13.7.6.2 CACHE INDEX Syntax

CACHE INDEX
  tbl_index_list [, tbl_index_list] ...
  [PARTITION (partition_list | ALL)]
  IN key_cache_name

tbl_index_list:
  tbl_name [[INDEX|KEY] (index_name[, index_name] ...)]

partition_list:
  partition_name[, partition_name][, ...]

The CACHE INDEX statement assigns table indexes to a specific key cache. It is used only for MyISAM tables. After the indexes have been assigned, they can be preloaded into the cache if desired with LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE.

The following statement assigns indexes from the tables t1, t2, and t3 to the key cache named hot_cache:

mysql> CACHE INDEX t1, t2, t3 IN hot_cache;
+---------+--------------------+----------+----------+
| Table   | Op                 | Msg_type | Msg_text |
+---------+--------------------+----------+----------+
| test.t1 | assign_to_keycache | status   | OK       |
| test.t2 | assign_to_keycache | status   | OK       |
| test.t3 | assign_to_keycache | status   | OK       |
+---------+--------------------+----------+----------+

The syntax of CACHE INDEX enables you to specify that only particular indexes from a table should be assigned to the cache. The current implementation assigns all the table's indexes to the cache, so there is no reason to specify anything other than the table name.

The key cache referred to in a CACHE INDEX statement can be created by setting its size with a parameter setting statement or in the server parameter settings. For example:

mysql> SET GLOBAL keycache1.key_buffer_size=128*1024;

Key cache parameters can be accessed as members of a structured system variable. See Section 5.1.5.1, “Structured System Variables”.

A key cache must exist before you can assign indexes to it:

mysql> CACHE INDEX t1 IN non_existent_cache;
ERROR 1284 (HY000): Unknown key cache 'non_existent_cache'

By default, table indexes are assigned to the main (default) key cache created at the server startup. When a key cache is destroyed, all indexes assigned to it become assigned to the default key cache again.

Index assignment affects the server globally: If one client assigns an index to a given cache, this cache is used for all queries involving the index, no matter which client issues the queries.

In MySQL 5.5, this statement is also supported for partitioned MyISAM tables. You can assign one or more indexes for one, several, or all partitions to a given key cache. For example, you can do the following:

CREATE TABLE pt (c1 INT, c2 VARCHAR(50), INDEX i(c1))
    PARTITION BY HASH(c1)
    PARTITIONS 4;

SET GLOBAL kc_fast.key_buffer_size = 128 * 1024;
SET GLOBAL kc_slow.key_buffer_size = 128 * 1024;

CACHE INDEX pt PARTITION (p0) IN kc_fast;
CACHE INDEX pt PARTITION (p1, p3) IN kc_slow;

The previous set of statements performs the following actions:

If you wish instead to assign the indexes for all partitions in table pt to a single key cache named kc_all, you can use either one of the following 2 statements:

CACHE INDEX pt PARTITION (ALL) IN kc_all;

CACHE INDEX pt IN kc_all;

The two statements just shown are equivalent, and issuing either one of them has exactly the same effect. In other words, if you wish to assign indexes for all partitions of a partitioned table to the same key cache, then the PARTITION (ALL) clause is optional.

When assigning indexes for multiple partitions to a key cache, the partitions do not have to be contiguous, and you are not required to list their names in any particular order. Indexes for any partitions that are not explicitly assigned to a key cache automatically use the server's default key cache.

As of MySQL 5.5, index preloading is also supported for partitioned MyISAM tables. For more information, see Section 13.7.6.5, “LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE Syntax”.