A Frequently Asked Questions

What is mod_plsql?

mod_plsql is an Oracle HTTP Server plug-in that communicates with the database by mapping browser requests into database stored procedure calls over a SQL*Net connection. It is generally indicated by a /pls virtual path. The mod_plsql gateway provides support for building and deploying PL/SQL-based applications on the Web. PL/SQL stored procedures can retrieve data from database tables and generate HTTP responses containing formatted data and HTML code to display in a Web browser. See the Oracle Database Advanced Application Developer's Guide for more information.

What is the PL/SQL Web Toolkit?

The PL/SQL Web Toolkit enables you to develop Web applications as PL/SQL procedures stored in an Oracle database server. Packages in the toolkit define procedures, functions, and data types that you can use in your stored procedures. See the Oracle Database Advanced Application Developer's Guide for more information.

How do I find the version of mod_plsql?

You can determine the version of mod_plsql by executing the oversioncheck script on the mod_plsql binary.

On UNIX platforms, issue the following command:


On Windows platforms, issue the following command:


How do I find the version of the OWA packages?

  1. Use SQL*Plus and connect as any user to the database.

  2. Execute the following command:

    select owa_util.get_version from dual;

    This should show the version of the OWA packages. For example,

If this query fails, you are having a very old version of OWA packages that does not have versioning. It is recommended that you upgrade to a newer version.

How do I install the OWA packages?

See Section 1.2, "Installing Required Packages" for more information.

How do I uninstall the OWA packages?

OWA packages can be uninstalled by performing the following tasks:

  1. Navigate to the directory from where the OWA packages were installed. For example:

    cd ORACLE_HOME\ohs\mod_plsql
  2. Use SQL*Plus to connect as the owner the OWA packages. This user should be the SYS user, unless you have an old version of the OWA packages.

  3. Invoke the script owadins.sql to uninstall the OWA packages.

How do I detect and clean up duplicate OWA packages installed in the database?

The following SQL query can be used to determine the location of the OWA packages:


You will see the following results:



-----  ----------- 

If you see more lines than shown in the preceding SQL query, it means that older OWA packages exist in other schemas, which may cause issues for mod_plsql users. In such situations, uninstall all versions of the OWA packages from the database, and reinstall the OWA packages that ship with the product.

I am getting HTTP error codes while accessing PL/SQL procedures through mod_plsql.

mod_plsql logs detailed error messages to the Oracle HTTP Server file ORACLE_HOME\ohs\mod_plsql\logs. Scan this file to understand the problem. For more information on mod_plsql logging, see "What kinds of logging facilities are available in mod_plsql?".

All my PL/SQL procedures return a "Document contains no data" error in Netscape, or a blank page in Internet Explorer.

This problem could occur if you have duplicate OWA Packages installed in the database. See "How do I detect and clean up duplicate OWA packages installed in the database?" for more information.

I have a performant PL/SQL procedure, but some of my HTTP requests through mod_plsql take more than 15 seconds.

The most common reason for this problem is that the middle-tier character set does not match that of the back-end database, and HTTPKeepAlive is enabled in Oracle HTTP Server. This kind of misconfiguration causes an invalid Content-Length to be sent back to the browser, causing the browser to detect the end of the response stream only when the KeepAliveTimeout interval causes the stream to be closed. To solve the problem, ensure that the PlsqlNLSLanguage parameter in the DAD matches that of the database.

If this is not the reason for the problem, there could be performance issues with your PL/SQL application. You can confirm this by:

Can I use mod_plsql to run applications on my own database?

Yes. But before you can run your applications, you need to install the OWA packages into your database. See Section 1.2, "Installing Required Packages".

How do I create a DAD for mod_plsql?

Refer to the mod_plsql section in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle HTTP Server.

What authentication modes are available in mod_plsql?

See Chapter 2, "Securing Application Database Access Through mod_plsql".

What is the mod_plsql Cleanup Thread?

mod_plsql starts a thread in each httpd process. The job of this thread is to clean up idle database sessions and the file system cache. This thread is called the Cleanup Thread.

What kind of database connection pooling is present in mod_plsql?

Refer to Chapter 4, "Optimizing PL/SQL Performance".

How does mod_plsql clean up database sessions?

mod_plsql cleans up unused database sessions based on the configuration setting of PlsqlIdleSessionCleanupInterval. Besides this, the configuration directive PlsqlMaxRequestsPerSession governs how many requests will be serviced from a pooled database session. Finally, database sessions are closed when HTTPD processes are shut down.

What happens when pooled database connections exist in mod_plsql and the database is restarted?

See Section 3.11.3, "Detecting Dead Database Connections in a Connection Pool" for more information.

How does mod_plsql clean up cached content in the file system?

The cleanup thread scans the file system cache based on the configuration of PlsqlCacheCleanupTime. The default cleanup time is everyday at 11 P.M. local time.

Can I invoke mod_plsql without a "/pls" prefix in the URL?

Yes. Since mod_plsql uses the Oracle HTTP Server's Location directive, you can configure any virtual path to be serviced by mod_plsql.

How can I improve PL/SQL and mod_plsql performance?

Refer to Chapter 4, "Optimizing PL/SQL Performance".

What kinds of logging facilities are available in mod_plsql?

What considerations should I have in mod_plsql for High Availability?

For high availability, mod_plsql based applications should be aware of the following things:

What considerations should I have in mod_plsql when the database is separated by a firewall?

If a firewall exists between the middle tier running mod_plsql, and the back end database, the idle session cleanup interval in mod_plsql should be configured lower than the idle session cleanup interval of the firewall. This ensures that the firewall never closes a connection established by mod_plsql.


mod_plsql idle session cleanup interval can be configured using the parameter PlsqlIdleSessionCleanupInterval in ORACLE_HOME\ohs\conf\moduleconf\plsql.conf. The default value is 15 minutes.

How do I assert a different hostname, port, or request_protocol to the PL/SQL application?

How do I disable access to procedure names that have a specific pattern?

Refer to Section 2.1.2, "Adding More Rules to the PlsqlExclusionList Directive in mod_plsql" for more information.

I see the error "HTTP-503 ORA-12154" in the file ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Apache/conf/error_log. What does this mean?

This error means that mod_plsql is unable to connect to the database.

Ensure that:

  1. The database is up and running.

  2. The username and password information in the DAD is correct.

  3. The middle tier is able to connect to the database using the PlsqlDatabaseConnectString parameter in the DAD.

In most situations, the problem occurs because SQL*Net is not able to resolve the connect string parameter using the configuration information under ORACLE_HOME/network/admin.

If this does not work, refer to the Oracle SQL*Net documentation on how to troubleshoot this further.


The default connect string parameter in the DAD is configured to get resolved through an LDAP lookup in Oracle Internet Directory. If you make changes to ldap.ora, you will need to restart Oracle HTTP Server for the changes to be accessible to mod_plsql.

Why do URLs of the formats /DAD/package.procedure() or /DAD/package.procedure(123) not work when invoking mod_plsql?

mod_plsql does not support URLs of the following formats:

For example:

http://www.acme.com:9000/pls/mydad/mypackage.myproc() or http://www.acme.com:9000/pls/mydad/mypackage.myproc(123)

For details about the supported URL format, refer to Section 3.3, "Invoking mod_plsql".