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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E16760-04
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133 DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN

The DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN package provides functionality for locally managed tablespaces.

See Also:

Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for an example and description of using DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.

This chapter contains the following topics:


Using DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN

This section contains topics which relate to using the DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN package.


Security Model

This package runs with SYS privileges; therefore, any user who has privilege to execute the package can manipulate the bitmaps.


Constants

Table 133-1 DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN Constants

Constant Type Value Description

SEGMENT_VERIFY_EXTENTS

POSITIVE

1

Verifies that the space owned by segment is appropriately reflected in the bitmap as used

SEGMENT_VERIFY_EXTENTS_GLOBAL

POSITIVE

2

Verifies that the space owned by segment is appropriately reflected in the bitmap as used and that no other segment claims any of this space to be used by it

SEGMENT_MARK_CORRUPT

POSITIVE

3

Marks a temporary segment as corrupt whereby facilitating its elimination from the dictionary (without space reclamation)

SEGMENT_MARK_VALID

POSITIVE

4

Marks a corrupt temporary segment as valid. It is useful when the corruption in the segment extent map or elsewhere has been resolved and the segment can be dropped normally.

SEGMENT_DUMP_EXTENT_MAP

POSITIVE

5

Dumps the extent map for a given segment

TABLESPACE_VERIFY_BITMAP

POSITIVE

6

Verifies the bitmap of the tablespace with extent maps of the segments in that tablespace to make sure everything is consistent

TABLESPACE_EXTENT_MAKE_FREE

POSITIVE

7

Marks the block range (extent) as free in the bitmaps

TABLESPACE_EXTENT_MAKE_USED

POSITIVE

8

Marks the block range (extent) as used in the bitmaps

SEGMENT_VERIFY_BASIC

POSITIVE

9

Performs the basic metadata checks

SEGMENT_VERIFY_DEEP

POSITIVE

10

Performs deep verification

SEGMENT_VERIFY_SPECIFIC

POSITIVE

11

Performs a specific check for the segment

HWM_CHECK

POSITIVE

12

Checks high water mark (HWM)

BMB_CHECK

POSITIVE

13

Checks integrity among L1, L2 and L3 BMBs (Bit Map Blocks)

SEG_DICT_CHECK

POSITIVE

14

Checks consistency of segment header with corresponding SEG entry

EXTENT_TS_BITMAP_CHECK

POSITIVE

15

Checks whether the tablespace bitmaps corresponding to the extent map are marked used

DB_BACKPOINTER_CHECK

POSITIVE

16

Checks whether the L1 BMBs, L2 BMBs, L3 BMBs and data blocks point to the same parent segment

EXTENT_SEGMENT_BITMAP_CHECK

POSITIVE

17

Checks whether the bitmap blocks are consistent with the extent map

BITMAPS_CHECK

POSITIVE

18

Checks from the datablocks that the bitmap states representing the blocks are consistent

TS_VERIFY_BITMAPS

POSITIVE

19

Checks whether the tablespace bitmaps are consistent with the extents belonging to that tablespace

TS_VERIFY_DEEP

POSITIVE

20

Performs TS_VERIFY_BITMAPS and TS_VERIFY_SEGMENTS with DEEP option

TS_VERIFY_SEGMENTS

POSITIVE

21

Performs ASSM_SEGMENT_VERIFY on all segments in the tablespace, taking either the BASIC or the DEEP option

SEGMENTS_DUMP_BITMAP_SUMMARY

POSITIVE

27

Dumps only bitmap block summaries



Operational Notes

Before migrating the SYSTEM tablespace, the following conditions must be met. These conditions are enforced by the TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_TO_LOCAL procedure, except for the cold backup.


Summary of DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN Subprograms

Table 133-2 DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN Package Subprograms

Subprogram Description

ASSM_SEGMENT_VERIFY Procedure

Verifies segments created in ASSM (Automatic Segment-Space Management) tablespaces

ASSM_TABLESPACE_VERIFY Procedure

Verifies ASSM tablespaces

DROP_EMPTY_SEGMENTS Procedure

Drops segments from empty tables or table fragments and dependent objects

MATERIALIZE_DEFERRED_SEGMENTS Procedure

Materializes segments for tables and table fragments with deferred segment creation and their dependent objects

SEGMENT_CORRUPT Procedure

Marks the segment corrupt or valid so that appropriate error recovery can be done

SEGMENT_DROP_CORRUPT Procedure

Drops a segment currently marked corrupt (without reclaiming space)

SEGMENT_DUMP Procedure

Dumps the segment header and extent maps of a given segment

SEGMENT_VERIFY Procedure

Verifies the consistency of the extent map of the segment

TABLESPACE_FIX_BITMAPS Procedure

Marks the appropriate block range (extent) as free or used in bitmap

TABLESPACE_FIX_SEGMENT_STATES Procedure

Fixes the state of the segments in a tablespace in which migration was aborted

TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_FROM_LOCAL Procedure

Migrates a locally managed tablespace to dictionary-managed tablespace

TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_TO_LOCAL Procedure

Migrates a tablespace from dictionary-managed format to locally managed format

TABLESPACE_REBUILD_BITMAPS Procedure

Rebuilds the appropriate bitmaps

TABLESPACE_REBUILD_QUOTAS Procedure

Rebuilds quotas for given tablespace

TABLESPACE_RELOCATE_BITMAPS Procedure

Relocates the bitmaps to the destination specified

TABLESPACE_VERIFY Procedure

Verifies that the bitmaps and extent maps for the segments in the tablespace are synchronized



ASSM_SEGMENT_VERIFY Procedure

Given a segment definition, the procedure verifies the basic consistency of the space metadata blocks as well as consistency between space metadata and segment data blocks. This procedure verifies segments created in Automatic Segment Space Management (ASSM) tablespaces.

There is however a difference between basic verification and deep verification:

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.ASSM_SEGMENT_VERIFY (
   segment_owner   IN VARCHAR2,
   segment_name    IN VARCHAR2,
   segment_type    IN VARCHAR2,
   partition_name  IN VARCHAR2,
   verify_option   IN POSITIVE  DEFAULT SEGMENT_VERIFY_BASIC,
   attrib          IN POSITIVE  DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 133-3 ASSM_SEGMENT_VERIFY Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

segment_owner

Schema that owns the segment

segment_name

Name of the segment to be verified

segment_type

Segment namespace is one of TABLE, TABLE PARTITION, TABLE SUBPARTITION, INDEX, INDEX PARTITION, INDEX SUBPARTITION, LOB, LOB PARTITION, LOB SUBPARTITION, CLUSTER

partition_name

Name of the partition or subpartition

verify_option

One of the following options:

  • SEGMENT_VERIFY_BASIC := 9. Performs deep verification

  • SEGMENT_VERIFY_DEEP := 10. Performs the basic metadata checks (Default)

  • SEGMENT_VERIFY_SPECIFIC := 11. Performs a specific check for the segment

attrib

When option SEGMENT_VERIFY_SPECIFIC is specified as option, attrib can be one of the following:

  • HWM_CHECK := 12. Checks whether high water mark information is accurate

  • BMB_CHECK := 13. Checks whether space bitmap blocks have correct backpointers to the segment header

  • SEG_DICT_CHECK := 14. Checks whether dictionary information for segment is accurate

  • EXTENT_TS_BITMAP_CHECK := 15. Checks whether extent maps are consistent with file level bitmaps

  • DB_BACKPOINTER_CHECK := 16. Checks whether datablocks have correct backpointers to the space metadata blocks

  • EXTENT_SEGMENT_BITMAP_CHECK := 17. Checks whether extent map in the segment matches the bitmaps in the segment

  • BITMAPS_CHECK := 18. Checks whether space bitmap blocks are accurate


Usage Notes


ASSM_TABLESPACE_VERIFY Procedure

This procedures verifies all the segments created in an ASSM tablespace. The verification for each segment performs basic consistency checks of the space metadata blocks as well as consistency checks between space metadata and segment data blocks.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.ASSM_TABLESPACE_VERIFY (
   tablespace_name   IN VARCHAR2,
   ts_option         IN POSITIVE,
   segment_option    IN POSITIVE DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 133-4 ASSM_TABLESPACE_VERIFY Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of the tablespace to verify. The tablespace must be an ASSM tablespace.

ts_option

  • TS_VERIFY_BITMAPS := 19. The bitmaps are verified against the extents. This detects bits that are marked used or free wrongly and detects multiple allocation of extents. The file metadata is validated against file$ and control file.

  • TS_VERIFY_DEEP := 20. This option is used to verify the file bitmaps as well perform checks on all the segments .

  • TS_VERIFY_SEGMENTS := 21. This option is used to invoke SEGMENT_VERIFY on all the segments in the tablespace. Optionally you can write a script that queries all the segments in the tablespace and invoke SEGMENT_VERIFY.

segment_option

When TS_VERIFY_SEGMENTS is specified, segment_option can be one of the following:

  • SEGMENT_VERIFY_BASIC := 9

  • SEGMENT_VERIFY_DEEP := 10

The value of segment_option is NULL when TS_VERIFY_DEEP or TS_VERIFY_BITMAPS is specified.


Usage Notes


DROP_EMPTY_SEGMENTS Procedure

This procedures drops segments from empty tables or table fragments and dependent objects.

Note:

This functionality is available starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2).

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.DROP_EMPTY_SEGMENTS (
   schema_name       IN     VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   table_name        IN     VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   partition_name    IN     VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 133-5 DROP_EMPTY_SEGMENTS Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

schema_name

Name of schema

table_name

Name of table

partition_name

Name of partition


Usage Notes

Given a schema name, this procedure scans all tables in the schema. For each table, if the table or any of its fragments are found to be empty, and the table satisfies certain criteria (restrictions being the same as those described in "Restrictions on Deferred Segment Creation"), then the empty table fragment and associated index segments are dropped along with the corresponding LOB data and index segments. A subsequent insert creates segments with the same properties.

Optionally:


MATERIALIZE_DEFERRED_SEGMENTS Procedure

This procedure materializes segments for tables and table fragments with deferred segment creation and their dependent objects.

Note:

This functionality is available starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2).

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.MATERIALIZE_DEFERRED_SEGMENTS (
   schema_name       IN     VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   table_name        IN     VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL,
   partition_name    IN     VARCHAR2   DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 133-6 MATERIALIZE_DEFERRED_SEGMENTS Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

schema_name

Name of schema

table_name

Name of table

partition_name

Name of partition


Usage Notes

Given a schema name, this procedure scans all tables in the schema. For each table, if the deferred or delayed segment property is set for the table or any of its fragments, then a new segment is created for those fragments and their dependent objects.

Optionally:


SEGMENT_CORRUPT Procedure

This procedure marks the segment corrupt or valid so that appropriate error recovery can be done. It cannot be used on the SYSTEM tablespace.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_CORRUPT (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2,
   header_relative_file    IN    POSITIVE,
   header_block            IN    POSITIVE,
   corrupt_option          IN    POSITIVE  DEFAULT SEGMENT_MARK_CORRUPT);

Parameters

Table 133-7 SEGMENT_CORRUPT Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace in which segment resides

header_relative_file

Relative file number of segment header

header_block

Block number of segment header

corrupt_option

SEGMENT_MARK_CORRUPT (default) or SEGMENT_MARK_VALID


Usage Noes

You can determine the relative file number and block number (header_relative_file and header_block parameter) of the segment header block by querying DBA_SEGMENTS.

Examples

The following example marks the segment as corrupt:

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_CORRUPT('USERS', 4, 33, DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_MARK_CORRUPT); 

Alternately, the next example marks a corrupt segment valid:

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_CORRUPT('USERS', 4, 33, DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_MARK_VALID); 

SEGMENT_DROP_CORRUPT Procedure

This procedure drops a segment currently marked corrupt (without reclaiming space). For this to work, the segment must be marked temporary. To mark a corrupt segment as temporary, issue a DROP command on the segment.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_DROP_CORRUPT (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2,
   header_relative_file    IN    POSITIVE,
   header_block            IN    POSITIVE);

Parameters

Table 133-8 SEGMENT_DROP_CORRUPT Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace in which segment resides

header_relative_file

Relative file number of segment header

header_block

Block number of segment header


Usage Notes

Examples

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_DROP_CORRUPT('USERS', 4, 33); 

SEGMENT_DUMP Procedure

This procedure dumps the segment header and bitmap blocks of a specific segment to the location specified in the USER_DUMP_DEST initialization parameter.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_DUMP (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2,
   header_relative_file    IN    POSITIVE,
   header_block            IN    POSITIVE,
   dump_option             IN    POSITIVE  DEFAULT SEGMENT_DUMP_EXTENT_MAP);

Parameters

Table 133-9 SEGMENT_DUMP Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace in which segment resides

header_relative_file

Relative file number of segment header

header_block

Block number of segment header

dump_option

One of the following options:

  • SEGMENT_DUMP_EXTENT_MAP

  • SEGMENT_DUMP_BITMAP_SUMMARY


Usage Notes

Examples

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_DUMP('USERS', 4, 33); 

SEGMENT_VERIFY Procedure

This procedure checks the consistency of the segment extent map with the tablespace file bitmaps.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_VERIFY (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2,
   header_relative_file    IN    POSITIVE,
   header_block            IN    POSITIVE,
   verify_option           IN    POSITIVE  DEFAULT SEGMENT_VERIFY_EXTENTS);

Parameters

Table 133-10 SEGMENT_VERIFY Procedure Parameters

Parameters Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace in which segment resides

header_relative_file

Relative file number of segment header

header_block

Block number of segment header

verify_option

What kind of check to do: SEGMENT_VERIFY_EXTENTS or SEGMENT_VERIFY_EXTENTS_GLOBAL


Usage Notes

Examples

The following example verifies that the segment with segment header at relative file number 4, block number 33, has its extent maps and bitmaps synchronized.

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_VERIFY('USERS', 4, 33, DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.SEGMENT_VERIFY_EXTENTS); 

TABLESPACE_FIX_BITMAPS Procedure

This procedure marks the appropriate block range (extent) as free or used in bitmap. It cannot be used on the SYSTEM tablespace.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_FIX_BITMAPS (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2,
   dbarange_relative_file  IN    POSITIVE,
   dbarange_begin_block    IN    POSITIVE,
   dbarange_end_block      IN    POSITIVE,
   fix_option              IN    POSITIVE);

Parameters

Table 133-11 TABLESPACE_FIX_BITMAPS Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace

dbarange_relative_file

Relative file number of block range (extent)

dbarange_begin_block

Block number of beginning of extent

dbarange_end_block

Block number (inclusive) of end of extent

fix_option

One of the following options:

  • TABLESPACE_EXTENT_MAKE_FREE

  • TABLESPACE_EXTENT_MAKE_USED


Examples

The following example marks bits for 51 blocks for relative file number 4, beginning at block number 33 and ending at 83, as USED in bitmaps.

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_FIX_BITMAPS('USERS', 4, 33, 83, DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.EXTENT_MAKE_USED); 

Alternatively, specifying an option of TABLESPACE_EXTENT_MAKE_FREE marks the bits free in bitmaps. The BEGIN and END blocks must be in extent boundary and be extent multiple; otherwise, an error is raised.


TABLESPACE_FIX_SEGMENT_STATES Procedure

This procedure fixes the state of the segments in a tablespace in which migration was aborted. During tablespace migration to or from local, the segments are put in a transient state. If migration is aborted, then the segment states are corrected by SMON when event 10906 is set. A database with segments in such a transient state cannot be downgraded. The procedure can be used to fix the state of such segments.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_FIX_SEGMENT_STATES (
   tablespace_name     IN    VARCHAR);

Parameters

Table 133-12 TABLESPACE_FIX_SEGMENT_STATES Procedure Parameters

Parameter Name Description

tablespace_name

Name of the tablespace whose segments must be fixed


Usage Notes

The tablespace must be kept online and read/write when this procedure is called.

Examples

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_FIX_SEGMENT_STATES('TS1') 

TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_FROM_LOCAL Procedure

This procedure migrates a locally managed tablespace to a dictionary-managed tablespace.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_FROM_LOCAL (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2);

Parameter

Table 133-13 TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_FROM_LOCAL Procedure Parameter

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace


Usage Notes

The tablespace must be kept online and read/write during migration. Migration of temporary tablespaces and migration of SYSTEM tablespaces are not supported.

Examples

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_FROM_LOCAL('USERS'); 

TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_TO_LOCAL Procedure

This procedure migrates the tablespace from a dictionary-managed format to a locally managed format. Tablespaces migrated to locally managed format are user managed.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_TO_LOCAL (
   tablespace_name     IN     VARCHAR2,
   unit_size           IN     POSITIVE DEFAULT NULL,
   rfno                IN     POSITIVE DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 133-14 TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_TO_LOCAL Procedure Parameters

Parameter Name Description

tablespace_name

Name of the tablespace to be migrated

unit_size

Bitmap unit size (which is the size of the smallest possible chunk of space that can be allocated) in the tablespace specified in number of blocks

rfno

Relative File Number of the file where the bitmap blocks are placed


Usage Notes

Examples

To migrate a tablespace 'TS1' in 2KB blocksize with minimum extent size 1MB:

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_MIGRATE_TO_LOCAL('TS1', 512, 2);

The bitmaps are placed in file with relative file number 2.


TABLESPACE_REBUILD_BITMAPS Procedure

This procedure rebuilds the appropriate bitmaps. If no bitmap block is specified, then it rebuilds all bitmaps for the given tablespace.

The procedure cannot be used on the SYSTEM tablespace.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_REBUILD_BITMAPS (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2,
   bitmap_relative_file    IN    POSITIVE   DEFAULT NULL,
   bitmap_block            IN    POSITIVE   DEFAULT NULL);

Parameters

Table 133-15 TABLESPACE_REBUILD_BITMAPS Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace

bitmap_relative_file

Relative file number of bitmap block to rebuild

bitmap_block

Block number of bitmap block to rebuild


Usage Notes

Only full rebuild is supported.

Examples

The following example rebuilds bitmaps for all the files in the USERS tablespace.

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_REBUILD_BITMAPS('USERS'); 

TABLESPACE_REBUILD_QUOTAS Procedure

This procedure rebuilds quotas for the given tablespace.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_REBUILD_QUOTAS (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2);

Parameters

Table 133-16 TABLESPACE_REBUILD_QUOTAS Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace


Examples

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_REBUILD_QUOTAS('USERS');

TABLESPACE_RELOCATE_BITMAPS Procedure

This procedure relocates the bitmaps to the destination specified.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_RELOCATE_BITMAPS (
   tablespace_name    IN      VARCHAR2,
   filno              IN      POSITIVE,
   blkno              IN      POSITIVE);

Parameters

Table 133-17 TABLESPACE_RELOCATE_BITMAPS Procedure Parameters

Parameter Name Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace

filno

Relative File Number of the destination file

blkno

Block Number of the destination range


Usage Notes

Examples

EXECUTE  DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_RELOCATE_BITMAPS('TS1', 3, 4);

Moves the bitmaps to file 3, block 4.

Note:

The source and the destination addresses must not overlap. The destination block number is rounded down to the unit boundary. If there is user data in that location, then an error is raised.

TABLESPACE_VERIFY Procedure

This procedure verifies that the bitmaps and extent maps for the segments in the tablespace are synchronized.

Syntax

DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_VERIFY (
   tablespace_name         IN    VARCHAR2,
   verify_option           IN    POSITIVE DEFAULT TABLESPACE_VERIFY_BITMAP);

Parameters

Table 133-18 TABLESPACE_VERIFY Procedure Parameters

Parameter Description

tablespace_name

Name of tablespace

verify_option

One option is supported: TABLESPACE_VERIFY_BITMAP


Examples

EXECUTE DBMS_SPACE_ADMIN.TABLESPACE_VERIFY('USERS');