured to run and they share the same domain directory, you can manually edit the file to include an entry for the domain, in the following form: <domain-name>=<domain-directory>.
This file is located in WL_HOME/common/nodemanager, by default (where WL_HOME refers to the top-level installation directory for WebLogic Server).
For more information, see "Configuring nodemanager.domains File" in "General Node Manager Configuration" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Node Manager Administrator's Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server.
nmEnroll command updates the nodemanager.domains file under the WL_HOME/common/nodemanager directory with information about the domain, where WL_HOME refers to the top-level installation directory for WebLogic Server. The nodemanager.domains file specifies the domains that a Node Manager instance controls. This file is necessary so that standalone clients do not need to specify the domain directory explicitly.
This command also downloads the following files from the Administration Server:
nm_password.properties, the Node Manager secret file, which contains the encrypted username and password that is used for server authentication
To enroll the machine with Node Manager using the
Set up your environment, as described in "Setting Up Your Environment" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool.
Invoke WLST, as described in "Invoking WLST" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool.
As described in step 2, start a WebLogic Server instance and connect WLST to the server using the
Once WLST is connected to the Administration Server, enter the "nmEnroll" command to enroll the machine on which WLST is running with Node Manager.
You have the option of specifying:
Path of the domain directory in which you want to save the Node Manager secret file (nm_password.properties) and SerializedSystemIni.dat file. By default, these files are saved in the directory in which WLST was started.
Path of the Node Manager home directory. The nodemanager.domains file, containing the information about the domain, is written to this directory. By default, the directory used for this purpose is WL_HOME/common/nodemanager, where WL_HOME refers to the top-level installation directory for WebLogic Server.
For example, if the domain directory is specified as c:/bea/mydomain/common/nodemanager, and the default home directory for Node Manager, WL_HOME/common/nodemanager, is used, then you enroll the machine on which WLST is running with Node Manager by entering the following command, shown in bold:
wls:/mydomain/serverConfig> nmEnroll('c:/bea/mydomain/common/nodemanager') Enrolling this machine with the domain directory at c:\bea\mydomain\common\nodemanager.... Successfully enrolled this machine with the domain directory at C:\bea\mydomain\common\nodemanager wls:/mydomain/serverConfig>
For more information, see "nmEnroll" in Oracle Fusion Middleware WebLogic Scripting Tool Command Reference.
Once you start the Administration Server, verify the remote server start options, such as
CLASSPATH, reference the WebLogic Server 10.3.1 installation on the target managed server. This can be accomplished using the Administration Console, as described in "Configure startup arguments for Managed Servers" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.
Note:If the remote server startup options are not set correctly, when attempting to start a Managed Server using Node Manager, messages similar to the following may be written to the log file. Because these messages may be sent recursively, they may eventually consume all space available on the drive.
No config.xml was found. Would you like the server to create a default configuration and boot? (y/n): java.io.IOException: The handle is invalid at COM.jrockit.io.FileNativeIO.read(III)I(Native Method) at COM.jrockit.io.NativeIO.read(Ljava.io.FileDescriptor;II)I(Unknown Source) at COM.jrockit.io.NativeIOInputStream.read(II)I(Unknown Source) at COM.jrockit.io.NativeIOInputStream.read(I[BI)I(Unknown Source) at COM.jrockit.io.NativeIOInputStream.read([BII)I(Unknown Source) at java.io.FileInputStream.read([BII)I(Unknown Source)
Execute standard procedures for quality assurance and performance tuning before promoting an application environment to production. You should test the execution of your applications (including external client applications) in your test application environment. If your applications use APIs that have been deprecated or removed, then you may encounter warnings or exceptions at run time. If you do, you can make any required modifications before promoting your applications to production.
Once all test criteria have been met, you can promote the application environment to production, as outlined in your upgrade plan (defined previously in Step 4: Create an Upgrade Plan).
Once the new 10.3.1 application environment is deployed into production, you can start redirecting requests to the new environment from the existing environment. Gradually, you can quiesce the existing environment. This might be accomplished using a load balancer, for example.
If any step in the upgrade process fails, the WebLogic Upgrade Wizard displays a message indicating the reason for the failure and terminates. To proceed, perform the following steps:
Restore the application environment to its original state using the backup files created in Step 3: Back Up the Application Environment.
Correct the failure reported by the WebLogic Upgrade Wizard.
Continue with the upgrade process from the step at which the failure occurred, as described in Upgrade Your Application Environment.