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Oracle® Call Interface Programmer's Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E10646-06
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Cartridge Services — OCI External Procedures

Table 20-2 lists the OCI external procedure functions for C that are described in this section.

Table 20-2 External Procedures Functions

Function Purpose

"OCIExtProcAllocCallMemory()"

Allocate memory for the duration of the External Procedure

"OCIExtProcGetEnv()"

Get the OCI environment, service context, and error handles

"OCIExtProcRaiseExcp()"

Raise an Exception to PL/SQL

"OCIExtProcRaiseExcpWithMsg()"

Raise an exception with a message



OCIExtProcAllocCallMemory()

Purpose

Allocates N bytes of memory for the duration of the external procedure.

Syntax

void  * OCIExtProcAllocCallMemory ( OCIExtProcContext    *with_context,
                                    size_t                amount );

Parameters

with_context (IN)

The with_context pointer that is passed to the C external procedure.

amount (IN)

The number of bytes to allocate.

Comments

This call allocates amount bytes of memory for the duration of the call of the external procedure.

Any memory allocated by this call is freed by PL/SQL upon return from the external procedure. The application must not use any kind of free() function on memory allocated by OCIExtProcAllocCallMemory(). Use this function to allocate memory for function returns.

A zero return value should be treated as an error.

Returns

An untyped (opaque) pointer to the allocated memory.

Example

text *ptr = (text *)OCIExtProcAllocCallMemory(wctx, 1024)

Related Functions

OCIErrorGet(), OCIMemoryAlloc()


OCIExtProcGetEnv()

Purpose

Gets the OCI environment, service context, and error handles.

Syntax

sword OCIExtProcGetEnv ( OCIExtProcContext    *with_context, 
                         OCIEnv               **envh, 
                         OCISvcCtx            **svch, 
                         OCIError             **errh );

Parameters

with_context (IN)

The with_context pointer that is passed to the C external procedure. See "With_Context Type".

envh (OUT)

Pointer to a variable to store the OCI environment handle.

svch (OUT)

Pointer to a variable to store the OCI service handle.

errh (OUT)

Pointer to a variable to store the OCI error handle.

Comments

The primary purpose of this function is to allow OCI callbacks to use the database in the same transaction. The OCI handles obtained by this function should be used in OCI callbacks to the database. If these handles are obtained through standard OCI calls, then these handles use a new connection to the database and cannot be used for callbacks in the same transaction. In one external procedure you can use either callbacks or a new connection, but not both.

Example of a call:

OCIEnv    *envh;
OCISvcCtx *svch;
OCIError  *errh;
...
OCIExtProcGetEnv(ctx,&envh,&svch,&errh);

Returns

This function returns OCI_SUCCESS if the call succeeds; otherwise, it returns OCI_ERROR.

Related Functions

OCIEnvCreate(), OCIArrayDescriptorAlloc(), OCIHandleAlloc()


OCIExtProcRaiseExcp()

Purpose

Raises an Exception to PL/SQL.

Syntax

size_t OCIExtProcRaiseExcp ( OCIExtProcContext    *with_context, 
                             int                   errnum );

Parameters

with_context (IN)

The with_context pointer that is passed to the C external procedure.

errnum (IN)

Oracle Database error number to signal to PL/SQL. The errnum value must be a positive number and in the range 1 to 32767.

Comments

Calling this function signals an exception to PL/SQL. After a successful return from this function, the external procedure must start its exit handling and return to PL/SQL. Once an exception is signaled to PL/SQL, IN/OUT and OUT arguments, if any, are not processed at all.

Returns

This function returns OCIEXTPROC_SUCCESS if the call succeeds. It returns OCIEXTPROC_ERROR if the call fails.

Related Functions

OCIExtProcRaiseExcpWithMsg()


OCIExtProcRaiseExcpWithMsg()

Purpose

Raises an exception with a message.

Syntax

size_t OCIExtProcRaiseExcpWithMsg ( OCIExtProcContext   *with_context,
                                    int                  errnum, 
                                    char                 *errmsg, 
                                    size_t               msglen );

Parameters

with_context (IN)

The with_context pointer that is passed to the C external procedure.

errnum (IN)

Oracle Database error number to signal to PL/SQL. The value of errnum must be a positive number and in the range 1 to 32767

errmsg (IN)

The error message associated with errnum.

msglen (IN)

The length of the error message. Pass zero if errmsg is a NULL-terminated string.

Comments

This call raises an exception to PL/SQL. In addition, it substitutes the following error message string within the standard Oracle Database error message string.

See Also:

The description of OCIExtProcRaiseExcp()

Returns

This function returns OCIEXTPROC_SUCCESS if the call succeeds. It returns OCIEXTPROC_ERROR if the call fails.

Related Functions

OCIExtProcRaiseExcp()