14.4.4 InnoDB File-Per-Table Tablespaces Enabling and Disabling File-Per-Table Tablespaces

Historically, all InnoDB tables and indexes were stored in the system tablespace. This monolithic approach was targeted at machines dedicated entirely to database processing, with carefully planned data growth, where any disk storage allocated to MySQL would never be needed for other purposes. InnoDB's file-per-table tablespace feature provides a more flexible alternative, where each InnoDB table and its indexes are stored in a separate .ibd data file. Each such .ibd data file represents an individual tablespace. This feature is controlled by the innodb_file_per_table configuration option, which is enabled by default in MySQL 5.6.6 and higher.

Advantages of File-Per-Table Tablespaces

Potential Disadvantages of File-Per-Table Tablespaces