5.9 Tutorial: Using MySqlScript

5.9.1 Using Delimiters with MySqlScript

This tutorial teaches you how to use the MySqlScript class. This class enables you to execute a series of statements. Depending on the circumstances, this can be more convenient than using the MySqlCommand approach.

Further details of the MySqlScript class can be found in the reference documentation supplied with MySQL Connector/Net.

To run the example programs in this tutorial, set up a simple test database and table using the mysql Command-Line Client or MySQL Workbench. Commands for the mysql Command-Line Client are given here:

CREATE DATABASE TestDB;
USE TestDB;
CREATE TABLE TestTable (id INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY
  AUTO_INCREMENT, name VARCHAR(100));

The main method of the MySqlScript class is the Execute method. This method causes the script (sequence of statements) assigned to the Query property of the MySqlScript object to be executed. Note the Query property can be set through the MySqlScript constructor or using the Query property. Execute returns the number of statements executed.

The MySqlScript object will execute the specified script on the connection set using the Connection property. Again, this property can be set directly or through the MySqlScript constructor. The following code snippets illustrate this:

string sql = "SELECT * FROM TestTable";
...
MySqlScript script = new MySqlScript(conn, sql);
...
MySqlScript script = new MySqlScript();
script.Query = sql;
script.Connection = conn;
...
script.Execute();

The MySqlScript class has several events associated with it. There are:

  1. Error - generated if an error occurs.

  2. ScriptCompleted - generated when the script successfully completes execution.

  3. StatementExecuted - generated after each statement is executed.

It is possible to assign event handlers to each of these events. These user-provided routines are called back when the connected event occurs. The following code shows how the event handlers are set up.

script.Error += new MySqlScriptErrorEventHandler(script_Error);
script.ScriptCompleted += new EventHandler(script_ScriptCompleted);
script.StatementExecuted += new MySqlStatementExecutedEventHandler(script_StatementExecuted);

In VisualStudio, you can save typing by using tab completion to fill out stub routines. Start by typing, for example, script.Error +=. Then press TAB, and then press TAB again. The assignment is completed, and a stub event handler created. A complete working example is shown below:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

using System.Data;
using MySql.Data;
using MySql.Data.MySqlClient;

namespace MySqlScriptTest
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string connStr = "server=localhost;user=root;database=TestDB;port=3306;password=******;";
            MySqlConnection conn = new MySqlConnection(connStr);

            try
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Connecting to MySQL...");
                conn.Open();

                string sql = "INSERT INTO TestTable(name) VALUES ('Superman');" +
                             "INSERT INTO TestTable(name) VALUES ('Batman');" +
                             "INSERT INTO TestTable(name) VALUES ('Wolverine');" +
                             "INSERT INTO TestTable(name) VALUES ('Storm');";

                MySqlScript script = new MySqlScript(conn, sql);
                
                script.Error += new MySqlScriptErrorEventHandler(script_Error);
                script.ScriptCompleted += new EventHandler(script_ScriptCompleted);
                script.StatementExecuted += new MySqlStatementExecutedEventHandler(script_StatementExecuted);
                
                int count = script.Execute();

                Console.WriteLine("Executed " + count + " statement(s).");
                Console.WriteLine("Delimiter: " + script.Delimiter);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
            }

            conn.Close();
            Console.WriteLine("Done.");
        }

        static void script_StatementExecuted(object sender, MySqlScriptEventArgs args)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("script_StatementExecuted");    
        }

        static void script_ScriptCompleted(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            /// EventArgs e will be EventArgs.Empty for this method 
            Console.WriteLine("script_ScriptCompleted!");
        }

        static void script_Error(Object sender, MySqlScriptErrorEventArgs args)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("script_Error: " + args.Exception.ToString());
        }
    }
}

Note that in the script_ScriptCompleted event handler, the EventArgs parameter e will be EventArgs.Empty. In the case of the ScriptCompleted event there is no additional data to be obtained, which is why the event object is EventArgs.Empty.