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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
12c Release 1 (12.1)

E17209-15
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TO_TIMESTAMP

Syntax

Description of to_timestamp.gif follows
Description of the illustration to_timestamp.gif

Purpose

TO_TIMESTAMP converts char of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type to a value of TIMESTAMP data type.

The optional fmt specifies the format of char. If you omit fmt, then char must be in the default format of the TIMESTAMP data type, which is determined by the NLS_TIMESTAMP_FORMAT initialization parameter. The optional 'nlsparam' argument has the same purpose in this function as in the TO_CHAR function for date conversion.

This function does not support CLOB data directly. However, CLOBs can be passed in as arguments through implicit data conversion.

See Also:

"Data Type Comparison Rules" for more information.

Examples

The following example converts a character string to a timestamp. The character string is not in the default TIMESTAMP format, so the format mask must be specified:

SELECT TO_TIMESTAMP ('10-Sep-02 14:10:10.123000', 'DD-Mon-RR HH24:MI:SS.FF')
   FROM DUAL;

TO_TIMESTAMP('10-SEP-0214:10:10.123000','DD-MON-RRHH24:MI:SS.FF')
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
10-SEP-02 02.10.10.123000000 PM

See Also:

NLS_TIMESTAMP_FORMAT parameter for information on the default TIMESTAMP format and "Datetime Format Models" for information on specifying the format mask