17.5.4 MySQL Server Usage for MySQL Cluster

mysqld is the traditional MySQL server process. To be used with MySQL Cluster, mysqld needs to be built with support for the NDBCLUSTER storage engine, as it is in the precompiled binaries available from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/. If you build MySQL from source, you must invoke configure with one of the options to enable NDBCLUSTER storage engine support:

(--with-ndbcluster also works to enable NDBCLUSTER support, but is deprecated and so produces a configure warning as of MySQL 5.1.9.)

For information about other MySQL server options and variables relevant to MySQL Cluster in addition to those discussed in this section, see Section 17.3.4, “MySQL Server Options and Variables for MySQL Cluster”.

If the mysqld binary has been built with Cluster support, the NDBCLUSTER storage engine is still disabled by default. You can use either of two possible options to enable this engine:

An easy way to verify that your server is running with the NDBCLUSTER storage engine enabled is to issue the SHOW ENGINES statement in the MySQL Monitor (mysql). You should see the value YES as the Support value in the row for NDBCLUSTER. If you see NO in this row or if there is no such row displayed in the output, you are not running an NDB-enabled version of MySQL. If you see DISABLED in this row, you need to enable it in either one of the two ways just described.

To read cluster configuration data, the MySQL server requires at a minimum three pieces of information:

Node IDs can be allocated dynamically, so it is not strictly necessary to specify them explicitly.

The mysqld parameter ndb-connectstring is used to specify the connection string either on the command line when starting mysqld or in my.cnf. The connection string contains the host name or IP address where the management server can be found, as well as the TCP/IP port it uses.

In the following example, ndb_mgmd.mysql.com is the host where the management server resides, and the management server listens for cluster messages on port 1186:

shell> mysqld --ndbcluster --ndb-connectstring=ndb_mgmd.mysql.com:1186

See Section 17.3.2.3, “MySQL Cluster Connection Strings”, for more information on connection strings.

Given this information, the MySQL server will be a full participant in the cluster. (We often refer to a mysqld process running in this manner as an SQL node.) It will be fully aware of all cluster data nodes as well as their status, and will establish connections to all data nodes. In this case, it is able to use any data node as a transaction coordinator and to read and update node data.

You can see in the mysql client whether a MySQL server is connected to the cluster using SHOW PROCESSLIST. If the MySQL server is connected to the cluster, and you have the PROCESS privilege, then the first row of the output is as shown here:

mysql> SHOW PROCESSLIST \G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
     Id: 1
   User: system user
   Host:
     db:
Command: Daemon
   Time: 1
  State: Waiting for event from ndbcluster
   Info: NULL
Important

To participate in a MySQL Cluster, the mysqld process must be started with both the options --ndbcluster and --ndb-connectstring (or their equivalents in my.cnf). If mysqld is started with only the --ndbcluster option, or if it is unable to contact the cluster, it is not possible to work with NDB tables, nor is it possible to create any new tables regardless of storage engine. The latter restriction is a safety measure intended to prevent the creation of tables having the same names as NDB tables while the SQL node is not connected to the cluster. If you wish to create tables using a different storage engine while the mysqld process is not participating in a MySQL Cluster, you must restart the server without the --ndbcluster option.