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19.1 The INFORMATION_SCHEMA CHARACTER_SETS Table

The CHARACTER_SETS table provides information about available character sets.

INFORMATION_SCHEMA NameSHOW NameRemarks
CHARACTER_SET_NAMECharset 
DEFAULT_COLLATE_NAMEDefault collation 
DESCRIPTIONDescriptionMySQL extension
MAXLENMaxlenMySQL extension

The following statements are equivalent:

SELECT * FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CHARACTER_SETS
  [WHERE CHARACTER_SET_NAME LIKE 'wild']

SHOW CHARACTER SET
  [LIKE 'wild']