18.4.10 ndb_desc — Describe NDB Tables

ndb_desc provides a detailed description of one or more NDB tables.

Usage

ndb_desc -c connect_string tbl_name -d db_name [-p]

(MySQL Cluster NDB 7.2.9 and later:)

ndb_desc -c connect_string index_name -d db_name -t tbl_name

Sample Output

MySQL table creation and population statements:

USE test;

CREATE TABLE fish (
    id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
    name VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
    length_mm INT(11) NOT NULL,
    weight_gm INT(11) NOT NULL,

    PRIMARY KEY pk (id),
    UNIQUE KEY uk (name)
) ENGINE=NDB;

INSERT INTO fish VALUES
    ('','guppy', 35, 2), ('','tuna', 2500, 150000),
    ('','shark', 3000, 110000), ('','manta ray', 1500, 50000),
    ('','grouper', 900, 125000), ('','puffer', 250, 2500);

Output from ndb_desc:

shell> ./ndb_desc -c localhost fish -d test -p
-- fish --
Version: 2
Fragment type: 9
K Value: 6
Min load factor: 78
Max load factor: 80
Temporary table: no
Number of attributes: 4
Number of primary keys: 1
Length of frm data: 311
Row Checksum: 1
Row GCI: 1
SingleUserMode: 0
ForceVarPart: 1
FragmentCount: 2
TableStatus: Retrieved
-- Attributes --
id Int PRIMARY KEY DISTRIBUTION KEY AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY AUTO_INCR
name Varchar(20;latin1_swedish_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY
length_mm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY
weight_gm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY

-- Indexes --
PRIMARY KEY(id) - UniqueHashIndex
PRIMARY(id) - OrderedIndex
uk$unique(name) - UniqueHashIndex
uk(name) - OrderedIndex

-- Per partition info --
Partition  Row count  Commit count  Frag fixed memory ...
0          2          2             32768             ...
1          4          4             32768             ...

... Frag varsized memory  Extent_space  Free extent_space
... 32768                 0             0
... 32768                 0             0

NDBT_ProgramExit: 0 - OK

Information about multiple tables can be obtained in a single invocation of ndb_desc by using their names, separated by spaces. All of the tables must be in the same database.

Beginning with MySQL Cluster NDB 7.2.9, it is possible to obtain additional information about a specific index using the --table (short form: -t) option introduced in this version and supplying the name of the index as the first argument to ndb_desc, as shown here:

shell> ./ndb_desc uk -d test -t fish
-- uk --
Version: 3
Base table: fish
Number of attributes: 1
Logging: 0
Index type: OrderedIndex
Index status: Retrieved
-- Attributes --
name Varchar(20;latin1_swedish_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY
-- IndexTable 10/uk --
Version: 3
Fragment type: FragUndefined
K Value: 6
Min load factor: 78
Max load factor: 80
Temporary table: yes
Number of attributes: 2
Number of primary keys: 1
Length of frm data: 0
Row Checksum: 1
Row GCI: 1
SingleUserMode: 2
ForceVarPart: 0
FragmentCount: 4
ExtraRowGciBits: 0
ExtraRowAuthorBits: 0
TableStatus: Retrieved
-- Attributes --
name Varchar(20;latin1_swedish_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY
NDB$TNODE Unsigned [64] PRIMARY KEY DISTRIBUTION KEY AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY
-- Indexes -- 
PRIMARY KEY(NDB$TNODE) - UniqueHashIndex

NDBT_ProgramExit: 0 - OK

When an index is specified in this way, the --extra-partition-info and --extra-node-info options have no effect.

The Version column in the output contains the table's schema object version. For information about interpreting this value, see NDB Schema Object Versions.

The Extent_space and Free extent_space columns are applicable only to NDB tables having columns on disk; for tables having only in-memory columns, these columns always contain the value 0.

To illustrate their use, we modify the previous example. First, we must create the necessary Disk Data objects, as shown here:

CREATE LOGFILE GROUP lg_1
    ADD UNDOFILE 'undo_1.log'
    INITIAL_SIZE 16M
    UNDO_BUFFER_SIZE 2M
    ENGINE NDB;

ALTER LOGFILE GROUP lg_1
    ADD UNDOFILE 'undo_2.log'
    INITIAL_SIZE 12M
    ENGINE NDB;

CREATE TABLESPACE ts_1
    ADD DATAFILE 'data_1.dat'
    USE LOGFILE GROUP lg_1
    INITIAL_SIZE 32M
    ENGINE NDB;

ALTER TABLESPACE ts_1
    ADD DATAFILE 'data_2.dat'
    INITIAL_SIZE 48M
    ENGINE NDB;

(For more information on the statements just shown and the objects created by them, see Section 18.5.12.1, “MySQL Cluster Disk Data Objects”, as well as Section 13.1.14, “CREATE LOGFILE GROUP Syntax”, and Section 13.1.18, “CREATE TABLESPACE Syntax”.)

Now we can create and populate a version of the fish table that stores 2 of its columns on disk (deleting the previous version of the table first, if it already exists):

CREATE TABLE fish (
    id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
    name VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
    length_mm INT(11) NOT NULL,
    weight_gm INT(11) NOT NULL,

    PRIMARY KEY pk (id),
    UNIQUE KEY uk (name)
) TABLESPACE ts_1 STORAGE DISK 
ENGINE=NDB;

INSERT INTO fish VALUES
    ('','guppy', 35, 2), ('','tuna', 2500, 150000),
    ('','shark', 3000, 110000), ('','manta ray', 1500, 50000),
    ('','grouper', 900, 125000), ('','puffer', 250, 2500);

When run against this version of the table, ndb_desc displays the following output:

shell> ./ndb_desc -c localhost fish -d test -p
-- fish --
Version: 3
Fragment type: 9
K Value: 6
Min load factor: 78
Max load factor: 80
Temporary table: no
Number of attributes: 4
Number of primary keys: 1
Length of frm data: 321
Row Checksum: 1
Row GCI: 1
SingleUserMode: 0
ForceVarPart: 1
FragmentCount: 2
TableStatus: Retrieved
-- Attributes --
id Int PRIMARY KEY DISTRIBUTION KEY AT=FIXED ST=MEMORY AUTO_INCR
name Varchar(20;latin1_swedish_ci) NOT NULL AT=SHORT_VAR ST=MEMORY
length_mm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=DISK
weight_gm Int NOT NULL AT=FIXED ST=DISK

-- Indexes --
PRIMARY KEY(id) - UniqueHashIndex
PRIMARY(id) - OrderedIndex
uk$unique(name) - UniqueHashIndex
uk(name) - OrderedIndex
-- Per partition info --
Partition  Row count  Commit count  Frag fixed memory ...
0          2          2             32768             ...
1          4          4             32768             ...

... Frag varsized memory  Extent_space  Free extent_space
... 32768                 0             0
... 32768                 0             0

NDBT_ProgramExit: 0 - OK

This means that 1048576 bytes are allocated from the tablespace for this table on each partition, of which 1044440 bytes remain free for additional storage. In other words, 1048576 - 1044440 = 4136 bytes per partition is currently being used to store the data from this table's disk-based columns. The number of bytes shown as Free extent_space is available for storing on-disk column data from the fish table only; for this reason, it is not visible when selecting from the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.FILES table.

The following table includes options that are specific to ndb_desc. Additional descriptions follow the table. For options common to most MySQL Cluster programs (including ndb_desc), see Section 18.4.26, “Options Common to MySQL Cluster Programs — Options Common to MySQL Cluster Programs”.

Table 18.76  This table describes command-line options for the ndb_desc program

Format Description Added or Removed

--blob-info,

-b

Include partition information for BLOB tables in output. Requires that the -p option also be used

All MySQL 5.5 based releases

--database=dbname,

-d

Name of database containing table

All MySQL 5.5 based releases

--extra-node-info,

-n

Include partition-to-data-node mappings in output. Requires that the -p option also be used

All MySQL 5.5 based releases

--extra-partition-info,

-p

Display information about partitions

All MySQL 5.5 based releases

--retries=#,

-r

Number of times to retry the connection (once per second)

All MySQL 5.5 based releases

--table=tbl_name,

-t

Specify the table in which to find an index. When this option is used, -p and -n have no effect and are ignored.

ADDED: NDB 7.2.9

--unqualified,

-u

Use unqualified table names

All MySQL 5.5 based releases