Browser version scriptSkip Headers

Oracle® Fusion Applications Financials Implementation Guide
11g Release 1 (
Part Number E20375-01
Go to contents  page
Go to previous  page



Abbreviation for Triple Data Encryption Standard. An algorithm that applies the Data Encryption Standard (DES) cipher algorithm three times to each data block.

abstract role

A description of a person's function in the enterprise that is unrelated to the person's job (position), such as employee, contingent worker, or line manager. A type of enterprise role.

accompanying letter

A letter accompanying a payment file which summarizes its contents.

account rule

The rule that builds the account on a subledger journal entry. It can be used to derive complete accounts or a segment value. Conditions can be defined within a rule so that a different account is used based on particular attributes of a transaction.

accounting attribute

Predefined fields that map to components of subledger journal entries. Sources are assigned to accounting attributes.

accounting event class

Categories that classify transaction types and group event types for accounting rules.

accounting event type

Represents a business operation that may have an accounting impact.

accounting flexfield

The chart of accounts that determines the structure, such as the number and order of individual segments, as well as the corresponding values per segment.

accounting method

A set of journal entry rules which determine how a subledger journal entry is to be created for each event class or event type.

accounting period

The fiscal period used to report financial results, such as a calendar month or fiscal period.


The kind of access named in a security policy, such as view or edit.


Acronym for Application Developer Framework. A set of programming principles and rules for developing software applications.

application feature

A standardized functionality that is available to implemented.

application identity

Predefined application level user with elevated privileges. An application identity authorizes jobs and transactions for which other users are not authorized, such as a payroll run authorized to access a taxpayer ID while the user who initiated the job is not authorized to access such personally identifiable information.

application role

A role specific to applications and stored in the policy store.

Applications Core

Abbreviation for Oracle Fusion Middleware Extensions for Applications. The technical product code is FND.


Acronym for Applicability Statement 2. A specification for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) between businesses using the Internet's Web page protocol, the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The AS2 standard allows businesses to use a common, single communications solution, which eliminates the complications and costs when different businesses in a network use different transfer protocols.


A set of information, including job, position, pay, compensation, managers, working hours, and work location, that defines a worker's or nonworker's role in a legal employer.

automatic assignment catalog

A non-hierarchical catalog to which categories that match the catalog's Catalog Structure value are automatically added. Add categories and share categories actions are disabled for this catalog configuration.

automatic offset

A method for balancing invoice and payment journal entries that cross primary balancing segment values.

AutoPost criteria sets

A grouping of options and submission frequencies used to select journal entries for automatic posting.

balancing segment

A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.

bar code

A printable bar code that uniquely identifies each employee's expense report.


A person or organization designated to receive benefits from a compensation plan on the death of the plan participant.

bill payable

Payment documents that are payable at maturity.

both pay

The deploying company pays the corporate card issuer for business expenses and the employee pays the corporate card issuer for personal expenses.


Business Process Execution Language; a standard language for defining how to send XML messages to remote services, manipulate XML data structures, receive XML messages asynchronously from remote services, manage events and exceptions, define parallel sequences of execution, and undo parts of processes when exceptions occur.

browsing category

Parent or intermediate category that is associated with other categories in the catalog hierarchy, but has no assigned items.

business function

A business process, or an activity that can be performed by people working within a business unit and describes how a business unit is used.

business object

A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.

business unit

A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.

calendar event

A period that signifies an event, such as a public holiday or a training course, that impacts worker availability.

card feed file

A file containing corporate card transactions that originated from the card issuer's server.


A collection of categories used to classify items which can be organized into a hierarchy that represents a taxonomy.


Catalog component that is associated to a catalog to classify items.

chained key

An encryption approach used for data security where A encrypts B and B encrypts C.

chart of accounts

The account structure your organization uses to record transactions and maintain account balances.

clause adoption

Reusing a clause from the global business unit in local business units either by adopting the clause without change or by localizing it.

clause localization

A type of clause adoption where the adopted clause is edited to suit the local business unit needs.

clearing company

The intercompany clearing entity used to balance the journal.

company pay

The deploying company pays the corporate card issuer for all transactions.


An XML filter or SQL predicate WHERE clause in a data security policy that specifies what portions of a database resource are secured.


Holds the numeric value used to evaluate numeric conditions in Contract Expert rules. A constant permits you to reset the conditions of many rules with just one edit.


A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.

context segment

The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can have a different set of context-sensitive segments.

context-sensitive segment

A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context such as other information that has been captured. Context-sensitive segments are custom attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.

contingent worker

A self-employed or agency-supplied worker. Contingent worker work relationships with legal employers are typically of a specified duration. Any person who has a contingent worker work relationship with a legal employer is a contingent worker.

contract deviations

Differences between the contract terms in a contract and those in the contract terms template applied to that contract and any deviations from company policies as determined by Contract Expert feature rules.

Contract Expert

A feature of the application that permits you to create business rules in the Contract Terms Library to enforce corporate policies and standards for contracts.

Contract Terms Library

A repository of standard clauses, contract terms templates, and business rules built using Contract Expert.

corporate card program

An agreement between the corporate card issuer and the deploying company that governs the issuance of corporate cards to the deploying company's employees and the payments to the card issuer.

corporate rate type

Rate you define to standardize rates used in conversion of one currency to another over a period of time. This rate is generally a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.

cost center

A unit of activity or group of employees used to assign costs for accounting purposes.

cost organization

A grouping of inventory organizations that indicates legal and financial ownership of inventory, and which establishes common costing and accounting policies.

country holding company

A legal entity that acts on behalf of several divisions within an enterprise, and is the legal employer in a country.


A block of data that contains three or more dimensions. An Essbase database is a cube.

data dimension

A stripe of data accessed by a data role, such as the data controlled by a business unit.

data instance set

The set of human capital management (HCM) data, such as one or more persons, organizations, or payrolls, identified by an HCM security profile.

data role

A role for a defined set of data describing the job a user does within that defined set of data. A data role inherits job or abstract roles and grants entitlement to access data within a specific dimension of data based on data security policies. A type of enterprise role.

data role template

A template used to generate data roles by specifying which base roles to combine with which dimension values for a set of data security policies.

data security

The control of access to data. Data security controls what action a user can taken against which data.

data security policy

A grant of entitlement to a role on an object or attribute group for a given condition.

database resource

An applications data object at the instance, instance set, or global level, which is secured by data security policies.


A division of a business enterprise dealing with a particular area of activity.

description rule

The rule that defines the description content that appears on the subledger journal header and line.

descriptive flexfield

Customizable expansion space, such as fields used to capture additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as customer cases. Information collection and storage may be configured to vary based on conditions or context.


The process of straightening a crooked or skewed image.


The process of removing unwanted dots or speckles on an image.


A value that determines which reference data set will be used in a specific business context.

determinant type

Designates the field within transactional columns that controls how data is shared across organizations such as business unit, asset book, cost organization or project unit. The type determines the reference data sets that would be used in a transaction.

determinant type

An additional and optional field within transactional columns (besides category and application) that is used to assign document sequences. The available determinant types are Business Unit, Ledger, Legal Entity, and Tax Registration.

determinant value

A value specific to the determinant type dimension of a document sequence. The determinant value is relevant in a document sequence assignment only if the document sequence has a determinant type. If Ledger is the determinant type for a document sequence, the determinant value is the specific ledger number whose documents are numbered by the document sequence.

disbursement bank account

The deploying company's bank account.

distribution set

A predefined group of accounts used to automatically create invoice distributions for an invoice not matched to a purchase order.


A business-oriented subdivision within an enterprise. Each division is organized to deliver products and services or address different markets.


Acronym for demilitarized zone. An isolated internal network used for servers that are accessed by external clients on the Internet, such as web servers, to provide a measure of security for internal networks behind the firewall.

document category

A high level grouping of person documents such as visas, licences, and medical certificates. Document subcategories provide further grouping of document categories.

document event class

Categorization of events within an application, such as Payables, Purchasing, or Receivables. For example, Payables event classes include standard invoices, prepayment invoices, and credit memos.

document fiscal classification

A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a document associated with a transaction for a tax.

document payable

An item that is ready to be paid. Equivalent to an installment in Oracle Fusion Payables.

document sequence

A unique number that is automatically or manually assigned to a created and saved document.

document type

A categorization of person documents that provides a set of options to control what document information to retain, who can access the documents, whether the documents require approval, and whether the documents are subject to expiry. A document type exists for a combination of document category and subcategory.

duty role

A group of function and data privileges representing one duty of a job. Duty roles are specific to applications, stored in the policy store, and shared within an Oracle Fusion Applications instance.


Summary corporate card transactions. Also known as Level 2 transactions.


Acronym for Electronic Funds Transfer. A direct transfer of money from one account to another, such as an electronic payment of an amount owed a supplier by transferring money from a payer's disbursement bank account into the supplier's bank account.

employment terms

A set of information about a nonworker's or employee's job, position, pay, compensation, working hours, and work location that all assignments associated with the employment terms inherit.


An organization with one or more legal entities under common control.

enterprise role

Abstract, job, and data roles are shared across the enterprise. An enterprise role is an LDAP group. An enterprise role is propagated and synchronized across Oracle Fusion Middleware, where it is considered to be an external role or role not specifically defined within applications.


Grants of access to functions and data. Oracle Fusion Middleware term for privilege.

error amount

When setting up corporate card usage policies to enforce the use of corporate cards, an amount that exceeds the cash limit and for which an error displays during expense entry in the expense report, which prevents submission of the report.

error tolerance

When setting up corporate card usage policies to enforce the use of corporate cards, a range that is from the cash limit up to the error tolerance amount. Above that amount, the expense report is not submitted.

error tolerance percentage

When setting up corporate card usage policies to enforce the use of corporate cards, a percentage that, when added to the cash limit, defines the error amount. If you spend more than the error amount, the expense report is not submitted.


Acronym for Enterprise Storage Server. An application that optimizes data storage.


A feature in Oracle Business Intelligence Publisher (BI Publisher) that enables the format layout for fixed position and delimited formats to be presented in an understandable tabular structure.

Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA)

A regional designation used for government, marketing and business purposes for countries in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.

expense template

An administrator-defined list of related expense types. When you enter expenses on your expense report, you must select a specific expense template.

expense type

A potential expense that you can incur that has been defined by the administrator during setup.

extensible flexfield

Customizable expansion space, as with descriptive flexfields, but able to capture multiple sets of information within a context and multiple contexts grouped to appear in a named region of a user interface page. Some extensible flexfields allow grouping contexts into categories.


An XML file that contains the superset of data relevant to a payment file.

feature choice

A selection you make when configuring offerings that modifies a setup task list, or a setup page, or both.

financial reporting book

Comprised of reports and other documents such as text, PDF, PowerPoint, Excel and Word files. When run, the report data is dynamically retrieved from the database; the snapshot data remains static.

first party payer

The deploying company making disbursements. The first party payer disburses funds to pay suppliers, customer refunds, and to reimburse employee expenses.

fixed rate type

Rate you set between two currencies that remains constant. For example, a rate set between the euro currency and each Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) currency during the conversion to the euro currency.


Grouping of extensible data fields called segments, where each segment is an attribute added to an entity for capturing additional information.

flexfield segment

An extensible data field that represents an attribute on an entity and captures a single atomic value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the Oracle Fusion Applications database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.


A key setup entity in Oracle Fusion Payments, which ties together formatting attributes, such those used by Oracle Fusion Business Intelligence Publisher (BI Publisher) templates and validations to execute during transaction processing.

format type

A categorization that indicates what a format is used for by Oracle Fusion Payments. Examples of format types include payment file, remittance advice, and bank statement.


Acronym for File Transfer Protocol. A system for transferring computer files, generally by the Internet.

function security

The control of access to a page or a specific widget or functionality within a page. Function security controls what a user can do.

funds capture payment profile

A key setup entity that holds rules for funds capture processing.

global area

The region across the top of the user interface. It provides access to features and tools that are relevant to any page you are on.


A component of the employment model that defines the level of compensation for a worker.

HCM data role

A job role, such as benefits administrator, associated with specified instances of Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management (HCM) data, such as one or more positions or all persons in a department.

HCM securing object

An HCM object that secures access to both its own data and data in other, related objects. For example, access to a specified set of person records can allow access to data secured by person records, such as goal plans and evaluations.


Acronym for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. A request and response standard typical of client-server computing. In HTTP, web browsers or spiders act as clients, while an application running on the computer hosting the web site acts as a server. The client, which submits HTTP requests, is also referred to as the user agent. The responding server, which stores or creates resources such as HTML files and images, may be called the origin server. In between the user agent and origin server may be several intermediaries, such as proxies, gateways, and tunnels.


Acronym for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure. A protocol primarily developed for secure, safe Internet transactions. HTTPS allows secure e-commerce transactions, such as online banking.


A person representing a worker, supplier, or customer.


Incoterms are a series of international sales terms that represent international commercial transportation practices and are used in contracts for the sale of goods. These terms help clarify and divide transaction costs, risks, and responsibilities between buyer and seller.

individual pay

The employee pays the corporate card issuer for all corporate card transactions.


Any of several parts into which a debt or other sum payable is divided for payment at successive fixed times.

intended use fiscal classification

A tax classification based on the purpose for which a product is used.

internal payee

The deploying company or any of its business units that receive funds from their customers, the payers. Payees receive funds from their customers by credit card payments, debit card payments, direct debits to bank accounts, or bills receivable transactions sent to banks.

inventory organization

A logical or physical entity in the enterprise that is used to store definitions of items or store and transact items.

inventory organization

An organization that tracks inventory transactions and balances, and can manufacture or distribute products.

invoice distribution

Accounting information for an invoice line, such as accounting date, amount, and distribution combination. An invoice line can have one or more invoice distributions.

item master

A collection of data that describes items and their attributes recorded in a database file.

item organization

Item definition where inventory balances are not stored and movement of inventory is not tracked in the applications. Item attributes that carry financial and accounting information are hidden.

item subinventory

An association of an item with a subinventory that is created when you add an item to a subinventory.

Java EE

An abbreviation for Java Platform, Enterprise Edition. A programming platform used as the standard for developing multi-tier Java enterprise applications.


A generic role that is independent of any single department or location. For example, the jobs Manager and Consultant can occur in many departments.

job role

A role for a specific job consisting of duties, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant. A type of enterprise role.


An element of a journal entry consisting of the name, accounting date, category, ledger, and currency for single currency journal entries. Used to group journal lines.

journal batch

An element of a journal entry consisting of the name, source, and accounting period. Used to group journals for processing and easier querying.

journal category

A name used to group journal entries with similar characteristics, such as adjustments, accruals, or reclassifications.

journal entry

Point of entry of business transactions into the accounting system. Chronological record, with an explanation of each transaction, the accounts affected, and the amounts to increase or decrease each account.

journal line

An element of journal entries consisting of account combinations and credit or debit amounts. Optionally, contains statistical quantities, currency information for multicurrency journals, and additional information.

journal line rule

A rule that includes options to convert transactional data into a subledger journal line. A condition can be defined within a rule so that the rule is only used based on particular attributes of a transaction.

journal source

A name that indicates the origin of journal entries, such as payables, receivables, or manual. Used as an attribute in automatic posting and journal import processes.

key flexfield

Configurable key consisting of multiple parts or segments, each of which may be meaningful individually or in combination with the others. Key flexfields are commonly implemented to represent part numbers and account numbers.

key flexfield segment instance

A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.

key flexfield structure

The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, multiple structures can be defined for a single key flexfield.

key flexfield structure instance

A single occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as every other instance of the key flexfield structure, but uses different value sets to validate the segments.

legal authority

A government or legal body that is charged with powers such as make laws, levy and collect fees and taxes, and remit financial appropriations for a given jurisdiction.

legal classification

A classification associated with a legal entity that represents its legal status within a country and which also guides the tax determination process.

legal employer

A legal entity that employs people.

legal entity

An entity is identified and given rights and responsibilities under commercial law, through the registration with the country's appropriate authority.

legal reporting unit

The lowest level component of a legal structure that requires registrations. Used to group workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting or represent a part of your enterprise with a specific statutory or tax reporting obligation.

legislative data group

A means of partitioning payroll and related data. At least one legislative data group is required for each country where the enterprise operates. Each legislative data group is associated with one or more payroll statutory units.

Level 2

Summary corporate card transactions. Also known as eFolio.

Level 3

Detailed corporate card transactions.

line of business

Set of one or more highly related products which service a particular customer transaction or business need. Refers to an internal corporate business unit.

lookup code

A value available for lookup within a lookup type such as the code BLUE within the lookup type COLORS.

lookup type

A set of lookup codes to be used together as a list of values on a field in the user interface.


A data encoding method which compresses data by discarding (losing) some of it.


A branch of data that serves as a single source of truth.

managed person

In Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management security, a person for whom the user can maintain some information. For example, line managers can maintain information about their direct and indirect reports, and workers can maintain information about themselves, their dependents, and their beneficiaries.

manual payment

A payment created outside of Oracle Fusion Payables, but recorded in the application.

manufacturing facilities

Employed in the making of goods for sale such as a factory or plant.

mapping set

Maps a combination of input source values to specific output values A mapping set can have a segment, account, or value set as output. The output value of a mapping set is used to derive accounts or segments in account rules.

merchant category code

A four-digit code that identifies the industry in which the deploying company operates.

MIS industry code

A code provided by the card issuer that identifies the type of transaction.

model profile

A collection of the work requirements and required skills and qualifications of a workforce structure, such as a job or position.

native catalog

A catalog that a user is managing.

natural account

Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.

natural account segment

A chart of accounts segment used to categorize your accounting transactions by account type: asset, liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expense.


A comprehensive grouping of business functions, such as Sales or Product Management, that is delivered as a unit to support one or more business processes.

Oracle BI Publisher

An Oracle application that performs the following formatting tasks for Oracle Fusion Payments: 1) formats extracted data into a message, such as a settlement batch or payment file, that can be understood by the payment system, 2) supports remittance advice formatting and delivery.

Oracle BI Publisher templates

Format patterns provided by Oracle Business Intelligence Publisher (BI Publisher) that Oracle Fusion Payments uses to correctly format funds capture and disbursement transactions and which enable users to easily manage modifications to their formats.

party fiscal classification

A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a party for a tax.


A supplier or employee who receives payment.

payment instrument

A credit card, debit card, or bank account used by a payee to collect a payment from an external payer.

payment method

Indicates the method of payment, such as check, cash, or credit.

payment process profile

A setup entity which drives processing behavior for each document payable, payment, and payment file.

payment request

A grouping of documents payable for which payment is requested. A payment request specifies the template to use in Oracle Fusion Payables, selects invoices for a pay run, and groups the invoices into payments based on setup rules.

payment system

An external organization that provides financial settlement services. The payment system can be the bank at which the deploying company has its bank accounts or it can be a third-party processor that connects companies and financial networks.

payroll statutory unit

A legal entity registered to report payroll tax and social insurance. A legal employer can also be a payroll statutory unit, but a payroll statutory unit can represent multiple legal employers.

pending worker

A person who will be hired or start a contingent worker placement and for whom you create a person record that is effective before the hire or start date.

person type

A subcategory of a system person type, which the enterprise can define. Person type is specified for a person at the employment-terms or assignment level.

personally identifiable information

Any piece of information that can potentially be used to uniquely identify, contact, or locate a single person. Within the context of an enterprise, some PII data can be considered public, such as a person's name and work phone number, while other PII data is confidential, such as national identifier or passport number.


Abbreviation for procedural structured queried language.


Abbrevation for purchase order.

point of view

User selected dimensions that are not included in the grids at the row, column or page levels for a particular report. Only these dimensions can be overridden at run time, unless user also specifically defined Prompt for the dimensions on the grid.


A specific occurrence of one job, fixed within one department, also often one location. For example, the position Finance Manager is an instance of the job Manager in the Finance Department.

primary balancing segment value

A segment value used to represent a legal entity in the chart of accounts and automatically balance all intercompany and intracompany transactions and journal entries.

primary ledger

Main record-keeping ledger.


A grant or entitlement of access to functions and data. A privilege is a single, real world action on a single business object.


A program that you schedule and run to process data and, if appropriate, generate output as a report. Also known as scheduled process.

product category fiscal classification

A classification defined for a noninventory-based product category, that is used for tax determination or tax reporting purpose.

product fiscal classification

A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a product for a tax. There could be more than one by tax. For example, for Brazil two classifications are required.

profile option

User preferences and system configuration options consisting of a name and a value, that can be set at hierarchical levels of an enterprise. Also called a profile or user option.

profile option level

A level at which profile option values are defined. Site, product, and user are predefined levels.

profile option level hierarchy

The ordering of profile option levels. The order of the levels in the hierarchy determines which levels take precedence.

profile option value

The value portion of a profile option's name and value. A profile option may have multiple values set at different levels, such as site or user.

project expenditure organization

An organization that can incur expenditures and hold financial plans for projects.

public person

In Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management security, a person for whom some basic information is publicly available. For example, users typically access the contact details of public persons, such as phone numbers and locations, using the person gallery.

quick payment

A single payment that you create for one more invoices without submitting a payment process request.

reference data

Data in application tables that is not transactional and not high-volume such as sales methods, transaction types, or payment terms, and can be shared and used across organizational boundaries.

reference data set

Contains reference data that can be shared across a number of business units or other determinant types. A set supports common administration of that reference data.

reference group

A logical grouping of tables that correspond to logical entities such as payment terms defined across multiple tables or views. Grouping establishes common partitioning requirements across the entities causing them to share the same set assignments.

reference object

Standardized data model containing reference information owned by other subledger applications and used by the Create Accounting program to create subledger journal entries from accounting events.

referenced category

A category within the native catalog that is shared from a designated source catalog. A reference category is not editable.


The record of a party's identity related details with the appropriate government or legal authorities for the purpose of claiming and ensuring legal and or commercial rights and responsibilities.

reporting entity

A person or organization that has a unique tax identification number. Used for US 1099 tax reporting.


Controls access to application functions and data.

role hierarchy

Structure of roles to reflect an organization's lines of authority and responsibility. In a role hierarchy, a parent role inherits all the entitlement of one or more child roles.

role mapping

A relationship between one or more job roles, abstract roles, and data roles and one or more conditions. Depending on role-mapping options, the role can be provisioned to or by users with at least one assignment that matches the conditions in the role mapping.

role provisioning

The automatic or manual allocation of an abstract role, a job role, or a data role to a user.


A runtime session that commits changes out of reach of mainline users.

security profile

A set of criteria that identifies one or more human capital management (HCM) objects of a single type for the purposes of securing access to those objects. Security profiles can be defined for persons, organizations, positions, countries, LDGs, document types, payrolls, and payroll flows.

security reference implementation

Predefined function and data security in Oracle Fusion Applications, including role based access control, and policies that protect functions, data, and segregation of duties. The reference implementation supports identity management, access provisioning, and security enforcement across the tools, data transformations, access methods, and the information life cycle of an enterprise.

segregation of duties

An internal control to prevent a single individual from performing two or more phases of a business transaction or operation that could result in fraud.

separate remittance advice

A notice sent to a payee that lists the invoices that the deploying company has paid electronically to that payee's bank account.

service provider model

A business unit that provides specific business functions for another business unit.


A Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications accessed via a request-response programming model. Although servlets can respond to any type of request, they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers. For such applications, Java Servlet technology defines HTTP-specific servlet classes.


Reference data that is organized into groups appropriate to organizational entities, to enable reference data sharing.

set enabled

An entity, such as a lookup, customer, location, organization, or document attachment, that is allowed to participate in reference data sharing by drawing on the data of a reference data set.


A funds capture transaction that moves money from the account of the cardholder or the bank account owner into the account of the payee.

settlement batch

A group of transactions, typically settlements and credits, that are sent to the payment system together in a file. Settlement batches are generally used with a processor-model payment system.

shared category

A category within a source catalog that has been added to a native catalog as a referenced category. The category can be shared with one or more catalogs.

SIC code

A Standard Industrial Classification code, which represents a United States government system for classifying industries by a four-digit code.


Abbreviation for service-oriented architecture.


Contextual and reference information from subledger applications. This information is used in conjunction with accounting rules to create subledger journal entries.

source product

The product that owns a transaction and submits the request for disbursement or funds capture to Oracle Fusion Payments.

spot rate type

Rate you enter to perform conversion based on this rate as of a specific date. This rate applies to the immediate delivery of a currency.

SQL predicate

A type of condition using SQL to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.

storage facilities

Commercial building for storage of goods such as a warehouse.


A low-level ledger that stores and manages the details that substantiate the monetary value stored in the general ledger. Oracle Fusion Receivables and Oracle Fusion Payables are examples of subledgers.

subledger journal entry

A detailed journal entry generated for a transaction in a subledger application.

subledger journal entry line

An individual debit or credit line that is part of a subledger journal entry.

subledger journal entry rule set

A set of rules defining how to generate a complete journal entry for an accounting event.

supporting reference

Stores additional source information about a subledger journal entry either at the header or line level. They can be used to establish a subledger balance for a particular source value or combination of source values for a particular account.

system key

The encryption master key for the entire installation. It is stored in an Oracle Wallet file and is used to encrypt Payments system subkeys.

system person type

A fixed name that the application uses to identify a group of people.


The classification of a charge imposed by a government through a fiscal or tax authority.

tax determining factor

An input that affects the outcome of a tax calculation process. Tax determining factors are grouped into tax determining factor sets and used to define tax condition sets and tax rules.

tax exception

A condition or combination of conditions that result in a change from the standard values for a particular product.

tax exemption

A full or partial exclusion from taxes within a given time period.

tax formula

A tax formula is used to define the taxable basis and tax calculation for a given tax.

tax jurisdiction

A geographic area where a tax is levied by a specific tax authority.

tax rate

The rate specified for a tax status for an effective time period. A tax rate can be expressed as a percentage or a value per unit quantity.

tax recovery

The full or partial reclaim of taxes paid on the purchase or movement of a product.

tax regime

The set of tax rules that determines the treatment of one or more taxes administered by a tax authority.

tax registration

The registration of a party with a tax authority that confers tax rights and imposes certain tax obligations.

tax rule

A user-defined rule that looks for a result for a specific tax determination process, such as determining place of supply or tax registration, in relation to a tax on a transaction.

tax status

The taxable nature of a product in the context of a transaction for a tax.

trading partner

An external party, such as a supplier, in the Oracle B2B application for which electronic documents are sent or from which documents are received. A trading partner in Oracle B2B corresponds to a supplier site.

transaction business category

A business classification used to identify and categorize an external transaction into a tax transaction.

transaction codes

Codes that the card issuer assigns to corporate card transactions in the corporate card feed file.

transaction fiscal classification

A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a transaction for a tax. There could be more than one by tax. For example, for Brazil, three classifications are required: a) transaction nature, such as free sample, demonstration, consignment, donation; b) transaction classification, such as the sale of products previously acquired, the sale of products that were manufactured by the company; and c) operation classification, such as ship from - ship to relationship.

transaction object

Standardized data model containing transaction information used by the Create Accounting program to create subledger journal entries from accounting events.

transmission configuration

Configuration for transmitting files such as payment files.

transmission protocol

A method used to electronically transmit data, such as FTP and Secure HTTP.


Information or data organized for display into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. Each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources. A tree must have a structure.

tree structure

Characteristics applied to trees, such as what data to include or how the tree is versioned and accessed.

tree version

An instance of a tree. If a tree is associated with a reference data set, all versions belong to one set. Includes life cycle elements such as start and end date and a status indicator whether the tree is active or not.

usage rules

Rules that determine when payment methods and payment process profiles can be assigned for use on documents payable.

user rate type

Rate you enter at journal entry time to convert foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.


Rules that ensure that transactions are valid before they are printed or submitted electronically to payment systems. You use validations to ensure that disbursement transactions, such as invoices, payments, and payment files meet specific conditions before they can be paid.

value set

A set of valid values against which values entered by an end user are validated. The set may be tree structured (hierarchical).

value-added tax (VAT)

An indirect tax on consumer expenditure that is collected on business transactions and imported goods. Value-added tax (VAT) is charged at each production, distribution, and retail stage in the supply of products. If customers are registered for VAT and use the supplies for taxable business purposes, then they will typically receive credit for the VAT that is paid.

warning amount

When setting up corporate card usage policies to enforce the use of corporate cards, an amount that exceeds the cash limit and for which a warning displays during expense entry in the expense report.

warning tolerance

When setting up corporate card usage policies to enforce the use of corporate cards, a range that is from the cash limit up to the warning tolerance amount. Above that amount, a warning displays.

warning tolerance percentage

When setting up corporate card usage policies to enforce the use of corporate cards, a percentage that, when added to the cash limit, defines the warning amount. If you spend more than the warning amount, a warning displays.

withholding tax group

A collection of one or more withholding tax codes.


Acronym for Weblogic Server. The application server for building and deploying enterprise Java enterprise applications.

work relationship

An association between a person and a legal employer, where the worker type determines whether the relationship is a nonworker, contingent worker, or employee work relationship.


An automated process in which tasks are passed from a user, a group of users, or the application to another for consideration or action. The tasks are routed in a logical sequence to achieve an end result.

XML filter

A type of condition using XML to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.