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Oracle® Fusion Middleware Fusion Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework
11g Release 2 (11.1.2.0.0)

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27 Creating ADF Databound Tables

This chapter describes how to use the Data Controls panel to create data bound tables using ADF Faces components.

This chapter includes the following sections:

27.1 About Creating ADF Databound Tables

Unlike forms, tables allow you to display more than one data object from a collection at a time.

You can create tables that simply display data, or you can create tables that allow you to edit or create data. Once you drop a collection as a table, you can add command buttons bound to actions that execute some logic on a selected row. You can also modify the default components to suit your needs.

27.1.1 ADF Databound Tables Use Cases and Examples

Figure 27-1 shows the Items Ordered tab of the My Orders page in the StoreFront module application, which uses a browse table to display the items for a given order.

Figure 27-1 The Orders Table

The Orders page contains a table that lists products

Unlike a form that may display information for one row, a table displays information for all (or a set) of rows.

You can create a table that simply displays information, as shown in Figure 27-1, or you can allow the user to edit the information, as shown in Figure 27-2.

Figure 27-2 Edit Table

edit table

You can also use a table with a button to create new records, which are then inserted into the data collection.

27.1.2 Additional Functionality for Databound Tables

You may find it helpful to understand other ADF Faces features before you implement your table and tree components. Additionally, once you have added a tree or table component to your page, you may find that you need to add functionality such as validation and accessibility. Following are links to other functionality that table and tree components can use.

27.2 Creating a Basic Table

Unlike with forms where you bind the individual UI components that make up a form to the individual attributes on the collection, with a table you bind the ADF Faces table component to the complete collection or to a range of n data objects at a time from the collection. The individual components used to display the data in the columns are then bound to the attributes. The iterator binding handles displaying the correct data for each object, while the table component handles displaying each object in a row. JDeveloper allows you to do this declaratively, so that you don't need to write any code.

27.2.1 How to Create a Basic Table

To create a table using a data control, you bind the table component to a collection. JDeveloper allows you to do this declaratively by dragging and dropping a collection from the Data Controls panel.

Tip:

You can also create a table by dragging a table component from the Component Palette.

Before you begin:

It may be helpful to have an understanding of ADF Faces databound tables. For more information, see Section 27.2, "Creating a Basic Table."

You may also find it helpful to understand other ADF functionality and features. For more information, see Section 27.1.2, "Additional Functionality for Databound Tables."

To create a databound table:

  1. From the Data Controls panel, select a collection.

    For example, to create a simple table in the StoreFront module that displays products in the system, you would select the Products collection.

  2. Drag the collection onto a JSF page, and from the context menu, choose the appropriate table.

    When you drag the collection, you can choose from the following types of tables:

    • ADF Table: Allows you to select the specific attributes you wish your editable table columns to display, and what UI components to use to display the data. By default, ADF inputText components are used for most attributes, thus enabling the table to be editable. Attributes that are dates use the inputDate component. Additionally, if a control type control hint has been created for an attribute, or if the attribute has been configured to be a list, then the component set by the hint is used instead.

    • ADF Read-Only Table: Same as the ADF Table; however, each attribute is displayed in an outputText component.

    • ADF Dynamic and ADF Read-Only Dynamic Table: Allows you to create a table when the attributes returned and displayed are determined dynamically at runtime. This component is helpful when the attributes for the corresponding object are not known until runtime, or you do not wish to hardcode the column names in the JSF page. For more information about working with dynamic components, see Section 26.7, "Using a Dynamic Form to Determine Data to Display at Runtime."

  3. The Edit Table Columns dialog shows each attribute in the collection, and allows you to determine how these attributes will behave and appear as columns in your table.

    Note:

    If the collection contains a structured attribute (an attribute that is neither a Java primitive type nor a collection), the attributes of the structured attributes will also appear in the dialog.

    Using this dialog, you can do the following:

    • Allow the ADF Model layer to handle selection by selecting the Row Selection checkbox. Selecting this option means that the iterator binding will access the iterator to determine the selected row or rows. Select this option unless you do not want the table to allow selection.

    • Allow the ADF Model layer to handle column sorting by selecting the Enabling Sorting checkbox. Selecting this option means that the iterator binding will access the iterator, which will perform an order-by query to determine the order. Select this option unless you do not want to allow column sorting.

    • Allow the columns in the table to be filtered using entered criteria by selecting the Enabling Filtering checkbox. Selecting this option allows the user to enter criteria in text fields above each column. That criteria is then used to build a Query-by-Example (QBE) search on the collection, so that the table will display only the results returned by the query. For more information, see Section 31.5, "Creating Standalone Filtered Search Tables from Named View Criteria."

    • Group columns for selected attributes together under a parent column, by selecting the desired attributes (shown as rows in the dialog), and clicking the Group button. Figure 27-3 shows how three grouped columns appear in the visual editor after the table is created.

      Figure 27-3 Grouped Columns in an ADF Faces Table

      You can group columns together
    • Change the display label for a column. By default, the label is bound to the labels property for any control hint defined for the attribute on the table binding. This binding allows you to change the value of a label text once on the view object, and have the change appear the same on all pages that display the label.

      Instead of using this default, you can enter text or an EL expression to bind the label value to something else, for example, a key in a resource file.

    • Change the value binding for a column. You can change the column to be bound to a different attribute. If you simply want to rearrange the columns, you should use the order buttons. If you do change the attribute binding for a column, the label for the column also changes.

    • Change the UI component used to display an attribute. The UI components are set based on the table you selected when you dropped the collection onto the page, on the type of the corresponding attribute (for example, inputDate components are used for attributes that are dates), and on whether or not default components were set as control hints on the corresponding view object. You can change to another component using the dropdown menu.

      Tip:

      If one of the attributes for your table is also a primary key, you may want to choose a UI component that will not allow a user to change the value.

      Tip:

      If you want to use a component that is not listed in the dropdown menu, use this dialog to select the outputText component, and then manually add the other tag to the page.
    • Change the order of the columns using the order buttons.

    • Add a column using the Add icon. There's no limit to the number of columns you can add. When you first click the icon, JDeveloper adds a new column line at the bottom of the dialog and populates it with the values from the first attribute in the bound collection; subsequent new columns are populated with values from the next attribute in the sequence, and so on.

    • Delete a column using the Delete icon.

  4. Once the table is dropped on the page, you can use the Property Inspector to set other display properties of the table. For example, you may want to set the width of the table to a certain percentage or size.For more information about display properties, see the "Using Tables and Trees" chapter of the Oracle Fusion Middleware Web User Interface Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.

    Tip:

    When you set the table width to 100%, the table will not include borders, so the actual width of the table will be larger. To have the table set to 100% of the container width, expand the Style section of the Property Inspector, select the Box tab, and set the Border Width attribute to 0 pixels.
  5. If you want the user to be able to edit information in the table and save any changes, you need to provide a way to submit and persist those changes. For more information, see Section 27.3, "Creating an Editable Table." For procedures on creating tables that allow users to input data, see Section 27.4, "Creating an Input Table."

27.2.2 What Happens When You Create a Table

Dropping a table from the Data Controls panel has the same effect as dropping a text field or form. Briefly, JDeveloper does the following:

  • Creates the bindings for the table and adds the bindings to the page definition file

  • Adds the necessary code for the UI components to the JSF page

For more information, see Section 26.2.2, "What Happens When You Create a Text Field."

27.2.2.1 Iterator and Value Bindings for Tables

When you drop a table from the Data Controls panel, a tree value binding is created. A tree consists of a hierarchy of nodes, where each subnode is a branch off a higher level node. In the case of a table, it is a flattened hierarchy, where each attribute (column) is a subnode off the table. Like an attribute binding used in forms, the tree value binding references the iterator binding, while the iterator binding references an iterator for the data collection, which facilitates iterating over the data objects in the collection. Instead of creating a separate binding for each attribute, only the tree binding to the table node is created. In the tree binding, the AttrNames element within the nodeDefinition element contains a child element for each attribute that you want to be available for display or reference in each row of the table.

The tree value binding is an instance of the FacesCtrlHierBinding class that extends the core JUCtrlHierBinding class to add two JSF specific properties: collectionModel.

  • collectionModel: Returns the data wrapped by an object that extends the javax.faces.model.DataModel object that JSF and ADF Faces use for collection-valued components like tables.

  • treeModel: Extends collectionModel to return data that is hierarchical in nature. For more information, see Chapter 29, "Displaying Master-Detail Data."

Example 27-1 shows the value binding for the table created when you drop the Products collection.

Example 27-1 Value Binding Entries for a Table in the Page Definition File

<bindings>
  <tree IterBinding="ProductsIterator" id="Products">
    <nodeDefinition DefName="oracle.fodemo.storefront.store.queries.ProductsVO">
      <AttrNames>
        <Item Value="ProductId"/>
        <Item Value="SupplierId"/>
        <Item Value="CategoryId"/>
        <Item Value="ProductName"/>
        <Item Value="CostPrice"/>
        <Item Value="ListPrice"/>
        .
        .
        .
     </AttrNames>
   </nodeDefinition>
  </tree>
</bindings>

Only the table component needs to be bound to the model (as opposed to the columns or the text components within the individual cells), because only the table needs access to the data. The tree binding for the table drills down to the individual structure attributes in the table, and the table columns can then derive their information from the table component.

27.2.2.2 Code on the JSF Page for an ADF Faces Table

When you use the Data Controls panel to drop a table onto a JSF page, JDeveloper inserts an ADF Faces table component, which contains an ADF Faces column component for each attribute named in the table binding. Each column then contains another component (such as an inputText or outputText component) bound to the attribute's value. Each column's heading is bound to the labels property for the control hint of the attribute.

Tip:

If an attribute is marked as hidden on the associated view or entity object, no corresponding UI is created for it.

Example 27-2 shows a simplified code excerpt from a table created by dropping the Products collection as a read only table.

Example 27-2 Simplified JSF Code for an ADF Faces Table

<af:table value="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel}" var="row"
          rows="#{bindings.Products.rangeSize}"
          emptyText="#{bindings.Products.viewable ? 'No data to display.':
                                                    'Access Denied.'}"
          fetchSize="#{bindings.Products.rangeSize}"
          selectedRowKeys="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel.selectedRow}"
          selectionListener="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel.makeCurrent}"
          rowSelection="single" id="t1">
  <af:column sortProperty="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.name}"
             sortable="true"
             headerText="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.label}" id="c1">
    <af:outputText value="#{row.ProductId}" id="ot1"/>
      <af:convertNumber groupingUsed="false"Cos
                        pattern="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.format}"/>
  </af:column>
  <af:column sortProperty="#{bindings.Products.hints.SupplierId.name}"
             sortable="true"
             headerText="#{bindings.Products.hints.SupplierId.label}" id="c2">
    <af:outputText value="#{row.SupplierId}" id="ot2">
      <af:convertNumber groupingUsed="false"
                        pattern="#{bindings.Products.hints.SupplierId.format}"/>
    </af:outputText>
  </af:column>
  <af:column sortProperty="#{bindings.Products.hints.CostPrice.name}"
             sortable="true"
             headerText="#{bindings.Products.hints.CostPrice.label}" id="c3">
    <af:outputText value="#{row.CostPrice}" id="ot3">
      <af:convertNumber groupingUsed="false"
                        pattern="#{bindings.Products.hints.CostPrice.format}"/>
    </af:outputText>
  </af:column>
.
.
.
</af:table>

The tree binding iterates over the data exposed by the iterator binding. Note that the table's value is bound to the collectionModel property, which accesses the collectionModel object. The table wraps the result set from the iterator binding in a collectionModel object. The collectionModel allows each item in the collection to be available within the table component using the var attribute.

In the example, the table iterates over the rows in the current range of the Products iterator binding. The iterator binding binds to a row set iterator that keeps track of the current row. When you set the var attribute on the table to row, each column then accesses the current data object for the current row presented to the table tag using the row variable, as shown for the value of the af:outputText tag:

<af:outputText value="#{row.ProductId}"/>

When you drop an ADF Table (as opposed to an ADF Read Only Table), instead of being bound to the row variable, the value of the input component is implicitly bound to a specific row in the binding container through the bindings property, as shown in Example 27-3. Additionally, JDeveloper adds validator and converter components for each input component. By using the bindings property, any raised exception can be linked to the corresponding binding object or objects. The controller iterates through all exceptions in the binding container and retrieves the binding object to get the client ID when creating FacesMessage objects. This retrieval allows the table to display errors for specific cells. This strategy is used for all input components, including selection components such as lists.

Example 27-3 Using Input Components Adds Validators and Converters

<af:table value="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel}" var="row"
          rows="#{bindings.Products.rangeSize}"
          emptyText="#{bindings.Products.viewable ? 'No data to display.':
                                                    'Access Denied.'}"
          fetchSize="#{bindings.Products.rangeSize}"
          selectedRowKeys="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel.selectedRow}"
          selectionListener="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel.makeCurrent}"
          rowSelection="single" id="t1">
  <af:column sortProperty="bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.name" sortable="true"
             headerText="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.label}" id="c1">
    <af:inputText value="#{row.bindings.ProductId.inputValue}" 
                  label="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.label}"
                  required="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.mandatory}"
                  columns="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.displayWidth}"
                  maximumLength="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.precision}"
                  shortDesc="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.tooltip}"
                  id="it1">
      <f:validator binding="#{row.bindings.ProductId.validator}"/>
      <af:convertNumber groupingUsed="false"
                        pattern="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.format}"/>
    </af:inputText>
  </af:column>

For more information about using ADF Faces validators and converters, see the "Validating and Converting Input" chapter of the Oracle Fusion Middleware Web User Interface Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.

Table 27-1 shows the other attributes defined by default for ADF Faces tables created using the Data Controls panel.

Table 27-1 ADF Faces Table Attributes and Populated Values

Attribute Description Default Value

rows

Determines how many rows to display at one time.

An EL expression that, by default, evaluates to the rangeSize property of the associated iterator binding, which determines how many rows of data are fetched from a data control at one time. Note that the value of the rows attribute must be equal to or less than the corresponding iterator's rangeSize value, as the table cannot display more rows than are returned.

first

Index of the first row in a range (based on 0).

An EL expression that evaluates to the rangeStart property of the associated iterator binding.

emptyText

Text to display when there are no rows to return.

An EL expression that evaluates to the viewable property on the iterator. If the table is viewable, the attribute displays No data to display when no objects are returned. If the table is not viewable (for example, if there are authorization restrictions set against the table), it displays Access Denied.

fetchSize

Number of rows of data fetched from the data source.

An EL expression that, by default, evaluates to the rangeSize property of the associated iterator binding. For more information about the rangeSize property, see Section 26.4.2.2, "Iterator RangeSize Attribute." This attribute can be set to a larger number than the rows attribute.

Note that to improve scrolling behavior in a table, when the table's iterator binding is expected to manage a data set consisting of over 200 items, and the view object is configured to use range paging, the iterator actually returns a set of ranges instead of just one range. For more information about using range paging, see Section 42.1.5, "Efficiently Scrolling Through Large Result Sets Using Range Paging."

selectedRowKeys

The selection state for the table.

An EL expression that by default, evaluates to the selected row on the collection model.

selectionListener

Reference to a method that listens for a selection event.

An EL expression that by default, evaluates to the makeCurrent method on the collection model.

rowSelection

Determines whether rows are selectable.

Set to single to allow one row to be selected at a time. Set to multiple to allow more than one row to be selected.

Column Attributes

   

sortProperty

Determines the property on which to sort the column.

Set to the columns corresponding attribute binding value.

sortable

Determines whether a column can be sorted.

Set to false. When set to true, the iterator binding will access the iterator to determine the order.

headerText

Determines the text displayed at the top of the column.

An EL expression that, by default, evaluates to the label control hint set on the corresponding attribute.


27.2.3 What You May Need to Know About Setting the Current Row in a Table

When you use tables in an application and you allow the ADF Model layer to manage row selection, the current row is determined by the iterator. When a user selects a row in an ADF Faces table, the row in the table is shaded, and the component notifies the iterator of the selected row. To do this, the selectedRowKeys attribute of the table is bound to the collection model's selected row, as shown in Example 27-4.

Example 27-4 Selection Attributes on a Table

<af:table value="#{bindings.Products1.collectionModel}" var="row"
.
.
.
          selectedRowKeys="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel.selectedRow}"
          selectionListener="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel.
                                                               makeCurrent}"
          rowSelection="single">

This binding binds the selected keys in the table to the selected row of the collection model. The selectionListener attribute is then bound to the collection model's makeCurrent property. This binding makes the selected row of the collection the current row of the iterator.

Note:

If you create a custom selection listener, you must create a method binding to the makeCurrent property on the collection model (for example #{binding.Products.collectionModel.makeCurrent}) and invoke this method binding in the custom selection listener before any custom logic.

Although a table can handle selection automatically, there may be cases where you need to programmatically set the current row for an object on an iterator.

You can call the getKey() method on any view row to get a Key object that encapsulates the one or more key attributes that identify the row. You can also use a Key object to find a view row in a row set using the findByKey(). At runtime, when either the setCurrentRowWithKey or the setCurrentRowWithKeyValue built-in operation is invoked by name by the data binding layer, the findByKey() method is used to find the row based on the value passed in as a parameter before the found row is set as the current row.

The setCurrentRowWithKey and setCurrentRowWithKeyValue operations both expect a parameter named rowKey, but they differ precisely by what each expects that rowKey parameter value to be at runtime:

setCurrentRowWithKey Operation

setCurrentRowWithKey expects the rowKey parameter value to be the serialized string representation of a view row key. This is a hexadecimal-encoded string that looks like this:

000200000002C20200000002C102000000010000010A5AB7DAD9

The serialized string representation of a key encodes all of the key attributes that might comprise a view row's key in a way that can be conveniently passed as a single value in a browser URL string or form parameter. At runtime, if you inadvertently pass a parameter value that is not a legal serialized string key, you may receive exceptions like oracle.jbo.InvalidParamException or java.io.EOFException as a result. In your web page, you can access the value of the serialized string key of a row by referencing the rowKeyStr property of an ADF control binding (for example. #{bindings.SomeAttrName.rowKeyStr}) or the row variable of an ADF Faces table (e.g. #{row.rowKeyStr}).

setCurrentRowWithKeyValue Operation

The setCurrentRowWithKeyValue operation expects the rowKey parameter value to be the literal value representing the key of the view row. For example, its value would be simply "201" to find product number 201.

Note:

If you write custom code in an application module class and need to find a row based on a serialized string key passed from the client, you can use the getRowFromKey() method in the JboUtil class in the oracle.jbo.client package:
static public Row getRowFromKey(RowSetIterator rsi, String sKey)

The first parameter is the view object instance in which you'd like to find the row. The second parameter is the serialized string format of the key.

27.3 Creating an Editable Table

You can create a table that allows the user to edit information within the table, and then commit those changes to the data source. To do this, you use operations that can modify data records associated with the collection (or the data control itself) to create command buttons, and place those buttons in a toolbar in the table. For example, you might use the Delete operation to create a button that allows a user to delete a record from the current range. Or you can use the built-in Submit button to submit changes.

Tip:

To create a table that allows you to insert a new record into the data store, see Section 27.4, "Creating an Input Table."

It is important to note that these operations are executed only against objects in the ADF cache. You need to use the Commit operation on the root data control to actually commit any changes to the data source. You use the data control's Rollback operation to roll back any changes made to the cached object. If the page is part of a transaction within a bounded task flow, you would most likely use these operations to resolve the transaction in a task flow return activity. For more information, see Section 22.2, "Managing Transactions in Task Flows."

When you decide to use editable components to display your data, you have the option of the table displaying all rows as editable at once, or displaying all rows as read-only until the user double-clicks within the row. Figure 27-4 shows a table whose rows all have editable fields. The page renders using the components that were added to the page (for example, inputText, inputDate, and inputNumberSpinbox components).

Figure 27-4 Table with Editable Fields

Table with editable fields

Figure 27-5 shows the same table, but configured so that the user must double-click (or single-click if the row is already selected) a row in order to edit or enter data. Note that outputText components are used to display the data in the non-selected rows, even though the same input components as in Figure 27-4 were used to build the page. The only row that actually renders those components is the row selected for editing.

Figure 27-5 Click to Edit a Row

click to edit a row

For more information about how ADF Faces table components handle editing, see the "Editing Data in Tables, Trees, and Tree Tables" section of the Oracle Fusion Middleware Web User Interface Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.

27.3.1 How to Create an Editable Table

To create an editable table, you follow similar procedures to creating a basic table, then you add command buttons bound to operations. However, in order for the table to contain a toolbar, you need to add an ADF Faces component that associates the toolbar with the items in the collection used to build the table.

Before you begin:

It may be helpful to have an understanding of editable databound tables. For more information, see Section 27.3, "Creating an Editable Table."

You may also find it helpful to understand other ADF functionality and features. For more information, see Section 27.1.2, "Additional Functionality for Databound Tables."

To create an editable table:

  1. From the Data Controls panel, select a collection.

    For example, to create a simple table in the StoreFront module that will allow you to edit products in the system, you would select the Products collection.

  2. Drag the collection onto a JSF page, and from the context menu, choose ADF Table.

    This creates an editable table using input components.

  3. Use the ensuing Edit Table Columns dialog to determine how the attributes should behave and appear as columns in your table. Be sure to select the Row Selection checkbox, which will allow the user to select the row to edit.

    For more information about using this dialog to configure the table, see Section 27.2.1, "How to Create a Basic Table."

  4. With the table selected in the Structure window, expand the Behavior section of the Property Inspector and set the EditingMode attribute. If you want all the rows to be editable select editAll. If you want the user to click into a row to make it editable, select clickToEdit.

  5. From the Structure window, right-click the table component and select Surround With from the context menu.

  6. In the Surround With dialog, ensure that ADF Faces is selected in the dropdown list, select the Panel Collection component, and click OK.

    The panelCollection component's toolbar facet will hold the toolbar which, in turn, will hold the command components used to update the data.

  7. In the Structure window, right-click the panelCollection's toolbar facet folder and from the context menu, choose Insert inside toolbar > Toolbar.

    This creates a toolbar that already contains a default menu that allows users to change how the table is displayed and a Detach link that detaches the entire table and displays it such that it occupies the majority of the space in the browser window. For more information about the panelCollection component, see the "Displaying Table Menus, Toolbars, and Status Bars" section of the Oracle Fusion Middleware Web User Interface Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.

  8. From the Data Controls panel, select the operation associated with the collection of objects on which you wish the operation to execute, and drag it onto the toolbar component in the Structure window. This will place the databound command component inside the toolbar.

    For example, if you want to be able to delete a product record, you would drag the Delete operation associated with the Products collection. Figure 27-6 shows the operations associated with a collection.

    Figure 27-6 Operations Associated with a Collection

    Navigation operations in the DCP
  9. Choose Operations > ADF Toolbar Button from the context menu.

  10. To create a Submit button that submits changes to the cache, right-click the toolbar component in the Structure window and choose Insert inside af:toolbar > Toolbar Button.

  11. If the page is not part of a transaction within a bounded task flow, then you need to create buttons that allow the user to either commit or rollback the changes. From the Data Controls panel, drag the Commit and Rollback operations associated with the root-level data control, and drop them as either a command button or command link into the toolbar.

    Figure 27-7 shows the commit and roll back operations for the StoreServiceAMDataControl data control.

    Figure 27-7 Commit and Rollback Operations for a Data Control

    The Commit operation is nested under the Operators folder.

    If the page is part of a transaction within a bounded task flow, then you can simply enter Commit and Rollback as the values for the transaction resolution when creating the task flow return activity. For more information, see Section 22.2, "Managing Transactions in Task Flows."

27.3.2 What Happens When You Create an Editable Table

Creating an editable table is similar to creating a form used to edit records. Action bindings are created for the operations dropped from the Data Controls panel. For details on what happens when you create an editable table, see Section 26.4.2, "What Happens When You Create Command Buttons."

27.4 Creating an Input Table

You can create a table that allows users to insert a new blank row into a table and then add values for each column (any default values set on the corresponding entity or view object will be automatically populated).

27.4.1 How to Create an Input Table

When you create an input table, you want the user to see the new blank row in the context of the other rows within the current row set. To allow this insertion, you need to use the CreateInsert operation instead of the Create operation (as you would use with forms). The CreateInsert operation actually creates the new row within the row set instead of only in the cache.

ADF Faces components can be set so that one component refreshes based on an interaction with another component, without the whole page needing to be refreshed. This is known as partial page rendering. When the user clicks a button to create the new row, you want the table to refresh to display that new row. To have that happen, you need to configure the table to respond to that user action.

Before you begin:

It may be helpful to have an understanding of ADF Faces input tables. For more information, see Section 27.4, "Creating an Input Table."

You may also find it helpful to understand other ADF functionality and features. For more information, see Section 27.1.2, "Additional Functionality for Databound Tables."

You must do the following in JDeveloper before you create an input table.

  1. Create an editable table, as described in Section 27.3, "Creating an Editable Table."

  2. If your table is not part of a bounded task flow, be sure to include buttons bound to the Commit and Rollback operations.

To create an input table:

  1. From the Data Controls panel, drag the CreateInsert operation associated with the dropped collection and drop it as a toolbar button into the toolbar. You may want to change the ID to something more recognizable, such as CreateInsert. This will make it easier to identify when you need to select it as the partial trigger.

    Note:

    If the collection is a child to another collection (for example, the OrderItems collection is a child to the Orders collection), then instead of using the CreateInsert operation, you need to use the Create with Parameters operation. This is because the record to create for the child collection must first be associated with
  2. In the Structure window, select the table component. In the Property Inspector, expand the Behavior section.

  3. In the Property Inspector, click the dropdown menu for the PartialTriggers attribute, and select Edit.

  4. In the Edit Property dialog, expand the toolbar facet for the panelCollection component and then expand the toolbar that contains the CreateInsert command component. Select that component and shuttle it to the Selected panel. Click OK. This sets that component to be the trigger that will cause the table to refresh.

27.4.2 What Happens When You Create an Input Table

When you use the CreateInsert operation to create an input table, JDeveloper:

  • Creates an iterator binding for the collection, an action binding for the CreateInsert operation, and attribute bindings for the table. The CreateInsert operation is responsible for creating the new row in the row set. If you created command buttons or links using the Commit and Rollback operations, JDeveloper also creates an action bindings for those operations.

  • Inserts code in the JSF page for the table using ADF Faces table, column, and inputText components, and in the case of the operations, commandButton components.

Example 27-5 shows the page definition file for an input table created from the Products collection (some attributes were deleted in the Edit Columns dialog when the collection was dropped).

Example 27-5 Page Definition Code for an Input Table

<executables>
  <iterator Binds="Products" RangeSize="25"
            DataControl="StoreServiceAMDataControl" id="ProductsIterator"/>
</executables>
<bindings>
  <tree IterBinding="ProductsIterator" id="Products">
    <nodeDefinition DefName="oracle.fodemo.storefront.store.queries.ProductsVO">
      <AttrNames>
        <Item Value="ProductId"/>
        <Item Value="ProductName"/>
        <Item Value="CostPrice"/>
        <Item Value="ListPrice"/>
        <Item Value="Description"/>
        <Item Value="CategoryName"/>
        <Item Value="CategoryDescription"/>
        <Item Value="ProductImageId"/>
      </AttrNames>
    </nodeDefinition>
  </tree>
  <action IterBinding="ProductsIterator" id="CreateInsert"
          RequiresUpdateModel="true" Action="createInsertRow"/>
  <action id="Commit" RequiresUpdateModel="true" Action="commitTransaction"
          DataControl="StoreServiceAMDataControl"/>
  <action id="Rollback" RequiresUpdateModel="false"
          Action="rollbackTransaction"
          DataControl="StoreServiceAMDataControl"/>
</bindings>

Example 27-6 shows the code added to the JSF page that provides partial page rendering, using the CreateInsert command toolbar button as the trigger to refresh the table.

Example 27-6 Partial Page Trigger Set on a Command Button for a Table

<af:form>
  <af:panelCollection id="pc1">
    <f:facet name="menus"/>
    <f:facet name="toolbar">
      <af:toolbar id="tb1">
        <af:commandToolbarButton actionListener="#{bindings.CreateInsert.execute}"
                                 text="CreateInsert"
                                 disabled="#{!bindings.CreateInsert.enabled}"
                                 id="CreateInsert"/>
        <af:commandToolbarButton actionListener="#{bindings.Commit.execute}"
                                 text="Commit"
                                 disabled="false" id="ctb2"/>
        <af:commandToolbarButton actionListener="#{bindings.Rollback.execute}"
                                 text="Rollback"
                                 disabled="#{!bindings.Rollback.enabled}"
                                 immediate="true" id="ctb3">
          <af:resetActionListener/>
        </af:commandToolbarButton>
      </af:toolbar>
    </f:facet>
    <f:facet name="statusbar"/>
    <af:table value="#{bindings.Products.collectionModel}" var="row"
              rows="#{bindings.Products.rangeSize}"
              emptyText="#{bindings.Products.viewable ? \'No data to display.\' :
                                                      \'Access Denied.\'}"
              fetchSize="#{bindings.Products.rangeSize}"
              rowSelection="single" partialTriggers="CreateInsert" id="t1">
      <af:column sortProperty="ProductId" sortable="false"
                 headerText="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.label}" id="c1">
        <af:inputText value="#{row.ProductId}" simple="true"
                      required="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.mandatory}"
                      columns="#{bindings.Products.hints.ProductId.displayWidth}"
                      maximumLength="#{bindings.Products.hints.
                                                  productId.precision}" id="it1"/>
      </af:column>
.
.
.
    </af:table>
  </af:panelCollection>
</af:form>

27.4.3 What Happens at Runtime: How CreateInsert and Partial Page Refresh Work

When the button bound to the CreateInsert operation is invoked, the action executes, and a new instance for the collection is created and inserted as the page is rerendered. Because the button was configured to be a trigger that causes the table to refresh, the table redraws with the new empty row shown at the top. When the user clicks the button bound to the Commit action, the newly created rows in the row set are inserted into the database. For more information about partial page refresh, see the "Rendering Partial Page Content" chapter in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Web User Interface Developer's Guide for Oracle Application Development Framework.

27.4.4 What You May Need to Know About Creating a Row and Sorting Columns

If your table columns allow sorting, and the user has sorted on a column before inserting a new row, then that new row will not be sorted. To have the column sort with the new row, the user must first sort the column opposite to the desired sort, and then resort. This is because the table assumes the column is already sorted, so clicking on the desired sort order first will have no effect on the column.

For example, say a user had sorted a column in ascending order, and then added a new row. Initially, that row appears at the top. If the user first clicks to sort the column again in ascending order, the table will not resort, as it assumes the column is already in ascending order. The user must first sort on descending order and then ascending order.

If you want the data to automatically sort on a specific column in a specific order after inserting a row, then programmatically queue a SortEvent after the commit, and implement a handler to execute the sort.

27.4.5 What You May Need to Know About Create and CreateInsert

When you use the Create or CreateInsert operation to declaratively create a new row, it performs the following lines of code:

// create a new row for the view object
Row newRow = yourViewObject.createRow();
// mark the row as being "initialized", but not yet new
newRow.setNewRowState(Row.STATUS_INITIALIZED);

However, if you are using the CreateInsert operation, it performs the additional line of code to insert the row into the row set:

// insert the new row into the view object's default rowset
yourViewObject.insertRow(newRow);

When you create a row in an entity-based view object, the Transaction object associated with the current application module immediately takes note of the fact. The new entity row that gets created behind the view row is already part of the Transaction's list of pending changes. When a newly created row is marked as having the initialized state, it is removed from the Transaction's pending changes list and is considered a blank row in which the end user has not yet entered any data values. The term initialized is appropriate since the end user will see the new row initialized with any default values that the underlying entity object has defined. If the user never enters any data into any attribute of that initialized row, then it is as if the row never existed. At transaction commit time, since that row is not part of the Transaction's pending changes list, no INSERT statement will be attempted for it.

As soon as at least one attribute in an initialized row is set, it automatically transitions from the initialized status to the new status (Row.STATUS_NEW). At that time, the underlying entity row is enrolled in the Transaction's list of pending changes, and the new row will be permanently saved the next time you commit the transaction.

Note:

If the end user performs steps that result in creating many initialized rows but never populating them, it might seem like a recipe for a slow memory leak. However, the memory used by an initialized row that never transitions to the new state will eventually be reclaimed by the Java virtual machine's garbage collector.

27.5 Modifying the Attributes Displayed in the Table

Once you use the Data Controls panel to create a table, you can then delete attributes, change the order in which they are displayed, change the component used to display them, and change the attribute binding for the component. You can also add new attributes, or rebind the table to a new data control.

27.5.1 How to Modify the Displayed Attributes

You can modify the following aspects of a table that was created using the Data Controls panel:

  • Change the binding for the label of a column

  • Change the UI component bound to an attribute

  • Add or delete columns that represent the attributes

  • Reorder the columns in the table

  • Enable selection and sorting

To change the attributes for a table:

  1. In the Structure window, select the table component.

  2. In the Property Inspector, expand the Columns section to change, add, or delete the attributes that are displayed as columns. You can also change the UI component used within the column to display the data.

  3. Expand other sections of the Property Inspector to change the display and behavior of the table, such as filtering and sorting.

27.5.2 How to Change the Binding for a Table

Instead of modifying a binding, you can completely change the object to which the table is bound.

To rebind a table:

  1. Right-click the table in the Structure window and choose Rebind to Another ADF Control.

  2. In the Bind to ADF Control dialog, select the new collection to which you want to bind the table. Note that changing the binding for the table will also change the binding for all the columns. You can then use the procedures in Section 27.5.1, "How to Modify the Displayed Attributes" to modify those bindings.

Tip:

You can also rebind a table by dragging a different view object on top of the existing table.

27.5.3 What Happens When You Modify Bindings or Displayed Attributes

When you simply modify how an attribute is displayed by moving the UI component or changing the UI component, JDeveloper changes the corresponding code on the JSF page. When you use the binding editors to add or change a binding, JDeveloper adds the code to the JSF page, and also adds the appropriate elements to the page definition file.