|Oracle® Spatial and Graph Developer's Guide
12c Release 1 (12.1)
|PDF · Mobi · ePub|
If you are upgrading to the current Oracle Database release, Oracle Spatial and Graph is automatically upgraded as part of the operation. For information about the upgrade procedure, see Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
If you need to downgrade Spatial and Graph to the previous Oracle Database release, follow the instructions for downgrading a database back to the previous Oracle Database release in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
If you need to migrate spatial data from one database to another, see Section A.1.
If you use Oracle Spatial and Graph GeoRaster, see Section A.2.
If you are using Spatial and Graph Web Feature Service (WFS) or Catalog Services for the Web (CSW) support, and if you have data from a previous release that was indexed using one or more SYS.XMLTABLEINDEX indexes, see Section A.3.
If you need to support geometries with more than 1,048,576 ordinates, see Section A.4.
Migrating spatial data refers to moving or copying Oracle Spatial and Graph geometry objects from one Oracle database to another. (The databases can have the same or different Oracle Database release numbers.)
If you are migrating spatial data using database links, export/import, Oracle Data Pump, or transportable tablespaces, the MDSYS schema must already exist in the destination database.
To use the GeoRaster feature of Oracle Spatial and Graph, Oracle XML DB Repository must be installed properly. (In general, you should ensure that Oracle XML DB Repository is installed before you install Oracle Spatial and Graph.)
If Oracle Spatial and Graph has been installed (such as during an upgrade) but Oracle XML DB Repository is not installed, you need to install the Oracle XML DB Repository and reload related GeoRaster PL/SQL packages. In this case, follow these steps
Install Oracle XML DB Repository.
For information about installing and uninstalling Oracle XML DB Repository, see Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide.
Go to the
Connect to the database as
SYS AS SYSDBA.
Enter the following SQL statements:
ALTER SESSION SET CURRENT_SCHEMA=MDSYS; @prvtgrs.plb @sdogrxml.sql
Effective with Release 11.2, the SYS.XMLTABLEINDEX index type is deprecated, and therefore the Spatial WFS and CSW
createXMLTableIndex methods create indexes of type XDB.XMLINDEX instead of type SYS.XMLTABLEINDEX as in previous releases. However, if you have data from a previous release that was indexed using one or more SYS.XMLTABLEINDEX indexes, you must drop the associated indexes before the upgrade and re-create the indexes after the upgrade, as follows:
Using Oracle Database Release 11.1, call the
dropXMLTableIndex method (in
oracle.spatial.wfs.WFSAdmin, as appropriate depending on the application) to drop associated indexes.
Upgrade the database from Release 11.1 to Release 11.2.
Using Oracle Database Release 11.2, call the
oracle.spatial.wfs.WFSAdmin, as appropriate depending on the application) to create indexes that were dropped in step 1.
For information about Spatial and Graph Web Feature Service (WFS) support, see Chapter 15, and especially the following:
createXMLTableIndex method (Section 15.4.1)
dropXMLTableIndex method (Section 15.4.3)
getIsXMLTableIndexCreated method (Section 15.4.4)
idxPaths parameters of the
publishFeatureType method (Section 15.4.7)
setXMLTableIndexInfo method (Section 15.4.10)
For information about Spatial and Graph Catalog Services for the Web (CSW) support, see Chapter 16, and especially the following:
If you need to support geometries with more than 1,048,576 ordinates, you must follow the instructions in this section. However, doing so involves significant extra work (running a script, migrating existing spatial data), some database downtime , and some considerations and restrictions. Therefore, you should not perform the actions in this section unless you need to.
To increase the size of ordinate arrays to support geometries with up to 10M ordinates, follow these steps:
Ensure that no users are using any spatial tables or Oracle Spatial and Graph or Locator features.
Connect to the database as the SYS user with SYSDBA privileges (SYS AS SYSDBA, and enter the SYS account password when prompted).
Enter the following statement:
One of the actions of the
sdoupggeom.sql script is to automatically migrate all spatial data to accommodate the new SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY definition. This script may take a long time to complete, and the amount of time will depend on the amount of spatial data that exists in the database.
After you perform these steps, the following considerations and restrictions apply:
Any existing transportable tablespaces that were created with the old SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY definition will not work.
If an export file was created using the Original Export utility on a database with the old SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY definition, and if that file needs to be imported into a database that is using the new SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY definition, you must specify the
TOID_NOVALIDATE flag with the Original Import utility, as in the following example:
imp scott/<password> file=states.dmp tables=states TOID_NOVALIDATE=MDSYS.SDO_GEOMETRY,MDSYS.SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY,MDSYS.SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY
If you plan to use Oracle Data Pump to import data after
sdoupggeom.sql has been executed on a source database, you must also run
sdoupggeom.sql on the target (destination) database after the import operation.