|Oracle® Database PL/SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)
Part Number E17126-03
PROCEDURE statement explicitly recompiles a standalone stored procedure. Explicit recompilation eliminates the need for implicit run-time recompilation and prevents associated run-time compilation errors and performance overhead.
To recompile a procedure that is part of a package, recompile the entire package using the "ALTER PACKAGE Statement").
Note:This statement does not change the declaration or definition of an existing procedure. To redeclare or redefine a standalone stored procedure, use the "CREATE PROCEDURE Statement" with the
PROCEDURE statement is very similar to the
FUNCTION statement. See "ALTER FUNCTION Statement" for more information.
If the procedure is in the
SYS schema, you must be connected as
SYSDBA. Otherwise, the procedure must be in your own schema or you must have
PROCEDURE system privilege.
The name of the schema containing the procedure. The default is your own schema.
The name of the procedure to be recompiled.
Recompiles the procedure, whether it is valid or invalid.
First, if any of the objects upon which the procedure depends are invalid, the database recompiles them.
The database also invalidates any local objects that depend upon the procedure, such as subprograms that invoke the recompiled procedure or package bodies that define subprograms that invoke the recompiled procedure.
If the database recompiles the procedure successfully, then the procedure becomes valid. Otherwise, the database returns an error and the procedure remains invalid.
During recompilation, the database drops all persistent compiler switch settings, retrieves them again from the session, and stores them after compilation. To avoid this process, specify the
See Also:"Recompiling a Procedure: Example"
Has the same behavior for a procedure as it does for a function. See DEBUG.
See Also:Oracle Database Advanced Application Developer's Guide for information about debugging procedures
Has the same behavior for a procedure as it does for a function. See REUSE SETTINGS.
Has the same behavior for a procedure as it does for a function. See the
Recompiling a Procedure: Example To explicitly recompile the procedure
remove_emp owned by the user
hr, issue this statement:
ALTER PROCEDURE hr.remove_emp COMPILE;
If the database encounters no compilation errors while recompiling
remove_emp becomes valid. The database can subsequently run it without recompiling it at run time. If recompiling
remove_emp results in compilation errors, then the database returns an error and
remove_emp remains invalid.
the database also invalidates all dependent objects. These objects include any procedures, functions, and package bodies that invoke
remove_emp. If you subsequently reference one of these objects without first explicitly recompiling it, then the database recompiles it implicitly at run time.