|Oracle® Fusion Middleware Using Web Server Plug-Ins with Oracle WebLogic Server
11g Release 1 (10.3.1)
Part Number E14395-02
The following sections describe how to install and configure the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In:
The Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In allows requests to be proxied from a Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS) to WebLogic Server. The plug-in enhances an IIS installation by allowing WebLogic Server to handle those requests that require the dynamic functionality of WebLogic Server.
You use the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In in an environment where the Internet Information Server (IIS) serves static pages such as HTML pages, while dynamic pages such as HTTP Servlets or JavaServer Pages are served by WebLogic Server. WebLogic Server may be operating in a different process, possibly on a different host. To the end user—the browser—the HTTP requests delegated to WebLogic Server still appear to be coming from IIS. The HTTP-tunneling facility of the WebLogic client-server protocol also operates through the plug-in, providing access to all WebLogic Server services.
The Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In improves performance using a pool of connections from the plug-in to WebLogic Server. The plug-in implements HTTP 1.1 keep-alive connections between the plug-in and WebLogic Server by re-using the same connection for subsequent requests from the same client. If the connection is inactive for more than 30 seconds, (or a user-defined amount of time) the connection is closed. The connection with the client can be reused to connect to the same client at a later time if it has not timed out. You can disable this feature if desired. For more information, see
KeepAliveEnabled in Table 7-1.
The plug-in proxies requests to WebLogic Server based on a configuration that you specify. You can proxy requests based on either the URL of the request or a portion of the URL. This is called proxying by path.
You can also proxy a request based on the MIME type of the requested file, which is called proxying by file extension.
You can also enable both methods. If you do enable both methods and a request matches both criteria, the request is proxied by path.
You can also specify additional parameters for each of these types of requests that define additional behavior of the plug-in. For more information, see "Using Wildcard Application Mappings to Proxy by Path" and "Installing and Configuring the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In".
For the latest information on operating system and IIS version compatibility with the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In, see
As described in "Installing Wildcard Application Mappings (IIS 6.0)" (
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/WindowsServer2003/Library/IIS/5c5ae5e0-f4f9-44b0-a743-f4c3a5ff68ec.mspx?mfr=true), and "Add a Wildcard Script Map" for IIS 7.0 (
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc754606(WS.10).aspx), you can configure a Web site or virtual directory to run an Internet Server API (ISAPI) application at the beginning of every request to that Web site or virtual directory, regardless of the extension of the requested file. You can use this feature to insert a mapping to iisproxy.dll and thereby proxy requests by path to WebLogic Server.
You may find this to be a more convenient method of proxying by path than using iisforward.dll as described in "Installing and Configuring the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In".
The following steps summarize the instructions available at "Installing Wildcard Application Mappings (IIS 6.0)" (
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/WindowsServer2003/Library/IIS/5c5ae5e0-f4f9-44b0-a743-f4c3a5ff68ec.mspx?mfr=true) for adding a wildcard application mapping to a Web server or Web site in IIS 6.0:
In IIS Manager, expand the local computer, expand the Web Sites folder, right-click the Web site or virtual directory that you want, and then click Properties.
Click the appropriate tab: Home Directory, Virtual Directory, or Directory.
In the Application settings area, click Configuration, and then click the Mappings tab.
To install a wildcard application map, do the following:
On the Mappings tab, click Insert.
Type the path to the iisproxy.dll DLL in the Executable text box or click Browse to navigate to.
The following steps summarize the instructions available at "Add a Wildcard Script Map" for IIS 7.0 (
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc754606(WS.10).aspx) to add a wildcard script map to do proxy-by-path with ISAPI in IIS 7.0:
Open IIS Manager and navigate to the level you want to manage. For information about opening IIS Manager, see "Open IIS Manager" at
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc770472(WS.10).aspx. For information about navigating to locations in the UI, see "Navigation in IIS Manager" at
In Features View, on the server, site, or application Home page, double-click Handler Mappings.
On the Handler Mappings page, in the Actions pane, click Add Wildcard Script Map.
In the Executable box, type the full path or browse to the iisproxy.dll that processes the request. For example, type systemroot\system32\inetsrv\iisproxy.dll.
In the Name box, type a friendly name for the handler mapping.
Optionally, on the Handler Mappings page, select a handler to lock or unlock it. When you lock a handler mapping, it cannot be overridden at lower levels in the configuration. Select a handler mapping in the list, and then in the Actions pane, click Lock or Unlock.
After you add a wildcard script map, you must add the executable to the ISAPI and CGI Restrictions list to enable it to run. For more information about ISAPI and CGI restrictions, see "Configuring ISAPI and CGI Restrictions in IIS 7" at
To install the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In:
Copy the iisproxy.dll file from the WL_HOME/server/plugin/win/32 or WL_HOME/server/plugin/win/64 directory of your WebLogic Server installation (where WL_HOME is the top-level directory for the WebLogic Platform and Server and contains the WebLogic Server installation files into a convenient directory that is accessible to IIS). This directory must also contain the iisproxy.ini file that you will create in step 4. Set the user permissions for the iisproxy.dll file to include the name of the user who will be running IIS. One way to do this is by right clicking on the iisproxy.dll file and selecting Permissions, then adding the username of the person who will be running IIS.
If you want to configure proxying by file extension (MIME type) complete this step. (You can configure proxying by path in addition to or instead of configuring by MIME type. See step 3. )
Start the Internet Information Service Manager by selecting it from the Start menu.
In the left panel of the Service Manager, select your website (the default is “Default Web Site”).
Figure 4-1 Selecting Web Site in Service Manager
Click the “Play” arrow in the toolbar to start.
Open the properties for the selected website by right-clicking the website selection in the left panel and selecting Properties.
Figure 4-2 Selecting Properties for Selected Web Site
In the Properties panel, select the Home Directory tab, and click the Configuration button in the Applications Settings section.
Figure 4-3 Home Directory Tab of the Properties Panel
On the Mappings tab, click the Add button to add file types and configure them to be proxied to WebLogic Server.
Figure 4-4 Click the Add Button to Add File Types
In the Add dialog box, browse to find the iisproxy.dll file.
Set the Extension to the type of file that you want to proxy to WebLogic Server.
If you are configuring for IIS 6.0 or later, be sure to deselect the “Check that file exists” check box. The behavior of this check has changed from earlier versions of IIS: it used to check that the iisproxy.dll file exists; now it checks that files requested from the proxy exist in the root directory of the Web server. If the check does not find the files there, the iisproxy.dll file will not be allowed to proxy requests to the WebLogic Server.
In the Directory Security tab, set the Method exclusions as needed to create a secure installation.
When you finish, click the OK button to save the configuration. Repeat this process for each file type you want to proxy to WebLogic.
When you finish configuring file types, click the OK button to close the Properties panel.
Note:In the URL, any path information you add after the server and port is passed directly to WebLogic Server. For example, if you request a file from IIS with the URL:
it is proxied to WebLogic Server with a URL such as http://mywebLogic:7001/jspfiles/myfile.jsp
Note:To avoid out-of-process errors, do not deselect the "Cache ISAPI Applications" check box.
If you want to configure proxying by path complete this step. (In addition to proxying by file type, you can configure the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In to serve files based on their path by specifying some additional parameters in the iisproxy.ini file.) Proxying by path takes precedence over proxying by MIME type.
You can also proxy multiple websites defined in IIS by path. For more information, see "Proxying Requests from Multiple Virtual Websites to WebLogic Server".
To configure proxying by path:
Start the Internet Information Service Manager by selecting it from the Start menu.
Place the iisforward.dll file in the same directory as the iisproxy.dll file and add the iisforward.dll file as a filter service in IIS (WebSite Properties ->ISAPI Filters tab -> Add the iisforward dll). Set the user permissions for the iisforward.dll file to include the name of the user who will be running IIS. One way to do this is by right clicking on the iisproxy.dll file and selecting Permissions, then adding the username of the person who will be running IIS.
Register .wlforward as a special file type to be handled by iisproxy.dll in IIS.
Define the property
WlForwardPath in iisproxy.ini.
WlForwardPath defines the path that is proxied to WebLogic Server, for example:
PathTrim parameter to trim off the
WlForwardPath when necessary. For example, using
trims a request from IIS to Weblogic Server. Therefore, /weblogic/session is changed to /session.
If you want requests that do not contain extra path information (in other words, requests containing only a host name), set the
DefaultFileName parameter to the name of the welcome page of the Web Application to which the request is being proxied. The value of this parameter is appended to the URL.
If you need to debug your application, set the Debug=ON parameter in iisproxy.ini. A c:\tmp\iisforward.log is generated containing a log of the plug-in's activity that you can use for debugging purposes.
In WebLogic Server, create the iisproxy.ini file.
The iisproxy.ini file contains
name=value pairs that define configuration parameters for the plug-in. The parameters are listed in "General Parameters for Web Service Plug-Ins".
Use the example iisproxy.ini file in "Sample iisproxy.ini File" as a template for your iisproxy.ini file.
Note:Changes in the parameters will not go into effect until you restart the “IIS Admin Service” (under services, in the control panel).
Oracle recommends that you locate the iisproxy.ini file in the same directory that contains the iisproxy.dll file. You can also use other locations. If you place the file elsewhere, note that WebLogic Server searches for iisproxy.ini in the following directories, in the following order:
In the same directory where iisproxy.dll is located.
In the home directory of the most recent version of WebLogic Server that is referenced in the Windows Registry. (If WebLogic Server does not find the iisproxy.ini file in the home directory, it continues looking in the Windows Registry for older versions of WebLogic Server and looks for the iisproxy.ini file in the home directories of those installations.)
In the directory c:\weblogic, if it exists.
Define the WebLogic Server host and port number to which the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In proxies requests. Depending on your configuration, there are two ways to define the host and port:
If you are proxying requests to a single WebLogic Server, define the WebLogicHost and WebLogicPort parameters in the iisproxy.ini file. For example:
If you are proxying requests to a cluster of WebLogic Servers, define the WebLogicCluster parameter in the iisproxy.ini file. For example:
Where myweblogic.com and yourweblogic.com are instances of Weblogic Server running in a cluster.
Optionally, enable HTTP tunneling by following the instructions for proxying by path (see step 8 above), substituting the WebLogic Server host name and the WebLogic Server port number, or the name of a WebLogic Cluster that you wish to handle HTTP tunneling requests.
If you are using weblogic.jar and the T3 protocol, set
WlForwardPath to this URL pattern:
If you are using IIOP, which is the only protocol used by the WebLogic Server thin client, wlclient.jar, set the value of WlForwardPath to */iiop*:
You do not need to use the
Set any additional parameters in the iisproxy.ini file. A complete list of parameters is available in the appendix "General Parameters for Web Service Plug-Ins".
If you are proxying servlets from IIS to WebLogic Server and you are not proxying by path, read the section "Proxying Servlets from IIS to WebLogic Server".
The installed version of IIS with its initial settings does not allow the iisproxy.dll. Use the IIS Manager console to enable the Plug-In:
Open the IIS Manager console.
Select Web Service Extensions.
Set “All Unknown ISAPI Extensions” to Allowed.
This section describes differences in how you set up the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In for IIs 7.0.
To set up the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In for IIs 7.0, follow these steps:
Create a web application in IIS Manager by right clicking on Web Sites -> Add Web Site.
Fill in the Web Site Name with the name you want to give to your web application; for example, MyApp. Select the physical path of your web application Port (any valid port number not currently in use).
Click OK to create the web application.
If you can see the name of your application under Web Sites it means that your application has been created and started running. Click on the MyApp node under Web Sites to see all of the settings related to the MyApp application, which you can change, as shown in Figure 4-5.
Figure 4-5 Application Home Page
Click on "Handler Mappings" to set the mappings to the handler for a particular MIME type.
Figure 4-6 Setting the Handler Mappings
Click on the StaticFile and change the Request path from * to *.*. Click OK.
Figure 4-7 Editing the Request Path for Module
Click on MyApp and then click on "Add Script Map…" on the right-hand side menu options. Enter * for the Request path.
Browse to the iisproxy.dll file and add it as the executable. Name it proxy.
Figure 4-8 Editing the Request Path for Script
Click on the "Request Restrictions…" button and uncheck the box "Invoke handler only if the request is mapped to".
Figure 4-9 Editing the Request Restrictions
Click OK to add this Handler mapping. Click Yes on the Add Script Map dialog box.
Figure 4-10 Adding the Script Map
If you want to configure proxying by path, click on Add Script Map. Provide the Request path as *.wlforward and select the executable as iisproxy.dll.
Click on the "Request Restrictions…" button and uncheck the box "Invoke handler only if the request is mapped to".
Click OK to add this Handler mapping. Click Yes on the Add Script Map dialog box.
Figure 4-11 Adding the Script Map for Proxying by Path
Click on the MyApp application on the left-hand side and click on ISAPI Filters. Click Add to add the ISAPI filter.
Enter the Filter name as forward and select the executable as iisforward.dll. Click OK.
Figure 4-12 Editing ISAPI Filters
Click on the Root node of the IIS Manager tree and click on the ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. Make sure to check the "Allow unspecified ISAPI modules" checkbox.
Figure 4-13 Editing ISAPI and CGI Restrictions
Create a file called iisproxy.ini with the following contents and place it in the directory with the plug-in:
WebLogicHost= @hostname@ WebLogicPort= @port@ ConnectRetrySecs=5 ConnectTimeoutSecs=25 Debug=ALL DebugConfigInfo=ON KeepAliveEnabled=true WlForwardPath=/weblogic PathTrim=/weblogic WLLogFile=@Log file name@ SecureProxy=OFF
Open the Internet Explorer browser and enter http://<hostname>:<port>. You should be able to see the Medrec Sample Application from your Weblogic Server.
If you want to run the plug-in in SSL mode, change the value of
WeblogicPort to the SSL port of your application, and change the
SecureProxy value to ON.
Figure 4-14 Medrec Sample Application
To proxy requests from multiple websites (defined as virtual directories in IIS) to WebLogic Server:
Create a new directory for the virtual directories. This directory will contain dll and ini files used to define the proxy.
Copy iisforward.dll to the directory you created in step1.
Register the iisforward.dll for each website with IIS.
Create a file called iisforward.ini. Place this file in the same directory that contains iisforward.dll. This file should contain the following entry for each virtual website defined in IIS:
N is an integer representing the virtual website. The first virtual website you define should use the integer 1 and each subsequent website should increment this number by 1.
websiteName is the name of the virtual website as registered with IIS.
port is the port number where IIS listens for HTTP requests.
dll_directory is the path to the directory you created in step 1.
vhost1=strawberry.com:7001 strawberry.com:7001=c:\strawberry\iisproxy.ini vhost2=blueberry.com:7001 blueberry.com:7001=c:\blueberry\iisproxy.ini ...
Create an iisproxy.ini file for the virtual eebsites, as described in step 4 in "Proxying Requests". Copy this iispoxy.ini file to the directory you created in step 1.
Copy iisproxy.dll to the directory you created in step 1.
In IIS, set the value for the Application Protection option to high (isolated). If the Application Protection option is set to Medium(pooled), the iisproxy.dll that registered as the first website will always be invoked. In this event, all the requests will be proxied to the same WebLogic Server instances defined in the iisproxy.ini of the first website.
Here is a sample iisproxy.ini file for use with a single, non-clustered WebLogic Server. Comment lines are denoted with the “#” character.
# This file contains initialization name/value pairs # for the IIS/WebLogic plug-in. WebLogicHost=localhost WebLogicPort=7001 ConnectTimeoutSecs=20 ConnectRetrySecs=2
Here is a sample iisproxy.ini file with clustered WebLogic Servers. Comment lines are denoted with the “#” character.
# This file contains initialization name/value pairs # for the IIS/WebLogic plug-in. WebLogicCluster=myweblogic.com:7001,yourweblogic.com:7001 ConnectTimeoutSecs=20 ConnectRetrySecs=2
Note:If you are using SSL between the plug-in and WebLogic Server, the port number should be defined as the SSL listen port.
ACLs will not work through the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In if the Authorization header is not passed by IIS. Use the following information to ensure that the Authorization header is passed by IIS.
When using Basic Authentication, the user is logged on with local log-on rights. To enable the use of Basic Authentication, grant each user account the Log On Locally user right on the IIS server. Two problems may result from Basic Authentication's use of local logon:
If the user does not have local logon rights, Basic Authentication does not work even if the FrontPage, IIS, and Windows NT configurations appear to be correct.
A user who has local log-on rights and who can obtain physical access to the host computer running IIS will be permitted to start an interactive session at the console.
To enable Basic Authentication, in the Directory Security tab of the console, ensure that the Allow Anonymous option is “on” and all other options are “off”.
Use perimeter authentication to secure your WebLogic Server applications that are accessed via the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In.
A WebLogic Identity Assertion Provider authenticates tokens from outside systems that access your WebLogic Server application, including users who access your WebLogic Server application through the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In. Create an Identity Assertion Provider that will safely secure your Plug-In as follows:
Create a custom Identity Assertion Provider on your WebLogic Server application. See How to Develop a Custom Identity Assertion Provider in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Security Providers for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Configure the custom Identity Assertion Provider to support the "Cert" token type and make it the active token type. See How to Create New Token Types in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Security Providers for Oracle WebLogic Server.
clientCertProxy attribute to True in the web.xml deployment descriptor file for the Web application (or, if using a cluster, optionally set the
Client Cert Proxy Enabled attribute to true for the whole cluster on the Administration Console Cluster-->Configuration-->General tab). See context-param in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Web Applications, Servlets, and JSPs for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Once you have set
clientCertProxy, be sure to use a connection filter to ensure that WebLogic Server accepts connections only from the machine on which the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In is running. See Using Network Connection Filters in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming Security for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Web server plug-ins require a trusted Certificate Authority file in order to use SSL between the plug-in and WebLogic Server. Use Sun Microsystems' keytool utility to export a trusted Certificate Authority file from the DemoTrust.jks keystore file that resides in WL_HOME/server/lib.
To extract the wlsdemoca file, for example, use the command:
keytool -export -file trustedcafile.der -keystore DemoTrust.jks -alias wlsdemoca
Change the alias name to obtain a different trusted CA file from the keystore.
To look at all of the keystore's trusted CA files, use:
keytool -list -keystore DemoTrust.jks.
Press enter if prompted for password.
To convert the Certificate Authority file to pem format:
java utils.der2pem trustedcafile.der.
See Identity Assertion Providers in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Security Providers for Oracle WebLogic Server for more information about Identity Assertion Providers.
You can use the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol to protect the connection between WebLogic Server and the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In. The SSL protocol provides confidentiality and integrity to the data passed between the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In and WebLogic Server.
The Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In does not use the transport protocol (http or https) to determine whether the SSL protocol will be used to protect the connection between the proxy plug-in and the Microsoft Internet Information Server. In order to use the SSL protocol with the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In, configure the WebLogic Server instance receiving the proxied requests to use the SSL protocol. The port on the WebLogic Server that is configured for secure SSL communication is used by the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In to communicate with the Microsoft Internet Information Server.
To use the SSL protocol between Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In and WebLogic Server:
Configure WebLogic Server for SSL. For more information, see Configuring SSL.
Configure the WebLogic Server SSL listen port. For more information, see Configuring SSL.
Set the WebLogicPort parameter in the iisproxy.ini file to the listen port configured in step 2.
Set the SecureProxy parameter in the iisproxy.ini file to ON.
Set additional parameters in the iisproxy.ini file that define the SSL connection. For a complete list of parameters, see "SSL Parameters for Web Server Plug-Ins".
WebLogicHost=myweblogic.com WebLogicPort=7002 SecureProxy=ON
You can proxy servlets by path if the iisforward.dll is registered as a filter. You would then invoke your servlet with a URL similar to the following:
To proxy servlets if iisforward.dll is not registered as a filter, you must configure servlet proxying by file type.To proxy servlets by file type:
Register an arbitrary file type (extension) with IIS to proxy the request to the WebLogic Server, as described in step 2 under "Installing and Configuring the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In".
Register your servlet in the appropriate Web Application. For more information on registering servlets, see Creating and Configuring Servlets.
Invoke your servlet with a URL formed according to this pattern:
where virtualName is the URL pattern defined in the
<servlet-mapping> element of the Web Application deployment descriptor (web.xml) for this servlet and ext is a file type (extension) registered with IIS for proxying to WebLogic Server. The anyfile part of the URL is ignored in this context.
Note:If the image links called from the servlet are part of the Web Application, you must also proxy the requests for the images to WebLogic Server by registering the appropriate file types (probably .gif and .jpg) with IIS. You can, however, choose to serve these images directly from IIS if desired.
If the servlet being proxied has links that call other servlets, then these links must also be proxied to WebLogic Server, conforming to the pattern described in step 3.
After you install and configure the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In, follow these steps for deployment and testing:
Make sure WebLogic Server and IIS are running.
Save a JSP file into the document root of the default Web Application.
Open a browser and set the URL to the IIS plus filename.jsp, as shown in this example:
If filename.jsp is displayed in your browser, the plug-in is functioning.
When the Microsoft Internet Information Server Plug-In attempts to connect to WebLogic Server, the plug-in uses several configuration parameters to determine how long to wait for connections to the WebLogic Server host, and, after a connection is established, how long the plug-in waits for a response. If the plug-in cannot connect or does not receive a response, the plug-in attempts to connect and sends the request to other WebLogic Servers in the cluster. If the connection fails or there is no response from any WebLogic Server instance in the cluster, an error message is sent.
Figure 4-15 demonstrates how the plug-in handles failover.
Figure 4-15 Connection Failover
Failure of the WebLogic Server host to respond to a connection request could indicate problems with the host machine, networking problems, or other server failures.
Failure of any WebLogic Server instance in the cluster to respond, could indicate that WebLogic Server is not running or is unavailable, a hung server, a database problem, or other application failure.
If you are running only a single WebLogic Server, the plug-in only attempts to connect to the server defined with the WebLogicHost parameter. If the attempt fails, an HTTP 503 error message is returned. The plug-in continues trying to connect to WebLogic Server as determined by the ConnectTimeoutSecs and ConnectRetrySecs parameters.
When you specify a list of WebLogic Servers in the WebLogicCluster parameter, the plug-in uses that list as a starting point for load balancing among the members of the cluster. After the first request is routed to one of these servers, a dynamic server list is returned containing an updated list of servers in the cluster. The updated list adds any new servers in the cluster and deletes any that are no longer part of the cluster or that have failed to respond to requests. This list is updated automatically with the HTTP response when a change in the cluster occurs.
When a request contains session information stored in a cookie or in the POST data, or encoded in a URL, the session ID contains a reference to the specific server instance in which the session was originally established (called the primary server). A request containing a cookie attempts to connect to the primary server. If that attempt fails, the plug-in attempts to make a connection to the next available server in the list in a round-robin fashion. That server retrieves the session from the original secondary server and makes itself the new primary server for that same session. For more information see Figure 4-15.
Note:If the POST data is larger than 64K, the plug-in will not parse the POST data to obtain the session ID. Therefore, if you store the session ID in the POST data, the plug-in cannot route the request to the correct primary or secondary server, resulting in possible loss of session data.