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Oracle® Database Backup and Recovery Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E10643-03
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LIST

Purpose

Use the LIST command to display backups and information about other objects recorded in the RMAN repository.

See Also:

Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide to learn how to make lists and reports, and REPORT

Additional Topics

Prerequisites

Execute LIST only at the RMAN prompt. Either of the following conditions must be met:

Usage Notes

With the exception of LIST FAILURE, the LIST command displays the backups and copies against which you can run CROSSCHECK and DELETE commands. The LIST FAILURE command displays failures against which you can run the ADVISE FAILURE and REPAIR FAILURE commands.

"RMAN Backups in a Data Guard Environment" explains how RMAN handles backups in a Data Guard environment. In general, RMAN considers tape backups created on one database in the environment as accessible to all databases in the environment, whereas disk backups are accessible only to the database that created them. In a Data Guard environment, LIST displays those files that are accessible to the connected target database.

RMAN prints the LIST output to either standard output or the message log, but not to both at the same time.

Syntax

list::=

Surrounding text describes list.gif.

(listObjectSpec::=, recordSpec::=, maintQualifier::=, forDbUniqueNameOption::=, untilClause::=)

maintQualifier::=

Surrounding text describes maintqualifier.gif.

(completedTimeSpec::=, deviceSpecifier::=)

listObjectSpec::=

Surrounding text describes listobjectspec.gif.

(listObjList::=, listBackupOption::=, archivelogRecordSpecifier::=, foreignlogRecordSpecifier::=)

recoverableClause::=

Surrounding text describes recoverableclause.gif.

(untilClause::=)

listBackupOption::=

Surrounding text describes listbackupoption.gif.

Semantics

list

Syntax Element Description
DB_UNIQUE_NAME Lists the DB_UNIQUE_NAME of one or more databases registered in the recovery catalog.

RMAN must be connected to a recovery catalog. RMAN must also be connected to a mounted or open target database, or you must identify the target database with the SET DBID command. Note that the DBID for a primary database is identical to the DBID of its associated standby databases: they are distinguished by DB_UNIQUE_NAME.

See Also: Table 2-28 for a description of the output

   ALL Lists the DB_UNIQUE_NAME of every database registered in the RMAN repository.

   OF DATABASE
   database_name
Lists the DB_UNIQUE_NAME of every database with the specified DB_NAME.
EXPIRED Displays backup sets, proxy copies, and image copies marked in the repository as EXPIRED, which means they were not found. See Table 2-9, "List of Backup Sets (for datafile backup sets)" for a description of the output.

To ensure that LIST EXPIRED shows up-to-date output, use a CROSSCHECK command periodically. When you use a CROSSCHECK command, RMAN searches disk and tape for backups and copies recorded in the repository. If it does not find them, then it updates their repository records to status EXPIRED.

   listObjectSpec Specifies the type of expired object or objects that you are listing.

See Also: listObjectSpec

   maintQualifier Restricts the range of the listing.

See Also: maintQualifier

   recordSpec Specifies the expired object or objects that you are listing.

See Also: recordSpec

   forDbUniqueNameOption Lists the expired files in listObjectSpec or recordSpec that are exclusively associated with the specified DB_UNIQUE_NAME in a Data Guard environment.

You can specify a database with db_unique_name or use ALL for all uniquely named databases recorded in the catalog for a particular DBID. A database is uniquely identified in the recovery catalog by a DBID and the value of the DB_UNIQUE_NAME initialization parameter.

RMAN must be connected to a recovery catalog. RMAN must also be connected to a mounted or open target database, or you must have run the SET DBID command.

See Also: forDbUniqueNameOption for descriptions of the options in this clause

FAILURE Lists failures recorded by the Data Recovery Advisor. The database to which RMAN is connected must be a single-instance database and must not be a physical standby database.

See Also: "Oracle RAC and Data Recovery Advisor"

The Data Recovery Advisor can detect and repair a wide variety of physical problems that cause data loss and corruption. Physical corruptions are typically caused by faulty I/O subsystems or human error. The Data Recovery Advisor may not detect or handle some types of logical corruptions. Corruptions of this type require help from Oracle Support Services.

In the context of Data Recovery Advisor, a failure is a persistent data corruption that is mapped to a set of repair actions. Data failures are detected by checks, which are diagnostic procedures that assess the health of the database or its components. Each check can diagnose one or more failures, which are mapped to a set of repairs.

The typical use case is to run LIST FAILURE to list any failures, then use ADVISE FAILURE to display repair options, and REPAIR FAILURE to fix the failures. Run these commands in the same RMAN session.

If no options are specified on LIST FAILURE, then the command lists only the highest priority failures that have status OPEN. Therefore, CRITICAL and HIGH failures are always listed in the command output if they exist. Failures with LOW priority are listed only if no CRITICAL or HIGH priority failures exist. Failures are sorted in reverse order of occurrence, with the most recent failure listed first.

The LIST FAILURE command does not initiate checks to diagnose new failures; rather, it lists the results of previously executed assessments. Thus, repeatedly executing LIST FAILURE will reveal new failures only if the database automatically diagnosed them in response to errors that occurred in between command executions. However, LIST FAILURE revalidates all existing failures when the command is issued. If a user fixed failures manually, or if the failures were transient problems that disappeared, then Data Recovery Advisor removes these failures from the LIST FAILURE output.

See Also: Table 2-27 for an explanation of the column headings of the LIST FAILURE output table and Example 2-99 for an illustration

   ALL Lists failures with all priorities and status OPEN.
   CRITICAL Lists only critical failures with status OPEN.
   HIGH Lists only failures with HIGH priority and status OPEN.
   LOW Lists only failures with LOW priority with status OPEN.
   failureNumber Specifies the failures by failure number.
   CLOSED Lists only closed failures.

   EXCLUDE FAILURE
   failureNumber
Excludes the specified failures from the list.
   DETAIL Lists failures by expanding the consolidated failure. For example, if multiple block corruptions existed in a file, then specifying the DETAIL option would list each of the block corruptions.
INCARNATION Displays information about the incarnations of a database.

Whenever you open a database with the RESETLOGS option, you create a new incarnation of the database. If LIST INCARNATION displays n incarnations of a database, then you have reset the online redo logs for this database n-1 times.

The LIST output includes the primary keys of all database incarnation records for the specified database name (in the column Inc Key, which contains the incarnation key). Use the key in a RESET DATABASE command to change the incarnation that RMAN considers to be current to a previous incarnation.

See Also: Table 2-24 for an explanation of the column headings of the LIST INCARNATION output table and Example 2-98 for an illustration


   OF DATABASE
   database_name
Specifies the name of the database. If you do not specify the OF DATABASE option, then LIST displays all databases registered in the recovery catalog.
listObjectSpec Specifies the type of expired object or objects that you are listing.

See Also: listObjectSpec

   maintQualifier Restricts the range of the listing.

See Also: maintQualifier

   recoverableClause Restricts the list to datafile backups or copies whose status in the repository is AVAILABLE and which can be used for restore and recovery in the current incarnation of the target database.

See Also: recoverableClause

recordSpec Specifies the object or objects that you are listing.

See Also: recordSpec

   untilClause Specifies an end time, SCN, or log sequence number.

See Also: untilClause

RESTORE POINT Displays restore points known to the RMAN repository.

See Also: Table 2-26 for an explanation of the column headings of the LIST RESTORE POINT output table

   restore_point_name Displays the specified restore point.
   ALL Displays all restore points known to the RMAN repository.
   forDbUniqueNameOption Lists the backups and restore points that are exclusively associated with the specified DB_UNIQUE_NAME in a Data Guard environment.

You can specify a database with db_unique_name or use ALL for all uniquely named databases recorded in the catalog for a particular DBID. A database is uniquely identified in the recovery catalog by a DBID and the value of the DB_UNIQUE_NAME initialization parameter.

RMAN must be connected to a recovery catalog. RMAN must also be connected to a mounted or open target database.

See Also: forDbUniqueNameOption for descriptions of the options in this clause

ALL SCRIPT NAMES RMAN lists all global and local scripts defined for all databases in the connected recovery catalog, along with any descriptive comments.

You must be connected to a recovery catalog, but you do not need to be connected to a target database.

GLOBAL SCRIPT NAMES RMAN lists only global scripts defined in the connected recovery catalog, along with any descriptive comments.

You must be connected to a recovery catalog, but you do not need to be connected to a target database.

SCRIPT NAMES Lists local and global scripts that can be executed on the current target database.

You must be connected to a target database and a recovery catalog to use this form of the command.

See Also: Table 2-25 for a description of the output and Example 3-13, "Replacing a Recovery Catalog Script" for an illustration


listObjectSpec

This subclause specifies the type of object or objects that you are listing.

Syntax Element Description
BACKUP Displays information about backup sets (including detail on backup pieces) and proxy copies.

See Also: Table 2-9 for a description of LIST BACKUP output and Example 2-94 for an illustration

   OF listObjList Restricts the list of objects operated on to the object type specified in the listObjList clause. If you do not specify an object, then LIST defaults to OF DATABASE CONTROLFILE ARCHIVELOG ALL.

Note: The LIST BACKUP ... LIKE command is not valid. The only valid exception is LIST BACKUP OF ARCHIVELOG LIKE.

See Also: listObjList

   listBackupOption Specifies whether to list summary information about backups or detailed information.
archivelogRecordSpecifier Displays information about a range of archived redo log files.
COPY Displays only information about datafile copies, archived redo log files, and image copies of archived redo log files. By default, LIST COPY displays copies of all database files and archived redo log files. Both usable and unusable image copies are included in the output, even those that cannot be restored or are expired or unavailable.

See Also: Table 2-21 and Table 2-23 for an explanation of the column headings of the LIST COPY output tables

   OF listObjList Restricts the list of objects operated on to the object type specified in the listObjList clause.

See Also: listObjList

foreignlogRecordSpecifier Displays information about a range of foreign archived redo log files.

recoverableClause

This subclause specifies recoverable backups.

Syntax Element Description
RECOVERABLE Restricts the list to expired datafile backups or copies whose status in the repository is AVAILABLE and which can be used for restore and recovery in the current incarnation of the target database. This list includes all backups and copies except the incremental backups that have no valid parent to which the incremental can be applied.

  TO RESTORE POINT
  restore_point_name
Specifies a restore point, with the SCN at which the restore point was created as the upper, inclusive limit. Because the limit is inclusive, RMAN only lists files that are recoverable up to and including the SCN corresponding to the restore point.
   untilClause Specifies an end time, SCN, or log sequence number.

See Also: untilClause


listBackupOption

Specifies whether to summarize backups or list the backups for a particular datafile.

Syntax Element Description
BY FILE Lists backups of each datafile, archived redo log file, control file, and server parameter file.

See Also: Table 2-18, Table 2-19, and Table 2-20 for a description of LIST BACKUP ... BY FILE output

SUMMARY Gives a one-line summary for each backup.

See Also: Table 2-16 for a description of LIST BACKUP ... SUMMARY output and Example 2-95 for sample output


LIST Command Output

The information that appears in the output is described in the following tables:

Table 2-9 List of Backup Sets (for datafile backup sets)

Column Indicates

BS Key

A unique key identifying this backup set.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then BS Key is the primary key of the backup set in the catalog. It corresponds to BS_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_SET view. If RMAN is connected in the default NOCATALOG mode, then BS Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_SET.

Type

The type of backup: Full or Incr (incremental).

Note: Column only included in datafile backup sets.

LV

The level of the backup: NULL for nonincrementals, level 0 or level 1 for incrementals.

Note: Column only included in datafile backup sets.

Size

The size of the backup in bytes.

Note: Column only included in datafile backup sets.

Device Type

The type of device on which the backup was made, for example, DISK or sbt.

Elapsed Time

The duration of the backup.

Completion Time

The date and time that the backup set completed. Note that the format of this field depends on the NLS_LANG and NLS_DATE_FORMAT environment settings.

List of datafiles in backup set ...

See Table 2-11


Table 2-10 List of Backup Pieces (for sets with only one piece)

Column Indicates

BP Key

A unique identifier for this backup piece in the recovery catalog or target database control file.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then BP Key is the primary key of the backup piece in the catalog. It corresponds to BP_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_PIECE view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then BP Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_PIECE.

Note: The values for KEY in the recovery catalog and the control file are different.

Status

The backup piece status: AVAILABLE, UNAVAILABLE, or EXPIRED (refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status).

Compressed

Whether the backup piece is compressed (YES or NO).

Tag

The tag applied to the backup set. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.

Piece Name/Handle

The filename or handle of the backup piece. If the backup piece is on SBT, then the Media ID is displayed with the name.

SPFILE Included

A server parameter file is included in the backup.

Control File Included

A control file is included in the backup.

Note: This row appears only if the current control file is included in the backup.

Ckp SCN

The SCN of the backup control file checkpoint. All database changes recorded in the redo records before the specified SCN are reflected in this control file.

Note: This row appears only if the current control file is included in the backup.

Ckp time

The time of the backup control file checkpoint. All database changes recorded in the redo records before the specified time are reflected in this control file.

Note: This row appears only if the current control file is included in the backup.


Table 2-11 List of Datafiles in backup set ...

Column Indicates

File

The number of the file that was backed up.

LV

The level of the backup: NULL for nonincrementals, level 0 or 1 for incrementals.

Type

The type of backup: Full or Incr (incremental).

Ckp SCN

The checkpoint of the datafile at the time it was backed up. All database changes prior to the SCN have been written to the file; changes after the specified SCN have not been written to the file.

Ckp Time

The checkpoint of the datafile at the time it was backed up. All database changes prior to the time have been written to the file; changes after the specified time have not been written to the file.

Name

The location where this file would be restored now if it were restored from this backup set and no SET NEWNAME command was entered.

See Also: SET


Table 2-12 List of Archived Logs in backup set ...

Column Indicates

Thrd

The thread number of the redo log.

Seq

The log sequence number of the archived log.

Low SCN

The lowest SCN in the archived log.

Low Time

The time when the database switched into the redo log having this sequence number.

Next SCN

The low SCN of the next archived log sequence.

Next Time

The low time of the next archived log sequence.


Table 2-13 Backup Set Copy ... of backup set ... (only if multiple pieces)

Column Indicates

Device Type

The type of device on which the backup was made, for example, DISK or sbt.

Elapsed Time

The duration of the backup.

Completion Time

The date and time that the backup set completed. Note that the format of this field depends on the NLS_LANG and NLS_DATE_FORMAT environment settings.

Tag

The tag applied to the backup set. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.


Table 2-14 List of Backup Pieces for backup set ... Copy ... (if multiple pieces)

Column Indicates

BP Key

A unique identifier for this backup piece in the recovery catalog or target database control file.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then BP Key is the primary key of the backup piece in the catalog. It corresponds to BP_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_PIECE view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then BP Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_PIECE.

Note: The values for KEY in the recovery catalog and the control file are different.

Pc#

The number of the backup piece in the backup set.

Status

The backup piece status: AVAILABLE, UNAVAILABLE, or EXPIRED (refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status).

Piece Name

The filename or handle of the backup piece. If the backup piece is stored on SBT, then the media ID is also displayed.


Table 2-15 List of Proxy Copies

Column Indicates

PC Key

A unique key identifying this proxy copy.

If RMAN is connected to a catalog, then PC Key is the primary key of the proxy copy in the catalog. It corresponds to XDF_KEY in the RC_PROXY_DATAFILE view or XCF_KEY in the RC_PROXY_CONTROLFILE view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then PC Key displays the RECID from V$PROXY_DATAFILE.

File

The absolute datafile number of the file that was copied.

Status

The proxy copy status: AVAILABLE, UNAVAILABLE, or EXPIRED (refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status).

Completion Time

The date and time that the backup set completed. Note that the format of this field depends on the NLS_LANG and NLS_DATE_FORMAT environment settings.

Ckp SCN

The SCN of the proxy copy control file checkpoint. All database changes recorded in the redo records before the specified SCN are reflected in this control file.

Ckp time

The time of the proxy copy control file checkpoint. All database changes recorded in the redo records before the specified time are reflected in this control file.

Datafile name

The location where this file would be restored now if it were restored from this backup set and no SET NEWNAME command was entered.

See Also: SET command

Handle

The media manager's handle for the proxy copy. If the object is on sbt, then the media ID is also displayed.

Tag

The tag applied to the proxy copy. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.


Table 2-16 List of Backup Sets (LIST BACKUP ... SUMMARY)

Column Indicates

Key

A unique key identifying this backup set.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then BS Key is the primary key of the backup set in the catalog. It corresponds to BS_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_SET view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then BS Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_SET.

TY

The type of backup: backup set (B) or proxy copy (P).

LV

For incremental backups, the incremental backup level (0 or 1).

For backup sets containing full backups of datafiles, F.

For backup sets containing archived redo log files, A.

S

The status of the backup: A (available), U (unavailable), or X (all backup pieces in set expired). Refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status.

Device Type

The type of device on which the backup was made, for example, DISK or sbt.

Completion Time

The date and time that the backup set completed. Note that the format of this field depends on the NLS_LANG and NLS_DATE_FORMAT environment settings.

#Pieces

The number of backup pieces in the backup set.

#Copies

The number of copies made of each backup piece in the set. The number is 1 if no duplexing was performed. Otherwise, the value ranges from 2 to 4.

Compressed

YES if the backup set was compressed by RMAN; NO if not compressed by RMAN.

Tag

The tag applied to the backup set. An asterisk (*) indicates that backup pieces have different tags within the same backup set, which occurs when a user changes the tag when using CATALOG or BACKUP BACKUPSET. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.


Table 2-17 List of Backup Pieces (LIST BACKUPPIECE ...)

Column Indicates

BP Key

A unique identifier for this backup piece in the recovery catalog or target database control file.

If RMAN is connected to a catalog, then BP Key is the primary key of the backup piece in the catalog. It corresponds to BP_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_PIECE view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then BP Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_PIECE.

Note: The values for KEY in the recovery catalog and the control file are different.

BS Key

A unique key identifying this backup set.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then BS Key is the primary key of the backup set in the catalog. It corresponds to BS_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_SET view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then BS Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_SET.

Pc#

The number of the backup piece in the backup set.

Cp#

The copy number of this backup piece in the backup set. The number is 1 if no duplexing was performed. Otherwise, the value ranges from 2 to 4.

Status

The backup piece status: AVAILABLE, UNAVAILABLE, or EXPIRED (refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status).

Device Type

The type of device on which the backup was made, for example, DISK or sbt.

Piece Name

The filename or handle of the backup piece. If the piece is stored on SBT, then the Handle and media ID are displayed.


Table 2-18 List of Datafile Backups (LIST BACKUP ... BY FILE)

Column Indicates

File

The absolute datafile number.

Key

A unique key identifying this backup set.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then Key is the primary key of the backup set in the catalog. It corresponds to BS_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_SET view. If RMAN is connected to a target database in NOCATALOG mode, then Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_SET.

TY

The type of backup: backup set (B) or proxy copy (P).

LV

The backup level: F for nonincrementals, level 0 or 1 for incrementals.

S

The status of the backup: A (available), U (unavailable), or X (all backup pieces in set expired). Refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status.

Ckp SCN

The checkpoint of the datafile at the time it was backed up. All database changes prior to the SCN have been written to the file; changes after the specified SCN have not been written to the file.

Ckp Time

The checkpoint of the datafile at the time it was backed up. All database changes prior to the time have been written to the file; changes after the specified time have not been written to the file.

#Pieces

The number of backup pieces in the backup set.

#Copies

The number of copies made of each backup piece in the set. The number is 1 if no duplexing was performed. Otherwise, the value ranges from 2 to 4.

Compressed

YES if the backup was compressed by RMAN; NO if not compressed by RMAN.

Tag

The tag applied to the backup set. An asterisk (*) indicates that backup pieces have different tags within the same backup set, which occurs when a user changes the tag when using CATALOG or BACKUP BACKUPSET. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.


Table 2-19 List of Archived Log Backups (LIST BACKUP ... BY FILE)

Column Indicates

Thrd

The thread number of the redo log.

Seq

The log sequence number of the archived log.

Low SCN

The lowest SCN in the archived log.

Low Time

The time when the database switched into the redo log having this sequence number.

BS Key

A unique key identifying this backup set.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then BS Key is the primary key of the backup set in the catalog. It corresponds to BS_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_SET view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then BS Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_SET.

S

The status of the backup: A (available), U (unavailable), or X (all backup pieces in set expired). Refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status.

#Pieces

The number of backup pieces in the backup set.

#Copies

The number of copies made of each backup piece in the set. The number is 1 if no duplexing was performed. Otherwise, the value ranges from 2 to 4.

Compressed

YES if the backup was compressed by RMAN; NO if not compressed by RMAN.

Tag

The tag applied to the backup set. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.


Table 2-20 List of Control File Backups (LIST BACKUP ... BY FILE)

Column Indicates

CF Ckp SCN

Checkpoint SCN of the control file.

Ckp Time

The log sequence number of the archived log.

BS Key

A unique key identifying this backup set.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then BS Key is the primary key of the backup set in the catalog. It corresponds to BS_KEY in the RC_BACKUP_SET view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then BS Key displays the RECID from V$BACKUP_SET.

S

The status of the backup: A (available), U (unavailable), or X (all backup pieces in set expired). Refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status.

#Pieces

The number of backup pieces in the backup set.

#Copies

The number of copies made of each backup piece in the set. The number is 1 if no duplexing was performed. Otherwise, the value ranges from 2 to 4.

Compressed

YES if the backup was compressed by RMAN; NO if not compressed by RMAN.

Tag

The tag applied to the backup set. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.


Table 2-21 List of Datafile Copies

Column Indicates

Key

The unique identifier for the datafile copy. Use this value in a CHANGE command to alter the status of the datafile copy.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then Key is the primary key of the datafile copy in the catalog. It corresponds to CDF_KEY in the RC_DATAFILE_COPY view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then Key displays the RECID from V$DATAFILE_COPY.

Note: The values for KEY in the recovery catalog and the control file are different.

File

The file number of the datafile from which this copy was made.

S

The status of the copy: A (available), U (unavailable), or X (expired). Refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status.

Completion Time

The date and time that the copy completed. Note that the value of this field is sensitive to the NLS_LANG and NLS_DATE_FORMAT environment variables.

Ckp SCN

The checkpoint of this datafile when it was copied. All database changes prior to this SCN have been written to this datafile.

Ckp TIME

The checkpoint of this datafile when it was copied. All database changes prior to this time have been written to this datafile.

Name

The filename of the datafile copy.

Tag

The tag applied to the datafile copy. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.


Table 2-22 List of Control File Copies

Column Indicates

Key

The unique identifier for the control file copy. Use this value in a CHANGE command to alter the status of the copy.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then Key is the primary key of the control file copy in the catalog. It corresponds to CCF_KEY in the RC_CONTROLFILE_COPY view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then Key displays the RECID from V$DATAFILE_COPY.

Note: The values for Key in the recovery catalog and the control file are different.

S

The status of the copy: A (available), U (unavailable), or X (expired). Refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status.

Completion Time

The date and time that the copy completed. Note that the value of this field is sensitive to the NLS_LANG and NLS_DATE_FORMAT environment variables.

Ckp SCN

The checkpoint of this control file when it was copied.

Ckp TIME

The checkpoint of this control file when it was copied.

Name

The filename of the control file copy.

Tag

The tag applied to the control file copy. Note that tag names are not case sensitive and display in all uppercase.


Table 2-23 List of Archived Log Copies

Column Indicates

Key

The unique identifier for this archived redo log copy. Use this value in a CHANGE command to alter the status of the copy.

If RMAN is connected to a recovery catalog, then Key is the primary key of the backup set in the catalog. It corresponds to AL_KEY in the RC_ARCHIVED_LOG view. If RMAN is connected in NOCATALOG mode, then Key displays the RECID from V$ARCHIVED_LOG.

Note: The values for Key in the recovery catalog and the control file are different.

Thrd

The redo log thread number.

Seq

The log sequence number.

S

The status of the copy: A (available), U (unavailable), or X (expired). Refer to the CHANGE, CROSSCHECK, and DELETE commands for an explanation of each status.

Low Time

The time when the database switched into the redo log having this sequence number.

Name

The filename of the archived redo log copy.


Table 2-24 List of Database Incarnations

Column Indicates

DB Key

When combined with the Inc Key, the unique key by which RMAN identifies the database incarnation in the recovery catalog. Use this key to unregister a database from a recovery catalog, that is, delete all the rows associated with that database from the recovery catalog.

Inc Key

When combined with DB Key, the unique key by which RMAN identifies the database incarnation in the recovery catalog. Use this key in RESET DATABASE TO INCARNATION when recovering the database to a time before the most recent RESETLOGS.

DB Name

The database name as listed in the DB_NAME parameter.

DB ID

The database identification number, which the database generates automatically at database creation.

STATUS

CURRENT for the current incarnation, PARENT for the parent incarnations of the current incarnation, and ORPHAN for orphaned incarnations.

Reset SCN

The SCN at which the incarnation was created.

Reset Time

The time at which the incarnation was created.


Table 2-25 List of Stored Scripts in the Recovery Catalog (LIST SCRIPT NAMES)

Column Indicates

Script Name

The name of the stored script.

Description

The comment provided when the script was created.


Table 2-26 List of Restore Points (LIST RESTORE POINT)

Column Indicates

SCN

The SCN for the restore point.

RSP Time

The time specified in the CREATE RESTORE POINT statement; otherwise null.

Type

GUARANTEED if a guaranteed restore point; null if a normal restore point.

Time

The time that the restore point was created.

Name

The name of the restore point.


Table 2-27 List of Failures

Column Indicates

Failure ID

The unique identifier for a failure.

Priority

The priority of the failure: CRITICAL, HIGH, or LOW.

Failures with critical priority require immediate attention because they make the whole database unavailable. Typically, critical failures bring down the instance and are diagnosed during the subsequent startup. The database is not available until all critical failures are fixed (see ADVISE FAILURE).

Failures with HIGH priority make a database partially unavailable or unrecoverable, and usually have to be repaired in a reasonably short time. Examples of such failures include physical data block corruptions, nonfatal I/O errors, missing archived redo log files or backup files, and so on.

Failures with LOW priority can be ignored until more important failures are fixed. For example, a block corruption will be initially assigned a high priority, but if this block is not important for the database availability, you can use CHANGE FAILURE to change the priority to LOW.

Status

The repair status of the failure. The status of a failure is OPEN (not repaired) until the appropriate repair action is invoked. The failure status changes to CLOSED when the repair is completed.

Time Detected

The date when the failure was diagnosed.

Summary

Summary of the failure.


Table 2-28 List of Databases (LIST DB_UNIQUE_NAME)

Column Indicates

DB Key

When combined with Inc Key, the unique key by which RMAN identifies the database incarnation in the recovery catalog. Primary and standby databases share the same DB Key value.

DB Name

The DB_NAME of the database. Primary and standby databases share the same DB Name value.

DB ID

The DBID of the database. Primary and standby databases share the same DBID.

Database Role

PRIMARY if the database is a primary database; STANDBY if it is a standby database.

Db_unique_name

The DB_UNIQUE_NAME of the database. Primary and standby databases have different DB_UNIQUE_NAME values.


Examples

Example 2-94 Listing Backups

This example lists all backups. The output shows two backup sets on disk: one containing datafiles and the other containing autobackups. The output also shows one SBT backup containing archived redo log files.

RMAN> LIST BACKUP;

List of Backup Sets
===================
 
BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
200     Full    509.78M    DISK        00:01:03     15-FEB-07
        BP Key: 202   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20070215T171219
        Piece Name: /disk2/PROD/backupset/2007_02_15/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20070215T171219_2xb17nbb_.bkp
  List of Datafiles in backup set 200
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  1       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/system01.dbf
  2       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/sysaux01.dbf
  3       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/undotbs01.dbf
  4       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/cwmlite01.dbf
  5       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/drsys01.dbf
  6       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/example01.dbf
  7       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/indx01.dbf
  8       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/tools01.dbf
  9       Full 421946     15-FEB-07 /disk1/oradata/prod/users01.dbf
 
BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
201     Full    7.98M      DISK        00:00:03     15-FEB-07
        BP Key: 203   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20070215T171219
        Piece Name: /disk2/PROD/backupset/2007_02_15/o1_mf_ncsnf_TAG20070215T171219_2xb19prg_.bkp
  SPFILE Included: Modification time: 15-FEB-07
  SPFILE db_unique_name: PROD
  Control File Included: Ckp SCN: 421968       Ckp time: 15-FEB-07
 
BS Key  Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
227     30.50M     SBT_TAPE    00:00:11     15-FEB-07
        BP Key: 230   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20070215T171334
        Handle: 0bia4rtv_1_1   Media:
 
  List of Archived Logs in backup set 227
  Thrd Seq     Low SCN    Low Time  Next SCN   Next Time
  ---- ------- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------
  1    5       389156     15-FEB-07 411006     15-FEB-07
  1    6       411006     15-FEB-07 412972     15-FEB-07
  1    7       412972     15-FEB-07 417086     15-FEB-07
  1    8       417086     15-FEB-07 417114     15-FEB-07
  1    9       417114     15-FEB-07 417853     15-FEB-07
  1    10      417853     15-FEB-07 421698     15-FEB-07
  1    11      421698     15-FEB-07 421988     15-FEB-07

Example 2-95 Listing a Summary of Backups

This example summarizes the RMAN backups listed in Example 2-94.

RMAN> LIST BACKUP SUMMARY;
 
List of Backups
===============
Key     TY LV S Device Type Completion Time #Pieces #Copies Compressed Tag
------- -- -- - ----------- --------------- ------- ------- ---------- ---
200     B  F  A DISK        15-FEB-07       1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171219
201     B  F  A DISK        15-FEB-07       1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171219
227     B  A  A SBT_TAPE    15-FEB-07       1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171334

Example 2-96 Listing Backups by File

This example groups all backups by file. Note that the tag column of the datafile backup indicates that one backup set contains backup pieces with different tags. The status column of the archived log backup indicates that the backup set is unavailable.

RMAN> LIST BACKUP BY FILE;

List of Datafile Backups
========================
 
File Key     TY LV S Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  #Pieces #Copies Compressed Tag
---- ------- -  -- - ---------- --------- ------- ------- ---------- ---
1    329     B  F  A 454959     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         DF1
2    349     B  F  A 454997     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         DF2
3    527     B  F  A 455218     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         FRI_BKP
     368     B  F  A 455022     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         DF3
4    387     B  F  X 455042     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         DF4
5    407     B  F  A 455063     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         DF5
6    428     B  F  A 455083     16-FEB-07 1       2       NO         *
7    450     B  F  X 455103     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         DF7
8    473     B  F  A 455123     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         DF8
9    497     B  F  A 455143     16-FEB-07 1       1       NO         DF9
 
List of Archived Log Backups
============================
 
Thrd Seq     Low SCN    Low Time  BS Key  S #Pieces #Copies Compressed Tag
---- ------- ---------- --------- ------- - ------- ------- ---------- ---
1    5       389156     15-FEB-07 227     U 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171334
1    6       411006     15-FEB-07 227     U 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171334
1    7       412972     15-FEB-07 227     U 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171334
1    8       417086     15-FEB-07 227     U 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171334
1    9       417114     15-FEB-07 227     U 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171334
1    10      417853     15-FEB-07 227     U 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171334
1    11      421698     15-FEB-07 227     U 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171334
 
List of Control File Backups
============================
 
CF Ckp SCN Ckp Time  BS Key  S #Pieces #Copies Compressed Tag
---------- --------- ------- - ------- ------- ---------- ---
454974     16-FEB-07 330     A 1       1       NO         DF1
421968     15-FEB-07 201     A 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171219
List of SPFILE Backups
======================
 
Modification Time BS Key  S #Pieces #Copies Compressed Tag
----------------- ------- - ------- ------- ---------- ---
15-FEB-07         330     A 1       1       NO         DF1
15-FEB-07         201     A 1       1       NO         TAG20070215T171219

Example 2-97 Listing Image Copies

The following example lists all datafile, control file, and archived redo log copies known to RMAN:

RMAN> LIST COPY;

List of Datafile Copies
=======================
 
Key     File S Completion Time Ckp SCN    Ckp Time
------- ---- - --------------- ---------- ---------------
618     1    A 16-FEB-07       461057     16-FEB-07
        Name: /disk2/PROD/datafile/o1_mf_system_2xdbrg13_.dbf
        Tag: TAG20070216T140706
 
631     2    A 16-FEB-07       461163     16-FEB-07
        Name: /disk2/PROD/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_2xdbzybx_.dbf
        Tag: TAG20070216T141109
 
List of Control File Copies
===========================
 
Key     S Completion Time Ckp SCN    Ckp Time
------- - --------------- ---------- ---------------
619     A 16-FEB-07       461133     16-FEB-07
        Name: /disk2/PROD/controlfile/o1_mf_TAG20070216T140706_2xdbz5tb_.ctl
        Tag: TAG20070216T140706
 
594     A 16-FEB-07       460650     16-FEB-07
        Name: /disk2/PROD/controlfile/o1_mf_TAG20070216T135954_2xdbbz99_.ctl
        Tag: TAG20070216T135954
 
List of Archived Log Copies for database with db_unique_name PROD
=====================================================================
 
Key     Thrd Seq     S Low Time
------- ---- ------- - ---------
105     1    5       A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_5_614616887.dbf
 
122     1    6       A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_6_614616887.dbf
 
123     1    7       A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_7_614616887.dbf
 
124     1    8       A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_8_614616887.dbf
 
125     1    9       A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_9_614616887.dbf
 
185     1    10      A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_10_614616887.dbf
 
221     1    11      A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_11_614616887.dbf
 
262     1    12      A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_12_614616887.dbf
 
263     1    13      A 15-FEB-07
        Name: /disk1/oradata/prod/arch/archive1_13_614616887.dbf

Example 2-98 Listing Database Incarnations

This example lists all database incarnations recorded in the recovery catalog.

RMAN> LIST INCARNATION;

List of Database Incarnations
DB Key  Inc Key DB Name  DB ID            STATUS  Reset SCN  Reset Time
------- ------- -------- ---------------- --- ---------- ----------
78      94      PROD     1619073740       PARENT  1          14-FEB-07
78      79      PROD     1619073740       CURRENT 388003     15-FEB-07

Example 2-99 Listing Failures

This example lists all failures regardless of their priority. If you do not specify ALL, then LIST FAILURE output does not include failures with LOW priority.

RMAN> LIST FAILURE ALL;
 
List of Database Failures
=========================
 
Failure ID Priority Status    Time Detected Summary
---------- -------- --------- ------------- -------
142        HIGH     OPEN      23-APR-07     One or more non-system datafiles are missing
101        HIGH     OPEN      23-APR-07     Datafile 1: '/disk1/oradata/prod/system01.dbf'
                                            contains one or more corrupt blocks