24.2.4.7 Writing Semisynchronous Replication Plugins

This section describes how to write semisynchronous replication server plugins, using the example plugins found in the plugin/semisync directory of MySQL source distributions. That directory contains the source files for master and slave plugins named rpl_semi_sync_master and rpl_semi_sync_slave. The information here covers only how to set up the plugin framework. For details about how the plugins implement replication functions, see the source.

To write a semisynchronous replication plugin, include the following header file in the plugin source file. Other MySQL or general header files might also be needed, depending on the plugin capabilities and requirements.

#include <mysql/plugin.h>

plugin.h defines the MYSQL_REPLICATION_PLUGIN server plugin type and the data structures needed to declare the plugin.

For the master side, semisync_master_plugin.cc contains this general descriptor for a plugin named rpl_semi_sync_master:

mysql_declare_plugin(semi_sync_master)
{
  MYSQL_REPLICATION_PLUGIN,
  &semi_sync_master_plugin,
  "rpl_semi_sync_master",
  "He Zhenxing",
  "Semi-synchronous replication master",
  PLUGIN_LICENSE_GPL,
  semi_sync_master_plugin_init, /* Plugin Init */
  semi_sync_master_plugin_deinit, /* Plugin Deinit */
  0x0100 /* 1.0 */,
  semi_sync_master_status_vars, /* status variables */
  semi_sync_master_system_vars, /* system variables */
  NULL,                         /* config options */
  0,                            /* flags */
}
mysql_declare_plugin_end;

For the slave side, semisync_slave_plugin.cc contains this general descriptor for a plugin named rpl_semi_sync_slave:

mysql_declare_plugin(semi_sync_slave)
{
  MYSQL_REPLICATION_PLUGIN,
  &semi_sync_slave_plugin,
  "rpl_semi_sync_slave",
  "He Zhenxing",
  "Semi-synchronous replication slave",
  PLUGIN_LICENSE_GPL,
  semi_sync_slave_plugin_init, /* Plugin Init */
  semi_sync_slave_plugin_deinit, /* Plugin Deinit */
  0x0100 /* 1.0 */,
  semi_sync_slave_status_vars,  /* status variables */
  semi_sync_slave_system_vars,  /* system variables */
  NULL,                         /* config options */
  0,                            /* flags */
}
mysql_declare_plugin_end;

For both the master and slave plugins, the general descriptor has pointers to the type-specific descriptor, the initialization and deinitialization functions, and to the status and system variables implemented by the plugin. For information about variable setup, see Section 24.2.4.2.2, “Server Plugin Status and System Variables”. The following remarks discuss the type-specific descriptor and the initialization and deinitialization functions for the master plugin but apply similarly to the slave plugin.

The semi_sync_master_plugin member of the master general descriptor points to the type-specific descriptor, which consists only of the type-specific API version number:

struct Mysql_replication semi_sync_master_plugin= {
  MYSQL_REPLICATION_INTERFACE_VERSION
};

The initialization and deinitialization function declarations look like this:

static int semi_sync_master_plugin_init(void *p);
static int semi_sync_master_plugin_deinit(void *p);

The initialization function uses the pointer to register transaction and binary logging observers with the server. After successful initialization, the server takes care of invoking the observers at the appropriate times. (For details on the observers, see the source files.) The deinitialization function cleans up by deregistering the observers. Each function returns 0 for success or 1 if an error occurs.

To compile and install a plugin library object file, use the instructions in Section 24.2.4.3, “Compiling and Installing Plugin Libraries”. To use the library files, they must be installed in the plugin directory (the directory named by the plugin_dir system variable). For the rpl_semi_sync_master and rpl_semi_sync_slave plugins, they are compiled and installed when you build MySQL from source. They are also included in binary distributions. The build process produces shared object libraries with names of semisync_master.so and semisync_slave.so (the suffix might differ depending on your platform).