5.2.4.1 Binary Logging Formats

The server uses several logging formats to record information in the binary log. The exact format employed depends on the version of MySQL being used. There are three logging formats:

Support for row-based logging was added in MySQL 5.1.5. Mixed logging is available beginning with MySQL 5.1.8. In MySQL 5.1.12, MIXED become the default logging mode; in 5.1.29, the default was changed back to STATEMENT for compatibility with MySQL 5.0.

Starting with MySQL 5.1.20, the logging format can also be set or limited by the storage engine being used. This helps to eliminate issues when replicating certain statements between a master and slave that are using different storage engines.

With statement-based replication, there may be issues with replicating nondeterministic statements. In deciding whether or not a given statement is safe for statement-based replication, MySQL determines whether it can guarantee that the statement can be replicated using statement-based logging. If MySQL cannot make this guarantee, it marks the statement as potentially unreliable and issues the warning, Statement may not be safe to log in statement format.

Prior to MySQL 5.1.36, this warning read, Statement is not safe to log in statement format. (Bug #42415)

You can avoid these issues by using MySQL's row-based replication instead.