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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E16760-04
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60 DBMS_DST

The DBMS_DST package provides an interface to apply the Daylight Saving Time (DST) patch to the Timestamp with Time Zone data type.

See Also:

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_DST


Overview

The transition period during which Daylight Saving Time comes into effect, or stops being in effect, has the potential for problems, such as data loss, when handling timestamps with time zone data. The DBMS_DST package enables working with these transitions in the context of a set of rules.


Security Model

The DBMS_DST package is an invoker's rights package.

See Also:

Oracle Database PL/SQL Language Reference for more information about using Invoker Rights or Definer Rights

The execute privilege on the package is granted to the EXECUTE_CATALOG_ROLE role. This role is normally granted to selected users to allow EXECUTE privileges for packages and procedures in the data dictionary.

The user that invokes the package must have the following privileges:


Views

The DBMS_DST package uses the views shown in Table 60-1, "Views used by DBMS_DST", further described in the Oracle Database Reference:

Table 60-1 Views used by DBMS_DST

View Description

DBA_TSTZ_TABLES

Displays information about all tables in the database, which have columns defined on TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data types or object types containing attributes of TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data types. Its columns are the same as those in ALL_TSTZ_TABLES

USER_TSTZ_TABLES

Displays information about the tables owned by the current user, which have columns defined on TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data types or object types containing attributes of TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data types. Its columns (except for OWNER) are the same as those in ALL_TSTZ_TABLES.

ALL_TSTZ_TABLES

Displays information about the tables accessible to the current user, which have columns defined on TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data types or object types containing attributes of TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data types



Summary of DBMS_DST Subprograms

Table 60-2 DBMS_DST Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

BEGIN_PREPARE Procedure

Starts a prepare window

BEGIN_UPGRADE Procedure

Starts an upgrade window

CREATE_AFFECTED_TABLE Procedure

Creates a table that has the schema shown in the comments for the FIND_AFFECTED_TABLES Procedure

CREATE_ERROR_TABLE Procedure

Creates a log error table

CREATE_TRIGGER_TABLE Procedure

Creates a table that is used to record active triggers disabled before performing upgrade on the table, having not been enabled due to fatal failure during the upgrading process

END_PREPARE Procedure

Ends a prepare window

END_UPGRADE Procedure

Ends an upgrade window

FIND_AFFECTED_TABLES Procedure

Finds all the tables that have affected TSTZ data due to the new timezone version

UPGRADE_DATABASE Procedure

Upgrades all tables in the database that have one or more columns defined on the TSTZ type, or an ADT containing the TSTZ type

UPGRADE_SCHEMA Procedure

Upgrades tables in a specified list of schemas that has one or more columns defined on the TSTZ type, or an ADT containing the TSTZ type

UPGRADE_TABLE Procedure

Upgrades a specified list of tables that has one or more columns defined on the TSTZ type or an ADT containing the TSTZ type



BEGIN_PREPARE Procedure

This procedure starts a prepare window. Once a prepare window is started successfully, the database property 'DST_UPGRADE_STATE' is set to 'PREPARE', and the database property 'SECONDARY_TT_VERSION' is set to a new timezone version.

The prepare window lets a DBA investigate data affected by the upgrade, and so judge when it is optimal to perform the upgrade. The prepare window can overlap normal database operation.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.BEGIN_PREPARE (
   new_version                IN  BINARY_INTEGER);

Parameters

Table 60-3 BEGIN_PREPARE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

new_version

New timezone version to which the database is to be prepared to upgrade



BEGIN_UPGRADE Procedure

This procedure starts an upgrade window. When an upgraded window is started successfully, the TSTZ data in the dictionary tables is upgraded to reflect the new timezone version, and the database property 'DST_UPGRADE_STATE' is set to 'UPGRADE'. Once BEGIN_UPGRADE has been performed successfully, the user must re-start the database. After a successful restart, the database property 'PRIMARY_TT_VERSION' is the new timezone version, and 'SECONDARY_TT_VERSION' is the old timezone version.

The procedure operates atomically, and upgrades all or none of the dictionary tables and the database properties. It must be called in the database in OPEN MIGRATE mode.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.BEGIN_UPGRADE (
   new_version                IN  BINARY_INTEGER,
   error_on_overlap_time      IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   error_on_nonexisting_time  IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE);

Parameters

Table 60-4 BEGIN_UPGRADE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

new_version

New timezone version to which the database is to be upgraded

error_on_overlap_time

Boolean flag indicating whether to report errors on the 'overlap' time semantic conversion error. The default is TRUE. For more information about boundary cases, see Oracle Database SQL Language Reference.

error_on_nonexisting_time

Boolean flag indicating whether to report errors on the 'non-existing' time semantic conversion error.

The default is TRUE.



CREATE_AFFECTED_TABLE Procedure

This procedure creates a table that has the schema shown in the comments for the FIND_AFFECTED_TABLES Procedure.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.CREATE_AFFECTED_TABLE (
   table_name      IN  VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 60-5 CREATE_AFFECTED_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

table_name

Name of the table created


Usage Notes

This procedures takes a table_name without schema qualification, creating a table within the current user schema.


CREATE_ERROR_TABLE Procedure

This procedure creates a log error table which has the following schema:

CREATE TABLE dst$error_table(
   table_owner     VARCHAR2(30),
   table_name      VARCHAR2(30),
   column_name     VARCHAR2(4000),
   rid             ROWID,
   error_number    NUMBER)

Syntax

DBMS_DST.CREATE_ERROR_TABLE (
   table_name      IN  VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 60-6 CREATE_ERROR_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

table_name

Name of the table created


Usage Notes


CREATE_TRIGGER_TABLE Procedure

This procedure creates a table that has the following schema.

CREATE TABLE dst_trigger_table (
trigger_owner  VARCHAR2(30),
trigger_name   VARCHAR2(30));

This table is used to record active triggers that are disabled before performing upgrade on the table, having not been enabled due to fatal failure during the upgrading process.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.CREATE_TRIGGER_TABLE (
   table_name     IN    VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 60-7 CREATE_TRIGGER_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

table_name

Name of table to be created


Usage Notes

This procedures takes a table_name without schema qualification, creating a table within the current user schema.


END_PREPARE Procedure

This procedure ends a prepare window.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.BEGIN_PREPARE;

END_UPGRADE Procedure

This procedure ends an upgrade window. An upgraded window is ended if all the affected user tables have been upgraded. Otherwise, the OUT parameter num_of_failures indicates how many tables have not been converted.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.END_UPGRADE (
  num_of_failures    OUT  BINARY_INTEGER);

Parameters

Table 60-8 END_UPGRADE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

num_of_failures

Number of tables that fail to complete



FIND_AFFECTED_TABLES Procedure

This procedure finds all the tables which have affected TSTZ data due to the new timezone version. This procedure can only be invoked during a prepare window. The tables which have affected TSTZ data are recorded into a table indicated by parameter affected_tables. If semantic errors must be logged, they are recorded into a table indicated by parameter log_errors_table.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.FIND_AFFECTED_TABLES (
   affected_tables             IN  VARCHAR2 =: 'sys.dst$affected_tables',
   log_errors                  IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   log_errors_table            IN  VARCHAR2 =: 'sys.dst$error_table');

Parameters

Table 60-9 FIND_AFFECTED_TABLES Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

affected_tables

Name of table with the following schema:

CREATE TABLE dst$affected_tables (
table_owner VARCHAR2(30),
table_name VARCHAR2(30),
column_name VARCHAR2(4000),
row_count NUMBER,
error_count NUMBER)

The table can be created with the CREATE_AFFECTED_TABLE Procedure.

log_errors

Boolean flag indicating whether to log errors during upgrade. If FALSE, no error is logged into the log_errors_table after aborting conversion of the current table. If TRUE, the error is logged to the log_errors_table.

The default is FALSE.

log_errors_table

Table name with the following schema:

CREATE TABLE dst$error_table (
table_owner VARCHAR2(30),
table_name VARCHAR2(30),
column_name VARCHAR2(4000),
rid ROWID,
error_number NUMBER)

The table can be created with the CREATE_ERROR_TABLE Procedure. The rid column records the rowids of the offending rows, and the error_number column records the corresponding error number.



UPGRADE_DATABASE Procedure

This procedure upgrades all tables in the database, which have one or more columns defined on the TSTZ type or an ADT containing the TSTZ type. This procedure can only be invoked after an upgrade window has been started. Each table is upgraded in an atomic transaction. Note that, a base table and its materialized view log table are upgraded in an atomic transaction.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.UPGRADE_DATABASE  (
   num_of_failures             OUT BINARY_INTEGER,
   upgrade_data                IN  BOOLEAN := TRUE,
   parallel                    IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   continue_after_errors       IN  BOOLEAN := TRUE,
   log_errors                  IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   log_errors_table            IN  VARCHAR2 =: 'sys.dst$error_table' ,
   error_on_overlap_time       IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   error_on_nonexisting_time   IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   log_triggers_table          IN  VARCHAR2 := 'sys.dst$trigger_table');

Parameters

Table 60-10 UPGRADE_DATABASE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

num_of_failures

Number of tables that fail to complete

upgrade_data

Boolean flag indicating whether to convert TSTZ data using the new Time Zone patch File (TRUE), or to leave it unconverted (FALSE).The default is TRUE.

parallel

Boolean flag indicating whether to convert tables using PDML (Parallel DML) or Serial DML.The default is FALSE.

continue_after_errors

Boolean flag indicating whether to continue after upgrade fails on the current table.

The default is TRUE.

log_errors

Boolean flag indicating whether to log errors during upgrade. If FALSE, no error is logged into the log_errors_table after aborting conversion of the current table. If TRUE, errors are logged to the log_errors_table.

The default is FALSE.

log_errors_table

Table name with the following schema:

CREATE TABLE dst$error_table (
table_owner VARCHAR2(30),
table_name VARCHAR2(30),
column_name VARCHAR2(4000),
rid ROWID,
error_number NUMBER)

The table can be created with the CREATE_ERROR_TABLE Procedure. The rid column records the rowids of the offending rows, and the error_number column records the corresponding error number.

error_on_overlap_time

Boolean flag indicating whether to report errors on the 'overlap' time semantic conversion error.

The default is TRUE.

error_on_nonexisting_time

Boolean flag indicating whether to report errors on the 'non-existing' time semantic conversion error.

The default is TRUE.

log_triggers_table

Table to log triggers which are disabled before upgrade, having not been enabled due to a fatal failure when performing an upgrade



UPGRADE_SCHEMA Procedure

This procedure upgrades tables in a specified list of schemas that have one or more columns defined on the TSTZ type, or an ADT containing the TSTZ type. This procedure can be invoked only after an upgrade window has been started. Each table is upgraded in an atomic transaction. Note that a base table and its materialized view log table are upgraded in an atomic transaction.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.UPGRADE_SCHEMA (
   num_of_failures             OUT BINARY_INTEGER,
   schema_list                 IN  VARCHAR2,
   upgrade_data                IN  BOOLEAN := TRUE,
   parallel                    IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   continue_after_errors       IN  BOOLEAN := TRUE,
   log_errors                  IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   log_errors_table            IN  VARCHAR2 =: 'sys.dst$error_table' ,
   error_on_overlap_time       IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   error_on_nonexisting_time   IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   log_triggers_table          IN  VARCHAR2 := 'sys.dst$trigger_table');

Parameters

Table 60-11 UPGRADE_SCHEMA Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

num_of_failures

Number of tables that fail to complete

schema_list

Schema name list (comma separated strings)

upgrade_data

Boolean flag indicating whether to convert TSTZ data using the new Time Zone patch File (TRUE) or to leave unconverted (FALSE).The default is TRUE.

parallel

Boolean flag indicating whether to convert tables using PDML (Parallel DML) or Serial DML.The default is FALSE.

continue_after_errors

Boolean flag indicating whether to continue after upgrade fails on the current table.The default is TRUE.

log_errors

Boolean flag indicating whether to log errors during upgrade. If FALSE, no error is logged into the log_errors_table after aborting conversion of the current table. If TRUE, the error is logged to the log_errors_table.

The default is FALSE.

log_errors_table

Table name with the following schema:

CREATE TABLE dst$error_table (
table_owner VARCHAR2(30),
table_name VARCHAR2(30),
column_name VARCHAR2(4000),
rid ROWID,
error_number NUMBER)

The table can be created with the CREATE_ERROR_TABLE Procedure. The rid column records the rowids of the offending rows, and the error_number column records the corresponding error number.

error_on_overlap_time

Boolean flag indicating whether to report errors on the 'overlap' time semantic conversion error.

The default is TRUE.

error_on_nonexisting_time

Boolean flag indicating whether to report errors on the 'non-existing' time semantic conversion error.

The default is TRUE.

log_triggers_table

Table to log triggers that are disabled before upgrade, having not been enabled due to a fatal failure when performing an upgrade



UPGRADE_TABLE Procedure

This procedure upgrades a specified list of tables that have one or more columns defined on the TSTZ type, or an ADT containing the TSTZ type.

Syntax

DBMS_DST.UPGRADE_TABLE  (
   num_of_failures             OUT BINARY_INTEGER,
   table_list                  IN  VARCHAR2,
   upgrade_data                IN  BOOLEAN := TRUE,
   parallel                    IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   continue_after_errors       IN  BOOLEAN := TRUE,
   log_errors                  IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   log_errors_table            IN  VARCHAR2 =: 'sys.dst$error_table' ,
   error_on_overlap_time       IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   error_on_nonexisting_time   IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE,
   log_triggers_table          IN  VARCHAR2 := 'sys.dst$trigger_table',
   atomic_upgrade              IN  BOOLEAN := FALSE);

Parameters

Table 60-12 UPGRADE_TABLE Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

num_of_failures

Number of tables that fail to complete

table_list

Table name list (comma separated strings)

upgrade_data

Boolean flag indicating whether to convert TSTZ data using the new Time Zone patch File (TRUE), or to leave unconverted (FALSE).

The default is TRUE.

parallel

Boolean flag indicating whether to convert tables using PDML (Parallel DML), or Serial DML.

The default is FALSE.

continue_after_errors

Boolean flag indicating whether to continue after upgrade fails on the current table.

The default is TRUE.

log_errors

Boolean flag indicating whether to log errors during upgrade. If FALSE, no error is logged into the log_errors_table after aborting conversion of the current table. If TRUE, the error is logged to the log_errors_table.

The default is FALSE.

log_errors_table

Table name with the following schema:

CREATE TABLE dst$error_table (
table_owner VARCHAR2(30),
table_name VARCHAR2(30),
column_name VARCHAR2(4000),
rid ROWID,
error_number NUMBER)

The table can be created with the CREATE_ERROR_TABLE Procedure. The rid parameter records the rowids of the offending rows and the corresponding error number.

error_on_overlap_time

Boolean flag indicating whether to report errors on the 'overlap' time semantic conversion error.

The default is TRUE.

error_on_nonexisting_time

Boolean flag indicating whether to report errors on the 'non-existing' time semantic conversion error.

The default is TRUE.

log_triggers_table

Table to log triggers that are disabled before upgrade, having not been enabled due to a fatal failure when performing an upgrade

atomic_upgrade

Boolean flag indicating whether to convert the listed tables atomically (in a single transaction). If FALSE, each table is converted in its own transaction.

The default is FALSE.


Usage Notes

This procedure can only be invoked after an upgrade window has been started. The table list has to satisfy the following partial ordering:

  1. If a base table has a materialized view log table, the log table must be the next item in the list.

  2. If the container table for a materialized view appears in the list, the materialized view's 'non-upgraded' base tables and log tables must appear in the table list and before the container table.

A base table and its materialized view log table need to be upgraded in an atomic transaction by specifying atomic_upgrade to TRUE.