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Oracle® Label Security Administrator's Guide
12c Release 1 (12.1)

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E Oracle Label Security PL/SQL Packages

This appendix provides the syntax for the Oracle Label Security PL/SQL packages.

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN Oracle Label Security Auditing PL/SQL Package

If you are not using unified auditing, then you can use the packages that are described in this section to configure auditing that is specific to Oracle Label Security. If you are using unified auditing, then see Oracle Database Security Guide for information about creating unified audit policies for Oracle Label Security. In a unified auditing environment, no new audit records will be generated as a result of setting the procedures that are described in this section.

After you have enabled systemwide auditing, you can use SA_AUDIT_ADMIN PL/SQL package procedures to enable or disable Oracle Label Security auditing. To use this package, you must be granted the policy_DBA role (for example, HR_OLS_POL_DBA for a role for the hr_ols_pol policy) and the EXECUTE privilege for the SA_AUDIT_ADMIN package.

Table E-1 lists the SA_AUDIT_ADMIN PL/SQL package procedures.

Table E-1 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN PL/SQL Package Contents

Procedure Description

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT Procedure

Enables policy-specific auditing. Auditing of each policy is independent of the others

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL Procedure

Shows whether labels are being recorded in audit records for the policy

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL_ENABLED Function

Shows whether labels are being recorded in audit records for the policy

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.CREATE_VIEW Procedure

Creates an audit trail view named DBA_policyname_AUDIT_TRAIL, which contains the specified policy's label column as well as all the entries in the audit trail written on behalf of this policy

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.DROP_VIEW Procedure

Drops the audit trail view (created by the SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.CREATE_VIEW procedure) for the specified policy

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT Procedure

Disables Oracle Label Security policy-specific auditing

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT_LABEL Procedure

Disables the auditing of policy labels


See Also:

"Organizing the Duties of Oracle Label Security Administrators" for information about the policy_DBA role

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT Procedure

The SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT procedure enables policy-specific auditing. Auditing of each policy is independent of the others. The audit records capture Oracle Label Security administrative actions and the use of Oracle Label Security privileges that were used during logons, DML executions, and trusted stored procedure invocatons.

Syntax

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT (
     policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
     users           IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
     audit_option    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
     audit_type      IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
     success         IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-2 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

users

Optional. A comma-delimited list of user names to audit, as follows:

  • If you are auditing OLS administrative actions, then ensure that the users you enter have the policy_DBA role and the EXECUTE privilege for the Oracle Label Security packages.

  • If you are auditing the use of OLS privileges, then these users do not need to be OLS administrators.

  • If you do not specify any users, then all users are audited.

To find users who have privileges to modify Oracle Label Security policies, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USERS view.

audit_option

Optional. A comma-delimited list of options to be audited. Options are as follows:

  • APPLY: Audits application of specified Oracle Label Security policies to tables and schemas

  • REMOVE: Audits removal of specified Oracle Label Security policies from tables and schemas

  • SET: Audits the setting of user authorizations, and user and program privileges

  • PRIVILEGES: Audits use of all policy-specific privileges

If not specified, then all default options (that is, options not including privileges) are audited. Audit options for privileged operations should be set explicitly by specifying the PRIVILEGES option, which sets audit options for all privileges.

audit_type

Optional. BY ACCESS or BY SESSION. If not specified, then audit records are written BY SESSION.

success

Optional. SUCCESSFUL if the action was successful, or NOT SUCCESSFUL. If not specified, then audit is written for both.


Examples

The following example audits any failed APPLY and REMOVE attempts by the users psmith and rlayton.

BEGIN
 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  users            => 'jjones, rlayton',
  audit_option     => 'apply, remove',
  audit_type       => 'by access',
  success          => 'not successful');
END;
/

If the you do not specify any audit options, then all options except the privilege-related ones are audited. You must specify the auditing of privileges explicitly. For example, if you enter the following statement, then the default options are set for the hr_ols_pol policy:

EXEC SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT ('hr_ols_pol');

When you enable auditing, it will be performed on all users by session, whether their actions are successful or not.

When you set auditing parameters and options, the new values apply only to subsequent sessions, not to the current session.

Consider also a case in which one SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT call (with no users specified) enables auditing for APPLY operations for all users, and then a second call enables auditing of REMOVE operations for a specific user. For example:

EXEC SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT ('hr_ols_pol', null, 'apply');
EXEC SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT ('hr_ols_pol', 'scott', 'remove');

In this case, SCOTT is audited for both APPLY and REMOVE operations.

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL Procedure

Use the SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL procedure to record policy labels during auditing. It causes the user's session label to be stored in the audit table.

Syntax

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL (
     policy_name     IN VARCHAR2);

Parameter

Table E-3 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example writes output indicating whether the Oracle Label Security labels are being audited for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol');
END;
/

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL_ENABLED Function

The SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL_ENABLED function shows whether labels are being recorded in audit records for the policy.

Syntax

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL_ENABLED ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2)
RETURN BOOLEAN;

Parameters

Table E-4 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL_ENABLED Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example writes output indicating whether the Oracle Label Security labels are being audited for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
BEGIN 
 IF SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT_LABEL_ENABLED('hr_ols_pol')  
  THEN DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('OLS hr_ols_pol labels are being audited.');
 ELSE 
  DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('OLS hr_ols_pol labels not being audited.'); 
 END IF; 
END;
/

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.CREATE_VIEW Procedure

The SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.CREATE_VIEW procedure creates an audit trail view named DBA_policyname_AUDIT_TRAIL, which contains the specified policy's label column as well as all the entries in the audit trail written on behalf of this policy. If the view name exceeds the database limit of 30 characters, then the user can optionally specify a shorter view name.

See Also:

"Oracle Label Security User-Created Auditing View" to find the columns that are contained in the DBA_policyname_AUDIT_TRAIL view

Syntax

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.CREATE_VIEW (
     policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
     view_name       IN VARCHAR2    DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-5 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.CREATE_VIEW Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

view_name

Optional. Specifies the name of the view name. If you omit this setting, then the name defaults to DBA_policyname_AUDIT_TRAIL.


Examples

The following example creates a view called hr_ols_pol_view for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.CREATE_VIEW(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  view_name        => 'hr_ols_pol_view');
END;
/

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.DROP_VIEW Procedure

The SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.DROP_VIEW procedure drops the audit trail view for the specified policy.

Syntax

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.DROP_VIEW (
     policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
     view_name       IN VARCHAR2    DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-6 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.DROP_VIEW Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

view_name

Specifies an existing view's name. You can find this view by first querying the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view to find the name of the policy on which the view was based, and then querying ALL_VIEWS data dictionary view to find any views that have the name of the policy.


Example

The following example drops the view called hr_ols_pol_view from the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.DROP_VIEW(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  view_name        => 'hr_ols_pol_view');
END;
/

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT Procedure

The SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT procedure disables Oracle Label Security policy-specific auditing.

Syntax

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT (
     policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
     users           IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
     audit_option    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-7 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NO_AUDIT Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

users

Optional. A comma-delimited list of users who were audited. If not specified, then auditing is disabled for all users.

To find users who have privileges to modify Oracle Label Security policies, query the USER_NAME column of the ALL_SA_AUDIT_OPTIONS view.

audit_option

Optional. A comma-delimited list of options to be disabled. Options are as follows:

  • APPLY: Audits application of specified Oracle Label Security policies to tables and schemas

  • REMOVE: Audits removal of specified Oracle Label Security policies from tables and schemas

  • SET: Audits the setting of user authorizations, and user and program privileges

  • PRIVILEGES: Audits use of all policy-specific privileges

If not specified, then all default options are disabled. Privileges must be disabled explicitly.


Examples

The following example disables auditing for failed APPLY and REMOVE attempts by the users psmith and rlayton.

BEGIN
 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  users            => 'jjones',
  audit_option     => 'apply, remove');
END;
/

You can disable auditing for all enabled options, or only for a subset of enabled options. All auditing for the specified options is disabled for all specified users (or all users, if the users parameter is NULL). For example, the following statement disables auditing of the APPLY and REMOVE operations for users John, Mary, and Scott:

EXEC SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT ('HR', 'JOHN, MARY, SCOTT', 'APPLY, REMOVE');

Consider also a case in which one AUDIT call enables auditing for a specific user, and a second call (with no user specified) enables auditing for all users. For example:

EXEC SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT ('HR', 'SCOTT');
EXEC SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.AUDIT ('HR');

In this case, a subsequent call to NOAUDIT with no users specified (such as the following statement) does not reverse the auditing that was set for SCOTT explicitly in the first call. So, auditing continues to be performed on SCOTT.

EXEC SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT ('HR');

In this way, even if SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT is set for all users, Oracle Label Security still audits any users for whom auditing was explicitly set.

Auditing of privileged operations must be specified explicitly. If you run SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT with no options, the Oracle Label Security will nonetheless continue to audit privileged operations. For example, if auditing is enabled and you enter

EXEC SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT ('HR');

then auditing will continue to be performed on the privileged operations (such as WRITEDOWN).

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT parameters and options that you set apply only to subsequent sessions, not to current sessions.

If you try to enable an audit option that has already been set, or if you try to disable an audit option that has not been set, then Oracle Label Security processes the statement without indicating an error. An attempt to specify an invalid option results in an error message. You can find the status of audit options by querying the ALL_SA_AUDIT_OPTIONS data dictionary view.

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT_LABEL Procedure

The SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT_LABEL procedure disables the auditing of policy labels.

Syntax

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT_LABEL (
   policy_name     IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-8 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NO_AUDIT_LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example disables auditing for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_AUDIT_ADMIN.NOAUDIT_LABEL(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS Label Components PL/SQL Package

Table E-9 lists the SA_COMPONENTS PL/SQL package procedures, which you can use to manage the component definitions of an Oracle Label Security label. To use this package, you must be granted the policy_DBA role (for example, HR_OLS_POL_DBA for a role for the hr_ols_pol policy) and the EXECUTE privilege on the SA_COMPONENTS package.

Table E-9 SA_COMPONENTS PL/SQL Package Contents

Procedure Description

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT Procedure

Modifies a compartment

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP Procedure

Modifies a group

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT Procedure

Modifies a group parent

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL Procedure

Modifies a level

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_COMPARTMENT Procedure

Creates a compartment

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP Procedure

Creates a group

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_LEVEL Procedure

Creates a level

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT Procedure

Removes a compartment

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP Procedure

Removes a group

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL Procedure

Removes a level


SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT procedure to change the short name and long name associated with a compartment.

Once set, the comp_num parameter cannot be changed. If the comp_num parameter is used in any existing label, then its short name cannot be changed but its long name can be changed.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   comp_num          IN NUMBER(38),
   new_short_name    IN VARCHAR2,
   new_long_name     IN VARCHAR2);

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_long_name     IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-10 SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

comp_num

Specifies the number of the compartment to be altered. To find a list of existing compartment numbers, query the COMP_NUM column of the ALL_SA_COMPARTMENTS view.

short_name

Specifies the short name of the compartment to be altered (up to 30 characters). To find the current compartment, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_COMPARTMENTS view.

new_short_name

Specifies the new short name of the compartment (up to 30 characters)

new_long_name

Specifies the new long name of the compartment (up to 80 characters).


Example

The following example modifies the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT (
   policy_name         => 'hr_ols_pol',
   comp_num            => '48',
   new_short_name      => 'FIN',
   new_long_name       => 'FINANCE');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP procedure to change the short name and long name associated with a group.

Once set, the group_num parameter cannot be changed. If the group is used in any existing label, then its short name cannot be changed, but its long name can be changed.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP (
   policy_name    IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num      IN NUMBER(38),
   new_short_name IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_long_name  IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP (
   policy_name    IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   new_long_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-11 SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

group_num

Specifies the existing group number to be altered. To find existing group numbers, query the GROUP_NUM column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

short_name

Specifies the existing group short name to be altered. To find existing short names, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

new_short_name

Specifies the new short name for the group (up to 30 characters)

new_long_name

Specifies the new long name for the group (up to 80 characters)


Example

The following example modifies the long_name setting for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   short_name      => 'ER_FIN',
   new_long_name   => 'ER_FINANCES');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT Procedure

The SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT procedure changes the parent group associated with a particular group.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT (
   policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num       IN NUMBER(38),
   new_parent_num  IN NUMBER(38));

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT (
   policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num       IN NUMBER(38),
   new_parent_name IN VARCHAR2);

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT (
   policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name      IN VARCHAR2,
   new_parent_name IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-12 SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

group_num

Specifies the existing group number to be altered. To find existing group numbers, query the GROUP_NUM column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

short_name

Specifies the existing group short name to be altered. To find existing short names, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

new_parent_num

Specifies the number of an existing group as the parent group. To find existing parent groups, query the PARENT_NUM column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

new_parent_name

Specifies the short name of an existing group as the parent group. To find existing groups, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.


Example

The following example modifies the parent name for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT (
   policy_name         => 'hr_ols_pol',
   group_num           => 2100,
   new_parent_name     => 'ER');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL procedure to change the short name and long name associated with a level.

Once they are defined, level numbers cannot be changed. If a level is used in any existing label, then its short name cannot be changed, but its long name can be changed.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL (
   policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   level_num       IN NUMBER(38),
   new_short_name  IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_long_name   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL (
   policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name      IN VARCHAR2,
   new_long_name   IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-13 SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy, which much exist. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

level_num

Specifies the number of the level to be altered. To find existing levels, query the LEVEL_NUM column of the ALL_SA_LEVELS view.

short_name

Specifies the existing short name of the level. To find existing level short names, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_LEVELS view.

new_short_name

Specifies the new short name for the level (up to 30 characters)

new_long_name

Specifies the new long name for the level (up to 80 characters)


Example

The following example modifies the short and long names for the hr_ols_pol policy level.

BEGIN
 SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   level_num       => 40,
   new_short_name  => 'TS',
   new_long_name   => 'TOP_SECRET');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_COMPARTMENT Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_COMPARTMENT procedure to create a compartment and specify its short name and long name. The comp_num parameter determines the order in which compartments are listed in the character string representation of labels.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_COMPARTMENT (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   comp_num    IN NUMBER(38),
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2,
   long_name   IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-14 SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_COMPARTMENT Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

comp_num

Specifies the compartment number (0-9999)

short_name

Specifies the short name for the compartment (up to 30 characters)

long_name

Specifies the long name for the compartment (up to 80 characters)


Example

The following example creates a compartment for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_COMPARTMENT (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   comp_num        => '48',
   short_name      => 'FIN',
   long_name       => 'FINANCE');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP procedure to create a group and specify its short name and long name, and optionally a parent group.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num   IN NUMBER(38),
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2,
   long_name   IN VARCHAR2,
   parent_name IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-15 SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

group_num

Specifies the group number (0-9999)

short_name

Specifies the short name for the group (up to 30 characters)

long_name

Specifies the long name for the group (up to 80 characters)

parent_name

Specifies the short name of an existing group as the parent group. If NULL, then the group is a top-level group.


Note that the group number affects the order in which groups will be displayed when labels are selected.

Examples

In the following examples, the first creates a parent group, ER, and the second creates a second group that is part of the parent group.

BEGIN
  SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   group_num       => 2000,
   short_name      => 'ER',
   long_name       => 'EAST_REGION');
END;
/
 
BEGIN
  SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   group_num       => 2100,
   short_name      => 'ER_FIN',
   long_name       => 'ER_FINANCES',
   parent_name     => 'ER');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_LEVEL Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_LEVEL procedure to create a level and specify its short name and long name. The numeric values assigned to the level_num parameter determine the sensitivity ranking (that is, a lower number indicates less sensitive data).

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_LEVEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   level_num         IN NUMBER(38),
   short_name        IN VARCHAR2,
   long_name         IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-16 SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_LEVEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy, which must exist. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

level_num

Specifies the level number (0-9999)

short_name

Specifies the short name for the level (up to 30 characters)

long_name

Specifies the long name for the level (up to 80 characters)


Example

The following example creates a level for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_LEVEL (
   policy_name   => 'hr_ols_pol',
   level_num     => 40,
   short_name    => 'HS',
   long_name     => 'HIGHLY_SENSITIVE');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT procedure to remove a compartment. If the compartment is used in any existing label, then it cannot be dropped. You can find all existing labels by querying the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_DATA_LABELS data dictionary view.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   comp_num    IN INTEGER);

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-17 SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

comp_num

Specifies the number of an existing compartment for the policy. To find existing compartment numbers, query the COMP_NUM column of the DBA_SA_COMPARTMENTS view.

short_name

Specifies the short name of an existing compartment for the policy. To find existing compartment short names, query the SHORT_NAME column of the DBA_SA_COMPARTMENTS view.


Example

The following example removes the FIN compartment from the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   short_name      => 'FIN');
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP procedure to remove a group. If the group is used in an existing label, it cannot be dropped.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num   IN NUMBER(38));

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-18 SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

group_num

Specifies the number of an existing group for the policy. To find existing group numbers, query the GROUP_NUM column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

short_name

Specifies the short name of an existing group. To find existing group short names, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.


Example

The following example removes a group based on the group number for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   group_num       => 2000);
END;
/

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL Procedure

Use the SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL procedure to remove a level. If the level is used in any existing label, then it cannot be dropped.

Syntax

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   level_num   IN NUMBER(38));

SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-19 SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy, which much exist. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

level_num

Specifies the number of an existing level for the policy. To find existing level numbers, query the LEVEL_NUM column of the ALL_SA_LEVELS view.

short_name

Specifies the short name for the level (up to 30 characters). To find existing level short names, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_LEVELS view.


Example

The following example drops the level 40 from the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   level_num       => 40);
END;
/

SA_LABEL_ADMIN Label Management PL/SQL Package

The SA_LABEL_ADMIN PL/SQL package provides an administrative interface to manage the labels used by a policy. To use this package, you must be granted the policy_DBA role (for example, HR_OLS_POL_DBA for a role for the hr_ols_pol policy) and the EXECUTE privilege on the SA_LABEL_ADMIN package.

Table E-20 lists the SA_LABEL_ADMIN package procedures.

Table E-20 SA_LABEL_ADMIN PL/SQL Package Contents

Procedure Description

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL Procedure

Alters an existing label

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL Procedure

Creates a data label

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL Procedure

Removes a label


SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL Procedure

The SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL procedure changes the character string label definition associated with a label tag. Note that the label tag itself cannot be changed.

If you change the character string associated with a label tag, then the sensitivity of the data in the rows changes accordingly. For example, if the label character string TS:A with an associated label tag value of 4001 is changed to the label TS:B, then access to the data changes accordingly. This is true even when the label tag value (4001) has not changed. In this way, you can change the data's sensitivity without the need to update all the rows.

Ensure that when you specify a label to alter, you can refer to it either by its label tag or by its character string value.

Syntax

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   label_tag         IN BINARY_INTEGER,
   new_label_value   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_data_label    IN BOOLEAN  DEFAULT NULL);

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   label_value       IN VARCHAR2,
   new_label_value   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_data_label    IN BOOLEAN  DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-21 SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the name of an existing policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label_tag

Identifies the integer tag assigned to the label to be altered. To find existing label tags, query the LABEL_TAG column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.

label_value

Identifies the existing character string representation of the label to be altered. To find the existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.

new_label_value

Specifies the new character string representation of the label value. If NULL, the existing value is not changed.

new_data_label

TRUE if the label can be used to label row data. If NULL, the existing value is not changed.


Example

The following example modifies the label_tag and label_value settings of hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL (
   policy_name       => 'hr_ols_pol',
   label_tag         => 1111,
   new_label_value   => 'HS',
   new_data_label    => TRUE);
END;
/

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL Procedure

The SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL procedure creates data labels.

Syntax

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   label_tag   IN BINARY_INTEGER,
   label_value IN VARCHAR2,
   data_label  IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT TRUE);

Parameters

Table E-22 SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the name of an existing policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label_tag

Specifies a unique integer value representing the sort order of the label, relative to other policy labels (0-99999999). This value must be 1 to 8 digits long.

label_value

Specifies the character string representation of the label to be created. Use the short name of the level, compartment, and group. You can find these values by querying the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_LEVELS, ALL_SA_COMPARTMENTS, and ALL_SA_GROUPS views.

data_label

TRUE if the label can be used to label row data. Use this to define the label as valid for data.


When you identify valid labels, you specify which of all the possible combinations of levels, compartments, and groups can potentially be used to label data in tables.

Example

The following example creates a label for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   label_tag       => 1111,
   label_value     => 'HS:FIN',
   data_label      => TRUE);
END;
/

Note:

If you create a new label by using the TO_DATA_LABEL procedure, then a system-generated label tag of 10 digits is generated automatically.

However, when Oracle Label Security is installed to work with Oracle Internet Directory, dynamic label generation is not permitted, because labels are managed centrally in Oracle Internet Directory, using olsadmintool commands. Refer to Appendix C, "Command-line Tools for Label Security Using Oracle Internet Directory".

So, when Oracle Label Security is directory-enabled, the TO_DATA_LABEL function is not available and will generate an error message if used.

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL Procedure

The SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL procedure deletes a specified policy label. Any subsequent reference to the label (in data rows, or in user or program unit labels) will raise an invalid label error.

Use this procedure only while setting up labels, prior to data population. If you should inadvertently drop a label that is being used, you can recover it by disabling the policy, fixing the problem, and then re-enabling the policy.

Syntax

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   label_tag         IN BINARY_INTEGER);

SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   label_value       IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-23 SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the name of an existing policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label_tag

Specifies the integer tag assigned to the label to be dropped. To find existing label tags, query the LABEL_TAG column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.

label_value

Specifies the string value of the label to be dropped. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.


Caution:

Do not drop a label that is in use anywhere in the database.

Example

The following example drops the hr_ols_pol policy label based on its label_tag setting.

BEGIN
  SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   label_tag       => 1111);
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN Policy Administration PL/SQL Package

Table E-24 describes the SA_POLICY_ADMIN PL/SQL package procedures, which you can use to manage Oracle Label Security policies as a whole. To use this package, you must be granted the policy_DBA role (for example, HR_OLS_POL_DBA for a role for the hr_ols_pol policy) and the EXECUTE privilege for the SA_POLICY_ADMIN package.

Table E-24 SA_POLICY_ADMIN PL/SQL Package Contents

Procedure Description

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ALTER_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

Changes the default enforcement options for the policy

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

Applies the specified policy to all of the existing tables in a schema (that is, to those that do not already have the policy applied) and enables the policy for these tables

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_TABLE_POLICY Procedure

Adds the specified policy to a table

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

Disables the enforcement of the policy for all of the tables in the specified schema, without changing the enforcement options, labeling function, or predicate values

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_TABLE_POLICY Procedure

Disables the enforcement of the policy for the specified table without changing the enforcement options, labeling function, or predicate values

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

Reenables the current enforcement options, labeling function, and predicate for the tables in the specified schema by re-applying the RLS predicate and DML triggers

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_TABLE_POLICY Procedure

Reenables the current enforcement options, labeling function, and predicate for the specified table by reapplying the RLS predicate and DML triggers

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_SUBSCRIBE Procedure

For an Oracle Internet Directory configuration, subscribes to the policy for usage in APPLY_TABLE_POLICY and APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_UNSUBSCRIBE Procedure

For an Oracle Internet Directory, unsubscribes from the policy for usage in APPLY_TABLE_POLICY and APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

Removes the specified policy from a schema

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_TABLE_POLICY Procedure

Removes the specified policy from a table


SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ALTER_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ALTER_SCHEMA_POLICY procedure changes the default enforcement options for the policy. Any new tables created in the schema will automatically have the new enforcement options applied. The existing tables in the schema are not affected.

To change enforcement options on a table (rather than a schema), you must first drop the policy from the table, make the change, and then reapply the policy.

If you alter the enforcement options on a schema, then this will take effect the next time a table is created in the schema. As a result, different tables within a schema may have different policy enforcement options in force.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ALTER_SCHEMA_POLICY (
  policy_name         IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name         IN VARCHAR2,
  default_options     IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-25 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ALTER_SCHEMA Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table. To find existing schemas associated with this policy, query the POLICY_NAME and SCHEMA_NAME columns of the ALL_SA_TABLE_POLICIES view.

default_options

The default options to be used for new tables in the schema. Separate each option with a comma.

See Table 8-2 for a listing of the default enforcement options.


Examples

The following example adds the UPDATE_CONTROL default option to the HR schema.

BEGIN 
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ALTER_SCHEMA_POLICY(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name      => 'HR',
  default_options  => 'read_control, write_control, update_control');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY procedure applies the specified policy to all of the existing tables in a schema (that is, to those which do not already have the policy applied) and enables the policy for these tables. Then, whenever a new table is created in the schema, the policy is automatically applied to that table, using the schema's default options. No changes are made to existing tables in the schema that already have the policy applied.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY (
  policy_name        IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name        IN VARCHAR2,
  default_options    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-26 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table to protect

default_options

The default options to be used for tables in the schema. Separate each option with a comma. If the default_options parameter is NULL, then the policy's default options will be used to apply the policy to the tables in the schema.

See Table 8-2 for a listing of the default enforcement options.


Example

The following example applies the READ_CONTROL and WRITE_CONTROL options to the HR schema.

BEGIN 
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name      => 'HR',
  default_options  => 'read_control, write_control');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_TABLE_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_TABLE_POLICY procedure adds the specified policy to a table. A policy label column is added to the table if it does not exist, and is set to NULL. When a policy is applied, it is automatically enabled. To change the table options, labeling function, or predicate, you must first remove the policy, and then reapply it.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_TABLE_POLICY (
  policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name       IN VARCHAR2,
  table_name        IN VARCHAR2,
  table_options     IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  label_function    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  predicate         IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-27 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_TABLE_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table that the policy protects

table_name

The table to be protected by the policy

table_options

A comma-delimited list of policy enforcement options to be used for the table. If NULL, then the policy's default options are used.

See Table 8-2 for a listing of the default enforcement options.

label_function

A string calling a function to return a label value to use as the default. For example, my_label(:new.dept,:new.status) computes the label based on the new values of the DEPT and STATUS columns in the row.

predicate

An additional predicate to combine (using AND or OR) with the label-based predicate for READ_CONTROL


Example

The following statement applies the hr_ols_pol policy to the EMPLOYEES table in the HR schema.

BEGIN
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_TABLE_POLICY(
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name    => 'HR',
  table_name     => 'EMPLOYEES',
  table_options  => NULL,
  label_function => 'hs(:new.dept,:new.status)',
  predicate      => 'no_control');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY procedure disables the enforcement of the policy for all of the tables in the specified schema, without changing the enforcement options, labeling function, or predicate values. It removes the row level security predicate and DML triggers from all the tables in the schema.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY (
  policy_name    IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name    IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-28 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table for this policy. To find this schema, query the POLICY_NAME and SCHEMA_NAME columns of the ALL_SA_TABLE_POLICIES view.


Example

The following example disables the hr_ols_pol policy for the HR schema.

BEGIN
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name      => 'HR');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_TABLE_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_TABLE_POLICY procedure disables the enforcement of the policy for the specified table without changing the enforcement options, labeling function, or predicate values. It removes the row level security predicate and DML triggers from the table.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_TABLE_POLICY (
  policy_name      IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name      IN VARCHAR2,
  table_name       IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-29 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_TABLE_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table. To find this schema, query the POLICY_NAME and SCHEMA_NAME columns of the ALL_SA_TABLE_POLICIES view.

table_name

The table in the schema specified by schema_name. To find this table, query the POLICY_NAME, SCHEMA_NAME, and TABLE_NAME columns of the ALL_SA_TABLE_POLICIES view.


Example

The following statement disables the hr_ols_pos policy on the EMPLOYEES table in the HR schema:

BEGIN
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.DISABLE_TABLE_POLICY(
  policy_name   => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name   => 'HR',
  table_name    => 'EMPLOYEES');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY procedure reenables the current enforcement options, labeling function, and predicate for the tables in the specified schema by re-applying the row level security predicate and DML triggers. The result is similar to enabling a policy for a table, but it covers all the tables in the schema.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY (
  policy_name    IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name    IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-30 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies and their status, query the POLICY_NAME and STATUS columns of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table. To find this schema, query the POLICY_NAME and SCHEMA_NAME columns of the ALL_SA_TABLE_POLICIES view.


Example

The following example enables the hr_ols_pol policy for the HR schema.

BEGIN
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_SCHEMA_POLICY(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name      => 'HR');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_TABLE_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_TABLE_POLICY procedure reenables the current enforcement options, labeling function, and predicate for the specified table by reapplying the row level security predicate and DML triggers.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_TABLE_POLICY (
  policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  table_name      IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-31 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_TABLE_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. POLICY_NAME and STATUS columns of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table. To find this schema, query the POLICY_NAME and SCHEMA_NAME columns of the ALL_SA_TABLE_POLICIES view.

table_name

The table in the schema specified by schema_name. To find this table, query the POLICY_NAME, SCHEMA_NAME, and TABLE_NAME columns of the ALL_SA_TABLE_POLICIES view.


Example

The following statement reenables the hr_ols_pol policy on the EMPLOYEES table in the HR schema:

BEGIN 
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.ENABLE_TABLE_POLICY(
  policy_name   => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name   => 'HR',
  table_name    => 'EMPLOYEES');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_SUBSCRIBE Procedure

In an Oracle Internet Directory-enabled Oracle Label Security configuration, the SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_SUBSCRIBE procedure subscribes to the policy for usage in SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_TABLE_POLICY and SA_POLICY_ADMIN.APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY. You must call this procedure for a policy before that policy can be applied to a table or schema. Subscribing is needed only once, not for each use of the policy in a table or schema.

You cannot drop any subscribed policy unless it has been removed from any table or schema to which it was applied, and then unsubscribed.

Syntax

SA_POLICY.POLICY_SUBSCRIBE(
  policy_name     IN VARCHAR2);

Parameter

Table E-32 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_SUBSCRIBE Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Note:

This procedure must be used before policy usage only in the case of Oracle Internet Directory-enabled Oracle Label Security configuration. In the standalone Oracle Label Security case, the policy can be used in APPLY_TABLE_POLICY and APPLY_SCHEMA_POLICY directly without the need to subscribe.

Example

The following statement subscribes the database to the hr_ols_pol policy so that it can used by applying on tables and schema.

BEGIN
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_SUBSCRIBE(
  policy_name   => 'hr_ols_pol');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_UNSUBSCRIBE Procedure

In an Oracle Internet Directory enabled Oracle Label Security configuration, the SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_UNSUBSCRIBE procedure unsubscribes to the policy. You can use this procedure only if the policy is not in use; that is, it has not been applied to any table or schema. (If it has been applied to tables or schemas, then it must be removed from all of them before it can be unsubscribed.) A policy can be dropped in Oracle Internet Directory only if is not subscribed in any of the databases that have registered with that Oracle Internet Directory. (See "Drop a Policy" for more information.)

You cannot drop any subscribed policy unless it has been removed from any table or schema to which it was applied, and then unsubscribed.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_UNSUBSCRIBE(
  policy_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Parameter

Table E-33 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_UNSUBSCRIBE Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following statement unsubscribes the database to the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.POLICY_UNSUBSCRIBE(
  policy_name   => 'hr_ols_pol');
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_SCHEMA_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_SCHEMA_POLICY procedure removes the specified policy from a schema. The policy will be removed from all the tables in the schema and, optionally, the label column for the policy will be dropped from all the tables.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_SCHEMA_POLICY (
  policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  drop_column     IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE);

Parameters

Table E-34 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_SCHEMA_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table associated with this policy. To find this schema, query the SCHEMA_NAME of the ALL_SA_SCHEMA_POLICIES view.

drop_column

If TRUE, then the policy's column will be dropped from the tables, otherwise, the column will remain.


Example

The following example drops the human_resource policy's column from the HR schema.

BEGIN
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_SCHEMA_POLICY(
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name      => 'HR',
  drop_column      => TRUE);
END;
/

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_TABLE_POLICY Procedure

The SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_TABLE_POLICY procedure removes the specified policy from a table. The policy predicate and any DML triggers will be removed from the table, and the policy label column can optionally be dropped. Policies can be removed from tables belonging to a schema that is protected by the policy.

Syntax

SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_TABLE_POLICY (
policy_name        IN VARCHAR2,
schema_name        IN VARCHAR2,
table_name         IN VARCHAR2,
drop_column        IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE);

Parameters

Table E-35 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_TABLE_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The schema that contains the table associated with this policy. To find this schema, query the SCHEMA_NAME of the ALL_SA_SCHEMA_POLICIES view.

table_name

The table in the schema specified by schema_name. To find this table query the POLICY_NAME, SCHEMA_NAME, and TABLE_NAME columns of the ALL_SA_TABLE_POLICIES view.

drop_column

Whether the column is to be dropped: if TRUE, then the policy's column will be dropped from the table, otherwise, it will remain


Example

The following statement removes the hr_ols_pol policy from the EMPLOYEES table in the HR schema:

BEGIN
 SA_POLICY_ADMIN.REMOVE_TABLE_POLICY(
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name    => 'HR',
  table_name     => 'EMPLOYEES',
  drop_column    => TRUE);
END;
/

SA_SESSION Session Management PL/SQL Package

Users can change labels during a session within the authorizations set by the administrator. You do not need special privileges to use this package.

Table E-36 lists the SA_SESSION PL/SQL package procedures and functions.

Table E-36 SA_SESSSION PL/SQL Package Contents

Function Description

SA_SESSION.COMP_READ Function

Returns a comma-delimited list of compartments that the user is authorized to read

SA_SESSION.COMP_WRITE Function

Returns a comma-delimited list of compartments that the user is authorized to write.

SA_SESSION.GROUP_READ Function

Returns a comma-delimited list of groups that the user is authorized to read

SA_SESSION.GROUP_WRITE Function

Returns a comma-delimited list of groups that the user is authorized to write.

SA_SESSION.LABEL Function

Returns the label that is associated with the specified Oracle Label Security policy

SA_SESSION.MAX_LEVEL Function

Returns the maximum Oracle Label Security level authorized for the session

SA_SESSION.MAX_READ_LABEL Function

Returns the label string that was used to initialize the user's maximum authorized read label

SA_SESSION.MAX_WRITE_LABEL Function

Returns the label string that was used to initialize the user's minimum authorized write label

SA_SESSION.MIN_LEVEL Function

Returns the minimum level authorized for the session

SA_SESSION.MIN_WRITE_LABEL Function

Returns the minimum write privileges for a label

SA_SESSION.PRIVS Function

Returns the set of current session privileges, in a comma-delimited list

SA_SESSION.RESTORE_DEFAULT_LABELS Procedure

Resets the current session label and row label to the stored default settings

SA_SESSION.ROW_LABEL Function

Returns the name of the row label that is associated with the policy for the current session.

SA_SESSION.SA_USER_NAME Function

Returns the user name associated with the current Oracle Label Security session

SA_SESSION.SAVE_DEFAULT_LABELS Procedure

Lets the user store the current session label and row label as the default for future sessions

SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE Procedure

Sets the Oracle Label Security authorizations and privileges of the database session to those of the specified user

SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL Procedure

Sets a new level and new compartments and groups to which he or she has read access

SA_SESSION.SET_ROW_LABEL Procedure

Set the default row label that will be applied to new rows


See Also:

"SA_UTL PL/SQL Utility Functions and Procedures" for additional functions that return numeric label tags and BOOLEAN values

SA_SESSION.COMP_READ Function

The SA_SESSION.COMP_READ function returns a comma-delimited list of compartments that the user is authorized to read.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.COMP_READ ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-37 SA_SESSION.COMP_READ Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the compartments that the user can read for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.COMP_READ ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL; 

SA_SESSION.COMP_WRITE Function

The SA_SESSION.COMP_WRITE function returns a comma-delimited list of compartments to which the user is authorized to write. This function is a subset of SA_SESSION.COMP_READ.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.COMP_WRITE ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-38 SA_SESSION.COMP_WRITE Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the compartments that the user can modify for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.COMP_WRITE ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.GROUP_READ Function

The SA_SESSION.GROUP_READ function returns a comma-delimited list of groups that the user is authorized to read.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.GROUP_READ ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-39 SA_SESSION.GROUP_READ Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the list of groups that a user can read for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.GROUP_WRITE ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.GROUP_WRITE Function

The SA_SESSION.GROUP_WRITE function returns a comma-delimited list of groups that the user is authorized to write. This function is a subset of SA_SESSION.GROUP_READ.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.GROUP_WRITE ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-40 SA_SESSION.GROUP_WRITE Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the groups the user is authorized to modify for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.GROUP_WRITE ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.LABEL Function

The SA_SESSION.LABEL function returns the label that is associated with the specified policy for the current session.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.LABEL ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-41 SA_SESSION.LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the label that is associated with the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.LABEL ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.MAX_LEVEL Function

The SA_SESSION.MAX_LEVEL function returns the maximum Oracle Label Security level authorized for the session.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.MAX_LEVEL ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-42 SA_SESSION.MAX_LEVEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the maximum Oracle Label Security level that is authorized for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.MAX_LEVEL ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.MAX_READ_LABEL Function

The SA_SESSION.MAX_READ_LABEL function returns the label string that was used to initialize the user's maximum authorized read label. It is composed of the user's maximum level, compartments authorized for read access, and groups authorized for read access.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.MAX_READ_LABEL ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-43 SA_SESSION.MAX_READ_LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the maximum read label privileges for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.MAX_READ_LABEL ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.MAX_WRITE_LABEL Function

The SA_SESSION.MAX_WRITE_LABEL function returns the label string that was used to initialize the user's maximum authorized write label. It is composed of the user's maximum level, compartments authorized for write access, and groups authorized for write access.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.MAX_WRITE_LABEL ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-44 SA_SESSION.MAX_WRITE_LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the maximum write label privileges for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.MAX_WRITE_LABEL ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.MIN_LEVEL Function

The SA_SESSION.MIN_LEVEL function returns the minimum Oracle Label Security level authorized for the session.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.MIN_LEVEL ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-45 SA_SESSION.MIN_LEVEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the current minimum level for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.MIN_LEVEL ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.MIN_WRITE_LABEL Function

The SA_SESSION.MIN_WRITE_LABEL function retrieves the label string that was used to initialize the user's minimum authorized write label. It contains only the level, with no compartments or groups.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.MIN_WRITE_LABEL ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-46 SA_SESSION.MIN_WRITE_LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the maximum write label privileges for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.MIN_WRITE_LABEL ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.PRIVS Function

The SA_SESSION.PRIVS function returns the set of current session privileges, in a comma-delimited list.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.PRIVS ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2) 
RETURN VARCHAR2;

Parameter

Table E-47 SA_SESSION.Privs Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the current session privileges for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.PRIVS ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.RESTORE_DEFAULT_LABELS Procedure

The SA_SESSION.RESTORE_DEFAULT_LABELS procedure restores the session label and row label to those stored in the data dictionary. This command is useful to reset values after a SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL command has been processed.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.RESTORE_DEFAULT_LABELS (
 policy_name in VARCHAR2); 

Parameter

Table E-48 SA_SESSION.RESTORE_DEFAULT_LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example restores the default labels for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_SESSION.RESTORE_DEFAULT_LABELS (
  policy_name         => 'hr_ols_pol');
END;
/

SA_SESSION.ROW_LABEL Function

The SA_SESSION.ROW_LABEL function returns the name of the row label that is associated with the policy for the current session.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.ROW_LABEL ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2)
RETURN VARCHAR2; 

Parameter

Table E-49 SA_SESSION.ROW_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns the row label that is associated with the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.ROW_LABEL ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL Procedure

Use the SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL procedure to set the label of the current database session.

You can set the session label to:

  • Any level equal to or less than the maximum, and equal to or greater than the minimum level

  • Include any compartments in the authorized compartment list

  • Include any groups in the authorized group list. (Subgroups of authorized groups are implicitly included in the authorized list.)

Note that if you change the session label, this change may affect the value of the session's row label. The session's row label contains the subset of compartments and groups for which the user has write access. This may or may not be equivalent to the session label. For example, if you use the SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL procedure to set your current session label to C:A,B:US and you have write access only on the A compartment, then your row label would be set to C:A.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL (
 policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
 label       IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameters

Table E-50 SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label

The value to set as the label


Example

The following example sets the label for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL (
  policy_name         => 'hr_ols_pol',
  label               => 'C:A,B:US');
END;
/

SA_SESSION.SA_USER_NAME Function

The SA_SESSION.SA_USER_NAME function returns the name of the current Oracle Label Security user, as set by the SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE procedure (or as established at login). This is how you can determine the identity of the current user in relation to Oracle Label Security, rather than in relation to your Oracle login name.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.SA_USER_NAME ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2)
RETURN VARCHAR2; 

Parameter

Table E-51 SA_SESSION.SA_USER_NAME Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example finds the name of the Oracle Label Security user for the hr_ols_pol policy.

SELECT SA_SESSION.SA_USER_NAME ('hr_ols_pol') FROM DUAL;

SA_SESSION.SAVE_DEFAULT_LABELS Procedure

The SA_SESSION.SAVE_DEFAULT_LABELS procedure stores the current session label and row label as your initial session label and default row label. It permits you to change your defaults to reflect your current session label and row label. The saved labels will be used as the initial default settings for future sessions.

When you log in to a database, your default session label and row label are used to initialize the session label and row label. When the administrator originally authorized your Oracle Label Security labels, he or she also defined your default level, default compartments, and default groups. If you change your session label and row label, and want to save these values as the default labels, you can use the SA_SESSION.SAVE_DEFAULT_LABELS procedure.

This procedure is useful if you have multiple sessions and want to be sure that all additional sessions have the same labels. You can save the current labels as the default, and all future sessions will have these as the initial labels.

Consider a situation in which you connect to the database through Oracle Forms and want to run a report. By saving the current session labels as the default before you call Oracle Reports, you ensure that Oracle Reports will initialize at the same labels as are being used by Oracle Forms.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.SAVE_DEFAULT_LABELS ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameter

Table E-52 SA_SESSION.SAVE_DEFAULT_LABELS Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example saves the label defaults for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_SESSION.SAVE_DEFAULT_LABELS (
  policy_name       => 'hr_ols_pol');
END;
/

Note:

The SA_SESSION.SAVE_DEFAULT_LABELS procedure overrides the settings established by the administrator.

SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE Procedure

The SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE procedure sets the Oracle Label Security authorizations and privileges of the database session to those of the specified user. (Note that the originating user retains the PROFILE_ACCESS privilege.)

The user executing the SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE procedure must have the PROFILE_ACCESS privilege. Note that the logged-in database user (the Oracle user ID) does not change. That user assumes only the authorizations and privileges of the specified user. By contrast, the Oracle Label Security user name is changed.

This administrative procedure is useful for various tasks:

  • With SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE, you can see the result of the authorization and privilege settings for a particular user.

  • Applications need to have proxy accounts connect as (and assume the identity of) application users, for purposes of accessing labeled data. With the SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE privilege, the proxy account can act on behalf of the application users.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE (
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2
  user_name   IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameters

Table E-53 SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Name of the user whose authorizations and privileges should be assumed (typically, the user associated with this policy). To find this user, query the USER_NAME and POLICY_NAME columns of the DBA_SA_USERS view.


Example

The following example enables user psmith to have Oracle Label Security authorizations and privileges for the database session.

BEGIN
 SA_SESSION.SET_ACCESS_PROFILE (
  policy_name       => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name         => 'jjones');
END;
/

SA_SESSION.SET_ROW_LABEL Procedure

Use the SA_SESSION.SET_ROW_LABEL procedure to set the default row label value for the current database session. The compartments and groups in the label must be a subset of the compartments and groups in the session label to which the user has write access. When the LABEL_DEFAULT option is set, this row label value is used on insert if the user does not explicitly specify the label.

If the SA_SESSION.SET_ROW_LABEL procedure is not used to set the default row label value, then this value is automatically derived from the session label. It contains the level of the session label and the subset of the compartments and groups in the session label for which the user has write authorization.

The row label is automatically reset if the session label changes. For example, if you change your session level from HIGHLY_SENSITIVE to SENSITIVE, then the level component of the row label automatically changes to SENSITIVE.

The user can set the row label independently, but only to include:

  • A level that is less than or equal to the level of the session label, and greater than or equal to the user's minimum level

  • A subset of the compartments and groups from the session label, for which the user is authorized to have write access

If the user tries to set the row label to an invalid value, then the operation is not permitted and the row label value is unchanged.

Syntax

SA_SESSION.SET_ROW_LABEL (
 policy_name   IN VARCHAR2,
 row_label     IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameters

Table E-54 SA_SESSION.SET_ROW_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label

The value to set as the default row label


Example

The following example sets the row label for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_SESSION.SET_ROW_LABEL (
  policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
  label           => 'HR');
END;
/

SA_SYSDBA Policy Management PL/SQL Package

Table E-55 lists the procedures of the SA_SYSDBA package, which you can use to manage Oracle Label Security policies. To use this package, you must be granted the LBAC_DBA role and the EXECUTE privilege on the SA_SYSDBA package.

Table E-55 SA_SYSDBA PL/SQL Package Contents

Procedure Description

SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY Procedure

Modifies an Oracle Label Security policy

SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY Procedure

Creates an Oracle Label Security policy

SA_SYSDBA.DISABLE_POLICY Procedure

Disables an Oracle Label Security policy

SA_SYSDBA.DROP_POLICY Procedure

Drops an Oracle Label Security policy

SA_SYSDBA.ENABLE_POLICY Procedure

Enables an Oracle Label Security policy


SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY Procedure

Use the SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY procedure to set and modify column names associated with the policy.

SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY can only be used to change column name for policies that are not applied on any user tables or schemas. Otherwise, this error appears:

12474, 00000, "cannot change column name for a policy in use"

Syntax

SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY (
   policy_name       IN  VARCHAR2,
   default_options   IN  VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   column_name       IN  VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-56 SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

default_options

Specifies the default enforcement options to be used when the policy is applied and no table- or schema-specific options are specified. Includes enforcement options and the option to hide the label column. Separate each option with a comma.

See Table 8-2 for a listing of the default enforcement options.

column_name

Specifies the column name associated with the policy. To find this column name, query the COLUMN_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES view.


Example

The following example updates the hr_ols_pol policy to use a different set of default options. Because the name of the column does not need to change, the column_name parameter is omitted.

BEGIN
 SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY ( 
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  default_options  => 'read_control, delete_control');
END;
/

SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY Procedure

Use the SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY procedure to create a new Oracle Label Security policy, define a policy-specific column name, and specify a set of default policy options. After you create the policy, a role for it is created and granted to you. The format of the role name is policy_DBA (for example, my_ols_pol_DBA).

Syntax

SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   column_name       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   default_options   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-57 SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy name, which must be unique within the database. It can have a maximum of 30 characters, but only the first 26 characters in the policy_name are significant. Two policies may not have the same first 26 characters in the policy_name.

To find a list of existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

column_name

Specifies the name of the column to be added to tables protected by the policy. If NULL, then the name policy_name_COL is used. Two Oracle Label Security policies cannot share the same column name.

default_options

Specifies the default options to be used when the policy is applied and no table- or schema-specific options are specified. Includes enforcement options and the option to hide the label column. Separate each option with a comma.

See Table 8-2 for a listing of the default enforcement options.


Example

The following example creates a policy container whose default options are READ_CONTROL and WRITE_CONTROL. The WRITE_CONTROL option encompasses the INSERT_CONTROL, UPDATE_CONTROL, and DELETE_CONTROL options.

BEGIN
 SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY ( 
  policy_name      => 'hr_ols_pol',
  column_name      => 'ols_col',
  default_options  => 'read_control, write_control');
END;
/

SA_SYSDBA.DISABLE_POLICY Procedure

Use the SA_SYSDBA.DISABLE_POLICY procedure to turn off enforcement of a policy, without removing it from the database. The policy is not enforced for all subsequent access to the database.

To disable a policy means that no access control is enforced on the tables and schemas protected by the policy. The administrator can continue to perform administrative operations while the policy is disabled.

Note:

This feature is extremely powerful, and should be used with caution. When a policy is disabled, anyone who connects to the database can access all the data normally protected by the policy. So, your site should establish guidelines for use of this feature.

Normally, a policy should not be disabled in order to manage data. At times, however, an administrator may need to disable a policy to perform application debugging tasks. In this case, the database should be run in single-user mode. In a development environment, for example, you may need to observe data processing operations without the policy turned on. When you reenable the policy, all of the selected enforcement options become effective again.

Syntax

SA_SYSDBA.DISABLE_POLICY (
 policy_name IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-58 SA_SYSDBA.DISABLE_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies and their status, query the POLICY_NAME and STATUS columns of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example disables the hr_ols_pol policy:

EXEC SA_SYSDBA.DISABLE_POLICY ('hr_ols_pol');

SA_SYSDBA.DROP_POLICY Procedure

Use the SA_SYSDBA.DROP_POLICY procedure to delete the policy and all of its associated user labels and data labels from the database. It purges the policy and these associations from the system entirely. You can optionally drop the label column from all tables controlled by the policy. The policy does not need to be disabled before you drop it.

Syntax

SA_SYSDBA.DROP_POLICY ( 
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   drop_column  BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE);

Parameters

Table E-59 SA_SYSDBA.DROP_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy to be dropped. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

drop_column

Indicates that the policy column should be dropped from protected tables (TRUE)


Example

The following example deletes the hr_ols_pol policy.

EXEC SA_SYSDBA.DROP_POLICY ('hr_ols_pol');

SA_SYSDBA.ENABLE_POLICY Procedure

Use the SA_SYSDBA.ENABLE_POLICY procedure to enforce access control on the tables and schemas protected by the policy. A policy is automatically enabled when it is created. After creation or enablement, the policy is enforced for all subsequent access to tables protected by the policy.

Syntax

SA_SYSDBA.ENABLE_POLICY (policy_name IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-60 SA_SYSDBA.ENABLE_POLICY Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies and their status, query the POLICY_NAME and STATUS columns of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example enables the hr_ols_pol policy.

EXEC SA_SYSDBA.ENABLE_POLICY('hr_ols_pol');

SA_USER_ADMIN User, Levels, Groups, and Compartments PL/SQL Package

Table E-61 lists the SA_USER_ADMIN PL/SQL package procedures, which enable you to manage user labels by label component. To use this package, you must be granted the policy_DBA role (for example, HR_OLS_POL_DBA for a role for the hr_ols_pol policy) and the EXECUTE privilege on the SA_USER_ADMIN package.

Table E-61 SA_USER_ADMIN PL/SQL Package Contents

Procedure or Function Description

SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

Adds compartments to a user's authorizations, indicating whether the compartments are authorized for write as well as read

SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_GROUPS Procedure

Adds groups to a user, indicating whether the groups are authorized for write as well as read

SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

Changes the write access, the default label indicator, and the row label indicator for each of the compartments in the list

SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_GROUPS Procedure

Changes the write access, the default label indicator, and the row label indicator for each of the groups in the list

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

Drops all compartments from a user's authorizations

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_GROUPS Procedure

Drops all groups from a user's authorizations

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

Drops the specified compartments from a user's authorizations

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_GROUPS Procedure

Drops the specified groups from a user's authorizations

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_USER_ACCESS Procedure

Removes all Oracle Label Security authorizations and privileges from the specified user

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

Assigns compartments to a user and identifies default values for the user's session label and row label

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_DEFAULT_LABEL Procedure

Sets the user's initial session label to the one specified

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_GROUPS Procedure

Assigns groups to a user and identifies default values for the user's session label and row label

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_LEVELS Procedure

Assigns minimum and maximum levels to a user and identifies default values for the user's session label and row label

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_PROG_PRIVS Procedure

Sets policy-specific privileges for program units

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_ROW_LABEL Procedure

Sets the user's initial row label to the one specified

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_LABELS Procedure

Sets the user's levels, compartments, and groups using a set of labels, instead of the individual components

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_PRIVS Procedure

Sets policy-specific privileges for users


SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_COMPARTMENTS procedure adds (assign) compartments to a user's authorizations, indicating whether the compartments are authorized for write and read privileges. This procedure is useful if you have already used the SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_COMPARTMENTS procedure for the user but then decide that you want to grant this user authorization for additional compartments, or to update the current set of compartments. You also can use it in place of SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_COMPARTMENTS.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_COMPARTMENTS ( 
policy_name    IN VARCHAR2,
user_name      IN VARCHAR2,
comps          IN VARCHAR2,
access_mode    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
in_def         IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
in_row         IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-62 SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_COMPARTMENTS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user name. This user can be either a new user or a user who has already been authorized for this policy's compartments. To find an existing user, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USER_COMPARTMENTS view.

comps

A comma-delimited list of compartments to add, by short name only. To find existing compartments, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_COMPARTMENTS view.

access_mode

One of two public variables that contain string values that can specify the type of access authorized. The variable names, values, and meaning are as follows:

  • SA_UTL.READ_ONLY indicates no write access

  • SA_UTL.READ_WRITE indicates that write is authorized

  • If access_mode is NULL, then it is set to SA_UTL.READ_ONLY.

in_def

Specifies whether these compartments should be in the default compartments (Y/N)

If in_def is NULL, then it is set to Y.

in_row

Specifies whether these compartments should be in the row label (Y/N)

If in_row is NULL, then it is set to N.


Example

The following example adds compartments to the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_COMPARTMENTS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones',
  comps          => 'FIN',
  access_mode    => SA_UTL.READ_ONLY,
  in_def         => 'y',
  in_row         => 'y');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_GROUPS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_GROUPS procedure adds (assign) groups to a user, indicating whether the groups are authorized for write and read privileges. This procedure is useful if you have already used the SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_GROUPS procedure for the user but then decide that you want to grant this user authorization for additional groups or to update the current set of groups. You also can use it in place of SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_GROUPS.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_GROUPS ( 
  policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name         IN VARCHAR2,
  groups            IN VARCHAR2,
  access_mode       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  in_def            IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  in_row            IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-63 SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_GROUPS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user. This user can be either a new user or a user who has already been authorized for this policy's groups. To find an existing user, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USER_GROUPS view.

groups

A comma-delimited list of groups to add, by short name only. To find a list of existing groups, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

access_mode

One of two public variables that contain string values that can specify the type of access authorized. The variable names, values, and meaning are as follows:

  • SA_UTL.READ_ONLY indicates no write access

  • SA_UTL.READ_WRITE indicates that write is authorized

  • If access_mode is NULL, then access_mode is set to SA_UTL.READ_ONLY.

in_def

Specifies whether these groups should be in the default groups (Y/N)

If in_def is NULL, then it is set to Y.

in_row

Specifies whether these groups should be in the row label (Y/N)

If in_row is NULL, then it is set to N.


Example

The following example adds several groups to the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_GROUPS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones',
  groups         => 'ER_FIN, SR_FIN, NR_FIN, WR_FIN',
  access_mode    => SA_UTL.READ_WRITE,
  in_def         => 'y',
  in_row         => 'y');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_COMPARTMENTS procedure changes the write access, the default label indicator, and the row label indicator for each of the compartments in the list.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_COMPARTMENTS (
  policy_name  IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name    IN VARCHAR2,
  comps        IN VARCHAR2,
  access_mode  IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  in_def       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  in_row       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-64 SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_COMPARTMENTS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user who has been authorized for the compartment. To find authorized users, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USER_COMPARTMENTS view.

comps

A comma-delimited list of compartments to modify, using the short name only. To find existing compartments, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_COMPARTMENTS view.

access_mode

One of two public variables that contain string values that can specify the type of access authorized. The variable names, values, and meaning are as follows:

SA_UTL.READ_ONLY indicates no write access

SA_UTL.READ_WRITE indicates that write is authorized

If access_mode is NULL, then access_mode for the compartment is unaltered.

in_def

Specifies whether these compartments should be in the default compartments (Y/N)

If in_def is NULL, then in_def for the compartment is unaltered.

in_row

Specifies whether these compartments should be in the row label (Y/N)

If in_row is NULL, then in_row for the compartment is unaltered.

If in_def is N, then in_row cannot be Y. This is because the row label compartments must be a subset of the session label compartments.


Example

The following example modifies compartments for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_COMPARTMENTS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones',
  comps          => 'FIN',
  access_mode    => SA_UTL.READ_ONLY,
  in_def         => 'y',
  in_row         => 'y');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_GROUPS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_GROUPS procedure changes the write access, the default label indicator, and the row label indicator for each of the groups in the list.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_GROUPS ( 
  policy_name      IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name        IN VARCHAR2,
  groups           IN VARCHAR2,
  access_mode      IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  in_def           IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  in_row           IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-65 SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_GROUPS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user who has been authorized for the group. To find existing users, query the USER_NAME and GRP columns of the DBA_SA_USER_GROUPS view.

groups

A comma-delimited list of groups to alter, by short name only. To find existing groups, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

access_mode

Two public variables contain string values that can specify the type of access authorized. The variable names, values, and meaning are as follows:

SA_UTL.READ_ONLY indicates no write access

SA_UTL.READ_WRITE indicates that write is authorized

If access_mode is NULL, then access_mode for the group is unaltered.

in_def

Specifies whether these groups should be in the default groups (Y/N)

If in_def is NULL, then in_def for the group is unaltered.

in_row

Specifies whether these groups should be in the row label ((Y/N)

If in_row is NULL, then in_row for the group is unaltered.

If in_def is N, then in_row cannot be Y. This is because the row label groups must be a subset of the session label groups.


Example

The following example sets the access mode for the existing groups to be read only.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.ALTER_GROUPS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones',
  groups         => 'ER',
  access_mode    => SA_UTL.READ_ONLY);
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_COMPARTMENTS procedure drops all compartments from a user's authorizations.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_COMPARTMENTS (
 policy_name  IN VARCHAR2,
 user_name    IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-66 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_COMPARTMENTS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user who has been authorized for the compartment. To find existing users, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USER_COMPARTMENTS view.


Example

The following example drops all compartments for the hr_ols_pol policy for user jjones.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_COMPARTMENTS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_GROUPS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_GROUPS procedure drops all groups from a user's authorizations.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_GROUPS (
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name   IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-67 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_GROUPS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user who has been authorized for the group. To find existing users, query the USER_NAME and GRP columns of the DBA_SA_USER_GROUPS view.


Example

The following example drops all groups from the hr_ols_pol policy for user jjones.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_ALL_GROUPS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_COMPARTMENTS procedure drops the specified compartments from a user's authorizations.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_COMPARTMENTS ( 
  policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name       IN VARCHAR2,
  comps           IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-68 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_COMPARTMENTS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user who has been authorized for the compartment. To find existing users, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USER_COMPARTMENTS view.

comps

A comma-delimited list of compartments to drop. To find all comps for this policy, query the POLICY_NAME and COMP columns of the DBA_SA_USER_COMPARTMENTS view.


Example

The following example drops the FINANCIAL compartment from the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_COMPARTMENTS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones',
  comps          => 'HR');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_GROUPS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_GROUPS procedure drops the specified groups from a user's authorizations.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_GROUPS ( 
  policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name   IN VARCHAR2,
  groups      IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-69 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_GROUPS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user who has been authorized for the group. To find existing users, query the USER_NAME and GRP columns of the DBA_SA_USER_GROUPS view.

groups

A comma-delimited list of groups to drop, by short name only. To find a list of groups, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.


Example

The following example drops the NR_FIN group from the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_GROUPS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones',
  groups         => 'ER');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_USER_ACCESS Procedure

Use the SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_USER_ACCESS procedure to remove all Oracle Label Security authorizations and privileges from the specified user.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_USER_ACCESS (
  policy_name      IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name        IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameters

Table E-70 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_USER_ACCESS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user name. To find all users associated with this policy, query the USER_NAME and POLICY_NAME columns of the DBA_SA_USER_PRIVS view.


Examples

The following example removes user jjones's authorization for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.DROP_USER_ACCESS (
  policy_name       => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name         => 'jjones');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_COMPARTMENTS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_COMPARTMENTS procedure assigns compartments to a user and identifies default values for the user's session label and row label. After you have set the compartment, you can configure additional compartments by using the SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_COMPARTMENTS procedure. (See "SA_USER_ADMIN.ADD_COMPARTMENTS Procedure".)

All users must have their levels set before their authorized compartments can be established.

The write compartments, if specified, must be a subset of the read compartments. (The write compartments are those to which the user should have write access.)

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_COMPARTMENTS (
  policy_name   IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  read_comps    IN VARCHAR2,
  write_comps   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  def_comps     IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  row_comps     IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-71 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_COMPARTMENTS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user name to assign compartments

read_comps

A comma-delimited list of compartments authorized for read access, by short name only

To find all compartments, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_COMPARTMENTS view.

write_comps

A comma-delimited list of compartments authorized for write access (subset of read_comps), by short name only. If write_comps are NULL, then they are set to the read_comps.

def_comps

Specifies the default compartments, by short name only. This must be a subset of read_comps. If the def_comps are NULL, then they are set to the read_comps.

row_comps

Specifies the row compartments, by short name only. This must be a subset of write_comps and def_comps. If the row_comps are NULL, then they are set to the components in def_comps that are authorized for write access.


Example

The following example sets compartments for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_COMPARTMENTS (
  policy_name   => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name     => 'jjones', 
  read_comps    => 'FIN',
  write_comps   => 'FIN',
  def_comps     => 'FIN',
  row_comps     => 'FIN');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_DEFAULT_LABEL Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_DEFAULT_LABEL procedure sets the user's initial session label to the one specified.

As long as the row label will still be dominated by the new write label, you can set the session label to:

  • Any level equal to or less than his maximum, and equal to or greater than his minimum label

  • Include any compartments in the authorized compartment list

  • Include any groups in the authorized group list. (Subgroups of authorized groups are implicitly included in the authorized list.)

The row label must be dominated by the new write label that will result from resetting the session label. If this condition is not true, then the SET_DEFAULT_LABEL procedure will fail.

For example, suppose the current row label is S:A,B, and that you have write access to both compartments. If you attempt to set the new default label to C:A,B, then the SET_LABEL procedure will fail. This is because the new write label would be C:A,B, which does not dominate the current row label.

To successfully reset the session label in this case, you must first lower the row label to a value that will be dominated by the resulting session label.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_DEFAULT_LABELS (
  policy_name  IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name    IN VARCHAR2,
  def_label    IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-72 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_DEFAULT_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user who has been authorized with label components. To find this user, query the USER_NAME column of the ALL_SA_USER_LABELS view.

def_label

Specifies the label string to be used to initialize the user's default labels. This label may contain any compartments and groups that are authorized for read access. To find existing labels, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.


Example

The following example sets the default label for hr_ols_pol for user jjones.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_DEFAULT_LABEL (
  policy_name       => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name         => 'jjones',
  def_label         => 'HS');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_GROUPS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_GROUPS procedure assigns groups to a user and identifies default values for the user's session label and row label. All users must have their levels set before their authorized groups can be established. You can find information about a user's level authorization by querying the DBA_SA_USER_LEVELS data dictionary view.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_GROUPS (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name        IN VARCHAR2,
  read_groups      IN VARCHAR2,
  write_groups     IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  def_group        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  row_groups       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-73 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_GROUPS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user name. This user is a first-time user for group authorization, but the user must already be authorized for levels. To find users who have been authorized for levels, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USER_LEVELS view.

read_groups

A comma-delimited list of groups authorized for read, by short name only.

To find existing groups, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_GROUPS view.

write_groups

A comma-delimited list of groups authorized for write, by short name only. This must be a subset of read_groups. If set to NULL, then this setting defaults to read_groups.

def_groups

Specifies the default groups, by short name only. This must be a subset of read_groups. If set to NULL, then this setting defaults to read_groups.

row_groups

Specifies the row groups, by short name only. This must be a subset of write_groups and def_groups. If set to NULL, then this setting defaults to the groups in def_groups that are authorized for write access.


Example

The following example defines groups for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_GROUPS (
  policy_name    => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name      => 'jjones', 
  read_groups    => 'ER_FIN',
  write_groups   => 'ER_FIN',
  def_groups     => 'ER_FIN',
  row_groups     => 'ER_FIN');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_LEVELS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_LEVELS procedure assigns a minimum and maximum level to a user and identifies default values for the user's session label and row label.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_LEVELS (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   user_name        IN VARCHAR2,
   max_level        IN VARCHAR2,
   min_level        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   def_level        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   row_level        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-74 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_LEVELS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user name. This user does not need to have any Oracle Label Security authorizations before you run this procedure.

max_level

The highest level for read and write access, by short name only.

To find existing levels, query the SHORT_NAME column of the ALL_SA_LEVELS view.

min_level

The lowest level for write access, by short name only. If set to NULL, then the default is the lowest level for the policy.

def_level

Specifies the default level (equal to or greater than the minimum level, and equal to or less than the maximum level). Use the short name only. If set to NULL, then the default is the max_level.

row_level

Specifies the row level (equal to or greater than the minimum level, and equal to or less than the default level). Use the short name only. If set to NULL, then it is set to the def_level.


Example

The following example sets levels for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_LEVELS (
   policy_name     => 'hr_ols_pol',
   user_name       => 'jjones',
   max_level       => 'PUB',
   min_level       => 'HS');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_PROG_PRIVS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_PROG_PRIVS procedure sets policy-specific privileges for program units. If the privileges parameter is NULL, then the program unit's privileges for the policy are removed.

To grant privileges to a stored program unit, you must have the policy_DBA role, and the EXECUTE permission on the SA_USER_ADMIN.SA_USER_ADMIN package. You can use either the SA_USER_ADMIN package or Oracle Enterprise Manager to manage Oracle Label Security privileges.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_PROG_PRIVS (
  policy_name           IN VARCHAR2,
  schema_name           IN VARCHAR2,
  program_unit_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  privileges            IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-75 SA_SESSION.SET_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

schema_name

The name of the schema that contains the program unit

program_unit_name

Specifies the program unit to be granted privileges

privileges

A comma-delimited character string of policy-specific privileges. If you set privileges to NULL, then the program unit's privileges for the policy are removed.

See "About Granting Privileges to Users and Trusted Program Units for the Policy" for list of available privileges to grant.


Example

The following example gives the READ privilege to the SUM_PURCHASES function (described in "Trusted Stored Program Unit Example"):

BEGIN
 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_PROG_PRIVS (
  policy_name         => 'hr_ols_pol',
  schema_name         => 'HR',
  program_unit_name   => 'check_emp_hours',
  privileges          => 'READ');
END;
/

When the check_emp_hours procedure is then called, it runs with the READ privilege as well as the current user's Oracle Label Security privileges. Using this technique, the user can be allowed to find the value of the total employee hours that were logged, without learning what hours any individual employee logged.

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_ROW_LABEL Procedure

Use the SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_ROW_LABEL procedure to set the user's initial row label to the one specified.

The user can set the row label independently, but only to:

  • A level that is less than or equal to the level of the session label, and greater than or equal to the user's minimum level

  • Include a subset of the compartments and groups from the session label, for which the user is authorized to have write access

If you try to set the row label to an invalid value, then the operation is disallowed, and the row label value is unchanged.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_ROW_LABEL (
  policy_name   IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  row_label     IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-76 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_ROW_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user name. This user must have the sufficient compartment, group, and level authorizations. To find this user, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USER_COMPARTMENTS, DBA_SA_USER_GROUPS, and DBA_SA_USER_LEVELS views.

row_label

Specifies the label string to be used to initialize the user's row label. The label must contain only those compartments and groups from the default label that are authorized for write access. To find existing compartments and groups, query the ALL_SA_COMPARTMENTS and ALL_SA_GROUPS views.


Example

The following example sets the row label for the hr_ols_pol policy for user jjones.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_ROW_LABEL (
  policy_name       => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name         => 'jjones',
  row_label         => 'HS');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_LABELS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_LABELS procedure sets the user's levels, compartments, and groups using a set of labels, instead of the individual components.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_LABELS (
  policy_name      IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name        IN VARCHAR2,
  max_read_label   IN VARCHAR2,
  max_write_label  IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  min_write_label  IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  def_label        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
  row_label        IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table E-77 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_LABELS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

Specifies the user name. This user does not need any Oracle Label Security authorizations before you run this procedure.

max_read_label

Specifies the label string to be used to initialize the user's maximum authorized read label. Composed of the user's maximum level, compartments authorized for read access, and groups authorized for read access.

To find information for these settings, query the DBA_SA_USERS data dictionary view.

max_write_label

Specifies the label string to be used to initialize the user's maximum authorized write label. Composed of the user's maximum level, compartments authorized for write access, and groups authorized for write access. If max_write_label is not specified, then it is set to max_read_label.

min_write_label

Specifies the label string to be used to initialize the user's minimum authorized write label. Contains only the level, with no compartments or groups. If min_write_label is not specified, then it is set to the lowest defined level for the policy, with no compartments or groups.

def_label

Specifies the label string to be used to initialize the user's session label, including level, compartments, and groups (a subset of max_read_label). If default_label is not specified, then it is set to max_read_label.

row_label

Specifies the label string to be used to initialize the program's row label. Includes level, components, and groups: subsets of max_write_label and def_label. If row_label is not specified, then it is set to def_label, with only the compartments and groups authorized for write access.


Example

The following example sets user labels for the hr_ols_pol policy for user jjones.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_LABELS (
  policy_name       => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name         => 'jjones',
  max_read_label    => 'HS:FIN',
  max_write_label   => 'HS',
  def_label         => 'HS',
  row_label         => 'HS');
END;
/

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_PRIVS Procedure

The SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_PRIVS procedure sets policy-specific privileges for users. These privileges do not become effective until the next time the user logs into the database. The new set of privileges replaces any existing privileges. A NULL value for the privileges parameter removes the user's privileges for the policy.

To assign policy privileges to users, you must have the EXECUTE privilege for the SA_USER_ADMIN package, and must have been granted the policy_DBA role.

Syntax

SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_PRIVS (
  policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  user_name       IN VARCHAR2,
  privileges      IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table E-78 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_PRIVS Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

user_name

The name of the user to be granted privileges. This user should already have been authorized for policy levels, compartments, and groups. To find this user, query the USER_NAME column of the DBA_SA_USER_COMPARTMENTS, DBA_SA_USER_GROUPS, and DBA_SA_USER_LABELS views.

privileges

A character string of policy-specific privileges separated by commas. See "About Granting Privileges to Users and Trusted Program Units for the Policy" for list of available privileges to grant.


Example

The following example grants user jgodfrey full privileges for the hr_ols_pol policy settings.

BEGIN 
 SA_USER_ADMIN.SET_USER_PRIVS (
  policy_name       => 'hr_ols_pol',
  user_name         => 'jgodfrey',
  privileges        => 'FULL');
END;
/

SA_UTL PL/SQL Utility Functions and Procedures

The SA_UTL PL/SQL package contains functions and procedures for use within PL/SQL programs to return information about the current values of the session security attributes, as numeric label values. These APIs are primarily for use in trusted stored program units. You do not need special privileges to use this package.

Table E-79 lists the SA_UTL PL/SQL package functions and procedures.

Table E-79 SA_UTL PL/SQL PL/SQL Package Contents

Function or Procedure Description

SA_UTL.CHECK_LABEL_CHANGE Function

Checks if the user can change the data label for a policy protected table row

SA_UTL.CHECK_READ Function

Checks if the user can read a policy-protected table row

SA_UTL.CHECK_WRITE Function

Checks if the user can insert, update, or delete data in a policy protected table row

SA_UTL.DATA_LABEL Function

Returns TRUE if the label is a data label

SA_UTL.GREATEST_LBOUND Function

Returns a label that is the greatest lower bound of the two label arguments

SA_UTL.LEAST_UBOUND Function

Returns a label that is the least upper bound of the label arguments

SA_UTL.NUMERIC_LABEL Function

Returns the current session label

SA_UTL.NUMERIC_ROW_LABEL Function

Returns the current row label

SA_UTL.SET_LABEL Procedure

Sets the label of the current database session

SA_UTL.SET_ROW_LABEL Procedure

Set the row label of the current database session


SA_UTL.CHECK_LABEL_CHANGE Function

The SA_UTL.CHECK_LABEL_CHANGE function checks if the user can change the data label for a policy protected table row. This function returns 1 if the user can change the data label. It returns 0 if the user cannot change the data label. The input values are the policy name, the current data label, and the new data label.

Syntax

SA_UTL.CHECK_LABEL_CHANGE (
  policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  current_label   IN NUMBER,
  new_label       IN NUMBER)
RETURN NUMBER; 

Note:

You must have update privileges on the table to write any data into the table.

Parameters

Table E-80 SA_UTL.CHECK_LABEL_CHANGE Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

current_label

The current value of the label. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.

new_label

The new value for the label


Example

The following example indicates if users can change data labels in policy-protected rows.

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
BEGIN
  IF SA_UTL.CHECK_LABEL_CHANGE('hr_ols_pol',2000, 2200) = 1 
   THEN DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Users can chagne data labels in policy-protected rows.');
  ELSE
   DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Users cannot change data labels in policy-protected rows.');
  END IF;
END;
/

SA_UTL.CHECK_READ Function

The SA_UTL.CHECK_READ function checks if a user can read a policy-protected table row. This function returns 1 if the user can read the table row. It returns 0 if the user cannot read the table row.

Note:

The user must have the SELECT privilege on the table to read any data from the table.

Syntax

SA_UTL.CHECK_READ (
  policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  label           IN NUMBER) 
RETURN NUMBER; 

Parameters

Table E-81 SA_UTL.CHECK_READ Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label

The label to be checked. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.


Example

The following example indicates if users can read a policy-protected row.

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
BEGIN
  IF SA_UTL.CHECK_READ('hr_ols_pol',2000) = 1 
   THEN DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Users can read policy-protected rows.');
  ELSE
   DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Users cannot read policy-protected rows.');
  END IF;
END;
/

SA_UTL.CHECK_WRITE Function

The SA_UTL.CHECK_WRITE function to checks if the user can insert, update, or delete data in a policy protected table row. The user should already have the UPDATE privilege on the table to write any data into the table. This function returns 1 if the user can write to the table row. It returns 0 if the user cannot write to the table row. The input values are the policy name and the row data label.

Syntax

SA_UTL.CHECK_WRITE (
  policy_name     IN VARCHAR2,
  label           IN NUMBER) 
RETURN NUMBER; 

Parameters

Table E-82 SA_UTL.CHECK_WRITE Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label

The label to be checked. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.


Example

The following example indicates if users can write to policy-protected rows.

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
BEGIN
  IF SA_UTL.CHECK_WRITE('hr_ols_pol',2000) = 1 
   THEN DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Users can write to policy-protected rows.');
  ELSE
   DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Users cannot write to policy-protected rows.');
  END IF;
END;
/

SA_UTL.DATA_LABEL Function

The SA_UTL.DATA_LABEL function returns TRUE if the label is a data label.

Syntax

SA_UTL.DATA_LABEL( 
 label IN NUMBER) 
RETURN BOOLEAN;

Parameters

Table E-83 SA_UTL.DATA_LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

label

The label to be checked. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.


Example

The following example indicates if the label 2000 is a data label.

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
BEGIN 
 IF SA_UTL.DATA_LABEL(2000)
  THEN DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Label 2000 is a data label.');
 ELSE 
  DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Label 2000 is not a data label.'); 
 END IF; 
END;
/

SA_UTL.GREATEST_LBOUND Function

The SA_UTL.GREATEST_LBOUND function returns a label that is the greatest lower bound of the two label arguments.

Syntax

SA_UTL.GREATEST_LBOUND (
 label1 IN NUMBER,
 label2 IN NUMBER)
RETURN NUMBER; 

Parameter

Table E-84 SA_UTL.GREATEST_LBOUND Parameters

Parameter Description

label1

The first label to check. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.

label2

The second label to check


Examples

The following example compares existing labels 3110 and 3111.

SELECT SA_UTL.GREATEST_LBOUND(3110,3111) FROM DUAL;

SA_UTL.GREATEST_LBOUND(3110,3111)
---------------------------------
                             3111

SA_UTL.LEAST_UBOUND Function

The SA_UTL.LEAST_UBOUND function returns a label that is the least upper bound of the label arguments.

Syntax

SA_UTL.LEAST_UBOUND (
 label1 IN NUMBER,
 label2 IN NUMBER)
RETURN NUMBER; 

Parameters

Table E-85 SA_UTL.LEAST_UBOUND Parameters

Parameter Description

label1

The first label to check. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.

label2

The second label to check


Example

The following example compares existing labels 3110 and 3111.

SELECT SA_UTL.LEAST_UBOUND(3110,3111) FROM DUAL;

SA_UTL.LEAST_UOUND(3110,3111)
-----------------------------
                         3110

See Also:

"Determining Upper and Lower Bounds of Labels". The functions described here are the same as those described in Chapter 6, except that these return a number instead of a character string.

SA_UTL.NUMERIC_LABEL Function

The SA_UTL.NUMERIC_LABEL function returns the current session label. It takes a policy name as the input parameter and returns a NUMBER value.

Syntax

SA_UTL.NUMERIC_LABEL ( 
  policy_name) 
RETURN NUMBER;

Parameters

Table E-86 SA_UTL.NUMERIC_LABEL Parameter

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Example

The following example returns a the session numeric label for the user who is currently connected to the database instance.

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
DECLARE
 num_label number;
BEGIN 
 num_label := SA_UTL.NUMERIC_LABEL('hr_ols_pol'); 
 DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Numeric label: '||num_label);
END;
/

SA_UTL.NUMERIC_ROW_LABEL Function

The SA_UTL.NUMERIC_ROW_LABEL function returns the current row label. It takes a policy name as the input parameter and returns a NUMBER value.

Syntax

SA_UTL.NUMERIC_ROW_LABEL ( 
  policy_name) 
RETURN NUMBER;

Parameters

Table E-87 SA_UTL.NUMERIC_ROW_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.


Examples

The following example returns the session numeric row label for the user who is currently connected to the database instance.

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
DECLARE
 num_row number;
BEGIN 
 num_row := SA_UTL.NUMERIC_ROW_LABEL('hr_ols_pol'); 
 DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Numeric row label: '||num_row);
END;
/

SA_UTL.SET_LABEL Procedure

The SA_UTL.SET_LABEL procedure sets the label of the current database session. The session's write label and row label are set to the subset of the label's compartments and groups that are authorized for write access.

Syntax

SA_UTL.SET_LABEL (
 policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
 label       IN LBAC_LABEL); 

Parameters

Table E-88 SA_UTL.SET_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label

The label to set as the session label. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.

You must pass this parameter through as an output of the TO_LBAC_DATA_LABEL function, which converts a label in character form to an LBAC_LABEL type. (The example in the next section shows how to do this.)

See also "Understanding Labeling Functions in Oracle Label Security Policies".


Example

The following example sets the label for the hr_ols_pol policy.

BEGIN
  SA_UTL.SET_LABEL (
    policy_name => 'hr_ols_pol',
    label       => to_lbac_data_label('hr_ols_pol','hs:pii'));
END;
/

SA_UTL.SET_ROW_LABEL Procedure

The SA_UTL.SET_ROW_LABEL procedure sets the row label of the current database session. The compartments and groups in the label must be a subset of compartments and groups in the session label that are authorized for write access.

Syntax

SA_UTL.SET_ROW_LABEL (
 policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
 label       IN BINARY_INTEGER); 

Parameters

Table E-89 SA_UTL.SET_ROW_LABEL Parameters

Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy. To find existing policies, query the POLICY_NAME column of the ALL_SA_POLICIES data dictionary view.

label

The label to set as the session default row label. To find existing label values, query the LABEL column of the ALL_SA_LABELS view.


Example

The following example sets the row label for the hr_ols_pol policy to 3000.

BEGIN
 SA_UTL.SET_ROW_LABEL (
  policy_name         => 'hr_ols_pol',
  label               => 1111);
END;
/