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Oracle® Database Administrator's Guide
12c Release 1 (12.1)

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42 Administering PDBs with SQL*Plus

This chapter contains the following topics:

About Administering PDBs

Administering a pluggable database (PDB) involves a subset of the tasks required to administer a non-CDB. In this subset of tasks, most are the same for a PDB and a non-CDB, but there are some differences. For example, there are differences when you modify the open mode of a PDB. Also, a PDB administrator is limited to managing a single PDB and is not affected by other PDBs in the multitenant container database (CDB).

Other administrative tasks are the same for a PDB and a non-CDB. Table 42-1 describes some of these tasks.

Table 42-1 Administrative Tasks Common to PDBs and Non-CDBs

Task Description Additional Information

Managing tablespaces

You can create, modify, and drop tablespaces for a PDB. You can specify a default tablespace and default tablespace type for each PDB. Also, there is a default temporary tablespace for the entire CDB. You optionally can create additional temporary tablespaces for use by individual PDBs.

Chapter 13, "Managing Tablespaces"

"Modifying a PDB"

Managing data files and temp files

Each PDB has its own data files. You can manage data files and temp files in the same way that you would manage them for a non-CDB. You can also limit the amount of storage used by the data files for a PDB by using the STORAGE clause in a CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE or ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement.

Chapter 14, "Managing Data Files and Temp Files"

"Storage Limits"

"Modifying a PDB"

Managing schema objects

You can create, modify, and drop schema objects in a PDB in the same way that you would in a non-CDB. You can also create triggers that fire for a specific PDB.

When you manage database links in a CDB, the root has a unique global database name, and so does each PDB. The global name of the root is defined by the DB_NAME and DB_DOMAIN initialization parameters. The global database name of a PDB is defined by the PDB name and the DB_DOMAIN initialization parameter. The global database name of each PDB must be unique within the domain.

Part III, "Schema Objects"

Oracle Database PL/SQL Language Reference for information about creating triggers in a CDB

"Creating Database Links"


When you are administering a PDB, you can modify the PDB with an ALTER DATABASE, ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE, or ALTER SYSTEM statement. You can also execute DDL statements on the PDB.

It is also important to understand which administrative tasks cannot be performed when the current container is a PDB. The following are some administrative tasks that are performed by a common user for the entire CDB or for the root when the current container is the root:

  • Starting up and shutting down a CDB instance

  • Modifying the CDB or the root with an ALTER DATABASE statement

  • Modifying the CDB or the root with an ALTER SYSTEM statement

  • Executing data definition language (DDL) statements on a CDB or the root

  • Managing the following components:

    • Processes

    • Memory

    • Errors and alerts

    • Diagnostic data

    • Control files

    • The online redo log and the archived redo log files

    • Undo

  • Creating, plugging in, unplugging, and dropping PDBs

A common user whose current container is the root can also change the open mode of one or more PDBs. See Chapter 40, "Administering a CDB with SQL*Plus" for more information about this task and other tasks related to administering a CDB or the root.

A common user or local user whose current container is a PDB can change the open mode of the current PDB. See "Modifying a PDB" for more information about this task.

Connecting to a PDB with SQL*Plus

This section assumes that you understand how to connect to a non-CDB in SQL*Plus. See "Connecting to the Database with SQL*Plus" for information.

You can use the following techniques to connect to a PDB with the SQL*Plus CONNECT command:

  • Database connection using easy connect

  • Database connection using a net service name

The following prerequisites must be met:

  • The user connecting to the PDB must be granted the CREATE SESSION privilege in the PDB.

  • To connect to a PDB as a user that does not have SYSDBA, SYSOPER, SYSBACKUP, or SYSDG administrative privilege, the PDB must be open. See "Modifying the Open Mode of PDBs" and "Modifying a PDB" for information about changing the open mode of a PDB.

Note:

This section assumes that the user connecting to the PDB is a local user. You can also connect to the PDB as a common user, and you can connect to the root as a common user and switch to the PDB.

To connect to a PDB using the SQL*Plus CONNECT command: 

  1. Configure your environment so that you can open SQL*Plus.

    See "Connecting to the Database with SQL*Plus".

  2. Start SQL*Plus with the /NOLOG argument:

    sqlplus /nolog
    
  3. Issue a CONNECT command using easy connect or a net service name to connect to the PDB.

    To connect to a PDB, connect to a service with a PDB property.

Example 42-1 Connecting to a PDB in SQL*Plus Using the PDB's Net Service Name

The following command connects to the hr user using the hrapp service. The hrapp service has a PDB property for the hrpdb PDB. This example assumes that the client is configured to have a net service name for the hrapp service.

CONNECT hr@hrapp

See "Step 4: Submit the SQL*Plus CONNECT Command" for more examples.

See Also:

Modifying a PDB

This section describes modifying a PDB and contains the following topics:

Modifying a PDB with the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE Statement

This section contains the following topics about modifying a PDB with the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE SQL statement:

About Modifying a PDB with the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE Statement

When the current container is a PDB, an ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement with any of the following clauses modifies the PDB:

  • database_file_clauses

    These clauses work the same as they would in an ALTER DATABASE statement, but the statement applies to the current PDB.

  • set_time_zone_clause

    This clause works the same as it would in an ALTER DATABASE statement, but it applies to the current PDB.

  • DEFAULT TABLESPACE clause

    For users created while the current container is a PDB, this clause specifies the default tablespace for the user if the default tablespace is not specified in the CREATE USER statement.

  • DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE clause

    For users created while the current container is a PDB, this clause specifies the default temporary tablespace for the user if the default temporary tablespace is not specified in the CREATE USER statement.

  • RENAME GLOBAL_NAME clause

    This clause changes the unique global database name for the PDB. The new global database name must be different from that of any container in the CDB. When you change the global database name of a PDB, the PDB name is changed to the name before the first period in the global database name.

    You must change the PDB property of database services used to connect to the PDB when you change the global database name. See "Managing Services Associated with PDBs".

  • SET DEFAULT { BIGFILE | SMALLFILE } TABLESPACE clause

    This clause changes the default type of subsequently created tablespaces in the PDB to either bigfile or smallfile. This clause works the same as it would in an ALTER DATABASE statement, but it applies to the current PDB.

  • DEFAULT EDITION clause

    This clause works the same as it would in an ALTER DATABASE statement, but it applies to the current PDB. Each PDB can use edition-based redefinition, and editions in one PDB do not affect editions in other PDBs. In a multitenant environment in which each PDB has its own application, you can use edition-based redefinition independently for each distinct application.

  • pdb_storage_clause

    This clause sets a limit on the amount of storage used by all tablespaces that belong to a PDB. This limit applies to the total size of all data files and temp files comprising tablespaces that belong to the PDB.

    This clause can also set a limit on the amount of storage in a shared temporary tablespace that can be used by sessions connected to the PDB. The shared temporary tablespace is the default temporary tablespace for the entire CDB. If the limit is reached, then no additional storage in the shared temporary tablespace is available to sessions connected to the PDB.

  • pdb_state_clause

    This clause changes the open mode of the current PDB.

    If you specify the optional RESTRICTED keyword, then the PDB is accessible only to users with the RESTRICTED SESSION privilege in the PDB.

    Specifying FORCE in this clause changes semantics of the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement so that, in addition to opening a PDB that is currently closed, it can be used to change the open mode of a PDB that is already open.

    See "Modifying the Open Mode of PDBs with ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE".

An ALTER DATABASE statement issued when the current container is a PDB that includes clauses that are supported for an ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement have the same effect as the corresponding ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement. However, these statements cannot include clauses that are specific to PDBs, such as the pdb_storage_clause and the pdb_state_clause.

Modifying a PDB with the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE Statement

This section describes using the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement to modify the attributes of a single PDB.

See "About Modifying a PDB with the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE Statement" for information about the clauses that modify the attributes of a single PDB. When the current container is a PDB, an ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement with one of these clauses modifies the PDB. The modifications overwrite the defaults set for the root in the PDB. The modifications do not affect the root or other PDBs.

The following prerequisites must be met:

  • To change the open mode of the PDB from mounted to opened or from opened to mounted, the current user must have SYSDBA, SYSOPER, SYSBACKUP, or SYSDG administrative privilege, and the privilege must be either commonly granted or locally granted in the PDB. The user must exercise the privilege using AS SYSDBA, AS SYSOPER, AS SYSBACKUP, or AS SYSDG, respectively, at connect time.

  • For all other operations performed using the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement, the current user must have the ALTER DATABASE system privilege, and the privilege must be either commonly granted or locally granted in the PDB.

  • To close a PDB, the PDB must be open.

Note:

This section does not cover changing the global database name of a PDB using the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement. To do so, see "Changing the Global Database Name of a PDB".

To modify a PDB with the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement: 

  1. In SQL*Plus, ensure that the current container is a PDB.

    See "Connecting to a PDB with SQL*Plus".

  2. Run an ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement.

The following examples modify a single PDB:

Example 42-2 Changing the Open Mode of a PDB

This ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement changes the open mode of the current PDB to mounted.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE CLOSE IMMEDIATE;

The following statement changes the open mode of the current PDB to open read-only.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE OPEN READ ONLY;

A PDB must be in mounted mode to change its open mode to read-only or read/write unless you specify the FORCE keyword.

The following statement changes the open mode of the current PDB from mounted or open read-only to open read-write.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE OPEN FORCE;

Example 42-3 Bringing a Data File Online for a PDB

This ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement uses a database_file_clause to bring the /u03/oracle/pdb1_01.dbf data file online.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE DATAFILE '/u03/oracle/pdb1_01.dbf' ONLINE;

Example 42-4 Changing the Default Tablespaces for a PDB

This ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement uses a DEFAULT TABLESPACE clause to set the default permanent tablespace to pdb1_tbs for the PDB.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE DEFAULT TABLESPACE pdb1_tbs;

This ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement uses a DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE clause to set the default temporary tablespace to pdb1_temp for the PDB.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE pdb1_temp;

The tablespace or tablespace group specified in the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE statement must exist in the PDB. Users whose current container is a PDB that are not explicitly assigned a default tablespace or default temporary tablespace use the default tablespace or default temporary tablespace for the PDB.

Example 42-5 Changing the Default Tablespace Type for a PDB

This ALTER DATABASE statement uses a SET DEFAULT TABLESPACE clause to change the default tablespace type to bigfile for the PDB.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE SET DEFAULT BIGFILE TABLESPACE;

Example 42-6 Setting Storage Limits for a PDB

This statement sets the storage limit for all tablespaces that belong to a PDB to two gigabytes.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE STORAGE(MAXSIZE 2G);

This statement specifies that there is no storage limit for the tablespaces that belong to the PDB.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE STORAGE(MAXSIZE UNLIMITED);

This statement sets the amount of storage in a shared temporary tablespace that can be used by sessions connected to the PDB to 500 megabytes.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE STORAGE(MAX_SHARED_TEMP_SIZE 500M);

This statement specifies that there is no storage limit for the shared temporary tablespace that can be used by sessions connected to the PDB.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE STORAGE(MAX_SHARED_TEMP_SIZE UNLIMITED);

This statement specifies that there is no storage limit for the tablespaces that belong to the PDB and that there is no storage limit for the shared temporary tablespace that can be used by sessions connected to the PDB.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE STORAGE UNLIMITED;

Example 42-7 Setting the Default Edition for a PDB

This example sets the default edition for the current PDB to PDB1E3.

ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE DEFAULT EDITION = PDB1E3;

See Also:

Changing the Global Database Name of a PDB

When you change the global database name of a PDB, the new global database name must be different from that of any container in the CDB.

The following prerequisites must be met:

  • The current user must have the ALTER DATABASE system privilege, and the privilege must be either commonly granted or locally granted in the PDB.

  • For an Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) database, the PDB must be open on the current instance only. The PDB must be closed on all other instances.

  • The PDB being modified must be opened on the current instance in read/write mode with RESTRICTED specified so that it is accessible only to users with RESTRICTED SESSION privilege in the PDB.

To change the global database name of a PDB: 

  1. In SQL*Plus, ensure that the current container is a PDB.

    See "Connecting to a PDB with SQL*Plus".

  2. Run an ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE RENAME GLOBAL_NAME TO statement.

    The following example changes the global database name of the PDB to salespdb.example.com:

    ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE RENAME GLOBAL_NAME TO salespdb.example.com;
    
  3. Close the PDB.

  4. Open the PDB in read/write mode.

When you change the global database name of a PDB, the PDB name is changed to the first part of the new global name, which is the part before the first period. Also, Oracle Database changes the name of the default database service for the PDB automatically. Oracle Database also changes the PDB property of all database services in the PDB to the new global name of the PDB. You must close the PDB and open it in read/write mode for Oracle Database to complete the integration of the new PDB service name into the CDB, as shown in steps 3 and 4.

Oracle Net Services must be configured properly for clients to access database services. You might need to alter your Oracle Net Services configuration as a result of the PDB name change.

See Also:

Modifying a PDB with the SQL*Plus STARTUP and SHUTDOWN Commands

When the current container is a PDB, you can use the SQL*Plus STARTUP command to open the PDB and the SQL*Plus SHUTDOWN command to close the PDB.

This section contains the following topics:

Using the STARTUP SQL*Plus Command on a PDB

When the current container is a PDB, the SQL*Plus STARTUP command opens the PDB. Use the following options of the STARTUP command to open a PDB:

  • FORCE

    Closes an open PDB before re-opening it in read/write mode. When this option is specified, no other options are allowed.

  • RESTRICT

    Enables only users with the RESTRICTED SESSION system privilege in the PDB to access the PDB.

    If neither OPEN READ WRITE nor OPEN READ ONLY is specified and RESTRICT is specified, then the PDB is opened in read-only mode when the CDB to which it belongs is a physical standby database. Otherwise, the PDB is opened in read/write mode.

  • OPEN open_pdb_options

    Opens the PDB in either read/write mode or read-only mode. Specify OPEN READ WRITE or OPEN READ ONLY. When RESTRICT is not specified, READ WRITE is always the default.

To issue the STARTUP command when the current container is a PDB, the following prerequisites must be met:

  • The current user must have SYSDBA, SYSOPER, SYSBACKUP, or SYSDG administrative privilege, and the privilege must be either commonly granted or locally granted in the PDB. The user must exercise the privilege using AS SYSDBA, AS SYSOPER, AS SYSBACKUP, or AS SYSDG, respectively, at connect time.

  • Excluding the use of the FORCE option, the PDB must be in mounted mode to open it.

  • To place a PDB in mounted mode, the PDB must be in open read-only or open read/write mode.

To modify a PDB with the STARTUP command: 

  1. In SQL*Plus, ensure that the current container is a PDB.

    See "Connecting to a PDB with SQL*Plus".

  2. Run the STARTUP command.

Example 42-8 Opening a PDB in Read/Write Mode with the STARTUP Command

STARTUP OPEN

Example 42-9 Opening a PDB in Read-Only Mode with the STARTUP Command

STARTUP OPEN READ ONLY

Example 42-10 Opening a PDB in Read-Only Restricted Mode with the STARTUP Command

STARTUP RESTRICT OPEN READ ONLY

Example 42-11 Opening a PDB in Read/Write Mode with the STARTUP Command and the FORCE Option

This example assumes that the PDB is currently open. The FORCE option closes the PDB and then opens it in the read/write mode.

STARTUP FORCE

Using the SQL*Plus SHUTDOWN Command on a PDB

When the current container is a PDB, the SQL*Plus SHUTDOWN command closes the PDB. After the SHUTDOWN command is issued on a PDB successfully, it is in mounted mode.

If you do not specify IMMEDIATE, then the PDB is shut down with the normal mode. When IMMEDIATE is specified, the PDB is shut down with the immediate mode.

To issue the SHUTDOWN command when the current container is a PDB, the following prerequisites must be met:

  • The current user must have SYSDBA, SYSOPER, SYSBACKUP, or SYSDG administrative privilege, and the privilege must be either commonly granted or locally granted in the PDB. The user must exercise the privilege using AS SYSDBA, AS SYSOPER, AS SYSBACKUP, or AS SYSDG, respectively, at connect time.

  • To close a PDB, the PDB must be open.

To modify a PDB with the SHUTDOWN command: 

  1. In SQL*Plus, ensure that the current container is a PDB.

    See "Connecting to a PDB with SQL*Plus".

  2. Run the SHUTDOWN command.

Example 42-12 Closing a PDB with the SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE Command

SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE

Note:

  • When the current container is a PDB, the SHUTDOWN command only closes the PDB, not the CDB instance.

  • There is no SHUTDOWN command for a PDB that is equivalent to SHUTDOWN TRANSACTIONAL or SHUTDOWN ABORT for a non-CDB.

Using the ALTER SYSTEM Statement to Modify a PDB

This section contains the following topics:

About Using the ALTER SYSTEM Statement on a PDB

The ALTER SYSTEM statement can dynamically alter a PDB. You can issue an ALTER SYSTEM statement when you want to change the way a PDB operates.

When the current container is a PDB, you can run the following ALTER SYSTEM statements:

  • ALTER SYSTEM FLUSH SHARED_POOL

  • ALTER SYSTEM FLUSH BUFFER_CACHE

  • ALTER SYSTEM ENABLE RESTRICTED SESSION

  • ALTER SYSTEM DISABLE RESTRICTED SESSION

  • ALTER SYSTEM SET USE_STORED_OUTLINES

  • ALTER SYSTEM SUSPEND

  • ALTER SYSTEM RESUME

  • ALTER SYSTEM CHECKPOINT

  • ALTER SYSTEM CHECK DATAFILES

  • ALTER SYSTEM REGISTER

  • ALTER SYSTEM KILL SESSION

  • ALTER SYSTEM DISCONNECT SESSION

  • ALTER SYSTEM SET initialization_parameter (for a subset of initialization parameters)

All other ALTER SYSTEM statements affect the entire CDB and must be run by a common user in the root.

The ALTER SYSTEM SET initialization_parameter statement can modify only some initialization parameters for PDBs. All initialization parameters can be set for the root. For any initialization parameter that is not set explicitly for a PDB, the PDB inherits the root's parameter value.

You can modify an initialization parameter for a PDB when the ISPDB_MODIFIABLE column is TRUE for the parameter in the V$SYSTEM_PARAMETER view. The following query lists all of the initialization parameters that are modifiable for a PDB:

SELECT NAME FROM V$SYSTEM_PARAMETER WHERE ISPDB_MODIFIABLE='TRUE' ORDER BY NAME;

When the current container is a PDB, run the ALTER SYSTEM SET initialization_parameter statement to modify the PDB. The statement does not affect the root or other PDBs. The following table describes the behavior of the SCOPE clause when you use a server parameter file (SPFILE) and run the ALTER SYSTEM SET statement on a PDB.

SCOPE Setting Behavior
MEMORY The initialization parameter setting is changed in memory and takes effect immediately in the PDB. The new setting affects only the PDB.

The setting reverts to the value set in the root in the any of the following cases:

  • An ALTER SYSTEM SET statement sets the value of the parameter in the root with SCOPE equal to BOTH or MEMORY, and the PDB is closed and re-opened. The parameter value in the PDB is not changed if SCOPE is equal to SPFILE, and the PDB is closed and re-opened.

  • The CDB is shut down and re-opened.

SPFILE The initialization parameter setting is changed for the PDB in the SPFILE. The new setting takes effect in any of the following cases:
  • The PDB is closed and re-opened.

  • The CDB is shut down and re-opened.

In these cases, the new setting affects only the PDB.

BOTH The initialization parameter setting is changed in memory, and it is changed for the PDB in the SPFILE. The new setting takes effect immediately in the PDB and persists after the PDB is closed and re-opened or the CDB is shut down and re-opened. The new setting affects only the PDB.

When a PDB is unplugged from a CDB, the values of the initialization parameters that were specified for the PDB with SCOPE=BOTH or SCOPE=SPFILE are added to the PDB's XML metadata file. These values are restored for the PDB when it is plugged in to a CDB.

Note:

A text initialization parameter file (PFILE) cannot contain PDB-specific parameter values.

Using the ALTER SYSTEM Statement on a PDB

The current user must be granted the following privileges, and the privileges must be either commonly granted or locally granted in the PDB:

  • CREATE SESSION

  • ALTER SYSTEM

To use ALTER SYSTEM to modify a PDB: 

  1. In SQL*Plus, ensure that the current container is a PDB.

    See "Connecting to a PDB with SQL*Plus".

  2. Run the ALTER SYSTEM statement.

Example 42-13 Enable Restricted Sessions in a PDB

To restrict sessions in a PDB, issue the following statement:

ALTER SYSTEM ENABLE RESTRICTED SESSION;

Example 42-14 Changing the Statistics Gathering Level for the PDB

This ALTER SYSTEM statement sets the STATISTICS_LEVEL initialization parameter to ALL for the current PDB:

ALTER SYSTEM SET STATISTICS_LEVEL = ALL SCOPE = MEMORY;

Managing Services Associated with PDBs

This section contains the following topics:

About Services Associated with PDBs

Database services have an optional PDB property. You can set a PDB property when you create a service, and you can modify the PDB property of a service. The PDB property associates the service with the PDB. When a client connects to a service with a PDB property, the current container for the connection is the PDB. You can view the PDB property for a service by querying the ALL_SERVICES data dictionary view or, when using the SRVCTL utility, by using the srvctl config service command.

The PDB property is required only when you are creating a service or modifying the PDB property of a service. For example, you do not specify a PDB property when you start, stop, or remove a service, and you do not need to specify a PDB property when you modify a service without modifying its PDB property.

When a PDB is created, a new default service for the PDB is created automatically, and this service has the same name as the PDB. You cannot manage this service, and it should only be used for administrative tasks. Do not use this default PDB service for applications. Always use user-defined services for applications because you can customize user-defined services to fit the requirements of your applications.

Note:

  • Each database service name must be unique in a CDB, and each database service name must be unique within the scope of all the CDBs whose instances are reached through a specific listener.

  • When your database is being managed by Oracle Restart or Oracle Clusterware, and you use the SRVCTL utility to start a service with a PDB property for a PDB that is closed, the PDB is opened in read/write mode on the nodes where the service is started. However, stopping a PDB service does not change the open mode of the PDB. See "Modifying a PDB with the ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE Statement" for information about changing the open mode of a PDB.

  • When you unplug or drop a PDB, the services of the unplugged or dropped PDB are not removed automatically. You can remove these services manually.

Creating, Modifying, or Removing a Service for a PDB

You can create, modify, or remove a service with a PDB property in the following ways:

  • If your single-instance database is being managed by Oracle Restart or your Oracle RAC database is being managed by Oracle Clusterware, then use the Server Control (SRVCTL) utility to create, modify, or remove the service.

    To create a service for a PDB using the SRVCTL utility, use the add service command and specify the PDB in the -pdb parameter. If you do not specify a PDB in the -pdb parameter when you create a service, then the service is associated with the root.

    To modify the PDB property of a service using the SRVCTL utility, use the modify service command and specify the PDB in the -pdb parameter. To remove a service for a PDB using the SRVCTL utility, use the remove service command.

    You can use other SRVCTL commands to manage the service, such as the start service and stop service commands, even if they do not include the -pdb parameter.

    The PDB name is not validated when you create or modify a service with the SRVCTL utility. However, an attempt to start a service with invalid PDB name results in an error.

  • If your database is not being managed by Oracle Restart or Oracle Clusterware, then use the DBMS_SERVICE package to create or remove a database service.

    When you create a service with the DBMS_SERVICE package, the PDB property of the service is set to the current container. Therefore, to create a service with a PDB property set to a specific PDB using the DBMS_SERVICE package, run the CREATE_SERVICE procedure when the current container is that PDB. If you create a service using the CREATE_SERVICE procedure when the current container is the root, then the service is associated with the root.

    You cannot modify the PDB property of a service with the DBMS_SERVICE package. However, you can remove a service in one PDB and create a similar service in a different PDB. In this case, the new service has the PDB property of the PDB in which it was created.

    You can also use other DBMS_SERVICE subprograms to manage the service, such as the START_SERVICE and STOP_SERVICE procedures. Use the DELETE_SERVICE procedure to remove a service.

Oracle recommends using the SRVCTL utility to create and modify services. However, if you do not use the SRVCTL utility, then you can use the DBMS_SERVICE package.

To create, modify, or remove a service with a PDB property using the SRVCTL utility: 

  1. Log in to the host computer with the correct user account, and ensure that you run SRVCTL from the correct Oracle home.

  2. To create or modify a service, run the add service command, and specify the PDB in the -pdb parameter. To modify the PDB property of a service, run the modify service command, and specify the PDB in the -pdb parameter. To remove a service, run the remove service command.

Example 42-15 Creating a Service for a PDB Using the SRVCTL Utility

This example adds the salesrep service for the PDB salespdb in the CDB with DB_UNIQUE_NAME mycdb:

srvctl add service -db mycdb -service salesrep -pdb salespdb

Example 42-16 Modifying the PDB Property of a Service Using the SRVCTL Utility

This example modifies the salesrep service in the CDB with DB_UNIQUE_NAME mycdb to associate the service with the hrpdb PDB:

srvctl modify service -db mycdb -service salesrep -pdb hrpdb

Example 42-17 Removing a Service Using the SRVCTL Utility

This example removes the salesrep service in the CDB with DB_UNIQUE_NAME mycdb:

srvctl remove service -db mycdb -service salesrep

To create or remove a service for a PDB using the DBMS_SERVICE package: 

  1. In SQL*Plus, ensure that the current container is a PDB.

    See "Connecting to a PDB with SQL*Plus".

  2. Run the appropriate subprogram in the DBMS_SERVICE package.

Note:

If your database is being managed by Oracle Restart or Oracle Clusterware, then use the SRVCTL utility to manage services. Do not use the DBMS_SERVICE package.

Example 42-18 Creating a Service for a PDB Using the DBMS_SERVICE Package

This example creates the salesrep service for the current PDB:

BEGIN
  DBMS_SERVICE.CREATE_SERVICE(
    service_name => 'salesrep',
    network_name => 'salesrep.example.com');
END;
/

The PDB property of the service is set to the current container. For example, if the current container is the salespdb PDB, then the PDB property of the service is salespdb.

Example 42-19 Removing a Service Using the DBMS_SERVICE Package

This example removes the salesrep service in the current PDB.

BEGIN
  DBMS_SERVICE.DELETE_SERVICE(
    service_name => 'salesrep');
END;
/