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120 DBMS_REDEFINITION

The DBMS_REDEFINITION package provides an interface to perform an online redefinition of tables.

See Also:

Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information about online redefinition of tables

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_REDEFINITION


Overview

To achieve online redefinition, incrementally maintainable local materialized views are used. These logs keep track of the changes to the master tables and are used by the materialized views during refresh synchronization.


Security Model

Subprograms in the DBMS_REDEFINTION package are run with invokers' rights (with the privileges of the current user). There are two modes:

  • In USER mode, the user who has the CREATE TABLE and CREATE MVIEW privileges may redefine a table residing in his own schema.

  • In FULL mode, the user who has the ANY privilege may redefine tables in any schema.


Constants

The DBMS_REDEFINITION package uses the constants shown in Table 120-1, "DBMS_REDEFINITION Constants":

Table 120-1 DBMS_REDEFINITION Constants

Constant Type Value Description

CONS_CONSTRAINT

PLS_INTEGER

3

Used to specify that dependent object type is a constraint

CONS_INDEX

PLS_INTEGER

2

Used to specify that dependent object type is a index

CONS_MVLOG

PLS_INTEGER

10

Used to (un)register a materialized view log, as a dependent object of the table, through the REGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedureand the UNREGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure.

CONS_ORIG_PARAMS

PLS_INTEGER

1

Used to specify that indexes should be cloned with their original storage parameters

CONS_TRIGGER

PLS_INTEGER

4

Used to specify that dependent object type is a trigger

CONS_USE_PK

BINARY_INTEGER

1

Used to indicate that the redefinition should be done using primary keys or pseudo-primary keys (unique keys with all component columns having not-NULL constraints)

CONS_USE_ROWID

BINARY_INTEGER

2

Used to indicate that the redefinition should be done using rowids

CONS_VPD_AUTO

BINARY_INTEGER

2

Used to indicate to copy VPD policies automatically

CONS_VPD_MANUAL

BINARY_INTEGER

4

Used to indicate to copy VPD policies manually

CONS_VPD_NONE

BINARY_INTEGER

1

Used to indicate that there are no VPD policies on the original table



Operational Notes

  • CONS_USE_PK and CONS_USE_ROWID are constants used as input to the "options_flag" parameter in both the START_REDEF_TABLE Procedure and CAN_REDEF_TABLE Procedure. CONS_USE_ROWID is used to indicate that the redefinition should be done using rowids while CONS_USE_PK implies that the redefinition should be done using primary keys or pseudo-primary keys (which are unique keys with all component columns having NOT NULL constraints).

  • CONS_INDEX, CONS_MVLOG,CONS_TRIGGER and CONS_CONSTRAINT are used to specify the type of the dependent object being (un)registered in REGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure and UNREGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure (parameter "dep_type").

    CONS_INDEX ==> dependent object is of type INDEX

    CONS_TRIGGER ==> dependent object is of type TRIGGER

    CONS_CONSTRAINT==> dependent object type is of type CONSTRAINT

    CONS_MVLOG ==> dependent object is of type MATERIALIZED VIEW LOG

  • CONS_ORIG_PARAMS as used as input to the "copy_indexes" parameter in COPY_TABLE_DEPENDENTS Procedure. Using this parameter implies that the indexes on the original table be copied onto the interim table using the same storage parameters as that of the original index.


Rules and Limits

For information about various rules and limits that apply to implementation of this package, see the Oracle Database Administrator's Guide.


Summary of DBMS_REDEFINITION Subprograms

Table 120-2 DBMS_REDEFINITION Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

ABORT_REDEF_TABLE Procedure

Cleans up errors that occur during the redefinition process and removes all temporary objects created by the reorganization process

CAN_REDEF_TABLE Procedure

Determines if a given table can be redefined online

COPY_TABLE_DEPENDENTS Procedure

Copies the dependent objects of the original table onto the interim table

FINISH_REDEF_TABLE Procedure

Completes the redefinition process

REDEF_TABLE Procedure

Provides a single push-button interface that integrates several redefinition steps

REGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure

Registers a dependent object (index, trigger, constraint or materialized view log) on the table being redefined and the corresponding dependent object on the interim table

START_REDEF_TABLE Procedure

Initiates the redefinition process

SYNC_INTERIM_TABLE Procedure

Keeps the interim table synchronized with the original table

UNREGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure

Unregisters a dependent object (index, trigger, constraint or materialized view log) on the table being redefined and the corresponding dependent object on the interim table



ABORT_REDEF_TABLE Procedure

This procedure cleans up errors that occur during the redefinition process. This procedure can also be used to terminate the redefinition process any time after the START_REDEF_TABLE Procedure has been called and before the FINISH_REDEF_TABLE Procedure is called. This process will remove the temporary objects that are created by the redefinition process such as materialized view logs.

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.ABORT_REDEF_TABLE (
   uname                   IN  VARCHAR2,
   orig_table              IN  VARCHAR2,
   int_table               IN  VARCHAR2,
   part_name               IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL);

Parameters

Table 120-3 ABORT_REDEF_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

uname

Schema name of the tables

orig_table

Name of the table to be redefined

int_table

Name of the interim table. Can take a comma-delimited list of interim table names.

part_name

Name of the partition being redefined. If redefining only a single partition of a table, specify the partition name in this parameter. NULL implies the entire table is being redefined. Can take a comma-delimited list of partition names to be redefined.



CAN_REDEF_TABLE Procedure

This procedure determines if a given table can be redefined online. This is the first step of the online redefinition process. If the table is not a candidate for online redefinition, an error message is raised.

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.CAN_REDEF_TABLE (
   uname         IN  VARCHAR2,
   tname        IN  VARCHAR2,
   options_flag  IN  PLS_INTEGER := 1,
   part_name     IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL);

Parameters

Table 120-4 CAN_REDEF_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

uname

Schema name of the table

tname

Name of the table to be re-organized

options_flag

Indicates the type of redefinition method to use.

  • If dbms_redefinition.cons_use_pk, the redefinition is done using primary keys or pseudo-primary keys (unique keys with all component columns having NOT NULL constraints). The default method of redefinition is using primary keys.

  • If dbms_redefinition.cons_use_rowid, the redefinition is done using rowids.

part_name

Name of the partition being redefined. If redefining only a single partition of a table, specify the partition name in this parameter. NULL implies the entire table is being redefined.


Exceptions

If the table is not a candidate for online redefinition, an error message is raised.


COPY_TABLE_DEPENDENTS Procedure

This procedure clones the dependent objects of the table being redefined onto the interim table and registers the dependent objects. This procedure does not clone the already registered dependent objects.

This subprogram is used to clone the dependent objects like grants, triggers, constraints and privileges from the table being redefined to the interim table (which represents the post-redefinition table).

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.COPY_TABLE_DEPENDENTS(
   uname                    IN  VARCHAR2,
   orig_table               IN  VARCHAR2,
   int_table                IN  VARCHAR2,
   copy_indexes             IN  PLS_INTEGER := 1,
   copy_triggers            IN  BOOLEAN     := TRUE,
   copy_constraints         IN  BOOLEAN     := TRUE,
   copy_privileges          IN  BOOLEAN     := TRUE,
   ignore_errors            IN  BOOLEAN     := FALSE,
   num_errors               OUT PLS_INTEGER,
   copy_statistics          IN  BOOLEAN     := FALSE, 
   copy_mvlog               IN  BOOLEAN     := FALSE); 

Parameters

Table 120-5 COPY_TABLE_DEPENDENTS Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

uname

Schema name of the tables

orig_table

Name of the table being redefined

int_table

Name of the interim table

copy_indexes

Flag indicating whether to copy the indexes

  • 0 - do not copy any index

  • dbms_redefinition.cons_orig_params – copy the indexes using the physical parameters of the source indexes

copy_triggers

TRUE = clone triggers, FALSE = do nothing

copy_constraints

TRUE = clone constraints, FALSE = do nothing. If compatibility setting is 10.2 or higher, then clone CHECK and NOT NULL constraints

copy_privileges

TRUE = clone privileges, FALSE = do nothing

ignore_errors

TRUE = if an error occurs while cloning a particular dependent object, then skip that object and continue cloning other dependent objects. FALSE = that the cloning process should stop upon encountering an error.

num_errors

Number of errors that occurred while cloning dependent objects

copy_statistics

TRUE = copy statistics, FALSE = do nothing

copy_mvlog

TRUE = copy materialized view log, FALSE = do nothing


Usage Notes

  • The user must check the column num_errors before proceeding to ensure that no errors occurred during the cloning of the objects.

  • In case of an error, the user should fix the cause of the error and call the COPY_TABLE_DEPENDENTS Procedure again to clone the dependent object. Alternatively the user can manually clone the dependent object and then register the manually cloned dependent object using the REGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure.

  • All cloned referential constraints involving the interim tables will be created disabled (they will be automatically enabled after the redefinition) and all triggers on interim tables will not fire till the redefinition is completed. After the redefinition is complete, the cloned objects will be renamed to the corresponding pre-redefinition names of the objects (from which they were cloned from).

  • It is the user's responsibility that the cloned dependent objects are unaffected by the redefinition. All the triggers will be cloned and it is the user's responsibility that the cloned triggers are unaffected by the redefinition.


FINISH_REDEF_TABLE Procedure

This procedure completes the redefinition process. Before this step, you can create new indexes, triggers, grants, and constraints on the interim table. The referential constraints involving the interim table must be disabled. After completing this step, the original table is redefined with the attributes and data of the interim table. The original table is locked briefly during this procedure.

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.FINISH_REDEF_TABLE (
   uname                   IN   VARCHAR2,
   orig_table              IN   VARCHAR2,
   int_table               IN   VARCHAR2,
   part_name               IN   VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   dml_lock_timeout        IN   PLS_INTEGER := NULL,
   continue_after_errors   IN   BOOLEAN := FALSE);

Parameters

Table 120-6 FINISH_REDEF_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameters Description

uname

Schema name of the tables

orig_table

Name of the table to be redefined

int_table

Name of the interim table. Can take a comma-delimited list of interim table names.

part_name

Name of the partition being redefined. If redefining only a single partition of a table, specify the partition name in this parameter. NULL implies the entire table is being redefined. Can take a comma-delimited list of partition names to be redefined.

dml_lock_timeout

Specifies the number of seconds the procedure waits for its required locks before failing. The permissible range of values for timeout is 0 to 1,000,000. The default is NULL (wait mode).

continue_after_errors

When redefining multiple partitions allows operation execution to continue on the next partition (applies only to batched partition redefinition)


Examples

Wait up to 600 seconds for required locks on SH.SALES:

EXECUTE DBMS_REDEFINITION.FINISH_REDEF_TABLE (
  'SH', 'SALES', 'INT_SALES', 600);

REDEF_TABLE Procedure

This procedure provides a single interface that integrates several redefinition steps including the CAN_REDEF_TABLE Procedure, the START_REDEF_TABLE Procedure, the COPY_TABLE_DEPENDENTS Procedure and the FINISH_REDEF_TABLE Procedure. This procedure can change data storage properties including tablespaces (for table, partition, subpartition, index, LOB column), compress type (for table, partition, subpartition, index, LOB column) and STORE_AS clause for the LOB column.

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.REDEF_TABLE (
   uname                       IN  VARCHAR2,
   tname                       IN  VARCHAR2,    
   table_compression_type      IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL, 
   table_part_tablespace       IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL, 
   index_key_compression_type  IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   index_tablespace            IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   lob_compression_type        IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   lob_tablespace              IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   lob_store_as                IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL); 

Parameters

Table 120-7 REDEF_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

uname

Schema name of the table

tname

Name of the table to be redefined

table_compression_type

Text string of the table compression clause. NULL means there is no change.

table_part_tablespace

Tablespace name for the entire table or partitions. NULL means there is no change.

index_key_compression_type

Text string of the compression clause for all indexes on the table. NULL means there is no change.

index_tablespace

Tablespace name for all indexes on the table. NULL means there is no change.

lob_compression_type

Text string of the compression clause for all LOBs in the entire table. NULL means there is no change.

lob_tablespace

Tablespace name for all LOBs in the table. NULL means there is no change.

lob_storage_as

Specifies LOB store as 'SECUREFILE' or 'BASICFILE'. NULL means there is no change.


Examples

BEGIN
   DBMS_REDEFINITION.REDEF_TABLE(
     uname                        => 'TABOWNER2',
     tname                        => 'EMP2',
     table_compression_type       => 'ROW STORE COMPRESS ADVANCED',
     table_part_tablespace        => 'NEWTBS',
     index_key_compression_type   => 'COMPRESS 1',
     index_tablespace             => 'NEWIDXTBS',
     lob_compression_type         => 'COMPRESS HIGH',
     lob_tablespace               => 'SLOBTBS',
     lob_store_as                 => 'SECUREFILE');
END;

See Also:

Oracle Database Administrator's Guide regarding "Performing Online Redefinition with the REDEF_TABLE Procedure"

REGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure

This procedure registers a dependent object (index, trigger, constraint or materialized view log) on the table being redefined and the corresponding dependent object on the interim table.

This can be used to have the same object on each table but with different attributes. For example: for an index, the storage and tablespace attributes could be different but the columns indexed remain the same

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.REGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT(
   uname                  IN    VARCHAR2,
   orig_table             IN    VARCHAR2,
   int_table              IN    VARCHAR2,
   dep_type               IN    PLS_INTEGER,
   dep_owner              IN    VARCHAR2,
   dep_orig_name          IN    VARCHAR2,
   dep_int_name           IN    VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 120-8 REGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure Parameters

Parameters Description

uname

Schema name of the tables

orig_table

Name of the table to be redefined

int_table

Name of the interim table

dep_type

Type of the dependent object (see Constants and Operational Notes)

dep_owner

Owner of the dependent object

dep_orig_name

Name of the original dependent object

dep_int_name

Name of the interim dependent object


Usage Notes

  • Attempting to register an already registered object will raise an error.

  • Registering a dependent object will automatically remove that object from DBA_REDEFINITION_ERRORS if an entry exists for that object.


START_REDEF_TABLE Procedure

Prior to calling this procedure, you must manually create an empty interim table (in the same schema as the table to be redefined) with the desired attributes of the post-redefinition table, and then call this procedure to initiate the redefinition.

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.START_REDEF_TABLE (
   uname                   IN  VARCHAR2,
   orig_table              IN  VARCHAR2,
   int_table               IN  VARCHAR2,
   col_mapping             IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   options_flag            IN  BINARY_INTEGER := 1,
   orderby_cols            IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   part_name               IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   continue_after_errors   IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE
   copy_vpd_opt            IN  BINARY_INTEGER := CONS_VPD_NONE);

Parameters

Table 120-9 START_REDEF_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

uname

Schema name of the tables

orig_table

Name of the table to be redefined

int_table

Name of the interim table. Can take a comma-delimited list of interim table names.

col_mapping

Mapping information from the columns in the original table to the columns in the interim table. (This is similar to the column list on the SELECT clause of a query.) If NULL, all the columns in the original table are selected and have the same name after redefinition.

options_flag

Indicates the type of redefinition method to use:

  • If dbms_redefinition.cons_use_pk, the redefinition is done using primary keys or pseudo-primary keys (unique keys with all component columns having NOT NULL constraints). The default method of redefinition is using primary keys.

  • If dbms_redefinition.cons_use_rowid, the redefinition is done using rowids.

orderby_cols

This optional parameter accepts the list of columns (along with the optional keyword(s) ascending/descending) with which to order by the rows during the initial instantiation of the interim table (the order by is only done for the initial instantiation and not for subsequent synchronizations)

part_name

Name of the partition being redefined. If redefining only a single partition of a table, specify the partition name in this parameter. NULL implies the entire table is being redefined. Can take a comma-delimited list of partition names to be redefined.

continue_after_errors

When redefining multiple partitions allows operation execution to continue on the next partition (applies only to batched partition redefinition)

copy_vpd_opt

Specifies how VPD policies are handled in online redefinition


Examples

Start redefinition of three partitions (sal03q1,sal03q2,sal03q3) in table 'STEVE.salestable' using three interim tables of int_salestable1, int_salestable2 and int_salestable3, respectively. The operation will continue on sal03q3 even if it fails on sal03q1.

DBMS_REDEFINITION.START_REDEF_TABLE(
   uname                 => 'STEVE',
   orig_table            => 'salestable',
   int_table             => 'int_salestable1, int_salestable2, int_salestable3',
   col_mapping           => NULL,
   options_flag          => DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_USE_ROWID,
   part_name             => 'sal03q1,sal03q2,sal03q3',
   continue_after_errors => TRUE);

Specify to copy VPD policies automatically:

EXECUTE DBMS_REDEFINITION.START_REDEF_TABLE (
  uname                  => 'SCOTT',
  orig_table             => 'T',
  int_table              => 'INT_T',
  copy_vpd_opt           => DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_VPD_AUTO);

SYNC_INTERIM_TABLE Procedure

This procedure keeps the interim table synchronized with the original table.

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.SYNC_INTERIM_TABLE (
   uname                   IN  VARCHAR2,
   orig_table              IN  VARCHAR2,
   int_table               IN  VARCHAR2,
   part_name               IN  VARCHAR2 := NULL,
   continue_after_errors   IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE);

Parameters

Table 120-10 SYNC_INTERIM_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

uname

Schema name of the table

orig_table

Name of the table to be redefined

int_table

Name of the interim table. Can take a comma-delimited list of interim table names.

part_name

Name of the partition being redefined. If redefining only a single partition of a table, specify the partition name in this parameter. NULL implies the entire table is being redefined. Can take a comma-delimited list of partition names to be redefined.

continue_after_errors

When redefining multiple partitions allows operation execution to continue on the next partition (applies only to batched partition redefinition)


Usage Notes

  • This step is useful in minimizing the amount of synchronization needed to be done by the FINISH_REDEF_TABLE Procedure before completing the online redefinition.

  • This procedure can be called between long running operations (such as CREATE INDEX) on the interim table to sync it up with the data in the original table and speed up subsequent operations.


UNREGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure

This procedure unregisters a dependent object (index, trigger, constraint or materialized view log) on the table being redefined and the corresponding dependent object on the interim table.

Syntax

DBMS_REDEFINITION.UNREGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT(
   uname             IN VARCHAR2,
   orig_table        IN VARCHAR2,
   int_table         IN VARCHAR2,
   dep_type          IN PLS_INTEGER,
   dep_owner         IN VARCHAR2,
   dep_orig_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   dep_int_name      IN  VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 120-11 UNREGISTER_DEPENDENT_OBJECT Procedure Parameters

Parameters Description

uname

Schema name of the tables

orig_table

Name of the table to be redefined

int_table

Name of the interim table

dep_type

Type of the dependent object

dep_owner

Owner of the dependent object

dep_orig_name

Name of the original dependent object

dep_int_name

Name of the interim dependent object