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Oracle® Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
12c Release 1 (12.1)

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15 Managing Oracle ADVM with ASMCMD

This chapter describes the Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) Command-Line Utility (ASMCMD) volume management commands.

For information about Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager (Oracle ADVM), refer to "Overview of Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager". For information about using SQL statements to manage Oracle ADVM volumes, refer to "Managing Oracle ADVM Volumes in a Disk Group".

For information about using ASMCMD, refer to "About ASMCMD".

ASMCMD Volume Management Commands

Table 15-1 provides a summary of the Oracle ADVM volume management commands. To successfully run these commands, the local Oracle ASM instance must be running and the disk group required by this command must have been created and mounted in the Oracle ASM instance.

Table 15-1 Summary of ASMCMD volume management commands

Command Description

volcreate

Creates an Oracle ADVM volume in the specified disk group.

voldelete

Deletes an Oracle ADVM volume.

voldisable

Disables Oracle ADVM volumes in mounted disk groups.

volenable

Enables Oracle ADVM volumes in mounted disk groups.

volinfo

Displays information about Oracle ADVM volumes.

volresize

Resizes an Oracle ADVM volume.

volset

Sets attributes of an Oracle ADVM volume in mounted disk groups.

volstat

Reports volume I/O statistics.


volcreate

Purpose

Creates an Oracle ADVM volume in the specified disk group.

Syntax and Description


volcreate -G diskgroup -s size
    [ --column number ] [ --width stripe_width ]
     [--redundancy {high|mirror|unprotected}]
     [--primary {hot|cold}] [--secondary {hot|cold}] volume

Table 15-2 describes the options for the volcreate command.

Table 15-2 Options for the volcreate command

Option Description

-G diskgroup

Name of the disk group containing the volume.

-s size

Size of the volume to be created in units of K, M, G, or T. The unit designation must be appended to the number specified. A space is not allowed between the number and the unit designation. For example: 200M or 20G

--column number

Number of columns in a stripe set. Values range from 1 to 8. The default value is 4.

--width stripe

Stripe width of a volume. The value can range from 4 KB to 1 MB, at power-of-two intervals, with a default of 128 KB.

--redundancy {high|mirror|unprotected}

Redundancy of the Oracle ADVM volume which can be specified for normal redundancy disk groups. If redundancy is not specified, the setting defaults to the redundancy level of the disk group and this is the recommended setting. The range of values is as follows: unprotected for non-mirrored redundancy, mirror for double-mirrored redundancy, or high for triple-mirrored redundancy.

--primary {hot|cold}

Intelligent Data Placement specification for primary extents, either hot or cold region.

--secondary {hot|cold}

Intelligent Data Placement specification for secondary extents, either hot or cold region.

volume

Name of the volume. Only alphanumeric characters are allowed; hyphens are not allowed. The first character must be alphabetic.


When creating an Oracle ADVM volume, a volume device name is created with a unique Oracle ADVM persistent disk group number that is concatenated to the end of the volume name. The unique number can be one to three digits.

On Linux, the volume device name is in the format volume_name-nnn, such as volume1-123. On Windows the volume device name is in the format asm-volume_name-nnn, such as asm-volume1-123. For information on mounting the volume device file, see "Creating an Oracle ACFS File System".

On Linux platforms, the volume name must be less than or equal to eleven alphanumeric characters, starting with an alphabetic character. On AIX platforms, the volume name must be less than or equal to twenty three alphanumeric characters, starting with an alphabetic character. On Windows and Solaris platforms, the volume name must be less than or equal to thirty alphanumeric characters, starting with an alphabetic character.

You can determine the volume device name with the volinfo command, described in "volinfo".

If the --column option is set to 1, then striping is disabled and the stripe width equals the volume extent size. The volume extent size is 8 MB if the disk group allocation unit (AU) is less than or equal to 8 MB. If the AU size is greater than 8 MB, then the Oracle ADVM volume extent size is equivalent to the disk group AU size. For information about Oracle ADVM limits, refer to "Limits of Oracle ADVM". Setting the --column option to 1 is recommended to achieve optimal performance with database data files.

A successful volume creation automatically enables the volume device.

The volume device file functions as any other disk or logical volume to mount file systems or for applications to use directly.

For information about redundancy settings, see "Mirroring, Redundancy, and Failure Group Options". For information about hot and cold disk regions, see "Intelligent Data Placement".

Before creating an Oracle ADVM volume on AIX, ensure that the necessary user authorizations have been created. For information, refer to "Oracle ACFS Command-line Tools for the AIX Environment".

Examples

The following is an example of the volcreate command that creates volume1 in the data disk group with the size set to 10 gigabytes.

Example 15-1 Using the ASMCMD volcreate command

ASMCMD [+] >  volcreate -G data -s 10G --width 64K --column 8 volume1

ASMCMD [+] > volinfo -G data volume1
Diskgroup Name: DATA
 
         Volume Name: VOLUME1
         Volume Device: /dev/asm/volume1-123
         State: ENABLED
         Size (MB): 10240
         Resize Unit (MB): 64
         Redundancy: MIRROR
         Stripe Columns: 8
         Stripe Width (K): 64
         Usage: 
         Mountpath: 

voldelete

Purpose

Deletes an Oracle ADVM volume.

Syntax and Description


voldelete -G diskgroup volume

Table 15-3 describes the options for the voldelete command.

Table 15-3 Options for the voldelete command

Option Description

-G diskgroup

Name of the disk group containing the volume.

volume

Name of the volume.


To successfully run this command, the local Oracle ASM instance must be running and the disk group required by this command must be mounted in the Oracle ASM instance. Before deleting a volume, you must ensure that there are no active file systems associated with the volume.

Examples

The following is an example of the voldelete command that deletes volume1 from the data disk group.

Example 15-2 Using the ASMCMD voldelete command

ASMCMD [+] > voldelete -G data volume1

voldisable

Purpose

Disables Oracle ADVM volumes in mounted disk groups and removes the volume device on the local node.

Syntax and Description


voldisable { --all |{ -G diskgroup { -a | volume } } }

Table 15-4 describes the options for the voldisable command.

Table 15-4 Options for the voldisable command

Option Description

-all

Specifies all volumes within all disk groups.

-G diskgroup

Name of the disk group containing the volume.

-a

Specifies all volumes within the specified disk group.

volume

Name of the volume.


You can disable volumes before shutting down an Oracle ASM instance or dismounting a disk group to verify that the operations can be accomplished normally without including a force option due to open volume files. Disabling a volume also prevents any subsequent opens on the volume or device file because it no longer exists.

Before disabling a volume, you must ensure that there are no active file systems associated with the volume. You must first dismount the Oracle ACFS file system before disabling the volume. See "Dismounting an Oracle ACFS File System".

You can delete a volume without first disabling the volume.

Examples

The following is an example of the voldisable command that disables volume1 in the data disk group.

Example 15-3 Using the ASMCMD voldisable command

ASMCMD [+] > voldisable -G data volume1

volenable

Purpose

Enables Oracle ADVM volumes in mounted disk groups.

Syntax and Description


volenable { --all |{ -G diskgroup { -a | volume } } }

Table 15-5 describes the options for the volenable command.

Table 15-5 Options for the volenable command

Option Description

-all

Specifies all volumes within all disk groups.

-G diskgroup

Name of the disk group containing the volume.

-a

Specifies all volumes within the specified disk group.

volume

Name of the volume.


A volume is enabled when it is created.

Examples

The following is an example of the volenable command that enables volume1 in the data disk group.

Example 15-4 Using the ASMCMD volenable command

ASMCMD [+] > volenable -G data volume1

volinfo

Purpose

Displays information about Oracle ADVM volumes.

Syntax and Description


volinfo { --all |{ -G diskgroup { -a | volume } } }
volinfo {--show_diskgroup |--show_volume} volumedevice

Table 15-6 describes the options for the volinfo command.

Table 15-6 Options for the volinfo command

Option Description

-all

Specifies all volumes within all disk groups.

-G diskgroup

Name of the disk group containing the volume.

-a

Specifies all volumes within the specified disk group.

volume

Name of the volume.

--show_diskgroup

Returns only the disk group name. A volume device name is required.

--show_volume

Returns only the volume name. A volume device name is required.

volumedevice

Name of the volume device.


Examples

The first example displays information about the volume1 volume in the data disk group. This example was produced in a Linux environment. The second example displays information about the volume1 volume in the data disk group and was produced in a Windows environment.

The Mountpath field contains the path where the volume is currently mounted or where the volume was last mounted.

Example 15-5 Using the ASMCMD volinfo command

ASMCMD [+] > volinfo -G data volume1
Diskgroup Name: DATA
         Volume Name: VOLUME1
         Volume Device: /dev/asm/volume1-123
         State: ENABLED
         Size (MB): 10240
         Resize Unit (MB): 64
         Redundancy: MIRROR
         Stripe Columns: 8
         Stripe Width (K): 64
         Usage: ACFS
         Mountpath: /acfsmounts/acfs1

ASMCMD [+] > volinfo -G data -a
Diskgroup Name: DATA
         Volume Name: VOLUME1
         Volume Device: \\.\asm-volume1-311
         State: ENABLED
         Size (MB): 1024
         Resize Unit (MB): 32
         Redundancy: MIRROR
         Stripe Columns: 4
         Stripe Width (K): 128
         Usage: ACFS
         Mountpath: C:\oracle\acfsmounts\acfs1

volresize

Purpose

Resizes an Oracle ADVM volume.

Syntax and Description


volresize -G diskgroup -s size [ -f ] volume

Table 15-7 describes the options for the volresize command.

Table 15-7 Options for the volresize command

Option Description

-G diskgroup

Name of the disk group containing the volume.

-f

Forces the shrinking of a volume that is not an Oracle ACFS volume and suppresses any warning message.

volume

Name of the volume.

-s size

New size of the volume in units of K, M, G, or T.


If the volume is mounted on a non-Oracle ACFS file system, then dismount the file system first before resizing. If the new size is smaller than current, you are warned of possible data corruption. Unless the -f (force) option is specified, you are prompted whether to continue with the operation.

If there is an Oracle ACFS file system on the volume, then you cannot resize the volume with the volresize command. You must use the acfsutil size command, which also resizes the volume and file system. For information, see "acfsutil size".

Examples

The following is an example of the volresize command that resizes volume1 in the data disk group to 20 gigabytes.

Example 15-6 Using the ASMCMD volresize command

ASMCMD [+] > volresize -G data -s 20G volume1

volset

Purpose

Sets attributes of an Oracle ADVM volume in mounted disk groups.

Syntax and Description


volset -G diskgroup [ --usagestring string]
        [--mountpath mount_path ]
        [--primary {hot|cold}] [--secondary {hot|cold}] volume

Table 15-8 describes the options for the volset command.

Table 15-8 Options for the volset command

Option Description

-G diskgroup

Name of the disk group containing the volume.

--usagestring string

Optional usage string to tag a volume which can be up to 30 characters. This string is set to ACFS when the volume is attached to an Oracle ACFS file system and should not be changed.

--mountpath mount_path

Optional string to tag a volume with its mount path string which can be up to 1024 characters. This string is set when the file system is mounted and should not be changed.

--primary {hot|cold}

Intelligent Data Placement specification for primary extents, either hot or cold region.

--secondary {hot|cold}

Intelligent Data Placement specification for secondary extents, either hot or cold region.

volume

Name of the volume.


When running the mkfs command to create a file system, the usage field is set to ACFS and mountpath field is reset to an empty string if it has been set. The usage field should remain at ACFS.

When running the mount command to mount a file system, the mountpath field is set to the mount path value to identify the mount point for the file system. After the value is set by the mount command, the mountpath field should not be updated.

Examples

The following is an example of a volset command that sets the usage string for a volume that is not associated with a file system.

Example 15-7 Using the ASMCMD volset command

ASMCMD [+] > volset -G data --usagestring 'no file system created' volume1

volstat

Purpose

Reports I/O statistics for Oracle ADVM volumes.

Syntax and Description


volstat [-G diskgroup] [volume]
       

Table 15-9 describes the options for the volstat command.

Table 15-9 Options for the volstat command

Option Description

-G diskgroup

Name of the mounted disk group containing the volume.

volume

Name of the volume.


The following apply when using the volstat command.

  • If the disk group is not specified and the volume name is specified, all mounted disk groups are searched for the specified volume name.

  • If the disk group name is specified and the volume name is omitted, all volumes are displayed for the named disk group.

  • If both the disk group name and the volume name are omitted, all volumes on all disk groups are displayed.

Examples

The following is an example of the volstat command that displays information about volumes in the data disk group.

Example 15-8 Using the ASMCMD volstat command

ASMCMD [+] > volstat -G data
DISKGROUP NUMBER / NAME:  1 / DATA
---------------------------------------
  VOLUME_NAME
     READS           BYTES_READ      READ_TIME       READ_ERRS 
     WRITES          BYTES_WRITTEN   WRITE_TIME      WRITE_ERRS
  -------------------------------------------------------------
  VOLUME1
     10085           2290573312      22923           0
     1382            5309440         1482            0