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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
12c Release 1 (12.1)

E17209-15
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UPDATEXML

Note:

The UPDATEXML function is deprecated. It is still supported for backward compatibility. However, Oracle recommends that you use XQuery Update instead. See Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide for more information.

Syntax

Description of updatexml.gif follows
Description of the illustration updatexml.gif

Purpose

UPDATEXML takes as arguments an XMLType instance and an XPath-value pair and returns an XMLType instance with the updated value. If XPath_string is an XML element, then the corresponding value_expr must be an XMLType instance. If XPath_string is an attribute or text node, then the value_expr can be any scalar data type. You can specify an absolute XPath_string with an initial slash or a relative XPath_string by omitting the initial slash. If you omit the initial slash, then the context of the relative path defaults to the root node.

The data types of the target of each XPath_string and its corresponding value_expr must match. The optional namespace_string must resolve to a VARCHAR2 value that specifies a default mapping or namespace mapping for prefixes, which Oracle Database uses when evaluating the XPath expression(s).

If you update an XML element to null, then Oracle removes the attributes and children of the element, and the element becomes empty. If you update the text node of an element to null, Oracle removes the text value of the element, and the element itself remains but is empty.

In most cases, this function materializes an XML document in memory and updates the value. However, UPDATEXML is optimized for UPDATE statements on object-relational columns so that the function updates the value directly in the column. This optimization requires the following conditions:

Examples

The following example updates to 4 the number of docks in the San Francisco warehouse in the sample schema OE, which has a warehouse_spec column of type XMLType:

SELECT warehouse_name,
   EXTRACT(warehouse_spec, '/Warehouse/Docks')
   "Number of Docks"
   FROM warehouses 
   WHERE warehouse_name = 'San Francisco';

WAREHOUSE_NAME       Number of Docks
-------------------- --------------------
San Francisco        <Docks>1</Docks>

UPDATE warehouses SET warehouse_spec =
   UPDATEXML(warehouse_spec,
   '/Warehouse/Docks/text()',4)
   WHERE warehouse_name = 'San Francisco';

1 row updated.

SELECT warehouse_name,
   EXTRACT(warehouse_spec, '/Warehouse/Docks')
   "Number of Docks"
   FROM warehouses 
   WHERE warehouse_name = 'San Francisco';

WAREHOUSE_NAME       Number of Docks
-------------------- --------------------
San Francisco        <Docks>4</Docks>