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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E16760-04
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94 DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY

The DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY package provides the utility functions to facilitate the evaluation of access control list (ACL) assignments governing TCP connections to network hosts.

See Also:

For more information, see ""Managing Fine-grained Access to External Network Services"" in Oracle Database Security Guide

The chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY


Examples

The CONTAINS_HOST Function in this package indicates if a domain or subnet contains a given host or IP address. It can be used in conjunction with the CHECK_PRIVILEGE_ACLID Function in the DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN package to determine the privilege assignments affecting a user's permission to access a network host. The return value of the CONTAINS_HOST Function in can also be used to order the ACL assignments by their precedence.

Example 1

For example, for SCOTT's permission to connect to www.hr.example.com:

SELECT host, lower_port, upper_port, acl,
     DECODE(
         DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.CHECK_PRIVILEGE_ACLID(aclid, 'SCOTT', 'connect'),
            1, 'GRANTED', 0, 'DENIED', NULL) privilege
     FROM (SELECT host, acl, aclid, lower_port, upper_port,
               DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.CONTAINS_HOST('www.hr.example.com', host)
                 precedence
          FROM dba_network_acls)
 WHERE precedence > 0
 ORDER BY precedence DESC, lower_port nulls LAST;


   HOST                 LOWER_PORT UPPER_PORT  ACL                 PRIVILEGE
   -------------------- ---------- ---------- -------------------- ---------
   www.hr.example.com          80         80  /sys/acls/www.xml    GRANTED
   www.hr.example.com        3000       3999  /sys/acls/www.xml    GRANTED
   www.hr.example.com                         /sys/acls/www.xml    GRANTED
   *.hr.example.com                           /sys/acls/all.xml
   *.example.com                              /sys/acls/all.xml

Example 2

For example, for SCOTT's permission to do domain name resolution for www.hr.example.com:

SELECT host, acl,
  DECODE(
    DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.CHECK_PRIVILEGE_ACLID(aclid, 'SCOTT', 'resolve'),
      1, 'GRANTED', 0, 'DENIED', null) privilege
  FROM (SELECT host, acl, aclid,
               DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.CONTAINS_HOST('www.hr.example.com', host)
                 precedence
          FROM dba_network_acls
         WHERE lower_port IS NULL AND upper_port IS NULL)
 WHERE precedence > 0
 ORDER BY precedence DESC;

HOST                   ACL                          PRIVILEGE
---------------------- ---------------------------- ---------
www.hr.example.com     /sys/acls/hr-www.xml         GRANTED
*.hr.example.com       /sys/acls/hr-domain.xml
*.example.com          /sys/acls/corp-domain.xml
 

Note that the "resolve" privilege takes effect only in ACLs assigned without any port range (when lower_port and upper_port are NULL). For this reason, the example does not include lower_port and upper_port columns in the query.


Summary of DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY Subprograms

Table 94-1 DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

CONTAINS_HOST Function

Determines if the given host is equal to or contained in the given host, domain, or subnet

DOMAIN_LEVEL Function

Returns the domain level of the given host name, domain, or subnet

DOMAINS Function

For a given host, this function returns the domains whose ACL assigned is used to determine if a user has the privilege to access the given host or not.

EQUALS_HOST Function

Determines if the two given hosts, domains, or subnets are equal



CONTAINS_HOST Function

This function determines if the given host is equal to or contained in the given host, domain, or subnet. It handles different representation of the same IP address or subnet. For example, an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address is considered equal to the IPv4-native address it represents. It does not perform domain name resolution when evaluating the host or domain.

Syntax

DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.CONTAINS_HOST (
   host      IN    VARCHAR2,
   domain    IN    VARCHAR2)
 RETURN NUMBER;

Parameters

Table 94-2 CONTAINS_HOST Function Parameters

Parameter Description

host

Network host

domain

Network host, domain, or subnet


Return Values

Returns a non-NULL value if the given host is equal to or contained in the related host, domain, or subnet:

The non-NULL value returned indicates the precedence of the domain or subnet for ACL assignment. The higher the value, the higher is the precedence. NULL will be returned if the host is not equal to or contained in the given host, domain or subnet.

Examples

SELECT host, acl, precedence
  FROM (select host, acl,
               DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.CONTAINS_HOST('192.0.2.3', host)
                 precedence
          FROM dba_network_acls)
 WHERE precedence > 0
 ORDER BY precedence DESC;

HOST                   ACL                        PRECEDENCE
---------------------- -------------------------- ----------
192.0.2.3              /sys/acls/hr-www.xml               32
::ffff:192.0.2.0/120   /sys/acls/hr-domain.xml            24
::ffff:192.0.0.0/104   /sys/acls/corp-domain.xml           8

DOMAIN_LEVEL Function

This function returns the domain level of the given host name, domain, or subnet.

Syntax

DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.DOMAIN_LEVEL (
    host  IN VARCHAR2) 
  RETURN NUMBER;

Parameters

Table 94-3 DOMAIN_LEVEL Function Parameters

Parameter Description

host

Network host, domain, or subnet


Return Values

The domain level of the given host, domain, or subnet.

Usage Notes

Note that this function cannot handle IPv6 addresses and subnets, and subnets in CIDR notation.

Examples

SELECT host, acl, domain_level
  FROM (select host, acl,
               DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.DOMAIN_LEVEL(host) domain_level
          FROM dba_network_acls)
 order by domain_level desc;

HOST                   ACL                          DOMAIN_LEVEL
---------------------- ---------------------------- ------------
www.hr.example.com     /sys/acls/hr-www.xml                    4
*.hr.example.com       /sys/acls/hr-domain.xml                 3
*.example.com          /sys/acls/corp-domain.xml               2

DOMAINS Function

For a given host, this function returns the domains whose ACL assigned determines if a user has the privilege to access the given host or not. When the IP address of the host is given, return the subnets instead.

Syntax

DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.DOMAINS (
    host  IN VARCHAR2) 
  RETURN DOMAIN_TABLE PIPELINED;

Parameters

Table 94-4 DOMAINS Function Parameters

Parameter Description

host

Network host


Return Values

The domains or subnets for the given host.

Usage Notes

Note that this function cannot handle IPv6 addresses. Nor can it generate subnets of arbitrary number of prefix bits for an IPv4 address.

Examples

select * from table(dbms_network_acl_utility.domains('www.hr.example.com'));
 
DOMAINS
--------------------------
www.hr.example.com
*.hr.example.com
*.example.com
*.com
*

EQUALS_HOST Function

This function determines if the two given hosts, domains, or subnets are equal. It handles different representation of the same IP address or subnet. For example, an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address is considered equal to the IPv4- native address it represents. It does not perform domain name resolution when comparing the two hosts or domains.

Syntax

DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.EQUALS_HOST (
   host1    IN    VARCHAR2,
   host2    IN    VARCHAR2)
 RETURN NUMBER;

Parameters

Table 94-5 EQUALS_HOST Function Parameters

Parameter Description

host1

Network host, domain, or subnet to compare

host2

Network host, domain, or subnet to compare


Return Values

1 if the two hosts, domains, or subnets are equal. 0 otherwise.

Examples

SELECT host, acl
  FROM dba_network_acls
 WHERE DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_UTILITY.EQUALS_HOST('192.0.2.*', host) = 1;
 
HOST                   ACL
---------------------- ----------------------------
::ffff:192.0.2.0/120   /sys/acls/hr-domain.xml