Oracle Fusion Middleware Tag Reference for Oracle ADF Faces
11g Release 2 (11.1.2.0.0)

E17491-02

<af:declarativeComponent>

af:declarativeComponent declarativeComponent declarative component

UIComponent class: oracle.adf.view.rich.component.rich.fragment.RichDynamicDeclarativeComponent
Component type: oracle.adf.RichDynamicDeclarativeComponent

Naming container: Yes. When referring to children of this component ("partialTriggers", findComponent(), etc.), you must prefix the child's ID with this component's ID and a colon (':')

Defines a dynamic declarative component without a need for a specific tag. Dynamic declarative components allow the UI definition of a component to be defined in terms of a composition of other components and then treated as a single component.

You can pass attributes using JSP tag attributes, or by using <f:attribute>. Facets can also be set as normal using <f:facet> tags. The definition can refer to the attributes of the component by using the "var" EL variable and the component itself using the "componentVar" EL variable that are setup on the <af:componentDef> tag. The definition can reference a facet using the <af:facetRef> tag. Each facet can only be referenced once.

If you put a component as a child of a declarative component but fail to put it inside of a facet and fail to reference that facet in the component definition file (via facetRef), that component will not be rendered.

Dynamic declarative components support flattened chlidren. This means that children of the declarative component can be seen by the declarative component parent. So for example, input components at the root level of the declarative component will be correctly rendered if the declarative component resides in a panelFormLayout component.

Dynamic declarative components support being a partial trigger as well as a partial target. The component will trigger partial updates when any of its children broadcast an event. So for example, a value change event in an input text component that is a child of the declarative component will trigger components listening on the declarative components. By using #{attrs.partialTriggers} (assuming var is 'attrs'), child components may partially update when an action triggers the declarative component. One difference from other components is that the declarative component itself is not re-rendered. Therefore, to be able to change the viewId of the declarative component during a partial update, the parent of the declarative component must be updated.

Note about stretching layouts and flowing/scrolling layouts:

With today's web browsers, it is not reliable to have vertically-stretched content inside of areas that also have scroll bars. If you want the outer areas of your page structure to stretch, you need to be careful of how you assemble your component tree.

Rules of thumb:

  1. Never place a scrolling panelGroupLayout inside of another scrolling panelGroupLayout since users do not like nested scroll bars.
  2. Never specify percentage heights in any component's inlineStyle attribute.
  3. Never use the "position" style in any component's inlineStyle attribute.
  4. Unless you are using fixed pixel heights on them, you would never place a panelSplitter or panelStretchLayout inside of any panelGroupLayout regardless of what you have set its layout attribute to.

If you believe that you need to break one of these rules, this is an indication that your page structure is not following the page structure guidelines and you will likely have troubles getting your application to render consistently across various web browsers and computing platforms.

Example:

<af:declarativeComponent
  id="weather"
  viewid="pagefragments_weatherBox_jsff"
  zip="94065"
  description="Redwood Shores, CA">
  <f:facet name="forecastSummary">
    <af:outputText value="Partly Cloudy"/>
  </f:facet>
  <f:facet name="forecastDetail">
    <af:panelGroupLayout layout="vertical">
      <af:outputText value="72'F"/>
      <af:outputText value="Partly Cloudy"/>
      <af:outputText value="Wind: W at 16 mph"/>
      <af:outputText value="Humidity: 46%"/>
    </af:panelGroupLayout>
  </f:facet>
</af:declarativeComponent>

And this is the corresponding pagefragments/weatherBox.jsff:

<jsp:root xmlns:jsp="http://java.sun.com/JSP/Page"
          xmlns:f="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core"
          xmlns:af="http://xmlns.oracle.com/adf/faces/rich"
          version="2.1">
  <af:componentDef var="attrs">
    <af:xmlContent>
<component xmlns="http://xmlns.oracle.com/adf/faces/rich/component">
  <description>
  This component will show weather forecasts in a box.
  </description>
  <facet>
    <facet-name>forecastSummary</facet-name>
    <description>This child draws out the summary forecast</description>
  </facet>
  <facet>
    <facet-name>forecastDetail</facet-name>
    <description>This child draws out the detailed forecast</description>
  </facet>
  <attribute>
    <attribute-name>zip</attribute-name>
    <description>The Zip code of the area</description>
    <required>true</required>
  </attribute>
  <attribute>
    <attribute-name>description</attribute-name>
    <default-value>Unknown</default-value>
    <description>The city/state of the zip code </description>
  </attribute>
</component>
    </af:xmlContent>
    <af:panelHeader text="Weather Forecast for Zip:#{attrs.zip}, #{attrs.description}"
      partialTriggers="#{attrs.partialTriggers}">
      <af:facetRef facetname="forecastSummary"/>
      <af:showDetail>
        <af:facetRef facetname="forecastDetail"/>
      </af:showDetail>
    </af:panelHeader>
  </af:componentDef>        
</jsp:root>

Geometry Management

Events

Type Phases Description
org.apache.myfaces.trinidad.event.AttributeChangeEvent Invoke Application,
Apply Request Values
Event delivered to describe an attribute change. Attribute change events are not delivered for any programmatic change to a property. They are only delivered when a renderer changes a property without the application's specific request. An example of an attribute change event might include the width of a column that supported client-side resizing.

Attributes

Name Type Supports EL? Description
attributeChangeListener javax.el.MethodExpression Only EL a method reference to an attribute change listener. Attribute change events are not delivered for any programmatic change to a property. They are only delivered when a renderer changes a property without the application's specific request. An example of an attribute change events might include the width of a column that supported client-side resizing.
binding oracle.adf.view.rich.component.rich.fragment.RichDynamicDeclarativeComponent Only EL an EL reference that will store the component instance on a bean. This can be used to give programmatic access to a component from a backing bean, or to move creation of the component to a backing bean.
clientComponent boolean Yes Default Value: false

whether a client-side component will be generated. A component may be generated whether or not this flag is set, but if client Javascript requires the component object, this must be set to true to guarantee the component's presence. Client component objects that are generated today by default may not be present in the future; setting this flag is the only way to guarantee a component's presence, and clients cannot rely on implicit behavior. However, there is a performance cost to setting this flag, so clients should avoid turning on client components unless absolutely necessary.
customizationId String Yes This attribute is deprecated. The 'id' attribute should be used when applying persistent customizations. This attribute will be removed in the next release.
id String Yes The identifier for the component. The identifier must follow a subset of the syntax allowed in HTML
partialTriggers String[] Yes the IDs of the components that should trigger a partial update. This component will listen on the trigger components. If one of the trigger components receives an event that will cause it to update in some way, this component will request to be updated too. Identifiers are relative to the source component (this component), and must account for NamingContainers. If your component is already inside of a naming container, you can use a single colon to start the search from the root of the page, or multiple colons to move up through the NamingContainers - "::" will pop out of the component's naming container (or itself if the component is a naming container) and begin the search from there, ":::" will pop out of two naming containers (including itself if the component is a naming container) and begin the search from there, etc.
rendered boolean Yes Default Value: true

whether the component is rendered. When set to false, no output will be delivered for this component (the component will not in any way be rendered, and cannot be made visible on the client). If you want to change a component's rendered attribute from false to true using PPR, set the partialTrigger attribute of its parent component so the parent refreshes and in turn will render this component.
viewId String Yes The view ID to include. This attribute should not be set on the component, but should be set using the JSP tag.