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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E16760-04
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32 DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM

The DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM package, one of a set of Oracle Streams packages, provides subprograms for starting, stopping, and configuring a capture process. The source of the captured changes is the redo logs, and the repository for the captured changes is a queue.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration and Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide for more information about this package and capture processes

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM

This section contains topics which relate to using the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM package.


Overview

This package provides interfaces to start, stop, and configure a capture process or a synchronous capture. This package includes subprograms for preparing database objects for instantiation.


Security Model

Security on this package can be controlled in either of the following ways:

If subprograms in the package are run from within a stored procedure, then the user who runs the subprograms must be granted EXECUTE privilege on the package directly. It cannot be granted through a role.

When the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM package is used to manage an Oracle Streams configuration, it requires that the user is granted the privileges of an Oracle Streams administrator.

When the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM package is used to manage an XStream configuration, it requires that the user is granted the privileges of an XStream administrator.

Note:

  • The user must be granted additional privileges to perform some administrative tasks using the subprograms in this package, such as setting a capture user. If additional privileges are required for a subprogram, then the privileges are documented in the section that describes the subprogram.

  • Using XStream requires purchasing a license for the Oracle GoldenGate product. See Oracle Database XStream Guide.

See Also:


Summary of DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM Subprograms

Table 32-1 DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

ABORT_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION Procedure

Reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION, PREPARE_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION, and PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION procedures

ABORT_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION Procedure

Reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION and PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION procedures

ABORT_SYNC_INSTANTIATION Procedure

Reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_SYNC_INSTANTIATION procedure

ABORT_TABLE_INSTANTIATION Procedure

Reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION procedure

ALTER_CAPTURE Procedure

Alters a capture process

ALTER_SYNC_CAPTURE Procedure

Alters a synchronous capture

BUILD Procedure

Extracts the data dictionary of the current database to the redo logs and automatically specifies database supplemental logging for all primary key and unique key columns

CREATE_CAPTURE Procedure

Creates a capture process

CREATE_SYNC_CAPTURE Procedure

Creates a synchronous capture

DROP_CAPTURE Procedure

Drops a capture process

INCLUDE_EXTRA_ATTRIBUTE Procedure

Includes or excludes an extra attribute in logical change records (LCRs) captured by the specified capture process or synchronous capture

PREPARE_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION Procedure

Performs the synchronization necessary for instantiating all the tables in the database at another database and can enable supplemental logging for key columns or all columns in these tables

PREPARE_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION Procedure

Performs the synchronization necessary for instantiating all tables in the schema at another database and can enable supplemental logging for key columns or all columns in these tables

PREPARE_SYNC_INSTANTIATION Function

Performs the synchronization necessary for instantiating one or more tables at another database and returns the prepare SCN

PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION Procedure

Performs the synchronization necessary for instantiating the table at another database and can enable supplemental logging for key columns or all columns in the table

SET_PARAMETER Procedure

Sets a capture process parameter to the specified value

START_CAPTURE Procedure

Starts the capture process, which mines redo logs and enqueues the mined redo information into the associated queue

STOP_CAPTURE Procedure

Stops the capture process from mining redo logs


Note:

All subprograms commit unless specified otherwise.

ABORT_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION Procedure

This procedure reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION, PREPARE_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION, and PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION procedures.

Specifically, this procedure performs the following actions:

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.ABORT_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION;

ABORT_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION Procedure

This procedure reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION procedure. It also reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION procedure on tables in the specified schema.

Specifically, this procedure performs the following actions:

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.ABORT_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION(
   schema_name  IN  VARCHAR2);

Parameter

Table 32-2 ABORT_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION Procedure Parameter

Parameter Description

schema_name

The name of the schema for which to abort the effects of preparing instantiation



ABORT_SYNC_INSTANTIATION Procedure

This procedure reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_SYNC_INSTANTIATION procedure. Specifically, this procedure removes data dictionary information related to the table instantiation.

This procedure is overloaded. The table_names parameter is VARCHAR2 data type in one version and DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY data type in the other version.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.ABORT_SYNC_INSTANTIATION(
   table_names IN VARCHAR2);

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.ABORT_SYNC_INSTANTIATION(
   table_names IN DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY);

Parameters

Table 32-3 ABORT_SYNC_INSTANTIATION Procedure Parameter

Parameter Description

table_names

When the table_names parameter is VARCHAR2 data type, a comma-delimited list of the tables for which to abort the effects of preparing instantiation. There must be no spaces between entries.

When the table_names parameter is DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY data type, specify a PL/SQL index-by table of this type that contains the names of the tables for which to abort the effects of preparing instantiation. The first table name is at position 1, the second at position 2, and so on. The table does not need to be NULL terminated.

In either version of the procedure, specify the name of each table in the form [schema_name.]table_name. For example, hr.employees. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.



ABORT_TABLE_INSTANTIATION Procedure

This procedure reverses the effects of running the PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION procedure.

Specifically, this procedure performs the following actions:

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.ABORT_TABLE_INSTANTIATION(
   table_name  IN  VARCHAR2);

Parameter

Table 32-4 ABORT_TABLE_INSTANTIATION Procedure Parameter

Parameter Description

table_name

The name of the table for which to abort the effects of preparing instantiation, specified as [schema_name.]object_name. For example, hr.employees. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.



ALTER_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure alters a capture process.

Note:

Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), the start_time parameter is included in this procedure.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about altering a capture process

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.ALTER_CAPTURE(
   capture_name               IN  VARCHAR2,
   rule_set_name              IN  VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   remove_rule_set            IN  BOOLEAN    DEFAULT FALSE,
   start_scn                  IN  NUMBER     DEFAULT NULL,
   use_database_link          IN  BOOLEAN    DEFAULT NULL,
   first_scn                  IN  NUMBER     DEFAULT NULL,
   negative_rule_set_name     IN  VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   remove_negative_rule_set   IN  BOOLEAN    DEFAULT FALSE,
   capture_user               IN  VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   checkpoint_retention_time  IN  NUMBER     DEFAULT NULL,
   start_time                 IN  TIMESTAMP  DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 32-5 ALTER_CAPTURE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

capture_name

The name of the capture process being altered. You must specify an existing capture process name. Do not specify an owner.

rule_set_name

The name of the positive rule set for the capture process. The positive rule set contains the rules that instruct the capture process to capture changes.

To change the positive rule set for the capture process, specify an existing rule set in the form [schema_name.]rule_set_name. For example, to specify a positive rule set in the hr schema named job_capture_rules, enter hr.job_capture_rules. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

An error is returned if the specified rule set does not exist. You can create a rule set and add rules to it using the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package or the DBMS_RULE_ADM package.

If you specify NULL and the remove_rule_set parameter is set to FALSE, then the procedure retains any existing positive rule set. If you specify NULL and the remove_rule_set parameter is set to TRUE, then the procedure removes any existing positive rule set.

See Also: Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about the changes that can be captured by a capture process

remove_rule_set

If TRUE, then the procedure removes the positive rule set for the specified capture process. If you remove a positive rule set for a capture process, and the capture process does not have a negative rule set, then the capture process captures all supported changes to all objects in the database, excluding database objects in the SYS and SYSTEM schemas.

If you remove a positive rule set for a capture process, and the capture process has a negative rule set, then the capture process captures all supported changes that are not discarded by the negative rule set.

If FALSE, then the procedure retains the positive rule set for the specified capture process.

If the rule_set_name parameter is non-NULL, then ensure that this parameter is set to FALSE.

start_scn

A valid SCN for the database from which the capture process starts capturing changes. The SCN value must be greater than or equal to the first SCN for the capture process. Also, the capture process must be stopped before resetting its start SCN.

An error is returned if an invalid SCN is specified or if the capture process is enabled.

use_database_link

If TRUE, then the capture process at a downstream database uses a database link to the source database for administrative purposes relating to the capture process. If you want a capture process that is not using a database link currently to begin using a database link, then specify TRUE. In this case, a database link with the same name as the global name of the source database must exist at the downstream database.

If FALSE, then either the capture process is running on the source database, or the capture process at a downstream database does not use a database link to the source database. If you want a capture process that is using a database link currently to stop using a database link, then specify FALSE. In this case, you must prepare source database objects for instantiation manually when you add or change capture process rules that pertain to these objects.

If NULL, then the current value of this parameter for the capture process is not changed.

first_scn

The lowest SCN in the redo log from which a capture process can capture changes. If you specify a new first SCN for the capture process, then the specified first SCN must meet the following requirements:

  • It must be greater than the current first SCN for the capture process.

  • It must be less than or equal to the current applied SCN for the capture process. However, this requirement does not apply if the current applied SCN for the capture process is zero.

  • It must be less than or equal to the required checkpoint SCN for the capture process.

An error is returned if the specified SCN does not meet the first three requirements. See "Usage Notes" for information about determining an SCN value that meets all of these conditions.

When the first SCN is modified, the capture process purges information from its LogMiner data dictionary that is required to restart it at an earlier SCN. See BUILD Procedure for more information about a LogMiner data dictionary.

If the specified first SCN is higher than the current start SCN for the capture process, then the start SCN is set automatically to the new value of the first SCN.

negative_rule_set_name

The name of the negative rule set for the capture process. The negative rule set contains the rules that instruct the capture process to discard changes.

To change the negative rule set for the capture process, specify an existing rule set in the form [schema_name.]rule_set_name. For example, to specify a negative rule set in the hr schema named neg_capture_rules, enter hr.neg_capture_rules. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

An error is returned if the specified rule set does not exist. You can create a rule set and add rules to it using the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package or the DBMS_RULE_ADM package.

If you specify NULL and the remove_negative_rule_set parameter is set to FALSE, then the procedure retains any existing negative rule set. If you specify NULL and the remove_negative_rule_set parameter is set to TRUE, then the procedure removes any existing negative rule set.

If you specify both a positive and a negative rule set for a capture process, then the negative rule set is always evaluated first.

remove_negative_rule_set

If TRUE, then the procedure removes the negative rule set for the specified capture process. If you remove a negative rule set for a capture process, and the capture process does not have a positive rule set, then the capture process captures all supported changes to all objects in the database, excluding database objects in the SYS and SYSTEM schemas.

If you remove a negative rule set for a capture process, and a positive rule set exists for the capture process, then the capture process captures all changes that are not discarded by the positive rule set.

If FALSE, then the procedure retains the negative rule set for the specified capture process.

If the negative_rule_set_name parameter is non-NULL, then ensure that this parameter is set to FALSE.

capture_user

The user in whose security domain a capture process captures changes that satisfy its rule sets and runs custom rule-based transformations configured for capture process rules. If NULL, then the capture user is not changed.

To change the capture user, the user who invokes the ALTER_CAPTURE procedure must be granted the DBA role. Only the SYS user can set the capture_user to SYS.

If you change the capture user, then this procedure grants the new capture user enqueue privilege on the queue used by the capture process and configures the user as a secure queue user of the queue. In addition, ensure that the capture user has the following privileges:

  • EXECUTE privilege on the rule sets used by the capture process

  • EXECUTE privilege on all rule-based transformation functions used in the rule set

These privileges can be granted directly to the capture user, or they can be granted through roles.

In addition, the capture user must be granted EXECUTE privilege on all packages, including Oracle-supplied packages, that are invoked in rule-based transformations run by the capture process. These privileges must be granted directly to the capture user. They cannot be granted through roles.

The capture process is stopped and restarted automatically when you change the value of this parameter.

Note: If the capture user for a capture process is dropped using DROP USER . . . CASCADE, then the capture process is also dropped automatically.

checkpoint_retention_time

Either the number of days that a capture process retains checkpoints before purging them automatically, or DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.INFINITE if checkpoints should not be purged automatically. If NULL, then the checkpoint retention time is not changed.

If a number is specified, then a capture process purges a checkpoint the specified number of days after the checkpoint was taken. Partial days can be specified using decimal values. For example, .25 specifies 6 hours.

When a checkpoint is purged, LogMiner data dictionary information for the archived redo log file that corresponds to the checkpoint is purged, and the first_scn of the capture process is reset to the SCN value corresponding to the first change in the next archived redo log file.

See Also: Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about checkpoint retention time

start_time

A valid time from which the capture process starts capturing changes. The capture process must be stopped before resetting its start time.

An error is returned if an invalid time is specified or if the capture process is enabled.

The start_scn and start_time parameters are mutually exclusive.


Usage Notes

If you want to alter the first SCN for a capture process, then the value specified must meet the conditions in the description for the first_scn parameter.

Examples

The following query determines the current first SCN, applied SCN, and required checkpoint SCN for each capture process in a database:

SELECT CAPTURE_NAME, FIRST_SCN, APPLIED_SCN, REQUIRED_CHECKPOINT_SCN
   FROM DBA_CAPTURE;

ALTER_SYNC_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure alters a synchronous capture.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about altering a capture process

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.ALTER_SYNC_CAPTURE(
   capture_name   IN  VARCHAR2,
   rule_set_name  IN  VARCHAR2  DEFAULT NULL,
   capture_user   IN  VARCHAR2  DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 32-6 ALTER_SYNC_CAPTURE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

capture_name

The name of the synchronous capture being altered. You must specify an existing synchronous capture name. Do not specify an owner.

rule_set_name

The name of the positive rule set for the synchronous capture. The positive rule set contains the rules that instruct the synchronous capture to capture changes.

To change the rule set for the synchronous capture, specify an existing rule set in the form [schema_name.]rule_set_name. For example, to specify a positive rule set in the strmadmin schema named sync_cap_rules, enter strmadmin.sync_cap_rules. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

An error is returned if the specified rule set does not exist. You must specify a rule set that was created using the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package.

If NULL, then the rule set is not changed.

See Also: Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about the changes that can be captured by a synchronous capture

capture_user

The user in whose security domain a synchronous capture captures changes that satisfy its rule set and runs custom rule-based transformations configured for synchronous capture rules. If NULL, then the capture user is not changed.

To change the capture user, the user who invokes the ALTER_SYNC_CAPTURE procedure must be granted the DBA role. Only the SYS user can set the capture_user to SYS.

If you change the capture user, then this procedure grants the new capture user enqueue privilege on the queue used by the synchronous capture and configures the user as a secure queue user of the queue. In addition, ensure that capture user has the following privileges:

  • EXECUTE privilege on the rule sets used by the synchronous capture

  • EXECUTE privilege on all rule-based transformation functions used in the rule set

These privileges can be granted directly to the capture user, or they can be granted through roles.

In addition, the capture user must be granted EXECUTE privilege on all packages, including Oracle-supplied packages, that are invoked in rule-based transformations run by the synchronous capture. These privileges must be granted directly to the capture user. They cannot be granted through roles.


Usage Notes

If the capture user for a synchronous capture is dropped using DROP USER . . . CASCADE, then the synchronous capture is also dropped automatically.


BUILD Procedure

This procedure extracts the data dictionary of the current database to the redo log and automatically specifies database supplemental logging by running the following SQL statement:

ALTER DATABASE ADD SUPPLEMENTAL LOG DATA;

This procedure is overloaded. One version of this procedure contains the OUT parameter first_scn, and the other does not.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.BUILD(
   first_scn OUT NUMBER);

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.BUILD;

Parameters

Table 32-7 BUILD Procedure Parameter

Parameter Description

first_scn

Contains the lowest SCN value corresponding to the data dictionary extracted to the redo log that can be specified as a first SCN for a capture process


Usage Notes

The following usage notes apply to this procedure:


CREATE_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure creates a capture process.

Note:

Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), the start_time parameter is included in this procedure.

See Also:

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.CREATE_CAPTURE(
   queue_name                 IN  VARCHAR2,
   capture_name               IN  VARCHAR2,
   rule_set_name              IN  VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   start_scn                  IN  NUMBER     DEFAULT NULL,
   source_database            IN  VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   use_database_link          IN  BOOLEAN    DEFAULT FALSE,
   first_scn                  IN  NUMBER     DEFAULT NULL,
   logfile_assignment         IN  VARCHAR2   DEFAULT 'implicit',
   negative_rule_set_name     IN  VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   capture_user               IN  VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   checkpoint_retention_time  IN  NUMBER     DEFAULT 60,
   start_time                 IN  TIMESTAMP  DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 32-8 CREATE_CAPTURE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

queue_name

The name of the queue into which the capture process enqueues changes. You must specify an existing queue in the form [schema_name.]queue_name. For example, to specify a queue in the hr schema named streams_queue, enter hr.streams_queue. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

Note: The queue_name setting cannot be altered after the capture process is created.

capture_name

The name of the capture process being created. A NULL specification is not allowed. Do not specify an owner.

Note: The capture_name setting cannot be altered after the capture process is created.

rule_set_name

The name of the positive rule set for the capture process. The positive rule set contains the rules that instruct the capture process to capture changes.

If you want to use a positive rule set for the capture process, then you must specify an existing rule set in the form [schema_name.]rule_set_name. For example, to specify a positive rule set in the hr schema named job_capture_rules, enter hr.job_capture_rules. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

An error is returned if the specified rule set does not exist. You can create a rule set and add rules to it using the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package or the DBMS_RULE_ADM package.

If you specify NULL, and no negative rule set is specified, then the capture process captures all supported changes to all objects in the database, excluding database objects in the SYS and SYSTEM schemas.

If you specify NULL, and a negative rule set exists for the capture process, then the capture process captures all changes that are not discarded by the negative rule set.

See Also: Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about the changes that can be captured by a capture process

start_scn

A valid SCN for the database from which the capture process starts capturing changes.

An error is returned if an invalid SCN is specified.

The start_scn and start_time parameters are mutually exclusive.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information setting the start_scn parameter

source_database

The global name of the source database. The source database is where the changes to be captured originated.

If you do not include the domain name, then the procedure appends it to the database name automatically. For example, if you specify DBS1 and the domain is .EXAMPLE.COM, then the procedure specifies DBS1.EXAMPLE.COM automatically.

If NULL, or if the specified name is the same as the global name of the current database, then local capture is assumed and only the default values for use_database_link and first_scn can be specified.

use_database_link

If TRUE, then the capture process at a downstream database uses a database link to the source database for administrative purposes relating to the capture process. A database link with the same name as the global name of the source database must exist at the downstream database.

The capture process uses the database link to prepare database objects for instantiation at the source database and run the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.BUILD procedure at the source database, if necessary.

During the creation of a downstream capture process, if the first_scn parameter is set to NULL, then the use_database_link parameter must be set to TRUE. Otherwise, an error is returned.

If FALSE, then either the capture process is running on the source database, or the capture process at a downstream database does not use a database link to the source database. In this case, you must perform the following administrative tasks manually:

  • Run the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.BUILD procedure at the source database to extract the data dictionary at the source database to the redo log when a capture process is created.

  • Obtain the first SCN for the downstream capture process if the first SCN is not specified during capture process creation. The first SCN is needed to create and maintain a capture process.

  • Prepare source database objects for instantiation.

first_scn

The lowest SCN in the redo log from which a capture process can capture changes. A non-NULL value for this parameter is valid only if the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.BUILD procedure has been run at least once at the source database.

You can query the FIRST_CHANGE# column of the V$ARCHIVED_LOG dynamic performance view where the DICTIONARY_BEGIN column is YES to determine whether the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.BUILD procedure has been run on a source database. Any of the values returned by such a query can be used as a first_scn value if the redo log containing that SCN value is still available.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information setting the first_scn parameter

logfile_assignment

If implicit, which is the default, then the capture process at a downstream database scans all redo log files added by redo transport services or manually from the source database to the downstream database.

If explicit, then a redo log file is scanned by a capture process at a downstream database only if the capture process name is specified in the FOR logminer_session_name clause. If explicit, then the redo log file must be added manually to the downstream database, and redo transport services cannot be used to add redo log files to the capture process being created.

If you specify explicit for this parameter for a local capture process, then the local capture process cannot use the online redo log to find changes. In this case, the capture process must use the archived redo log.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for information about adding redo log files manually

negative_rule_set_name

The name of the negative rule set for the capture process. The negative rule set contains the rules that instruct the capture process to discard changes.

If you want to use a negative rule set for the capture process, then you must specify an existing rule set in the form [schema_name.]rule_set_name. For example, to specify a negative rule set in the hr schema named neg_capture_rules, enter hr.neg_capture_rules. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

If you specify NULL, and no positive rule set is specified, then the capture process captures all supported changes to all objects in the database, excluding database objects in the SYS and SYSTEM schemas.

If you specify NULL, and a positive rule set exists for the capture process, then the capture process captures all changes that are not discarded by the positive rule set.

An error is returned if the specified rule set does not exist. You can create a rule set and add rules to it using the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package or the DBMS_RULE_ADM package.

If you specify both a positive and a negative rule set for a capture process, then the negative rule set is always evaluated first.

capture_user

The user in whose security domain a capture process captures changes that satisfy its rule sets and runs custom rule-based transformations configured for capture process rules. If NULL, then the user who runs the CREATE_CAPTURE procedure is used.

Note: If the capture user for a capture process is dropped using DROP USER . . . CASCADE, then the capture process is also dropped automatically.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter.

checkpoint_retention_time

Either specify the number of days that a capture process retains checkpoints before purging them automatically, or specify DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.INFINITE if checkpoints should not be purged automatically.

If a number is specified, then a capture process purges a checkpoint the specified number of days after the checkpoint was taken. Partial days can be specified using decimal values. For example, .25 specifies 6 hours.

When a checkpoint is purged, LogMiner data dictionary information for the archived redo log file that corresponds to the checkpoint is purged, and the first_scn of the capture process is reset to the SCN value corresponding to the first change in the next archived redo log file.

See Also: Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about checkpoint retention time

start_time

A valid time from which the capture process starts capturing changes.

An error is returned if an invalid time is specified.

The start_scn and start_time parameters are mutually exclusive.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information setting the start_time parameter


Usage Notes

Consider the following usage notes when you run this procedure:

DBA Role Requirement

If the user who invokes this procedure is different from the user specified in the capture_user parameter, then the invoking user must be granted the DBA role. If the user who invokes this procedure is the same as the user specified in the capture_user parameter, then the DBA role is not required for the invoking user. Only the SYS user can set the capture_user to SYS.

Capture User Requirements

The capture_user parameter specifies the user who captures changes that satisfy the capture process rule sets. This user must have the necessary privileges to capture changes. This procedure grants the capture user enqueue privilege on the queue used by the capture process and configures the user as a secure queue user of the queue.

In addition, ensure that the capture user has the following privileges:

These privileges can be granted directly to the capture user, or they can be granted through roles.

In addition, the capture user must be granted EXECUTE privilege on all packages, including Oracle-supplied packages, that are invoked in rule-based transformations run by the capture process. These privileges must be granted directly to the capture user. They cannot be granted through roles.

Note:

  • A capture user does not require privileges on a database object to capture changes to the database object. The capture process can pass these changes to a rule-based transformation function. Therefore, ensure that you consider security implications when you configure a capture process.

  • Creation of the first capture process in a database might take some time because the data dictionary is duplicated during this creation.

First SCN and Start SCN Settings

When you create a capture process using this procedure, you can specify the first SCN and start SCN for the capture process. A capture process scans the redo data from the first SCN or an existing capture process checkpoint forward, even if the start SCN is higher than the first SCN or the checkpoint SCN. In this case, the capture process does not capture any changes in the redo data before the start SCN. Oracle recommends that, at capture process creation time, the difference between the first SCN and start SCN be as small as possible to keep the amount of redo scanned by the capture process to a minimum.

Note:

When you specify the start_time parameter instead of the start_scn parameter, the start_time corresponds with a specific SCN. In this case, the information in this section also applies to the SCN that corresponds with the specified start_time.

In some cases, the behavior of the capture process is different depending on the settings of these SCN values and on whether the capture process is local or downstream.

The following table describes capture process behavior for SCN value settings:

first_scn Setting start_scn Setting Capture Process Type Description
Non-NULL NULL Local or Downstream The new capture process is created at the local database with a new LogMiner session starting from the value specified for the first_scn parameter. The start SCN is set to the specified first SCN value automatically, and the new capture process does not capture changes that were made before this SCN.

The BUILD procedure in the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM package is not run automatically. This procedure must have been run at least once before on the source database, and the specified first SCN must correspond to the SCN value of a previous build that is still available in the redo log. When the new capture process is started for the first time, it creates a new LogMiner data dictionary using the data dictionary information in the redo log. If the BUILD procedure has not been run at least once on the source database, then an error is raised when the capture process is started.

Capture process behavior is the same for a local capture process and a downstream capture process created with these SCN settings, except that a local capture process is created at the source database and a downstream capture process is created at the downstream database.

Non-NULL Non-NULL Local or Downstream If the specified value for the start_scn parameter is greater than or equal to the specified value for the first_scn parameter, then the new capture process is created at the local database with a new LogMiner session starting from the specified first SCN. In this case, the new capture process does not capture changes that were made before the specified start SCN. If the specified value for the start_scn parameter is less than the specified value for the first_scn parameter, then an error is raised.

The BUILD procedure in the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM package is not run automatically. This procedure must have been called at least once before on the source database, and the specified first_scn must correspond to the SCN value of a previous build that is still available in the redo log. When the new capture process is started for the first time, it creates a new LogMiner data dictionary using the data dictionary information in the redo log. If the BUILD procedure has not been run at least once on the source database, then an error is raised.

Capture process behavior is the same for a local capture process and a downstream capture process created with these SCN settings, except that a local capture process is created at the source database and a downstream capture process is created at the downstream database.

NULL Non-NULL Local The new capture process creates a new LogMiner data dictionary if either one of the following conditions is true:
  • There is no existing capture process for the local source database, and the specified value for the start_scn parameter is greater than or equal to the current SCN for the database.

  • There are existing capture processes, but none of the capture processes have taken a checkpoint yet, and the specified value for the start_scn parameter is greater than or equal to the current SCN for the database.

In either of these cases, the BUILD procedure in the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM package is run during capture process creation. The new capture process uses the resulting build of the source data dictionary in the redo log to create a LogMiner data dictionary the first time it is started, and the first SCN corresponds to the SCN of the data dictionary build. If there are any in-flight transactions, then the BUILD procedure waits until these transactions commit before completing. An in-flight transaction is one that is active during capture process creation or a data dictionary build.

However, if there is at least one existing local capture process for the local source database that has taken a checkpoint, then the new capture process shares an existing LogMiner data dictionary with one or more of the existing capture processes. In this case, a capture process with a first SCN that is lower than or equal to the specified start SCN must have been started successfully at least once. Also, if there are any in-flight transactions, then the capture process is created after these transactions commit.

If there is no existing capture process for the local source database (or if no existing capture processes have taken a checkpoint yet), and the specified start SCN is less than the current SCN for the database, then an error is raised.

NULL Non-NULL Downstream When the CREATE_CAPTURE procedure creates a downstream capture process, the use_database_link parameter must be set to TRUE when the first_scn parameter is set to NULL. Otherwise, an error is raised. The database link is used to obtain the current SCN of the source database.

The new capture process creates a new LogMiner data dictionary if either one of the following conditions is true:

  • There is no existing capture process that captures changes to the source database at the downstream database, and the specified value for the start_scn parameter is greater than or equal to the current SCN for the source database.

  • There are existing capture processes that capture changes to the source database at the downstream database, but none of the capture processes have taken a checkpoint yet, and the specified value for the start_scn parameter is greater than or equal to the current SCN for the source database.

In either of these cases, the BUILD procedure in the DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM package is run during capture process creation. The first time you start the new capture process, it uses the resulting build of the source data dictionary in the redo log files copied to the downstream database to create a LogMiner data dictionary. Here, the first SCN for the new capture process corresponds to the SCN of the data dictionary build. If there are any in-flight transactions, then the BUILD procedure waits until these transactions commit before completing.

However, if at least one existing capture process has taken a checkpoint and captures changes to the source database at the downstream database, then the new capture process shares an existing LogMiner data dictionary with one or more of these existing capture processes. In this case, one of these existing capture processes with a first SCN that is lower than or equal to the specified start SCN must have been started successfully at least once. Also, if there are any in-flight transactions, then the capture process is created after these transactions commit.

If there is no existing capture process that captures changes to the source database at the downstream database (or no existing capture process has taken a checkpoint), and the specified start_scn parameter value is less than the current SCN for the source database, then an error is raised.

NULL NULL Local or Downstream The behavior is the same as setting the first_scn parameter to NULL and setting the start_scn parameter to the current SCN of the source database.

Note:

When you create a capture process using the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package, both the first SCN and the start SCN are set to NULL during capture process creation.

See Also:

BUILD Procedure for more information about the BUILD procedure and the LogMiner data dictionary

Explicit Log File Assignment

If you specify explicit for the logfile_assignment parameter, then you add a redo log file manually to a downstream database using the following statement:

ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGICAL LOGFILE 
   file_name FOR capture_process;

Here, file_name is the name of the redo log file being added and capture_process is the name of the capture process that will use the redo log file at the downstream database. The capture_process is equivalent to the logminer_session_name and must be specified. The redo log file must be present at the site running the downstream database. You must transfer this file manually to the site running the downstream database using the DBMS_FILE_TRANSFER package, FTP, or some other transfer method.

See Also:

Oracle Database SQL Language Reference for more information about the ALTER DATABASE statement and Oracle Data Guard Concepts and Administration for more information registering redo log files

CREATE_SYNC_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure creates a synchronous capture.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide for more information about creating a synchronous capture

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.CREATE_SYNC_CAPTURE(
   queue_name     IN  VARCHAR2,
   capture_name   IN  VARCHAR2,
   rule_set_name  IN  VARCHAR2,
   capture_user   IN  VARCHAR2  DEFAULT NUL);

Parameters

Table 32-9 CREATE_SYNC_CAPTURE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

queue_name

The name of the queue into which the synchronous capture enqueues changes. You must specify an existing queue in the form [schema_name.]queue_name. For example, to specify a queue in the strmadmin schema named streams_queue, enter strmadmin.streams_queue. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

Note: The queue_name setting cannot be altered after the synchronous capture is created.

capture_name

The name of the synchronous capture being created. A NULL specification is not allowed. Do not specify an owner.

Note: The capture_name setting cannot be altered after the synchronous capture is created.

rule_set_name

The name of the positive rule set for the synchronous capture. The positive rule set contains the rules that instruct the synchronous capture to capture changes.

Specify an existing rule set in the form [schema_name.]rule_set_name. For example, to specify a positive rule set in the strmadmin schema named sync_cap_rules, enter strmadmin.sync_cap_rules. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

An error is returned if the specified rule set does not exist. You must specify a rule set that was created using the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package.

If NULL, then an error is returned.

Note: Synchronous capture rules must be added to the synchronous capture rule set using the ADD_TABLE_RULES or ADD_SUBSET_RULES procedure in the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package. A synchronous capture ignores rules added to the rule set with other procedures.

See Also: Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about the changes that can be captured by a synchronous capture

capture_user

The user in whose security domain the synchronous capture captures changes that satisfy its rule set and runs custom rule-based transformations configured for synchronous capture rules. If NULL, then the user who runs the CREATE_SYNC_CAPTURE procedure is used.

Only a user who is granted the DBA role can set a capture user. Only the SYS user can set the capture_user to SYS.

Note: If the capture user for a synchronous capture is dropped using DROP USER . . . CASCADE, then the synchronous capture is also dropped automatically.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter.


Usage Notes

When the CREATE_SYNC_CAPTURE procedure creates a synchronous capture, the procedure must obtain an exclusive lock on each table for which it will capture changes. The rules in the specified rule set for the synchronous capture determine these tables. If there are outstanding transactions on a table for which the synchronous capture will capture changes, then the procedure waits until it can obtain a lock.

The capture_user parameter specifies the user who captures changes that satisfy the synchronous capture rule set. This user must have the necessary privileges to capture changes.

In addition, ensure that the capture user has the following privileges:

These privileges can be granted directly to the capture user, or they can be granted through roles.

In addition, the capture user must be granted EXECUTE privilege on all packages, including Oracle-supplied packages, that are invoked in rule-based transformations run by the synchronous capture. These privileges must be granted directly to the capture user. These privileges cannot be granted through roles.

Note:

A capture user does not require privileges on a database object to capture changes to the database object. The synchronous capture can pass these changes to a rule-based transformation function. Therefore, ensure that you consider security implications when you configure a synchronous capture.

DROP_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure drops a capture process.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.DROP_CAPTURE(
   capture_name           IN  VARCHAR2,
   drop_unused_rule_sets  IN  BOOLEAN  DEFAULT FALSE);

Parameters

Table 32-10 DROP_CAPTURE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

capture_name

The name of the capture process being dropped. Specify an existing capture process name. Do not specify an owner.

drop_unused_rule_sets

If TRUE, then the procedure drops any rule sets, positive and negative, used by the specified capture process if these rule sets are not used by any other Oracle Streams client. Oracle Streams clients include capture processes, propagations, apply processes, and messaging clients. If this procedure drops a rule set, then this procedure also drops any rules in the rule set that are not in another rule set.

If FALSE, then the procedure does not drop the rule sets used by the specified capture process, and the rule sets retain their rules.


Usage Notes

The following usage notes apply to this procedure:

The Capture Process Must Be Stopped Before It Is Dropped

A capture process must be stopped before it can be dropped.

The DROP_CAPTURE Procedure and Rules-related Information

When you use this procedure to drop a capture process, rules-related information for the capture process created by the DBMS_STREAMS_ADM package is removed from the data dictionary views for Oracle Streams rules. Information about such a rule is removed even if the rule is not in either rule set for the capture process.

The following are the data dictionary views for Oracle Streams rules:

See Also:

Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about Oracle Streams data dictionary views

INCLUDE_EXTRA_ATTRIBUTE Procedure

This procedure includes or excludes an extra attribute in logical change records (LCRs) captured by the specified capture process or synchronous capture.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.INCLUDE_EXTRA_ATTRIBUTE(
   capture_name    IN  VARCHAR2,
   attribute_name  IN  VARCHAR2,
   include         IN  BOOLEAN   DEFAULT TRUE);

Parameters

Table 32-11 INCLUDE_EXTRA_ATTRIBUTE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

capture_name

The name of the capture process or synchronous capture. Specify an existing capture process name or synchronous capture name. Do not specify an owner.

attribute_name

The name of the attribute to be included in or excluded from LCRs captured by the capture process or synchronous capture. The following names are valid settings:

  • row_id

    The rowid of the row changed in a row LCR. This attribute is not included in DDL LCRs, or in row LCRs for index-organized tables. The type is VARCHAR2.

  • serial#

    The serial number of the session that performed the change captured in the LCR. The type is NUMBER.

  • session#

    The identifier of the session that performed the change captured in the LCR. The type is NUMBER.

  • thread#

    The thread number of the instance in which the change captured in the LCR was performed. Typically, the thread number is relevant only in an Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) environment. The type is NUMBER.

  • tx_name

    The name of the transaction that includes the LCR. The type is VARCHAR2.

  • username

    The name of the user who performed the change captured in the LCR. The type is VARCHAR2.

include

If TRUE, then the specified attribute is included in LCRs captured by the capture process or synchronous capture.

If FALSE, then the specified attribute is excluded from LCRs captured by the capture process or synchronous capture.


Usage Notes

Some information is not captured by a capture process or synchronous capture unless you use this procedure to specify that the information should be captured. If you want to exclude an extra attribute that is being captured by a capture process or synchronous capture, then specify the attribute and specify FALSE for the include parameter.


PREPARE_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION Procedure

This procedure performs the synchronization necessary for instantiating all the tables in the database at another database and can enable supplemental logging for key columns or all columns in these tables. This procedure prepares the tables in the database for instantiation when a capture process will be used to capture changes to the tables in the database.

This procedure records the lowest SCN of each object in the database for instantiation. SCNs subsequent to the lowest SCN for an object can be used for instantiating the object. Running this procedure prepares all current and future objects in the database for instantiation.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.PREPARE_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION
   supplemental_logging    IN  VARCHAR2  DEFAULT 'KEYS');

Parameter

Table 32-12 PREPARE_GLOBAL_INSTANTIATION Procedure Parameter

Parameter Description

supplemental_logging

Either NONE, KEYS, or ALL.

If NONE is specified, then this procedure does not enable supplemental logging for any columns in the tables in the database. This procedure does not remove existing supplemental logging specifications for these tables.

If KEYS is specified, then this procedure enables supplemental logging for primary key, unique key, bitmap index, and foreign key columns in the tables in the database and for any table added to the database in the future. Primary key columns are logged unconditionally. Unique key, bitmap index, and foreign key columns are logged conditionally. Specifying KEYS does not enable supplemental logging of bitmap join index columns.

If ALL is specified, then this procedure enables supplemental logging for all columns in the tables in the database and for any table added to the database in the future. The columns are logged unconditionally. Supplemental logging is not enabled for columns of the following types: LOB, LONG, LONG RAW, user-defined types, and Oracle-supplied types.


Usage Notes

Run this procedure at the source database.

If you use a capture process to capture all of the changes to a database, then use this procedure to prepare the tables in the database for instantiation after the capture process has been configured.


PREPARE_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION Procedure

This procedure performs the synchronization necessary for instantiating all tables in the schema at another database and can enable supplemental logging for key columns or all columns in these tables. This procedure prepares the tables in the schema for instantiation when a capture process will be used to capture changes to the tables in the schema.

This procedure records the lowest SCN of each object in the schema for instantiation. SCNs subsequent to the lowest SCN for an object can be used for instantiating the object. Running this procedure prepares all current and future objects in the schema for instantiation.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.PREPARE_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION(
   schema_name           IN  VARCHAR2,
   supplemental_logging  IN  VARCHAR2  DEFAULT 'KEYS');

Parameters

Table 32-13 PREPARE_SCHEMA_INSTANTIATION Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

schema_name

The name of the schema. For example, hr.

supplemental_logging

Either NONE, KEYS, or ALL.

If NONE is specified, then this procedure does not enable supplemental logging for any columns in the tables in the schema. This procedure does not remove existing supplemental logging specifications for these tables.

If KEYS is specified, then this procedure enables supplemental logging for primary key, unique key, bitmap index, and foreign key columns in the tables in the schema and for any table added to this schema in the future. Primary key columns are logged unconditionally. Unique key, bitmap index, and foreign key columns are logged conditionally. Specifying KEYS does not enable supplemental logging of bitmap join index columns.

If ALL is specified, then this procedure enables supplemental logging for all columns in the tables in the schema and for any table added to this schema in the future. The columns are logged unconditionally. Supplemental logging is not enabled for columns of the following types: LOB, LONG, LONG RAW, user-defined types, and Oracle-supplied types.


Usage Notes

Run this procedure at the source database. If you use a capture process to capture all of the changes to a schema, then use this procedure to prepare the tables in the schema for instantiation after the capture process has been configured.


PREPARE_SYNC_INSTANTIATION Function

This function performs the synchronization necessary for instantiating one or more tables at another database. This function returns the prepare system change number (SCN) for the table or tables being prepared for instantiation.

This function prepares one or more tables for instantiation when a synchronous capture will be used to capture changes to the tables.

This function records the lowest SCN of each table for instantiation (prepare SCN). SCNs subsequent to the lowest SCN for an object can be used for instantiating the object.

This function is overloaded. The table_names parameter is VARCHAR2 data type in one version and DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY data type in the other version.

See Also:

Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide for more information about instantiation

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.PREPARE_SYNC_INSTANTIATION(
   table_names IN VARCHAR2)
RETURN NUMBER;

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.PREPARE_SYNC_INSTANTIATION(
   table_names IN DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY)
RETURN NUMBER;

Parameters

Table 32-14 PREPARE_SYNC_INSTANTIATION Function Parameter

Parameter Description

table_names

When the table_names parameter is VARCHAR2 data type, a comma-delimited list of the tables to prepare for instantiation. There must be no spaces between entries.

When the table_names parameter is DBMS_UTILITY.UNCL_ARRAY data type, specify a PL/SQL index-by table of this type that contains the names of the tables to prepare for instantiation. The first table name is at position 1, the second at position 2, and so on. The table does not need to be NULL terminated.

In either version of the function, specify the name of each table in the form [schema_name.]table_name. For example, hr.employees. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.



PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION Procedure

This procedure performs the synchronization necessary for instantiating the table at another database and can enable supplemental logging for key columns or all columns in the table. This procedure prepares the table for instantiation when a capture process will be used to capture changes to the table.

This procedure records the lowest SCN of the table for instantiation. SCNs subsequent to the lowest SCN for an object can be used for instantiating the object.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION(
   table_name            IN  VARCHAR2,
   supplemental_logging  IN  VARCHAR2  DEFAULT 'KEYS');

Parameters

Table 32-15 PREPARE_TABLE_INSTANTIATION Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

table_name

The name of the table specified as [schema_name.]object_name. For example, hr.employees. If the schema is not specified, then the current user is the default.

supplemental_logging

Either NONE, KEYS, or ALL.

If NONE is specified, then this procedure does not enable supplemental logging for any columns in the table. This procedure does not remove existing supplemental logging specifications for the table.

If KEYS is specified, then this procedure enables supplemental logging for primary key, unique key, bitmap index, and foreign key columns in the table. The procedure places the key columns for the table in three separate log groups: the primary key columns in an unconditional log group, the unique key columns and bitmap index columns in a conditional log group, and the foreign key columns in a conditional log group. Specifying KEYS does not enable supplemental logging of bitmap join index columns.

If ALL is specified, then this procedure enables supplemental logging for all columns in the table. The procedure places all of the columns for the table in an unconditional log group. Supplemental logging is not enabled for columns of the following types: LOB, LONG, LONG RAW, user-defined types, and Oracle-supplied types.


Usage Notes

Run this procedure at the source database. If you use a capture process to capture all of the changes to a table, then use this procedure to prepare the table for instantiation after the capture process has been configured.


SET_PARAMETER Procedure

This procedure sets a capture process parameter to the specified value.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.SET_PARAMETER(
   capture_name  IN  VARCHAR2,
   parameter     IN  VARCHAR2,
   value         IN  VARCHAR2  DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 32-16 SET_PARAMETER Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

capture_name

The name of the capture process. Do not specify an owner.

parameter

The name of the parameter you are setting. See "Capture Process Parameters" for a list of these parameters.

value

The value to which the parameter is set.

If NULL, then the parameter is set to its default value.


Capture Process Parameters

The following table lists the parameters for the capture process.

Note:

Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), this subprogram includes the following new capture process parameters: capture_idkey_objects, capture_sequence_nextval, excludeuserid, excludeuser, excludetrans, getapplops, getreplicates, ignore_transaction, ignore_unsupported_table, and max_sga_size.

Table 32-17 Capture Process Parameters

Parameter Name Possible Values Default Description

capture_idkey_objects

Y or N

N

If Y, then the capture process captures ID key logical change records (LCRs).

If N, then the capture process does not capture ID key LCRs.

Capture processes do not fully support capturing changes to some data types from the redo log. ID key LCRs enable an XStream configuration to capture these changes and process them with an XStream client application.

Note: This parameter is intended for XStream. Do not use this parameter in an Oracle Streams replication environment unless XStream capabilities are enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter and Oracle Database XStream Guide for more information about ID key LCRs

capture_sequence_nextval

Y or N

N

If Y, then the capture process captures sequence LCRs for all of the sequences in the database, except for sequences in Oracle-supplied, administrative schemas such as SYS and SYSTEM. The capture process's rule sets can filter sequence LCRs in the same way that they filter row LCRs and DDL LCRs.

If N, then the capture process does not capture sequence LCRs.

An apply process or XStream inbound server can use sequence LCRs to ensure that the sequence values at a destination database use the appropriate values. For increasing sequences, the sequence values at the destination are equal to or greater than the sequence values at the source database. For decreasing sequences, the sequence values at the destination are less than or equal to the sequence values at the source database.

Note: This parameter is intended for XStream. Do not use this parameter in an Oracle Streams replication environment unless XStream capabilities are enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter and "SET_PARAMETER Procedure" for information about the apply_sequence_nextval apply process parameter

disable_on_limit

Y or N

N

If Y, then the capture process is disabled because it reached a value specified by the time_limit parameter or message_limit parameter.

If N, then the capture process is restarted immediately after stopping because it reached a limit.

When a capture process is restarted, it starts to capture changes at the point where it last stopped. A restarted capture process gets a new session identifier, and the processes associated with the capture process also get new session identifiers. However, the capture process number (CPnn) remains the same.

downstream_real_time_mine

Y or N

Y for local capture processes

N for downstream capture processes

If Y, then the capture process is a real-time downstream capture process. After setting this parameter to Y, switch the redo log file at the source database using the SQL statement ALTER SYSTEM ARCHIVE LOG CURRENT to begin real-time downstream capture. If this parameter is set to Y, then redo data from the source database must be sent to the standby redo log at the downstream database. See Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide for information about creating a real-time downstream capture process.

If N, then the capture process is an archived-log downstream capture process.

An error is raised if an attempt is made to set this parameter for a local capture process.

excludeuserid

Comma-separated list of user ID values

NULL

Controls whether the capture process captures data manipulation language (DML) changes made by the specified users.

Whether the capture process captures these changes depends on the settings for the getapplops and getreplicates parameters.

To view the user ID for a user, query the USER_ID column in the ALL_USERS data dictionary view.

If NULL, then the capture process ignores this parameter.

Note: This parameter is intended for XStream. Do not use this parameter in an Oracle Streams replication environment unless XStream capabilities are enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter

excludeuser

Comma-separated list of user names

NULL

Controls whether the capture process captures DML changes made by the specified users.

Whether the capture process captures these changes depends on the settings for the getapplops and getreplicates parameters.

Specify an exact pattern match for each user name. The pattern match is case sensitive. For example, specify HR for the hr user.

If NULL, then the capture process ignores this parameter.

Note: This parameter is intended for XStream. Do not use this parameter in an Oracle Streams replication environment unless XStream capabilities are enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter

excludetrans

Comma-separated list of transaction names

NULL

Controls whether the capture process captures DML changes in the specified transactions.

Whether the capture process captures these changes depends on the settings for the getapplops and getreplicates parameters.

If NULL, then the capture process ignores this parameter.

Note: This parameter is intended for XStream. Do not use this parameter in an Oracle Streams replication environment unless XStream capabilities are enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter

getapplops

Y or N

Y

If Y, then the capture process captures DML changes if the original user is not specified in the excludeuserid or excludeuser parameters and the transaction name is not specified in the excludetrans parameter.

If N, then the capture process ignores DML changes if the original user is not specified in the excludeuserid or excludeuser parameters and the transaction name is not specified in the excludetrans parameter.

In either case, the capture process captures a DML change only if it satisfies the capture process's rule sets.

Note: This parameter is intended for XStream. Do not use this parameter in an Oracle Streams replication environment unless XStream capabilities are enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter

getreplicates

Y or N

N

If Y, then the capture process captures DML changes if the original user is specified in the excludeuserid or excludeuser parameters and the transaction name is specified in the excludetrans parameter.

If N, then the capture process ignores DML changes if the original user is specified in the excludeuserid or excludeuser parameters and the transaction name is specified in the excludetrans parameter.

In either case, the capture process captures a DML change only if it satisfies the capture process's rule sets.

Note: This parameter is intended for XStream. Do not use this parameter in an Oracle Streams replication environment unless XStream capabilities are enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter

ignore_transaction

A valid transaction ID or NULL

NULL

Instructs the capture process to ignore the specified transaction from the source database, effective immediately.

The capture process eliminates all subsequent LCRs for the transaction. If the specified transaction is committed successfully at the source database, the destination database will receive a ROLLBACK statement instead, and any LCRs from the transaction that were enqueued prior to the ignore transaction request are rolled backed at the destination database.

If NULL, then the capture process ignores this parameter.

Use caution when setting this parameter because ignoring a transaction might lead to data divergence between the source database and destination database.

To ignore multiple transactions, specify each transaction in a separate call to the SET_PARAMETER procedure. The DBA_CAPTURE_PARAMETERS view displays a comma-separated list of all transactions to be ignored. To clear the list of ignored transactions, run the SET_PARAMETER procedure and specify NULL for the ignore_transaction parameter.

ignore_unsupported_table

A fully qualified table name, *, or -

*

Controls the behavior of the capture process when it tries to capture changes to a specified table or to an unsupported table.

A capture process tries to capture changes to an unsupported table when its rule sets instruct it to do so. If you do not want the capture process to try to capture changes to unsupported tables, then ensure that the capture process's rule sets exclude unsupported tables.

When a table name is specified, the capture process does not capture changes to the specified table. The table name must be entered in the form table_owner. table_name. For example. hr.employees. To specify multiple tables, specify each table in a separate call to the SET_PARAMETER procedure.

When * is specified and the capture process tries to capture a change to an unsupported table, the capture process ignores the change and continues to run. The change to the unsupported table is not captured, and the capture process records the unsupported table in the alert log.

When - is specified and the capture process tries to capture a change to an unsupported table, the capture process aborts.

max_sga_size

A positive integer

NULL

Controls the amount of system global area (SGA) memory allocated specifically to the capture process, in megabytes. The capture process attempts to allocate memory up to this limit. A capture process uses Oracle LogMiner to scan for changes in the redo log.

The memory is allocated for the duration of the capture process session and is released when the capture process becomes disabled.

If NULL, then the capture process ignores this parameter.

Note: This parameter is intended for XStream. Do not use this parameter in an Oracle Streams replication environment unless XStream capabilities are enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure.

See Also: "Usage Notes" for more information about this parameter

maximum_scn

A valid SCN or INFINITE

INFINITE

The capture process is disabled before capturing a change record with an SCN greater than or equal to the value specified.

If INFINITE, then the capture process runs regardless of the SCN value.

merge_threshold

A negative integer, 0, a positive integer, or INFINITE

60

The amount of time, in seconds, between the message creation time of the original capture process and the message creation time of the cloned capture process.

Specifically, if the difference, in seconds, between the CAPTURE_MESSAGE_CREATE_TIME of the cloned capture process and the original capture process is less than or equal to the value specified for this parameter, then automatic merge begins by running the MERGE_STREAMS procedure. If the difference is greater than the value specified by this parameter, then automatic merge does not begin, and the value is recorded in the LAG column of the DBA_STREAMS_SPLIT_MERGE view. The CAPTURE_MESSAGE_CREATE_TIME is recorded in the V$STREAMS_CAPTURE view.

This parameter is relevant only when changes captured by the capture process are applied by two or more apply processes and the split_threshold parameter is set to a value other than INFINITE.

If a negative value is specified, then automatic merge is disabled.

If 0 (zero) is specified, then there must be no lag between the original capture process and the cloned capture process to begin the merge.

If INFINITE is specified, then automatic merging starts immediately.

See Also: Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide

message_limit

A positive integer or INFINITE

INFINITE

The capture process stops after capturing the specified number of messages.

If INFINITE, then the capture process continues to run regardless of the number of messages captured.

message_tracking_frequency

0 or a positive integer

2000000

The frequency at which messages captured by the capture process are tracked automatically.

For example, if this parameter is set to the default value of 2000000, then every two-millionth message is tracked automatically.

The tracking label used for automatic message tracking is capture_process_name:AUTOTRACK, where capture_process_name is the name of the capture process. Only the first 20 bytes of the capture process name are used; the rest is truncated if it exceeds 20 bytes.

If 0 (zero), then no messages are tracked automatically.

See Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide for more information about message tracking.

parallelism

A positive integer

1

The number of preparer servers that can concurrently mine the redo log for the capture process.

A capture process consists of one reader server, one or more preparer servers, and one builder server. The preparer servers concurrently format changes found in the redo log into logical change records (LCRs). Each reader server, preparer server, and builder server is a process, and the number of preparer servers equals the number specified for the parallelism capture process parameter. So, if parallelism is set to 5, then a capture process uses a total of seven processes: one reader server, five preparer servers, and one builder server.

Setting the parallelism parameter to a number higher than the number of available parallel execution servers might disable the capture process. Ensure that the PROCESSES initialization parameter is set appropriately when you set the parallelism capture process parameter.

Note: When you change the value of this parameter, the capture process is stopped and restarted automatically.

See Also: Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for more information about capture process components

skip_autofiltered_table_ddl

Y or N

Y

If Y, then the capture process does not capture data definition language (DDL) changes to tables that are automatically filtered by the capture process.

If N, then the capture process can capture DDL changes to tables that are automatically filtered by the capture process if the DDL changes satisfy the capture process rule sets.

The AUTO_FILTERED column in the DBA_STREAMS_UNSUPPORTED data dictionary view shows which tables are automatically filtered by capture processes.

split_threshold

0, a positive integer, or INFINITE

1800

The amount of time, in seconds, that a stream is broken before the stream is automatically split from other streams that flow from the capture process. When a stream is split, the capture process, queue, and propagation are cloned.

In this case, a stream is a flow of logical change records (LCRs) that flows from a capture process to an apply. A stream is broken when LCRs captured by the capture process cannot reach the apply process. For example, a stream is broken when the relevant propagation or apply process is disabled.

This parameter is relevant only when changes captured by the capture process are applied by two or more apply processes.

If 0 (zero), then automatic splitting starts immediately.

If INFINITE, then automatic splitting is disabled. The stream is not split regardless of the amount of time that it is broken.

This parameters is designed to be used with the merge_threshold parameter. You can monitor an automatic split and merge operation by querying the DBA_STREAMS_SPLIT_MERGE view.

See Also: Oracle Streams Replication Administrator's Guide

startup_seconds

0, a positive integer, or INFINITE

0

The maximum number of seconds to wait for another instantiation of the same capture process to finish. If the other instantiation of the same capture process does not finish within this time, then the capture process does not start. This parameter is useful only if you are starting the capture process manually.

If INFINITE, then the capture process does not start until another instantiation of the same capture process finishes.

time_limit

A positive integer or INFINITE

INFINITE

The capture process stops as soon as possible after the specified number of seconds since it started.

If INFINITE, then the capture process continues to run until it is stopped explicitly.

trace_level

0 or a positive integer

0

Set this parameter only under the guidance of Oracle Support Services.

write_alert_log

Y or N

Y

If Y, then the capture process writes a message to the alert log on exit.

If N, then the capture process does not write a message to the alert log on exit.

The message specifies the reason the capture process stopped.

xout_client_exists

Y or N

Y if the capture process sends LCRs to XStream outbound servers

N if the capture process sends LCRs to Oracle Streams apply processes

Y indicates that the capture process sends LCRs to one or more XStream outbound servers.

N indicates that the capture process sends LCRs to one or more Oracle Streams apply processes.

A single capture process cannot send LCRs to both outbound servers and apply processes.

In an XStream configuration where an outbound server runs on a different database than its capture process, set this parameter to Y to enable the capture process to send LCRs to the outbound server.

Note: Using XStream requires purchasing a license for the Oracle GoldenGate product. See Oracle Database XStream Guide.


Usage Notes

The following usage notes apply to the SET_PARAMETER procedure:

Delays Are Possible Before New Parameter Settings Take Effect

When you alter a parameter value, a short amount of time might pass before the new value for the parameter takes effect.

Parameters Interpreted as Positive Integers

For all parameters that are interpreted as positive integers, the maximum possible value is 4,294,967,295. Where applicable, specify INFINITE for larger values.

Parameters with a System Change Number (SCN) Setting

For parameters that require an SCN setting, any valid SCN value can be specified.

Parameters that Require XStream Capabilities

A capture process uses the following parameters only when the capture process is sending logical change records (LCRs) to an XStream outbound server or when XStream capabilities are enabled for Oracle Streams components:

The DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure enables XStream capabilities for Oracle Streams. When XStream capabilities are not enabled by the DBMS_XSTREAM_ADM.ENABLE_GG_XSTREAM_FOR_STREAMS procedure, a capture process raises an error if one of these parameters is set to any value other than its default value.

When XStream capabilities are enabled for Oracle Streams and the capture_idkey_lcrs parameter is set to Y, a capture process can capture ID key LCRs. ID key LCRs do not contain all of the columns for a row change. Instead, they contain the rowid of the changed row, a group of key columns to identify the row in the table, and the data for the scalar columns of the table that are supported by capture processes. An apply process can apply these changes using the information available the ID key LCRs.

To determine the database objects for which a capture process will capture ID key LCRs, run the following query on the source database:

SELECT OWNER, OBJECT_NAME
  FROM DBA_XSTREAM_OUT_SUPPORT_MODE
  WHERE SUPPORT_MODE='ID KEY';

Note:

Using XStream requires purchasing a license for the Oracle GoldenGate product. See Oracle Database XStream Guide.

START_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure starts the capture process, which mines redo logs and enqueues the mined redo information into the associated queue.

The start status is persistently recorded. Hence, if the status is ENABLED, then the capture process is started upon database instance startup.

The capture process is a background Oracle process and is prefixed by c.

The enqueue and dequeue state of DBMS_AQADM.START_QUEUE and DBMS_AQADM.STOP_QUEUE have no effect on the start status of a capture process.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.START_CAPTURE(
   capture_name  IN  VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 32-18 START_CAPTURE Procedure Parameter

Parameter Description

capture_name

The name of the capture process. Do not specify an owner.

The capture process uses LogMiner to capture changes in the redo information. A NULL setting is not allowed.


Usage Notes

The capture process status is persistently recorded. Hence, if the status is ENABLED, then the capture process is started upon database instance startup. A capture process (cnnn) is an Oracle background process.


STOP_CAPTURE Procedure

This procedure stops the capture process from mining redo logs.

Syntax

DBMS_CAPTURE_ADM.STOP_CAPTURE(
   capture_name  IN  VARCHAR2,
   force         IN  BOOLEAN  DEFAULT FALSE);

Parameters

Table 32-19 STOP_CAPTURE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

capture_name

The name of the capture process. A NULL setting is not allowed. Do not specify an owner.

force

If TRUE, then the procedure stops the capture process as soon as possible. If the capture process cannot stop normally, then it aborts.

If FALSE, then the procedure stops the capture process as soon as possible. If the capture process cannot stop normally, then an ORA-26672 error is returned, and the capture process might continue to run.


Usage Notes

The following usage notes apply to this procedure: