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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
12c Release 1 (12.1)

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Oracle® Database

SQL Language Reference

12c Release 1 (12.1)


December 2013

Oracle Database SQL Language Reference, 12c Release 1 (12.1)


Copyright © 1996, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Primary Author: Mary Beth Roeser

Contributor:  The Oracle Database 12c documentation is dedicated to Mark Townsend, who was an inspiration to all who worked on this release.

Contributors: David Alpern, Angela Amor, Geeta Arora, Vikas Arora, Lance Ashdown, Prasad Bagal, Hermann Baer, Eric Belden, Allen Brumm, Donna Carver, Timothy Chien, Alan Choi, Eugene Chong, George Eadon, Amit Ganesh, Barb Glover, Naveen Gopal, Mike Hallas, Min-Hank Ho, Patricia Huey, Chandrasekharan Iyer, Peter Knaggs, Srinath Krishnaswamy, Andre Kruglikov, Tom Kyte, Paul Lane, Jonghyun Lee, Huagang Li, Yunrui Li, Bryn Llewellyn, Rich Long, Scott Lynn, Vineet Marwah, David McDermid, Robert McGuirk, Rahil Mir, Gopal Mulagund, Sujatha Muthulingam, Paul Needham, Padmaja Potineni, Hanlin Qian, Ananth Raghavan, Vivek Raja, Ashish Ray, Jia Shi, Wayne Smith, Sachin Sonawane, Jim Stenoish, Sankar Subramanian, Seema Sundara, Kathy Taylor, Randy Urbano, William Waddington, Peter Wahl, Charles Wetherell, Andy Witkowski, Sergiusz Wolicki, Tsae-feng Yu, Mohamed Zait, Fred Zemke, Wei Zhang, Weiran Zhang

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