11.9 Using Data Types from Other Database Engines

To facilitate the use of code written for SQL implementations from other vendors, MySQL maps data types as shown in the following table. These mappings make it easier to import table definitions from other database systems into MySQL.

Other Vendor TypeMySQL Type
BOOLTINYINT
BOOLEANTINYINT
CHARACTER VARYING(M)VARCHAR(M)
FIXEDDECIMAL
FLOAT4FLOAT
FLOAT8DOUBLE
INT1TINYINT
INT2SMALLINT
INT3MEDIUMINT
INT4INT
INT8BIGINT
LONG VARBINARYMEDIUMBLOB
LONG VARCHARMEDIUMTEXT
LONGMEDIUMTEXT
MIDDLEINTMEDIUMINT
NUMERICDECIMAL

Data type mapping occurs at table creation time, after which the original type specifications are discarded. If you create a table with types used by other vendors and then issue a DESCRIBE tbl_name statement, MySQL reports the table structure using the equivalent MySQL types. For example:

mysql> CREATE TABLE t (a BOOL, b FLOAT8, c LONG VARCHAR, d NUMERIC);
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> DESCRIBE t;
+-------+---------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field | Type          | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------+---------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| a     | tinyint(1)    | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| b     | double        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| c     | mediumtext    | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| d     | decimal(10,0) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+-------+---------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
4 rows in set (0.01 sec)