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Oracle® Database Vault Administrator's Guide
12c Release 1 (12.1)

E17608-17
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13 Oracle Database Vault Realm APIs

This chapter contains

About the DBMS_MACADM Realm Procedures

Table 13-1 lists procedures within the DBMS_MACADM package that you can use to configure realms. Only users who have been granted the DV_OWNER or DV_ADMIN role can use these procedures. For constants that you can use with these procedures, see Table 19-1 for more information.

See Also:

Table 13-1 DBMS_MACADM Realm Configuration Procedures

Procedure Description

ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM Procedure

Authorizes a user or role to access a realm as an owner or a participant

ADD_OBJECT_TO_REALM Procedure

Registers a set of objects for realm protection

CREATE_REALM Procedure

Creates a realm

DELETE_AUTH_FROM_REALM Procedure

Removes the authorization of a user or role to access a realm

DELETE_OBJECT_FROM_REALM Procedure

Removes a set of objects from realm protection

DELETE_REALM Procedure

Deletes a realm, including its related Database Vault configuration information that specifies who is authorized and what objects are protected

DELETE_REALM_CASCADE Procedure

Deletes a realm and its related Database Vault configuration information

RENAME_REALM Procedure

Renames a realm. The name change takes effect everywhere the realm is used.

UPDATE_REALM Procedure

Updates a realm

UPDATE_REALM_AUTH Procedure

Updates the authorization of a user or role to access a realm


ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM Procedure

The ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM procedure authorizes a user or role to access a realm as an owner or a participant. For detailed information about realm authorization, see "About Realm Authorization".

Optionally, you can specify a rule set that must be checked before allowing the authorization to be enabled.

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM(
  realm_name    IN VARCHAR2, 
  grantee       IN VARCHAR2, 
  rule_set_name IN VARCHAR2, 
  auth_options  IN NUMBER); 

Parameters

Table 13-2 ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM Parameters

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View".

grantee

User or role name to authorize as an owner or a participant.

To find the existing users and roles in the current database instance, query the DBA_USERS and DBA_ROLES views, described in Oracle Database Reference.

To find the authorization of a particular user or role, query the DVA_DV_REALM_AUTH view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_AUTH View".

To find existing secure application roles used in privilege management, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_ROLE view. Both are described in Chapter 22.

rule_set_name

Optional. The rule set to check during runtime. The realm authorization is enabled only if the rule set evaluates to TRUE.

To find the available rule sets, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_RULE_SET view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_RULE_SET_RULE View".

auth_options

Optional. Specify one of the following options to authorize the realm:

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUTH_PARTICIPANT: Participant. This account or role provides system or direct privileges to access, manipulate, and create objects protected by the realm, provided these rights have been granted using the standard Oracle Database privilege grant process. (Default)

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUTH_OWNER: Owner. This account or role has the same authorization as the realm participant, plus the authorization to grant or revoke realm-secured roles and privileges on realm-protected objects.

See "About Realm Authorization" for more information on participants and owners.


Examples

The following example authorizes user SYSADM as a participant in the Performance Statistics Realm.

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM(
  realm_name  => 'Performance Statistics Realm', 
  grantee     => 'SYSADM'); 
END;
/

This example sets user SYSADM as the owner of the Performance Statistics Realm.

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM(
  realm_name   => 'Performance Statistics Realm', 
  grantee      => 'SYSADM', 
  auth_options => DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUTH_OWNER);
END;
/

The next example triggers the Check Conf Access rule set before allowing user SYSADM to act as the owner of the Performance Statistics Realm.

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM(
  realm_name    => 'Performance Statistics Realm', 
  grantee       => 'SYSADM', 
  rule_set_name => 'Check Conf Access',
  auth_options  => DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUTH_OWNER);
END;
/

ADD_OBJECT_TO_REALM Procedure

The ADD_OBJECT_TO_REALM procedure registers a set of objects for realm protection.

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.ADD_OBJECT_TO_REALM(
  realm_name   IN VARCHAR2, 
  object_owner IN VARCHAR2, 
  object_name  IN VARCHAR2, 
  object_type  IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameters

Table 13-3 ADD_OBJECT_TO_REALM Parameters

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View"

object_owner

The owner of the object that is being added to the realm. If you add a role to a realm, the object owner of the role is shown as % (for all), because roles do not have owners.

To find the available users, query the DBA_USERS view, described in Oracle Database Reference.

To find the authorization of a particular user or role, query the DVA_DV_REALM_AUTH view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_AUTH View".

object_name

Object name. (The wildcard % is allowed. See "Object Name" under "About Realm-Secured Objects" for exceptions to the wildcard %.) You can also use the DBMS_MACUTL.G_ALL_OBJECT constant.

To find the available objects, query the ALL_OBJECTS view, described in Oracle Database Reference.

To find objects that are secured by existing realms, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_OBJECT view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_OBJECT View".

object_type

Object type, such as TABLE, INDEX, or ROLE. (The wildcard % is allowed. See "Object Types" under "About Realm-Secured Objects" for exceptions to the wildcard %.)

You can also use the DBMS_MACUTL.G_ALL_OBJECT constant.


Example

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.ADD_OBJECT_TO_REALM(
  realm_name   => 'Performance Statistics Realm', 
  object_owner => '%', 
  object_name  => 'GATHER_SYSTEM_STATISTICS', 
  object_type  => 'ROLE'); 
END;
/

CREATE_REALM Procedure

The CREATE_REALM procedure creates a realm. After you create the realm, use the following procedures to complete the realm definition:

  • ADD_OBJECT_TO_REALM procedure registers one or more objects for the realm.

  • ADD_AUTH_TO_REALM procedure authorizes users or roles for the realm.

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_REALM(
  realm_name    IN VARCHAR2, 
  description   IN VARCHAR2, 
  enabled       IN VARCHAR2, 
  audit_options IN NUMBER,
  realm_type    IN NUMBER); 

Parameters

Table 13-4 CREATE_REALM Parameters

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name, up to 90 characters in mixed-case.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View".

description

Description of the purpose of the realm, up to 1024 characters in mixed-case.

enabled

DBMS_MACUTL.G_YES (Yes) enables realm checking; DBMS_MACUTL.G_NO (No) disables it. The default is DBMS_MACUTL.G_YES.

audit_options

Specify one of the following options to audit the realm:

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_OFF: Disables auditing for the realm (default)

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_FAIL: Creates an audit record when a realm violation occurs (for example, when an unauthorized user tries to modify an object that is protected by the realm)

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_SUCCESS: Creates an audit record for authorized activities on objects protected by the realm

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_FAIL + DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_SUCCESS: Creates an audit record for both authorized and unauthorized activities on objects protected by the realm

realm_type

Specify one of the following options:

  • 0: Disables mandatory realm checking.

  • 1: Enables mandatory realm checking for realm objects. Only realm owners or realm participants will have access to objects in a realm. Object owners and object-privileged users who are not realm owners or participants will have no access.

See also "Using Mandatory Realms to Restrict User Access to Objects within a Realm" for more information about mandatory realms.


Example

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.CREATE_REALM(
  realm_name    => 'Performance Statistics Realm', 
  description   => 'Realm to measure performance', 
  enabled       => DBMS_MACUTL.G_YES, 
  audit_options => DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_FAIL + DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_SUCCESS,
  realm_type    => 1);
END; 
/

DELETE_AUTH_FROM_REALM Procedure

The DELETE_AUTH_FROM_REALM procedure removes the authorization of a user or role to access a realm.

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.DELETE_AUTH_FROM_REALM(
  realm_name IN VARCHAR2,
  grantee    IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 13-5 DELETE_AUTH_FROM_REALM Parameters

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View"

grantee

User or role name.

To find the authorization of a particular user or role, query the DVA_DV_REALM_AUTH view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_AUTH View".


Example

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.DELETE_AUTH_FROM_REALM(
  realm_name => 'Performance Statistics Realm',
  grantee    => 'SYS');
END;
/

DELETE_OBJECT_FROM_REALM Procedure

The DELETE_OBJECT_FROM_REALM procedure removes a set of objects from realm protection.

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.DELETE_OBJECT_FROM_REALM(
  realm_name   IN VARCHAR2, 
  object_owner IN VARCHAR2, 
  object_name  IN VARCHAR2, 
  object_type  IN VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 13-6 DELETE_OBJECT_FROM_REALM Parameters

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View"

object_owner

The owner of the object that was added to the realm.

To find the available users, query the DBA_USERS view, described in Oracle Database Reference.

object_name

Object name. (The wildcard % is allowed. See "Object Name" under "About Realm-Secured Objects" for exceptions to the wildcard %.) You can also use the DBMS_MACUTL.G_ALL_OBJECT constant.

To find objects that are secured by existing realms, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_OBJECT view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_OBJECT View".

object_type

Object type, such as TABLE, INDEX, or ROLE. (The wildcard % is allowed. See "Object Types" under "About Realm-Secured Objects" for exceptions to the wildcard %.)

You can also use the DBMS_MACUTL.G_ALL_OBJECT constant.


Example

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.DELETE_OBJECT_FROM_REALM(
  realm_name   => 'Performance Statistics Realm', 
  object_owner => 'SYS', 
  object_name  => 'GATHER_SYSTEM_STATISTICS', 
  object_type  => 'ROLE'); 
END;
/

DELETE_REALM Procedure

The DELETE_REALM procedure deletes a realm, including its related Database Vault configuration information that specifies who is authorized and what objects are protected. It does not delete the actual database objects or users.

To find users who are authorized for the realm, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_AUTH view. To find the objects that are protected by the realm, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_OBJECT view. These views are described in Chapter 22, "Oracle Database Vault Data Dictionary Views."

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.DELETE_REALM(
  realm_name IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameters

Table 13-7 DELETE_REALM Parameter

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View"


Example

EXEC DBMS_MACADM.DELETE_REALM('Performance Statistics Realm'); 

DELETE_REALM_CASCADE Procedure

The DELETE_REALM_CASCADE procedure deletes a realm, including its related Database Vault configuration information that specifies who is authorized (DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_AUTH view) and what objects are protected (DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_OBJECT view). It does not delete the actual database objects or users. This procedure works the same as the DELETE_REALM procedure. (In previous releases, these procedures were different, but now they are the same. Both are retained for earlier compatibility.) To find a listing of the realm-related objects, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view. To find its authorizations, query DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_AUTH. Both are described under Chapter 22, "Oracle Database Vault Data Dictionary Views.".

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.DELETE_REALM_CASCADE(
  realm_name IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameters

Table 13-8 DELETE_REALM_CASCADE Parameter

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View"


Example

EXEC DBMS_MACADM.DELETE_REALM_CASCADE('Performance Statistics Realm'); 

RENAME_REALM Procedure

The RENAME_REALM procedure renames a realm. The name change takes effect everywhere the realm is used.

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.RENAME_REALM(
  realm_name IN VARCHAR2, 
  new_name   IN VARCHAR2); 

Parameters

Table 13-9 RENAME_REALM Parameters

Parameter Description

realm_name

Current realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View"

new_name

New realm name, up to 90 characters in mixed-case.


Example

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.RENAME_REALM(
  realm_name => 'Performance Statistics Realm', 
  new_name   => 'Sector 2 Performance Statistics Realm');
END; 
/

UPDATE_REALM Procedure

The UPDATE_REALM procedure updates a realm. To find information about the current settings for a realm, query the DVSYS.DV$REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DV$REALM View".

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.UPDATE_REALM(
  realm_name    IN VARCHAR2, 
  description   IN VARCHAR2, 
  enabled       IN VARCHAR2, 
  audit_options IN NUMBER DEFAULT NULL,
  realm_type    IN NUMBER DEFAULT NULL); 

Parameters

Table 13-10 UPDATE_REALM Parameters

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View"

description

Description of the purpose of the realm, up to 1024 characters in mixed-case.

enabled

DBMS_MACUTL.G_YES (Yes) enables realm checking; DBMS_MACUTL.G_NO (No) disables it.

The default for enabled is the previously set value, which you can find by querying the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM data dictionary view.

audit_options

Specify one of the following options to audit the realm:

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_OFF: Disables auditing for the realm

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_FAIL: Creates an audit record when a realm violation occurs (for example, when an unauthorized user tries to modify an object that is protected by the realm

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_SUCCESS: Creates an audit record for authorized activities on objects protected by the realm.

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_FAIL + DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_SUCCESS: Creates an audit record for both authorized and unauthorized activities on objects protected by the realm

The default for audit_options is the previously set value, which you can find by querying the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM data dictionary view.

realm_type

If you do not specify the realm_type parameter, then Oracle Database Vault does not update the current realm_type setting.

Specify one of the following options:

  • 0: Sets the realm to be a regular realm, which does not have mandatory realm checking.

  • 1: Enables mandatory realm checking for realm objects. Only realm owners or realm participants will have access to objects in a realm. Object owners and object-privileged users who are not realm owners or participants will have no access.

See also "Using Mandatory Realms to Restrict User Access to Objects within a Realm" for more information about mandatory realms.


Example

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.UPDATE_REALM(
  realm_name    => 'Sector 2 Performance Statistics Realm', 
  description   => 'Realm to measure performance for Sector 2 applications', 
  enabled       => DBMS_MACUTL.G_YES, 
  audit_options => DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUDIT_FAIL + G_REALM_AUDIT_SUCCESS); 
END,
  realm_type    => 1);
/

UPDATE_REALM_AUTH Procedure

The UPDATE_REALM_AUTH procedure updates the authorization of a user or role to access a realm.

Syntax

DBMS_MACADM.UPDATE_REALM_AUTH(
  realm_name    IN VARCHAR2, 
  grantee       IN VARCHAR2, 
  rule_set_name IN VARCHAR2, 
  auth_options  IN NUMBER); 

Parameters

Table 13-11 UPDATE_REALM_AUTH Parameters

Parameter Description

realm_name

Realm name.

To find the existing realms in the current database instance, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM View".

grantee

User or role name.

To find the available users and roles, query the DBA_USERS and DBA_ROLES views, described in Oracle Database Reference.

To find the authorization of a particular user or role, query the DVA_DV_REALM_AUTH view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_AUTH View".

To find existing secure application roles used in privilege management, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_ROLE view, described in "DVSYS.DBA_DV_ROLE View".

rule_set_name

Optional. A rule set to check during runtime. The realm authorization is enabled only if the rule set evaluates to TRUE.

To find the available rule sets, query the DVSYS.DBA_DV_RULE_SET view. To find rules that are associated with the rule sets, query the DBA_DB_RULE_SET_RULE view. Both are described in Chapter 22, "Oracle Database Vault Data Dictionary Views."

auth_options

Optional. Specify one of the following options to authorize the realm:

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUTH_PARTICIPANT: Participant. This account or role provides system or direct privileges to access, manipulate, and create objects protected by the realm, provided these rights have been granted using the standard Oracle Database privilege grant process.

  • DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUTH_OWNER: Owner. This account or role has the same authorization as the realm participant, plus the authorization to grant or revoke realm-secured roles and privileges on realm-protected objects. A realm can have multiple owners.

The default for auth_options value is the previously set value, which you can find by querying the DVSYS.DBA_DV_REALM_AUTH data dictionary view.


Example

BEGIN
 DBMS_MACADM.UPDATE_REALM_AUTH(
  realm_name    => 'Sector 2 Performance Statistics Realm', 
  grantee       => 'SYSADM', 
  rule_set_name => 'Check Conf Access', 
  auth_options  => DBMS_MACUTL.G_REALM_AUTH_OWNER);
END; 
/