Skip Headers
Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
12c Release 1 (12.1)

E17602-14
Go to Documentation Home
Home
Go to Book List
Book List
Go to Table of Contents
Contents
Go to Index
Index
Go to Master Index
Master Index
Go to Feedback page
Contact Us

Go to previous page
Previous
Go to next page
Next
PDF · Mobi · ePub

248 UTL_ENCODE

The UTL_ENCODE package provides functions that encode RAW data into a standard encoded format so that the data can be transported between hosts. You can use UTL_ENCODE functions to encode the body of email text. The package also contains the decode counterpart functions of the encode functions. The functions follow published standards for encoding to accommodate non-Oracle utilities on the sending or receiving ends.

This chapter contains the following topic:


Summary of UTL_ENCODE Subprograms

Table 248-1 UTL_ENCODE Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

BASE64_DECODE Function

Reads the base 64-encoded RAW input string and decodes it to its original RAW value

BASE64_ENCODE Function

Encodes the binary representation of the RAW value into base 64 elements and returns it in the form of a RAW string

MIMEHEADER_DECODE Function

Decodes a string from mime header format

MIMEHEADER_ENCODE Function

Encodes a string into mime header format

QUOTED_PRINTABLE_DECODE Function

Reads the varchar2 quoted printable format input string and decodes it to the corresponding RAW string

QUOTED_PRINTABLE_ENCODE Function

Reads the RAW input string and encodes it to the corresponding quoted printable format string

TEXT_DECODE Function

Decodes a character set sensitive text string

TEXT_ENCODE Function

Encodes a character set sensitive text string

UUDECODE Function

Reads the RAW uuencode format input string and decodes it to the corresponding RAW string

UUENCODE Function

Reads the RAW input string and encodes it to the corresponding uuencode format string



BASE64_DECODE Function

This function reads the base 64-encoded RAW input string and decodes it to its original RAW value.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.BASE64_DECODE (
   r  IN RAW) 
RETURN RAW;

Pragmas

pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(base64_decode, WNDS, RNDS, WNPS, RNPS); 

Parameters

Table 248-2 BASE64_DECODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

r

The RAW string containing base 64-encoded data. There are no defaults or optional parameters.


Return Values

Table 248-3 BASE64_DECODE Function Return Values

Return Description

RAW

Contains the decoded string



BASE64_ENCODE Function

This function encodes the binary representation of the RAW value into base 64 elements and returns it in the form of a RAW string.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.BASE64_ENCODE (
   r  IN RAW) 
RETURN RAW;

Pragmas

pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(base64_encode, WNDS, RNDS, WNPS, RNPS);

Parameters

Table 248-4 BASE64_ENCODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

r

The RAW value to be encoded. There are no defaults or optional parameters.


Return Values

Table 248-5 BASE64_ENCODE Function Return Values

Return Description

RAW

Contains the encoded base 64 elements



MIMEHEADER_DECODE Function

This function accepts as input an "encoded word" of the form:

=?<charset>?<encoding>?<encoded text>?= 
=?ISO-8859-1?Q?Here is some encoded text?= 

The <encoded text> is encapsulated in mime header tags which give the MIMEHEADER_DECODE function information about how to decode the string. The mime header metadata tags are stripped from the input string and the <encoded text> is converted to the base database character set as follows:

  • If this is a UTF16 platform, convert the encoded text from UTF16 to ASCII

  • If this is an EBCDIC platform, convert the encoded text from EBCDIC to ASCII

  • If this is an ASCII or UTF8 platform, no conversion needed

The string is decoded using either quoted-printable or base64 decoding, as specified by the <encoding> metadata tag in the encoded word. The resulting converted and decoded text is returned to the caller as a VARCHAR2 string.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.MIMEHEADER_DECODE (
   buf    IN   VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET ANY_CS) 
  RETURN data VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET buf%CHARSET;

Parameters

Table 248-6 MIMEHEADER_DECODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

buf

The encoded text data with mime header format tags.


Return Values

Table 248-7 MIMEHEADER_DECODE Function Return Values

Return Description

data

The encoded text data with mime header format tags


Examples

v2:=utl_encode.mimeheader_decode('=?ISO-8859-1?Q?Here is some encoded text?=');

MIMEHEADER_ENCODE Function

This function returns as an output an "encoded word" of the form:

=?<charset>?<encoding>?<encoded text>?= 
=?ISO-8859-1?Q?Here is some text?= 

The buf input parameter is the text to be encoded and becomes the <encoded text>.

The <encoding> value is either "Q" or "B" for quoted-printable encode or base64 encoding respectively. The ENCODING input parameter accepts as valid values UTL_ENCODE.QUOTED_PRINTABLE or UTL_ENCODE.BASE64 or NULL. If NULL, quoted-printable encoding is selected as a default value.

The <charset> value is specified as the input parameter encode_charset. If NULL, the database character set is selected as a default value.

The mimeheader encoding process includes conversion of the buf input string to the character set specified by the encode_charset parameter. The converted string is encoded to either quoted-printable or base64 encoded format. The mime header tags are appended and prepended.

Finally, the string is converted to the base character set of the database:

  • If this is a UTF16 platform, convert the encoded text to UTF16

  • If this is an EBCDIC platform, convert the encoded text to EBCDIC

  • If this is an ASCII or UTF8 platform, no conversion needed.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.MIMEHEADER_ENCODE (
   buf            IN  VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET ANY_CS, 
   encode_charset IN  VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL, 
   encoding       IN  PLS_INTEGER DEFAULT NULL) 
 RETURN string VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET buf%CHARSET;

Parameters

Table 248-8 MIMEHEADER_ENCODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

buf

The text data.

encode_charset

The target character set.

encoding

The encoding format. Valid values are UTL_ENCODE.BASE64, UTL_ENCODE.QUOTED_PRINTABLE and NULL


Return Values

Table 248-9 MIMEHEADER_ENCODE Function Return Values

Return Description

string

A VARCHAR2 encoded string with mime header format tags.



QUOTED_PRINTABLE_DECODE Function

This function reads the varchar2 quoted printable format input string and decodes it to the corresponding RAW string.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.QUOTED_PRINTABLE_DECODE (
   r  IN RAW)
RETURN RAW;

Pragmas

pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(quoted_printable_decode, WNDS, RNDS, WNPS, RNPS);

Parameters

Table 248-10 QUOTED_PRINTABLE_DECODE Function Parameters

Parameters Description

r

The RAW string containing a quoted printable data string. There are no defaults or optional parameters.


Return Values

Table 248-11 QUOTED_PRINTABLE_DECODE Function Return Values

Return Description

RAW

The decoded string



QUOTED_PRINTABLE_ENCODE Function

This function reads the RAW input string and encodes it to the corresponding quoted printable format string.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.QUOTED_PRINTABLE_ENCODE (
   r  IN RAW)
RETURN RAW;

Pragmas

pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(quoted_printable_encode, WNDS, RNDS,WNPS, RNPS); 

Parameters

Table 248-12 QUOTED_PRINTABLE_ENCODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

r

The RAW string. There are no defaults or optional parameters.


Return Values

Table 248-13 QUOTED_PRINTABLE_ENCODE Function Return Values

Return Description

RAW

Contains the quoted printable string



TEXT_DECODE Function

This function converts the input text to the target character set as specified by the encode_charset parameter, if not NULL. The encoded text is converted to the base character set of database, as follows:

  • If this is a UTF16 platform, convert the encoded text from UTF16 to ASCII

  • If this is an EBCDIC platform, convert the encoded text from EBCDIC to ASCII

  • If this is an ASCII or UTF8 platform, no conversion needed

You can decode from either quoted-printable or base64 format, with regard to each encoding parameter. If NULL, quoted-printable is selected as a default decoding format. If encode_charset is not NULL, you convert the string from the specified character set to the database character set. The resulting decoded and converted text string is returned to the caller.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.TEXT_DECODE(
   buf            IN  VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET ANY_CS, 
   encode_charset IN  VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL, 
   encoding       IN  PLS_INTEGER DEFAULT NULL) 
 RETURN string VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET buf%CHARSET;

Parameters

Table 248-14 TEXT_DECODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

buf

The encoded text data.

encode_charset

The source character set.

encoding

The encoding format. Valid values are UTL_ENCODE.BASE64, UTL_ENCODE.QUOTED_PRINTABLE and NULL.


Return Values

Table 248-15 TEXT_DECODE Function Return Values

Return Description

string

A VARCHAR2 decoded text string.


Examples

 v2:=UTL_ENCODE.TEXT_DECODE( 
      'Here is some text', 
       WE8ISO8859P1, 
       UTL_ENCODE.BASE64);

TEXT_ENCODE Function

This function converts the input text to the target character set as specified by the encode_charset parameter, if not NULL. The text is encoded to either base64 or quoted-printable format, as specified by the encoding parameter. Quoted-printable is selected as a default if ENCODING is NULL.

The encoded text is converted to the base character set of the database:

  • If this is a UTF16 platform, convert the encoded text to UTF16

  • If this is an EBCDIC platform, convert the encoded text to EBCDIC

  • If this is an ASCII or UTF8 platform, no conversion needed

The resulting encoded and converted text string is returned to the caller.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.TEXT_ENCODE (
   buf            IN  VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET ANY_CS, 
   encode_charset IN  VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL, 
   encoding       IN  PLS_INTEGER DEFAULT NULL) 
 RETURN string VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET buf%CHARSET;

Parameters

Table 248-16 TEXT_ENCODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

buf

The text data.

encode_charset

The target character set.

encoding

The encoding format. Valid values are UTL_ENCODE.BASE64, UTL_ENCODE.QUOTED_PRINTABLE and NULL


Return Values

Table 248-17 TEXT_ENCODE Function Return Values

Return Description

string

A VARCHAR2 encoded string with mime header format tags.


Examples

v2:=utl_encode.text_encode( 
   'Here is some text', 
   'WE8ISO8859P1', 
    UTL_ENCODE.BASE64); 

UUDECODE Function

This function reads the RAW uuencode format input string and decodes it to the corresponding RAW string. See "UUENCODE Function" for discussion of the cumulative nature of UUENCODE and UUDECODE for data streams.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.UUDECODE (
   r  IN RAW) 
RETURN RAW;

Pragmas

pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(uudecode, WNDS, RNDS, WNPS, RNPS);

Parameters

Table 248-18 UUDECODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

r

The RAW string containing the uuencoded data string. There are no defaults or optional parameters.


Return Values

Table 248-19 UUDECODE Function Return Values

Return Description

RAW

The decoded RAW string



UUENCODE Function

This function reads the RAW input string and encodes it to the corresponding uuencode format string. The output of this function is cumulative, in that it can be used to encode large data streams, by splitting the data stream into acceptably sized RAW values, encoded, and concatenated into a single encoded string.

Syntax

UTL_ENCODE.UUENCODE (
   r          IN RAW,
   type       IN PLS_INTEGER DEFAULT 1,
   filename   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   permission IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL) RETURN RAW;

Pragmas

pragma RESTRICT_REFERENCES(uuencode, WNDS, RNDS, WNPS, RNPS); 

Parameters

Table 248-20 UUENCODE Function Parameters

Parameter Description

r

RAW string

type

Optional number parameter containing the type of uuencoded output. Options:

complete—a defined PL/SQL constant with a value of 1. (default) header_piece ...middle_piece ...end_piece

filename

Optional varchar2 parameter containing the uuencode filename; the default is uuencode.txt

permission

Optional varchar2 parameter containing the permission mode; the default is 0 (a text string zero).


Return Values

Table 248-21 UUENCODE Function Return Values

Return Description

RAW

Contains the uuencode format string