|Oracle® Database Installation Guide
12c Release 1 (12.1) for Microsoft Windows
|PDF · Mobi · ePub|
This preface contains:
See Also:Oracle Database New Features Guide
The following are changes in Oracle Database Installation Guide for Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1):
Oracle Home User Support for Database
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), Oracle Database supports the use of Oracle Home User, which can be specified at installation time. The Oracle Home User can be a Windows Built-in Account or a standard Windows User Account (not an Administrator account). This account is used for running Windows services for Oracle home. For enhanced security, Oracle recommends that you use a standard Windows User Account (instead of Windows Built-in Account).
"Managing Oracle Home User" section in Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
Oracle ASM File Access Control on Windows
This feature provides access control to separate the roles on Windows. With Oracle database services running as users rather than Local System, the Oracle ASM access control feature must be enabled to support role separation on Windows. In previous releases, this feature was disabled on Windows because all Oracle services run as Local System.
"Oracle Automatic Storage Management File Access Control" in Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
"Managing Oracle ASM File Access Control for Disk Groups" in Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
Oracle Flex ASM
Oracle Flex ASM enables an Oracle ASM instance to run on a separate physical server from the database servers. Any number of Oracle ASM servers can be clustered to support much larger number of database clients.
Oracle Database instances can be set up as clients to Oracle Flex ASM where metadata is provided to the database instance by an Oracle Flex ASM instance that may be on a different node than the database instance.
Note that Oracle Flex ASM can apply to a collection of databases, each one a single instance but running in a Flex ASM Cluster.
See Also:Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for more information about Oracle Flex ASM
Deinstallation Tool Integrated with Installation Media
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), the deinstallation tool is integrated with the database installation media and is no longer provided on a separate installation media.
Simplified Oracle Label Security Installation
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), Oracle Label Security is installed by default as part of the Oracle Database installation. You can no longer select Oracle Label Security as a custom component during an Enterprise Edition database installation.
Simplified Oracle Database Vault Installation
Starting with Oracle Database 12c, Oracle Database Vault is installed by default as part of the Oracle Database installation. However, you can configure, enable, or disable Oracle Database Vault after the Oracle Database installation, either using Oracle DBCA, or by running SQL statements as described in the "Disabling and Enabling Oracle Database Vault" section in Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide.
See Also:"Registering Oracle Database Vault with an Oracle Database" in Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide
Unified Database Audit Configuration
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), you can create named audit policies. An audit policy contains a set of audit options and it is stored in the database as an object. The advantage of creating a named audit policy is that it reduces the number of commands that are required to create a database audit policy, and it simplifies the implementation of an audit configuration for security and compliance with conditional auditing.
This new audit policy framework is included with the database installation.
See Also:"Auditing Activities with Unified Audit Policies and the AUDIT Statement" in Oracle Database Security Guide
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express 12c
Oracle Database 12c introduces Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express 12c, a web-based management tool built into Oracle Database without any need for special installation or management. Using Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express, you can perform basic administrative tasks such as user, performance, memory, and space management. You can also view performance and status information about your database.
"Introduction to Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express" in Oracle Database 2 Day DBA
Note that starting with Oracle Database 12c, Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control is no longer available. See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for more information.
Support for Separation of Database Administration Duties
Oracle Database 12c provides support for separation of database administration duties for Oracle Database by introducing task-specific and least-privileged administrative privileges that do not require the SYSDBA administrative privilege. These new privileges are: SYSBACKUP for backup and recovery, SYSDG for Oracle Data Guard, and SYSKM for encryption key management.
"Creating Job Role Separation Operating System Privileges Groups and Users" in Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide
"Database Administrator Authentication" in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
"Managing Administrative Privileges" in Oracle Database Advanced Security Administrator's Guide
Oracle DBCA Support for CDBs and PDBs
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), Oracle Database Configuration Assistant (Oracle DBCA) allows you to create either a non-CDB or a multitenant container database (CDB). You can create the CDB with zero, one, or more user-created pluggable databases (PDBs).
You can also create a CDB with one PDB during database installation.
The "Specify Database Identifiers" screen in "Oracle Universal Installer Windows"
"About Common Users and Local Users", "Managing Common Roles and Local Roles", and "Managing Commonly and Locally Granted Privileges" in Oracle Database Security Guide for information on users, roles, and privileges in a CDB and PDB
"Overview of Managing a Multitenant Environment" in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
Support for NFS Version in Direct NFS Client
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), you can specify the NFS protocol version to be used by the Direct NFS Client.
See Also:"Enabling Direct NFS Client."
Configuring the OraClrAgnt Service for Oracle Database Extensions for .NET
Starting with Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1), after installation you use the
OraClrCtl.exe utility to create, start, stop, and delete the OraClrAgnt service.
The following features are deprecated in this release, and may be desupported in a future release. See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for a complete list of deprecated features in this release.
Change for Standalone Deinstallation Tool
The deinstallation tool is now integrated with the database installation media.
-cleanupOBase flag of the deinstallation tool is deprecated in this release. There is no replacement for this flag.
Windows NTS Authentication Using the NTLM Protocol
The NTS authentication adapter no longer supports the use of the NT Lan Manager (NTLM) protocol to authenticate Windows domain users. Thus the NTS adapter cannot be used to authenticate users in old Windows NT domains or domains with old Windows NT domain controllers. However, local connections and Oracle Database services running as a Windows Local User continue to be authenticated using NTLM.
Deprecation Announcement for Oracle Restart
Oracle Restart is a feature provided as part of Oracle Grid Infrastructure. Oracle Restart monitors and can restart Oracle Database instances, Oracle Net Listeners, and Oracle ASM instances. Oracle Restart is currently restricted to manage single instance Oracle Databases and Oracle ASM instances only, and is subject to desupport in future releases. Oracle continues to provide Oracle ASM as part of the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation for standalone and cluster deployments.
The following features are no longer supported by Oracle. See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for a complete list of desupported features in this release.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
CLEANUP_ORACLE_BASE Property Removed
Oracle COM Automation
Oracle Objects for OLE
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor