14.6.5 AUTO_INCREMENT Handling in InnoDB Traditional InnoDB Auto-Increment Locking Configurable InnoDB Auto-Increment Locking

InnoDB provides an optimization that significantly improves scalability and performance of SQL statements that insert rows into tables with AUTO_INCREMENT columns. To use the AUTO_INCREMENT mechanism with an InnoDB table, an AUTO_INCREMENT column ai_col must be defined as part of an index such that it is possible to perform the equivalent of an indexed SELECT MAX(ai_col) lookup on the table to obtain the maximum column value. Typically, this is achieved by making the column the first column of some table index.

This section provides background information on the original (traditional) implementation of auto-increment locking in InnoDB, explains the configurable locking mechanism, documents the parameter for configuring the mechanism, and describes its behavior and interaction with replication.