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Oracle® Database PL/SQL Language Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E17126-03
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SELECT INTO Statement

The SELECT INTO statement retrieves values from one or more database tables (as the SQL SELECT statement does) and stores them in variables (which the SQL SELECT statement does not do).

By default, the SELECT INTO statement retrieves one or more columns from a single row and stores them in either one or more scalar variables or one record variable. With the BULK COLLECT clause, this statement retrieves an entire result set and stores it in one or more collection variables.

Caution:

The SELECT INTO statement with the BULK COLLECT clause is vulnerable to aliasing, which can cause unexpected results. For details, see "SELECT BULK COLLECT INTO Statements and Aliasing".

See Also:

Oracle Database SQL Language Reference for the syntax of the SQL SELECT statement

Topics:

Syntax

select_into_statement ::=

select_into_statement
Description of the illustration select_into_statement.gif

See:

select_item ::=

select_item
Description of the illustration select_item.gif

See "function_call ::=".

table_reference ::=

table_reference
Description of the illustration table_reference.gif

Semantics

select_into_statement

DISTINCT or UNIQUE

Causes the database to return only one copy of each set of duplicate rows selected. These two keywords are synonymous. Duplicate rows are those with matching values for each select_item.

Restrictions on DISTINCT and UNIQUE 

ALL

Causes the database to return all rows selected, including all copies of duplicates. This is the default.

*

Selects all columns.

BULK COLLECT

Enables the SELECT INTO statement to return multiple rows, which it stores in one or more collections (which must exist). You can declare associative arrays or nested tables that grow as needed to hold the entire result set.

Without BULK COLLECT, the SELECT INTO statement must return only one row. Otherwise, PL/SQL raises the predefined exception TOO_MANY_ROWS and the values of the variables in the INTO clause are undefined.

variable_name

The name of a variable into which a select_item value is fetched. For each select_item value returned by the query, there must be a corresponding, type-compatible variable in the list. With BULK COLLECT, variable_name can be the name of a collection of records.

Restriction on variable_name You cannot select into a BOOLEAN variable.

record_name

A user-defined or %ROWTYPE record into which rows of values are selected. The record must have a corresponding, type-compatible field for each select_item.

subquery

A SQL SELECT statement (not a PL/SQL SELECT INTO statement) that provides a set of rows for processing.

alias

Another (usually short) name for the referenced column, table, or view.

rest_of_statement

Anything that can follow the FROM clause in a SQL SELECT statement (except the SAMPLE clause). For the syntax of the SQL SELECT statement, see Oracle Database SQL Language Reference.

select_item

If the SELECT INTO statement returns no rows, PL/SQL raises the predefined exception NO_DATA_FOUND. To guard against this exception, select the result of the aggregate function COUNT(*), which returns a single value even if no rows match the condition.

numeric_literal

A literal of a numeric data type.

schema_name

The name of the schema that contains the table or view. The default is your own schema.

table_name

The name of a database table.

view_name

The name of a database view.

column_name

The name of a column of the table or view.

*

Selects all columns of the table or view.

sequence_name

The name of a sequence.

CURRVAL

The current value in the sequence.

NEXTVAL

The next value in the sequence.

alias

Another (usually short) name for the referenced column, table, or view.

table_reference

A reference to a table or view for which you have the SELECT privilege, which is accessible when you run the SELECT INTO statement.

Examples

Related Topics

In this chapter:

In other chapters:

See Also:

Oracle Database SQL Language Reference for information about the SQL SELECT statement