13.4.2.1 CHANGE MASTER TO Syntax

CHANGE MASTER TO option [, option] ...

option:
    MASTER_BIND = 'interface_name'
  | MASTER_HOST = 'host_name'
  | MASTER_USER = 'user_name'
  | MASTER_PASSWORD = 'password'
  | MASTER_PORT = port_num
  | MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY = interval
  | MASTER_HEARTBEAT_PERIOD = interval
  | MASTER_LOG_FILE = 'master_log_name'
  | MASTER_LOG_POS = master_log_pos
  | RELAY_LOG_FILE = 'relay_log_name'
  | RELAY_LOG_POS = relay_log_pos
  | MASTER_SSL = {0|1}
  | MASTER_SSL_CA = 'ca_file_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_CAPATH = 'ca_directory_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_CERT = 'cert_file_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_KEY = 'key_file_name'
  | MASTER_SSL_CIPHER = 'cipher_list'
  | MASTER_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT = {0|1}
  | IGNORE_SERVER_IDS = (server_id_list)

server_id_list:
    [server_id [, server_id] ... ]

CHANGE MASTER TO changes the parameters that the slave server uses for connecting to the master server, for reading the master binary log, and reading the slave relay log. It also updates the contents of the master.info and relay-log.info files. To use CHANGE MASTER TO, the slave replication threads must be stopped (use STOP SLAVE if necessary).

Options not specified retain their value, except as indicated in the following discussion. Thus, in most cases, there is no need to specify options that do not change. For example, if the password to connect to your MySQL master has changed, you just need to issue these statements to tell the slave about the new password:

STOP SLAVE; -- if replication was running
CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_PASSWORD='new3cret';
START SLAVE; -- if you want to restart replication

MASTER_HOST, MASTER_USER, MASTER_PASSWORD, and MASTER_PORT provide information to the slave about how to connect to its master:

The MASTER_SSL_xxx options provide information about using SSL for the connection. They correspond to the --ssl-xxx options described in Section 6.3.9.4, “SSL Command Options”, and Section 17.3.7, “Setting Up Replication Using SSL”. These options can be changed even on slaves that are compiled without SSL support. They are saved to the master.info file, but are ignored if the slave does not have SSL support enabled.

MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY specifies how many seconds to wait between connect retries. The default is 60. The number of reconnection attempts is limited by the --master-retry-count server option; for more information, see Section 17.1.3, “Replication and Binary Logging Options and Variables”.

The MASTER_BIND option is available in MySQL Cluster NDB 7.2 and later, but is not supported in mainline MySQL 5.5.

MASTER_BIND is for use on replication slaves having multiple network interfaces, and determines which of the slave's network interfaces is chosen for connecting to the master.

MASTER_HEARTBEAT_PERIOD sets the interval in seconds between replication heartbeats. Whenever the master's binary log is updated with an event, the waiting period for the next heartbeat is reset. interval is a decimal value having the range 0 to 4294967 seconds and a resolution in milliseconds; the smallest nonzero value is 0.001. Heartbeats are sent by the master only if there are no unsent events in the binary log file for a period longer than interval.

Setting interval to 0 disables heartbeats altogether. The default value for interval is equal to the value of slave_net_timeout divided by 2.

Setting @@global.slave_net_timeout to a value less than that of the current heartbeat interval results in a warning being issued. The effect of issuing RESET SLAVE on the heartbeat interval is to reset it to the default value.

MASTER_LOG_FILE and MASTER_LOG_POS are the coordinates at which the slave I/O thread should begin reading from the master the next time the thread starts. RELAY_LOG_FILE and RELAY_LOG_POS are the coordinates at which the slave SQL thread should begin reading from the relay log the next time the thread starts. If you specify either of MASTER_LOG_FILE or MASTER_LOG_POS, you cannot specify RELAY_LOG_FILE or RELAY_LOG_POS. If neither of MASTER_LOG_FILE or MASTER_LOG_POS is specified, the slave uses the last coordinates of the slave SQL thread before CHANGE MASTER TO was issued. This ensures that there is no discontinuity in replication, even if the slave SQL thread was late compared to the slave I/O thread, when you merely want to change, say, the password to use.

CHANGE MASTER TO deletes all relay log files and starts a new one, unless you specify RELAY_LOG_FILE or RELAY_LOG_POS. In that case, relay log files are kept; the relay_log_purge global variable is set silently to 0.

Prior to MySQL 5.5, RELAY_LOG_FILE required an absolute path. In MySQL 5.5, the path can be relative, in which case the path is assumed to be relative to the slave's data directory. (Bug #12190)

IGNORE_SERVER_IDS was added in MySQL 5.5. This option takes a comma-separated list of 0 or more server IDs. Events originating from the corresponding servers are ignored, with the exception of log rotation and deletion events, which are still recorded in the relay log.

In circular replication, the originating server normally acts as the terminator of its own events, so that they are not applied more than once. Thus, this option is useful in circular replication when one of the servers in the circle is removed. Suppose that you have a circular replication setup with 4 servers, having server IDs 1, 2, 3, and 4, and server 3 fails. When bridging the gap by starting replication from server 2 to server 4, you can include IGNORE_SERVER_IDS = (3) in the CHANGE MASTER TO statement that you issue on server 4 to tell it to use server 2 as its master instead of server 3. Doing so causes it to ignore and not to propagate any statements that originated with the server that is no longer in use.

When a CHANGE MASTER TO statement is issued without any IGNORE_SERVER_IDS option, any existing list is preserved. To clear the list of ignored servers, it is necessary to use the option with an empty list:

CHANGE MASTER TO IGNORE_SERVER_IDS = ();

RESET SLAVE ALL has no effect on the server ID list. This issue is fixed in MySQL 5.7. (Bug #18816897)

If IGNORE_SERVER_IDS contains the server's own ID and the server was started with the --replicate-same-server-id option enabled, an error results.

Also beginning with MySQL 5.5, the master.info file and the output of SHOW SLAVE STATUS are extended to provide the list of servers that are currently ignored. For more information, see Section 17.2.2.2, “Slave Status Logs”, and Section 13.7.5.35, “SHOW SLAVE STATUS Syntax”.

Beginning with MySQL 5.5.5, invoking CHANGE MASTER TO causes the previous values for MASTER_HOST, MASTER_PORT, MASTER_LOG_FILE, and MASTER_LOG_POS to be written to the error log, along with other information about the slave's state prior to execution.

CHANGE MASTER TO is useful for setting up a slave when you have the snapshot of the master and have recorded the master binary log coordinates corresponding to the time of the snapshot. After loading the snapshot into the slave to synchronize it with the master, you can run CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_LOG_FILE='log_name', MASTER_LOG_POS=log_pos on the slave to specify the coordinates at which the slave should begin reading the master binary log.

The following example changes the master server the slave uses and establishes the master binary log coordinates from which the slave begins reading. This is used when you want to set up the slave to replicate the master:

CHANGE MASTER TO
  MASTER_HOST='master2.mycompany.com',
  MASTER_USER='replication',
  MASTER_PASSWORD='bigs3cret',
  MASTER_PORT=3306,
  MASTER_LOG_FILE='master2-bin.001',
  MASTER_LOG_POS=4,
  MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY=10;

The next example shows an operation that is less frequently employed. It is used when the slave has relay log files that you want it to execute again for some reason. To do this, the master need not be reachable. You need only use CHANGE MASTER TO and start the SQL thread (START SLAVE SQL_THREAD):

CHANGE MASTER TO
  RELAY_LOG_FILE='slave-relay-bin.006',
  RELAY_LOG_POS=4025;

You can even use the second operation in a nonreplication setup with a standalone, nonslave server for recovery following a crash. Suppose that your server has crashed and you have restored it from a backup. You want to replay the server's own binary log files (not relay log files, but regular binary log files), named (for example) myhost-bin.*. First, make a backup copy of these binary log files in some safe place, in case you don't exactly follow the procedure below and accidentally have the server purge the binary log. Use SET GLOBAL relay_log_purge=0 for additional safety. Then start the server without the --log-bin option, Instead, use the --replicate-same-server-id, --relay-log=myhost-bin (to make the server believe that these regular binary log files are relay log files) and --skip-slave-start options. After the server starts, issue these statements:

CHANGE MASTER TO
  RELAY_LOG_FILE='myhost-bin.153',
  RELAY_LOG_POS=410,
  MASTER_HOST='some_dummy_string';
START SLAVE SQL_THREAD;

The server reads and executes its own binary log files, thus achieving crash recovery. Once the recovery is finished, run STOP SLAVE, shut down the server, delete the master.info and relay-log.info files, and restart the server with its original options.

Specifying the MASTER_HOST option (even with a dummy value) is required to make the server think it is a slave.

The following table shows the maximum permissible length for the string-valued options.

OptionMaximum Length
MASTER_HOST60
MASTER_USER16
MASTER_PASSWORD32
MASTER_LOG_FILE255
RELAY_LOG_FILE255
MASTER_SSL_CA255
MASTER_SSL_CAPATH255
MASTER_SSL_CERT255
MASTER_SSL_KEY255
MASTER_SSL_CIPHER511