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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
12c Release 1 (12.1)

E17602-14
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74 DBMS_HEAT_MAP

The DBMS_HEAT_MAP package provides an interface to externalize heatmaps at various levels of storage including block, extent, segment, object and tablespace. A second set of subprograms externalize the heatmaps materialized by the background for top N tablespaces.

See Also:

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_HEAT_MAP


Overview

To implement your ILM strategy, you can use Heat Map in Oracle Database to track data access and modification. You can also use Automatic Data Optimization (ADO) to automate the compression and movement of data between different tiers of storage within the database.

The Heat Map tracks modification times at the block level, and multiple access statistics at the segment level. Objects in the SYSTEM and SYSAUX tablespaces are not tracked. DBMS_HEAT_MAP gives you access to the Heat Map statistics at various levels - block, extent, segment, object, and tablespace.


Security Model

The execution privilege is granted to PUBLIC. Procedures in this package run under the caller security. The user must have ANALYZE privilege on the object.


Summary of DBMS_HEAT_MAP Subprograms

Table 74-1 DBMS_HEAT_MAP Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

BLOCK_HEAT_MAP Function

Returns last modification time for each block in a table segment

EXTENT_HEAT_MAP Function

Returns the extent level Heat Map statistics for a table segment

OBJECT_HEAT_MAP Procedure

Returns the minimum, maximum and average access times for all the segments belonging to the object

SEGMENT_HEAT_MAP Procedure

Returns the heatmap attributes for the given segment

TABLESPACE_HEAT_MAP Procedure

Returns the minimum, maximum and average access times for all the segments in the tablespace



BLOCK_HEAT_MAP Function

This table function returns the last modification time for each block in a table segment. It returns no information for segment types that are not data.

Syntax

DBMS_HEAT_MAP.BLOCK_HEAT_MAP (
   owner             IN VARCHAR2,
   segment_name      IN VARCHAR2,
   partition_name    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   sort_columnid     IN NUMBER DEFAULT NULL,
   sort_order        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL) 
RETURN hm_bls_row PIPELINED;

Parameters

Table 74-2 BLOCK_HEAT_MAP Function Parameters

Parameter Description

owner

Owner of the segment

segment_name

Table name of a non-partitioned table or (sub)partition of partitioned table. Returns no rows when table name is specified for a partitioned table.

partition_name

Defaults to NULL. For a partitioned table, specify the partition or subpartition segment name.

sort_columnid

ID of the column on which to sort the output. Valid values 1..9. Invalid values are ignored.

sort_order

Defaults to NULL. Possible values: ASC, DESC


Return Values

Table 74-3 BLOCK_HEAT_MAP Function Return Values (Output Parameters)

Parameter Description

owner

Owner of the segment

segment_name

Segment name of the non-partitioned table

partition_name

Partition or subpartition name

tablespace_name

Tablespace containing the segment

file_id

Absolute file number of the block in the segment

relative_fno

Relative file number of the block in the segment

block_id

Block number of the block

write time

Last modification time of the block



EXTENT_HEAT_MAP Function

This table function returns the extent level Heat Map statistics for a table segment. It returns no information for segment types that are not data. Aggregates at extent level, including minimum modification time and maximum modification time, are included.

Syntax

DBMS_HEAT_MAP.EXTENT_HEAT_MAP (
   owner             IN VARCHAR2,
   segment_name      IN VARCHAR2,
   partition_name    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
RETURN hm_els_row PIPELINED;

Parameters

Table 74-4 EXTENT_HEAT_MAP Function Parameters

Parameter Description

owner

Owner of the segment

segment_name

Table name of a non-partitioned table or (sub)partition of partitioned table. Returns no rows when table name is specified for a partitioned table.

partition_name

Defaults to NULL. For a partitioned table, specify the partition or subpartition segment name.


Return Values

Table 74-5 EXTENT_HEAT_MAP Function Return Values (Output Parameters)

Parameter Description

owner

Owner of the segment

segment_name

Segment name of the non-partitioned table

partition_name

Partition or subpartition name

tablespace_name

Tablespace containing the segment

file_id

Absolute file number of the block in the segment

relative_fno

Relative file number of the block in the segment

block_id

Block number of the block

blocks

Number of blocks in the extent

bytes

Number of bytes in the extent

min_writetime

Minimum of last modification time of the block

max_writetime

Maximum of last modification time of the block

avg_writetime

Average of last modification time of the block



OBJECT_HEAT_MAP Procedure

This table function returns the minimum, maximum and average access times for all the segments belonging to the object. The object must be a table. The table function raises an error if called on object tables other than table.

Syntax

DBMS_HEAT_MAP.OBJECT_HEAT_MAP (
   object_owner      IN VARCHAR2,
   object_name       IN VARCHAR2) 
 RETURN hm_object_table PIPELINED;

Parameters

Table 74-6 OBJECT_HEAT_MAP Function Parameters

Parameter Description

object_owner

Tablespace containing the segment

object_name

Segment header relative file number


Return Values

Table 74-7 OBJECT_HEAT_MAP Function Return Values (Output Parameters)

Parameter Description

segment_name

Name of the top level segment

partition_name

Name of the partition

tablespace_name

Name of the tablespace

segment_type

Type of segment as in DBA_SEGMENTS.SEGMENT_TYPE

segment_size

Segment size in bytes

min_writetime

Oldest write time for the segment

max_writetime

Latest write time for the segment

avg_writetime

Average write time for the segment

min_readtime

Oldest read time for the segment

max_readtime

Latest read time for the segment

avg_writetime

Average write time for the segment

min_lookuptime

Oldest index lookup time for the segment

max_lookuptime

Latest index lookup time for the segment

avg_lookuptime

Average index lookup time for the segment

min_ftstime

Oldest full table scan time for the segment

max_ftstime

Latest full table scan time for the segment

avg_ftstime

Average full table scan time for the segment



SEGMENT_HEAT_MAP Procedure

This procedure returns the heatmap attributes for the given segment.

Syntax

DBMS_HEAT_MAP.SEGMENT_HEAT_MAP (
   tablespace_id          IN  NUMBER,
   header_file            IN  NUMBER,
   header_block           IN  NUMBER,
   segment_objd           IN  NUMBER,
   min_writetime          OUT DATE,
   max_writetime          OUT DATE,
   avg_writetime          OUT DATE,
   min_readtime           OUT DATE,
   max_readtime           OUT DATE,
   avg_readtime           OUT DATE,
   min_lookuptime         OUT DATE,
   max_lookuptime         OUT DATE,
   avg_lookuptime         OUT DATE,
   min_ftstime            OUT DATE,
   max_ftstime            OUT DATE,
   avg_ftstime            OUT DATE);

Parameters

Table 74-8 SEGMENT_HEAT_MAP Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_id

Tablespace containing the segment

header_file

Segment header relative file number

header_block

Segment header block number

segment_objd

DATAOBJ of the segment


Return Values

Table 74-9 SEGMENT_HEAT_MAP Procedure Return Values (Output Parameters)

Parameter Description

min_writetime

Oldest write time for the segment

max_writetime

Latest write time for the segment

avg_writetime

Average write time for the segment

min_readtime

Oldest read time for the segment

max_readtime

Latest read time for the segment

avg_writetime

Average write time for the segment

min_lookuptime

Oldest index lookup time for the segment

max_lookuptime

Latest index lookup time for the segment

avg_lookuptime

Average index lookup time for the segment

min_ftstime

Oldest full table scan time for the segment

max_ftstime

Latest full table scan time for the segment

avg_ftstime

Average full table scan time for the segment



TABLESPACE_HEAT_MAP Procedure

This table function returns the minimum, maximum and average access times for all the segments in the tablespace.

Syntax

DBMS_HEAT_MAP.SEGMENT_HEAT_MAP (
    tablespace_name      IN VARCHAR2)
  RETURN hm_tablespace_table PIPELINED;

Parameters

Table 74-10 TABLESPACE_HEAT_MAP Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of the tablespace


Return Values

Table 74-11 TABLESPACE_HEAT_MAP Procedure Return Values (Output Parameters)

Parameter Description

segment_count

Total number of segments in the tablespace

allocated_bytes

Space used by the segments in the tablespace

min_writetime

Oldest write time for the segment

max_writetime

Latest write time for the segment

avg_writetime

Average write time for the segment

min_readtime

Oldest read time for the segment

max_readtime

Latest read time for the segment

avg_writetime

Average write time for the segment

min_lookuptime

Oldest index lookup time for the segment

max_lookuptime

Latest index lookup time for the segment

avg_lookuptime

Average index lookup time for the segment

min_ftstime

Oldest full table scan time for the segment

max_ftstime

Latest full table scan time for the segment

avg_ftstime

Average full table scan time for the segment