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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
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135 DBMS_ROWID

The DBMS_ROWID package lets you create ROWIDs and obtain information about ROWIDs from PL/SQL programs and SQL statements. You can find the data block number, the object number, and other ROWID components without writing code to interpret the base-64 character external ROWID. DBMS_ROWID is intended for upgrading from Oracle database version 7 to Oracle database version 8.X.

Note:

DBMS_ROWID is not to be used with universal ROWIDs (UROWIDs).

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_ROWID


Security Model

This package runs with the privileges of calling user, rather than the package owner SYS.


Types

Extension and Restriction Types

The types are as follows:

  • RESTRICTED—restricted ROWID

  • EXTENDED—extended ROWID

For example:

rowid_type_restricted constant integer := 0;
rowid_type_extended   constant integer := 1;

Note:

Extended ROWIDs are only used in Oracle database version 8.Xi and higher.

Verification Types

Table 135-1 Verification Types

Result Description

VALID

Valid ROWID

INVALID

Invalid ROWID


For example:

rowid_is_valid   constant integer := 0;
rowid_is_invalid constant integer := 1;

Object Types

Table 135-2 Object Types

Result Description

UNDEFINED

Object Number not defined (for restricted ROWIDs)


For example:

rowid_object_undefined constant integer := 0;

Conversion Types

Table 135-3 Conversion Types

Result Description

INTERNAL

Convert to/from column of ROWID type

EXTERNAL

Convert to/from string format


For example:

rowid_convert_internal constant integer := 0;
rowid_convert_external constant integer := 1;

Exceptions

Table 135-4 Exceptions

Exception Description

ROWID_INVALID

Invalid rowid format

ROWID_BAD_BLOCK

Block is beyond end of file


For example:

ROWID_INVALID exception;
   pragma exception_init(ROWID_INVALID, -1410);

ROWID_BAD_BLOCK exception;
   pragma exception_init(ROWID_BAD_BLOCK, -28516);

Operational Notes

  • Some of the functions in this package take a single parameter, such as a ROWID. This can be a character or a PL/SLQ ROWID, either restricted or extended, as required.

  • You can call the DBMS_ROWID functions and procedures from PL/SQL code, and you can also use the functions in SQL statements.

    Note:

    ROWID_INFO is a procedure. It can only be used in PL/SQL code.
  • You can use functions from the DBMS_ROWID package just like built-in SQL functions; in other words, you can use them wherever you can use an expression. In this example, the ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER function is used to return just the block number of a single row in the EMP table:

    SELECT DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(rowid)
       FROM emp 
       WHERE ename = 'KING';
    
  • If Oracle returns the error "ORA:452, 0, 'Subprogram '%s' violates its associated pragma' for pragma restrict_references, it could mean the violation is due to:

    • A problem with the current procedure or function

    • Calling a procedure or function without a pragma or due to calling one with a less restrictive pragma

    • Calling a package procedure or function that touches the initialization code in a package or that sets the default values


Examples

This example returns the ROWID for a row in the EMP table, extracts the data object number from the ROWID, using the ROWID_OBJECT function in the DBMS_ROWID package, then displays the object number:

DECLARE
  object_no   INTEGER;
  row_id      ROWID;
  ...
BEGIN
  SELECT ROWID INTO row_id FROM emp
    WHERE empno = 7499;
  object_no := DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_OBJECT(row_id);
  DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('The obj. # is '|| object_no);
  ...

Summary of DBMS_ROWID Subprograms

Table 135-5 DBMS_ROWID Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER Function

Returns the block number of a ROWID

ROWID_CREATE Function

Creates a ROWID, for testing only

ROWID_INFO Procedure

Returns the type and components of a ROWID

ROWID_OBJECT Function

Returns the object number of the extended ROWID

ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO Function

Returns the file number of a ROWID

ROWID_ROW_NUMBER Function

Returns the row number

ROWID_TO_ABSOLUTE_FNO Function

Returns the absolute file number associated with the ROWID for a row in a specific table

ROWID_TO_EXTENDED Function

Converts a ROWID from restricted format to extended

ROWID_TO_RESTRICTED Function

Converts an extended ROWID to restricted format

ROWID_TYPE Function

Returns the ROWID type: 0 is restricted, 1 is extended

ROWID_VERIFY Function

Checks if a ROWID can be correctly extended by the ROWID_TO_EXTENDED function



ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER Function

This function returns the database block number for the input ROWID.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER (
   row_id      IN   ROWID,
   ts_type_in  IN   VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'SMALLFILE')
  RETURN NUMBER;

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_block_number,WNDS,RNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-6 ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER Function Parameters

Parameter Description

row_id

ROWID to be interpreted

ts_type_in

The type of the tablespace (bigfile/smallfile) to which the row belongs


Examples

The example SQL statement selects the block number from a ROWID and inserts it into another table:

INSERT INTO T2 (SELECT dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(ROWID, 'BIGFILE')
   FROM some_table 
   WHERE key_value = 42);

ROWID_CREATE Function

This function lets you create a ROWID, given the component parts as parameters.

This is useful for testing ROWID operations, because only the Oracle Server can create a valid ROWID that points to data in a database.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_CREATE (
   rowid_type    IN NUMBER, 
   object_number IN NUMBER,
   relative_fno  IN NUMBER,
   block_number  IN NUMBER,
   row_number    IN NUMBER) 
  RETURN ROWID;

Pragmas

pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_create,WNDS,RNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-7 ROWID_CREATE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

rowid_type

Type (restricted or extended)

Set the rowid_type parameter to 0 for a restricted ROWID. Set it to 1 to create an extended ROWID.

If you specify rowid_type as 0, then the required object_number parameter is ignored, and ROWID_CREATE returns a restricted ROWID.

object_number

Data object number (rowid_object_undefined for restricted)

relative_fno

Relative file number

block_number

Block number in this file

row_number

Returns row number in this block


Examples

Create a dummy extended ROWID:

   my_rowid := DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_CREATE(1, 9999, 12, 1000, 13);

Find out what the rowid_object function returns:

   obj_number := DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_OBJECT(my_rowid);

The variable obj_number now contains 9999.


ROWID_INFO Procedure

This procedure returns information about a ROWID, including its type (restricted or extended), and the components of the ROWID. This is a procedure, and it cannot be used in a SQL statement.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_INFO (
   rowid_in         IN   ROWID,
   rowid_type       OUT  NUMBER,
   object_number    OUT  NUMBER,
   relative_fno     OUT  NUMBER,
   block_number     OUT  NUMBER,
   row_number       OUT  NUMBER);

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_info,WNDS,RNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-8 ROWID_INFO Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

rowid_in

ROWID to be interpreted. This determines if the ROWID is a restricted (0) or extended (1) ROWID.

rowid_type

Returns type (restricted/extended)

object_number

Returns data object number (rowid_object_undefined for restricted)

relative_fno

Returns relative file number

block_number

Returns block number in this file

row_number

Returns row number in this block


Examples

This example reads back the values for the ROWID that you created in the ROWID_CREATE:

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_INFO (
   my_rowid, rid_type, obj_num, file_num, block_num, row_num, 'BIGFILE');

ROWID_OBJECT Function

This function returns the data object number for an extended ROWID. The function returns zero if the input ROWID is a restricted ROWID.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_OBJECT (
   rowid_id IN ROWID)
  RETURN NUMBER;

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_object,WNDS,RNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-9 ROWID_OBJECT Function Parameters

Parameter Description

row_id

ROWID to be interpreted


Note:

The ROWID_OBJECT_UNDEFINED constant is returned for restricted ROWIDs.

Examples

SELECT dbms_rowid.rowid_object(ROWID)
   FROM emp
   WHERE empno = 7499;

ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO Function

This function returns the relative file number of the ROWID specified as the IN parameter. (The file number is relative to the tablespace.)

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO (
   rowid_id      IN   ROWID,
   ts_type_in    IN   VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'SMALLFILE')
  RETURN NUMBER;

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_relative_fno,WNDS,RNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-10 ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO Function Parameters

Parameter Description

row_id

ROWID to be interpreted

ts_type_in

Type of the tablespace (bigfile/smallfile) to which the row belongs


Examples

The example PL/SQL code fragment returns the relative file number:

DECLARE
   file_number    INTEGER;
   rowid_val      ROWID;
BEGIN
   SELECT ROWID INTO rowid_val
     FROM dept 
     WHERE loc = 'Boston';
   file_number :=
     dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid_val, 'SMALLFILE');
    ...

ROWID_ROW_NUMBER Function

This function extracts the row number from the ROWID IN parameter.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_ROW_NUMBER (
   row_id IN ROWID)
  RETURN NUMBER;

Pragmas

   PRAGMA RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_row_number,WNDS,RNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-11 ROWID_ROW_NUMBER Function Parameters

Parameter Description

row_id

ROWID to be interpreted.


Examples

Select a row number:

SELECT dbms_rowid.rowid_row_number(ROWID) 
   FROM emp
   WHERE ename = 'ALLEN';

ROWID_TO_ABSOLUTE_FNO Function

This function extracts the absolute file number from a ROWID, where the file number is absolute for a row in a given schema and table. The schema name and the name of the schema object (such as a table name) are provided as IN parameters for this function.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_TO_ABSOLUTE_FNO (
   row_id      IN ROWID,
   schema_name IN VARCHAR2,
   object_name IN VARCHAR2)
  RETURN NUMBER;

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_to_absolute_fno,WNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-12 ROWID_TO_ABSOLUTE_FNO Function Parameters

Parameter Description

row_id

ROWID to be interpreted

schema_name

Name of the schema which contains the table

object_name

Table name


Examples

DECLARE
   abs_fno        INTEGER;
   rowid_val      CHAR(18);
   object_name    VARCHAR2(20) := 'EMP';
BEGIN
    SELECT ROWID INTO rowid_val 
     FROM emp
     WHERE empno = 9999;
     abs_fno := dbms_rowid.rowid_to_absolute_fno(
     rowid_val, 'SCOTT', object_name);

Note:

For partitioned objects, the name must be a table name, not a partition or a sub/partition name.

ROWID_TO_EXTENDED Function

This function translates a restricted ROWID that addresses a row in a schema and table that you specify to the extended ROWID format. Later, it may be removed from this package into a different place.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_TO_EXTENDED (
   old_rowid       IN ROWID,
   schema_name     IN VARCHAR2,   
   object_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   conversion_type IN INTEGER)
  RETURN ROWID;

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_to_extended,WNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-13 ROWID_TO_EXTENDED Function Parameters

Parameter Description

old_rowid

ROWID to be converted

schema_name

Name of the schema which contains the table (optional)

object_name

Table name (optional).

conversion_type

The following constants are defined:

ROWID_CONVERT_INTERNAL (:=0)

ROWID_CONVERT_EXTERNAL (:=1)


Return Values

ROWID_TO_EXTENDED returns the ROWID in the extended character format. If the input ROWID is NULL, then the function returns NULL. If a zero-valued ROWID is supplied (00000000.0000.0000), then a zero-valued restricted ROWID is returned.

Examples

Assume that there is a table called RIDS in the schema SCOTT, and that the table contains a column ROWID_COL that holds ROWIDs (restricted), and a column TABLE_COL that point to other tables in the SCOTT schema. You can convert the ROWIDs to extended format with the statement:

UPDATE SCOTT.RIDS
   SET rowid_col =
   dbms_rowid.rowid_to_extended (
      rowid_col, 'SCOTT", TABLE_COL, 0);

Usage Notes

  • If the schema and object names are provided as IN parameters, then this function verifies SELECT authority on the table named, and converts the restricted ROWID provided to an extended ROWID, using the data object number of the table. That ROWID_TO_EXTENDED returns a value, however, does not guarantee that the converted ROWID actually references a valid row in the table, either at the time that the function is called, or when the extended ROWID is actually used.

  • If the schema and object name are not provided (are passed as NULL), then this function attempts to fetch the page specified by the restricted ROWID provided. It treats the file number stored in this ROWID as the absolute file number. This can cause problems if the file has been dropped, and its number has been reused prior to the migration. If the fetched page belongs to a valid table, then the data object number of this table is used in converting to an extended ROWID value. This is very inefficient, and Oracle recommends doing this only as a last resort, when the target table is not known. The user must still know the correct table name at the time of using the converted value.

  • If an extended ROWID value is supplied, the data object number in the input extended ROWID is verified against the data object number computed from the table name parameter. If the two numbers do not match, the INVALID_ROWID exception is raised. If they do match, the input ROWID is returned.

  • ROWID_TO_EXTENDED cannot be used with partition tables.

See Also:

The ROWID_VERIFY Function has a method to determine if a given ROWID can be converted to the extended format.

ROWID_TO_RESTRICTED Function

This function converts an extended ROWID into restricted ROWID format.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_TO_RESTRICTED (
   old_rowid       IN ROWID,
   conversion_type IN INTEGER)
  RETURN ROWID;

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_to_restricted,WNDS,RNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-14 ROWID_TO_RESTRICTED Function Parameters

Parameter Description

old_rowid

ROWID to be converted

conversion_type

The following constants are defined:

ROWID_CONVERT_INTERNAL (:=0)

ROWID_CONVERT_EXTERNAL (:=1)



ROWID_TYPE Function

This function returns 0 if the ROWID is a restricted ROWID, and 1 if it is extended.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_TYPE (
   rowid_id IN ROWID)
  RETURN NUMBER;

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_type,WNDS,RNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-15 ROWID_TYPE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

row_id

ROWID to be interpreted


Examples

IF DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_TYPE(my_rowid) = 1 THEN
   my_obj_num := DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_OBJECT(my_rowid);

ROWID_VERIFY Function

This function verifies the ROWID. It returns 0 if the input restricted ROWID can be converted to extended format, given the input schema name and table name, and it returns 1 if the conversion is not possible.

Note:

You can use this function in a WHERE clause of a SQL statement, as shown in the example.

Syntax

DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_VERIFY (
   rowid_in        IN ROWID,
   schema_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   object_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   conversion_type IN INTEGER
  RETURN NUMBER;

Pragmas

   pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(rowid_verify,WNDS,WNPS,RNPS);

Parameters

Table 135-16 ROWID_VERIFY Function Parameters

Parameter Description

rowid_in

ROWID to be verified

schema_name

Name of the schema which contains the table

object_name

Table name

conversion_type

The following constants are defined:

ROWID_CONVERT_INTERNAL (:=0)

ROWID_CONVERT_EXTERNAL (:=1)


Examples

Considering the schema in the example for the ROWID_TO_EXTENDED function, you can use the following statement to find bad ROWIDs prior to conversion. This enables you to fix them beforehand.

SELECT ROWID, rowid_col 
   FROM SCOTT.RIDS
   WHERE dbms_rowid.rowid_verify(rowid_col, NULL, NULL, 0) =1;