13.7.6.5 LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE Syntax

LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE
  tbl_index_list [, tbl_index_list] ...

tbl_index_list:
  tbl_name
    [PARTITION (partition_list | ALL)]
    [[INDEX|KEY] (index_name[, index_name] ...)]
    [IGNORE LEAVES]

partition_list:
    partition_name[, partition_name][, ...]

The LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE statement preloads a table index into the key cache to which it has been assigned by an explicit CACHE INDEX statement, or into the default key cache otherwise.

LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE is used only for MyISAM tables. In MySQL 5.5, it is also supported for partitioned MyISAM tables; in addition, indexes on partitioned tables can be preloaded for one, several, or all partitions.

The IGNORE LEAVES modifier causes only blocks for the nonleaf nodes of the index to be preloaded.

IGNORE LEAVES is also supported for partitioned MyISAM tables.

The following statement preloads nodes (index blocks) of indexes for the tables t1 and t2:

mysql> LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE t1, t2 IGNORE LEAVES;
+---------+--------------+----------+----------+
| Table   | Op           | Msg_type | Msg_text |
+---------+--------------+----------+----------+
| test.t1 | preload_keys | status   | OK       |
| test.t2 | preload_keys | status   | OK       |
+---------+--------------+----------+----------+

This statement preloads all index blocks from t1. It preloads only blocks for the nonleaf nodes from t2.

The syntax of LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE enables you to specify that only particular indexes from a table should be preloaded. The current implementation preloads all the table's indexes into the cache, so there is no reason to specify anything other than the table name.

In MySQL 5.5, it is possible to preload indexes on specific partitions of partitioned MyISAM tables. For example, of the following 2 statements, the first preloads indexes for partition p0 of a partitioned table pt, while the second preloads the indexes for partitions p1 and p3 of the same table:

LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE pt PARTITION (p0);
LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE pt PARTITION (p1, p3);

To preload the indexes for all partitions in table pt, you can use either one of the following 2 statements:

LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE pt PARTITION (ALL);

LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE pt;

The two statements just shown are equivalent, and issuing either one of them has exactly the same effect. In other words, if you wish to preload indexes for all partitions of a partitioned table, then the PARTITION (ALL) clause is optional.

When preloading indexes for multiple partitions, the partitions do not have to be contiguous, and you are not required to list their names in any particular order.

LOAD INDEX INTO CACHE ... IGNORE LEAVES fails unless all indexes in a table have the same block size. You can determine index block sizes for a table by using myisamchk -dv and checking the Blocksize column.