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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E17126-03
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Procedure Declaration and Definition

A procedure is a subprogram that performs a specific action. A procedure invocation (or call), is a statement.

Before invoking a procedure, you must declare and define it. You can either declare it first (with procedure_declaration) and then define it later in the same block, subprogram, or package (with procedure_definition) or declare and define it at the same time (with procedure_definition).

A procedure declaration is also called a procedure specification or procedure spec.

Note:

This topic applies to nested procedures. For information about standalone stored procedures, see "CREATE PROCEDURE Statement". For information about package procedures, see "CREATE PACKAGE Statement".

Topics:

Syntax

procedure_declaration ::=

procedure_declaration
Description of the illustration procedure_declaration.gif

procedure_heading ::=

procedure_heading
Description of the illustration procedure_heading.gif

See "parameter_declaration ::=".

procedure_definition ::=

procedure_definition
Description of the illustration procedure_definition.gif

See:

Semantics

procedure_declaration

Declares a procedure, but does not define it. The definition must appear later in the same block, subprogram, or package as the declaration.

procedure_heading

procedure_name

The name that you give to the procedure that you are declaring or defining.

procedure_definition

Either defines a procedure that was declared earlier or both declares and defines a procedure.

declare_section

The optional declarative part of the procedure. Declarations are local to the procedure, can be referenced in body, and cease to exist when the procedure completes execution.

body

The required executable part of the procedure and, optionally, the exception-handling part of the procedure.

call_spec, EXTERNAL

See "call_spec" and "EXTERNAL".

Restriction on call_spec, EXTERNAL These clauses can appear only in a package specification or package body.

Examples

Related Topics

In this chapter:

In other chapters: