Skip Headers
Oracle® Database Gateway for APPC Installation and Configuration Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2) for Microsoft Windows

Part Number E12079-02
Go to Documentation Home
Home
Go to Book List
Book List
Go to Table of Contents
Contents
Go to Index
Index
Go to Master Index
Master Index
Go to Feedback page
Contact Us

Go to previous page
Previous
Go to next page
Next
View PDF

8 Gateway Configuration Using SNA Communication Protocol

This chapter outlines the steps needed to configure the Oracle database for a gateway using the SNA protocol on the Microsoft Windows platform. It also shows you how to configure commit-confirm, should you choose to implement it.

This chapter also provides the steps necessary to verify installation and configuration of the gateway components, including optional commit-confirm. It contains the following sections:

Configuring the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC using SNA involves working with the following components:

8.1 Before You Begin

This chapter requires you to input parameters unique to your system in order to properly configure the gateway and SNA communications interface.

Refer to Appendix D, "Configuration Worksheet" for a worksheet listing the installation parameters you will need to know before you can complete the configuration process. Ask your network administrator to provide you with these unique parameter names before you begin.

8.2 Preparing to Configure a Gateway Installation/Upgrade

There are three ways to establish the gateway-Oracle database relationship when you are installing or upgrading/migrating the gateway:

Depending on the location of your gateway and your Oracle database , you may need to transfer some of the gateway administrative files to the location where your Oracle database is installed.

Follow the instructions suitable to your combination of the gateway-Oracle database locations listed below.

When the Oracle Database and the gateway are installed in the same ORACLE_HOME on the same machine

You do not need to transfer files. Proceed to "Integrating Server Configuration: First-Time Gateway Installations".

When the Oracle Database and the gateway are installed on separate machine

  1. Locate the gateway administrative files in the gateway %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. All files in this directory that have the suffix .sql, .pkh, and .pkb must be copied into a similarly-named directory in the Oracle database 's Oracle home directory.

  2. Now, locate the gateway demo files and subdirectories in the gateway's %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo directory. Copy the pgavsn.sql and pgaecho.sql files into a similarly named directory in the Oracle database .

  3. Copy the other subdirectories and files related to your installed OLTP on your remote host. For example, if you have CICS as your only OLTP, then copy the gateway %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\CICS files into a similarly named directory in the Oracle database .

    Note:

    Before transferring the files from the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo directory, make sure that you have generated your required TIPs. You need to transfer the TIPs as well.

    Refer to the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide for information about generating TIPs using PGAU.

When the Oracle Database and the gateway are on the same machine but in different directories

You must change your gateway's Oracle home to the Oracle database 's Oracle home directory.

  1. For example, if your gateway's Oracle home is set as follows:

    C:\> echo %ORACLE_HOME%
    C:\oracle\pga\11.2
    

    and your server's Oracle home is located in the \oracle\pga\11.2 directory, then you need to do the following:

    C:\> SET ORACLE_HOME=C:\oracle\pga\11.2
    
  2. Now create the directories with the following commands:

    C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%
    C:\> mkdir dg4appc
    C:\> mkdir dg4appc\admin
    
  3. Use whatever file transfer mechanism is available on your system to copy all the .sql, .pkh, and .pkb files from the gateway Oracle home %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory to the Oracle database 's Oracle home %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory.

  4. You may also transfer the demo files from the gateway directory to the Oracle database directory. Copy the files and the directory recursively from the gateway Oracle home %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo directory to the Oracle database %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo directory.

    For example:

    C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc
    C:\> mkdir\demo
    C:\> cd demo
    C:\> xcopy C:\oracle\pga\11.2\demo /E /I /Q
    

    Note:

    Before transferring the files from the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo directory, make sure that you have generated the required TIPs. You need to transfer the TIPs as well.

    Refer to the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide for information about generating TIPs using PGAU.

If this is a first-time installation, then proceed with "Integrating Server Configuration: First-Time Gateway Installations".

If this is an upgrade, then proceed with "Upgrading or Migrating the Oracle Database from Previous Gateways".

Following those steps, you may want to perform the Optional Configuration Steps to Permit Multiple Users,.

8.3 Integrating Server Configuration: First-Time Gateway Installations

Follow these steps to configure your Oracle database if you have installed Oracle Database Gateway for APPC for the first time:

  1. Ensure that the UTL_RAW PL/SQL package has been installed on your Oracle database . All PGAU-generated TIP specifications use UTL_RAW, which provides routines for manipulating raw data.

    1. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYS.

    2. From SQL*Plus, enter the following command:

      SQL> DESCRIBE UTL_RAW
      

      The DESCRIBE statement produces output on your screen. If you browse through the output, then you should see some functions, including a compare function. If you do not see this output, then continue the UTL_RAW installation by performing Step d below.

      If the DESCRIBE statement indicates success, then your Oracle database has UTL_RAW installed and you can proceed to Step 2.

    3. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYS.

    4. From SQL*Plus, run the utlraw.sql and prvtrawb.plb scripts in the Oracle database 's %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin directory, in the following order:

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin
      SQL> @utlraw.sql
      SQL> @prvtrawb.plb
      
  2. Ensure that the DBMS_OUTPUT standard PL/SQL package is enabled on your Oracle database . The sample programs and installation verification programs on the distribution media use this standard package.

    1. If necessary, then use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYS.

    2. From SQL*Plus, enter the following command:

      SQL> DESCRIBE DBMS_OUTPUT
      

    The DESCRIBE statement produces output on your screen. If you browse through that output, you should see some functions, including a put_line function.

    If you do not see this output, then you must create the DBMS_OUTPUT package. Refer to the Oracle Database Advanced Application Developer's Guide for more information about creating the DBMS_OUTPUT package. After successful installation of the DBMS_OUTPUT package, issue the DESCRIBE statement.

    If the DESCRIBE statement indicates success, then your Oracle database has DBMS_OUTPUT created, and you can proceed to Step 3.

  3. Install the UTL_PG PL/SQL package. All PGAU-generated TIP specifications use UTL_PG, which provides routines for performing numeric conversions to and from raw data.

    1. If necessary, then use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYS.

    2. From SQL*Plus, run the utlpg.sql and prvtpgb.plb scripts in the Oracle database 's %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin directory, in the following order:

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin
      SQL> @utlpg.sql
      SQL> @prvtpgb.plb
      
  4. Install the Heterogeneous Services (HS) catalogs.

    1. If necessary, use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYS.

    2. Enter the following command:

      SQL> DESCRIBE HS_FDS_CLASS
      

      The DESCRIBE statement produces output on your screen. If the DESCRIBE statement indicates success, then heterogeneous services catalogs have been created on your Oracle database and you can proceed to Step 5. otherwise follow the next step only if the DESCRIBE statement does not indicate success. The next step will create the Heterogeneous Services catalog.

    3. If it is necessary to create the Heterogeneous Services catalog, then enter the following command:

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin
      SQL> @caths.sql
      
  5. Create a public database link to access Oracle Database Gateway for APPC:

    Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYSTEM. You can use the following SQL*Plus sample whether the Oracle database and the gateway are on the same system or on different systems. In the following sample, pgasrv is the tns_name_entry that will be assigned to the gateway when you modify the tnsnames.ora file later in this chapter.

    SQL> CREATE PUBLIC DATABASE LINK PGA USING 'PGASRV'
    
  6. Create the gateway administrator user PGAADMIN and install the PG DD.

    1. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYSTEM.

    2. From SQL*Plus, run the pgacr8au.sql script in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script creates the PGAADMIN user ID.

      The initial password defined for PGAADMIN is PGAADMIN. Use the ALTER USER command to change the password. For further information about password issues, refer to the Oracle Database SQL Language Reference.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @pgacr8au.sql
      
    3. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user PGAADMIN.

    4. From SQL*Plus, run the pgddcr8.sql script in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script installs the PG DD.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @pgddcr8.sql
      
    5. From SQL*Plus, connect to the Oracle database as user SYS.

    6. Grant execution privileges on DBMS_PIPE to PGAADMIN:

      SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON DBMS_PIPE TO PGAADMIN
      
  7. Install the TIP trace access PL/SQL routines. These routines require that the DBMS_PIPES standard PL/SQL package is installed and that PGAADMIN has execute privileges on it. For more information on DBMS_PIPES, refer to the Oracle Database Advanced Application Developer's Guide.

    1. If necessary, then use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user PGAADMIN.

    2. From SQL*Plus, run the pgatiptr.sql script in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script creates PL/SQL routines that can be called to read and purge trace information created by PGAU-generated TIP specifications. It also creates public synonyms for these routines. The script prompts you for the necessary user IDs and passwords.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @pgatiptr.sql
      
  8. Install the GPGLOCAL package. This package is required for compilation and execution of all PGAU-generated TIP specifications. TIP developers should be granted execute privileges on GPGLOCAL (refer to Step 3 of "Optional Configuration Steps to Permit Multiple Users").

    1. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user PGAADMIN.

    2. From SQL*Plus, run the gpglocal.pkh script in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script compiles the GPGLOCAL package specification.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @gpglocal.pkh
      
    3. From SQL*Plus, run the gpglocal.pkb script in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script compiles the GPGLOCAL package body.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @gpglocal.pkb
      

8.4 Upgrading or Migrating the Oracle Database from Previous Gateways

Follow these instructions only if you have a previous version of the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC installed on your system and need to configure it for Release 11.2 of the gateway.

  1. Upgrade your Oracle Database Gateway for APPC to current version levels as follows:

    1. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYS.

    2. Install the UTL_RAW package body. From SQL*Plus, run the prvtrawb.plb script from the %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin directory. This script upgrades the UTL_RAW package body.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin
      SQL> @prvtrawb.plb
      
    3. Install the UTL_PG package body. From SQL*Plus, run the prvtpgb.plb script from the %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin directory. This script upgrades the UTL_PG package body.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin
      SQL> @prvtpgb.plb
      

      The prvtrawb.plb and prvtpgb.plb scripts should complete successfully. If they fail because specifications do not exist or were invalidated, then consider reinstalling the package specifications as directed in Section 8.4.1, "If You Must Reinstall Package Specifications".

8.4.1 If You Must Reinstall Package Specifications

If the UTL_RAW or UTL_PG package has been invalidated or removed, then the prvtrawb.plb and prvtpgb.plb scripts may not complete successfully, then, you might have to reinstall the package specifications.

If you do reinstall the package specifications, then any dependent objects (such as existing user TIPs and client applications) are invalidated and will subsequently need to be recompiled. The impact of this is a one-time performance delay while recompilation of the TIPs and dependent client applications proceeds.

Important:

Before proceeding with reinstallation of the package scripts, make sure that you are in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory.

TIPs were split into separate specification and body files in release 3.3 to avoid cascaded recompilations in later releases.

Step 1   Run the following scripts before proceeding with the PGAU upgrade

From SQL*Plus, run the utlraw.sql script:

  1. If necessary, then use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYS.

  2. From SQL*Plus, run the utlraw.sql and utlpg.sql scripts in the Oracle database %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin directory, in the following order, to upgrade their respective package specifications:

    C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin
    SQL> @utlraw.sql
    SQL> @utlpg.sql
    
Step 2   Repeat installation of UTL_RAW and UTL_PG package body

After the scripts have run, repeat Steps 1b and c in Section 8.4, "Upgrading or Migrating the Oracle Database from Previous Gateways". Then, proceed to the section titled "Upgrading PGAU from Previous Gateway Releases".

Note:

TIPs and dependent client applications must be recompiled after reinstallation of the package specifications. Refer to the "Compiling a TIP" section in Chapter 3 of the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide for information about compiling TIPs.

8.4.2 Upgrading PGAU from Previous Gateway Releases

  1. Upgrade the PG DD as follows before executing the new PGAU:

    1. If necessary, then use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user PGAADMIN.

    2. From SQL*Plus, run the pgddupgr.sql script in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script upgrades the PG DD.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @pgddupgr.sql
      

8.5 Configuring the Oracle Database for Gateways to Coexist

You may have an older version of the gateway already installed. Be aware that although a version 10 gateway can communicate with a version 9 data dictionary (PG DD), a version 9 gateway cannot communicate with a version 10 data dictionary. So, if you upgrade your data dictionary to version 10, no gateways which were configured with a version 9 data dictionary will be able to communicate with it.

8.6 Optional Configuration Steps to Permit Multiple Users

The following configuration steps are optional. Perform these steps if you want to permit users other than PGAADMIN to perform PG DD operations using PGAU.

  1. Create public synonyms for the PG DD to allow other users to access the tables:

    1. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYSTEM.

    2. From SQL*Plus, run the pgddcr8s.sql script in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script creates public synonyms for the PG DD.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @pgddcr8s.sql
      
  2. Create roles for accessing the PG DD, performing definitions of transactions, and generating TIP specifications. The PGAADMIN user can grant these roles to other users as necessary.

    1. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user PGAADMIN.

    2. From SQL*Plus, run the pgddcr8r.sql script in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script creates two roles, PGDDDEF and PGDDGEN. The PGDDDEF role provides SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE privileges against some of the PG DD tables, and select privileges against others, and allows execution of the PGAU DEFINE, GENERATE, REDEFINE, REPORT, and UNDEFINE statements. The PGDDGEN role provides select privileges against the PG DD tables, and allows execution of the PGAU GENERATE and REPORT statements only.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @pgddcr8r.sql
      
  3. Grant access to PGA required packages.

    TIP developers require access to the following PL/SQL packages, which are shipped with the Oracle database :

    • DBMS_PIPE in the %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin directory

    • UTL_RAW in the %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin directory

    • UTL_PG in the %ORACLE_HOME%\rdbms\admin directory

    Explicit grants to execute these packages must be made to TIP developers.

    These grants can be private, as in the following example:

    C:\> sqlplus SYS\pw@database_specification_string 
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON UTL_RAW TO tip_developer; 
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON UTL_PG TO tip_developer; 
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON DBMS_PIPE TO tip_developer; 
    SQL> CONNECT PGAADMIN\pw@database_specification_string 
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON PGAADMIN.PURGE_TRACE TO tip_developer; 
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON PGAADMIN.READ_TRACE TO tip_developer; 
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON PGAADMIN.GPGLOCAL TO tip_developer; 
    SQL> exit
    

    Alternatively, these grants can be public, as in the following example:

    C:\> sqlplus SYS\pw@database_specification_string 
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON UTL_RAW TO PUBLIC;
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON UTL_PG TO PUBLIC;
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON DBMS_PIPE to PUBLIC;
    SQL> CONNECT PGAADMIN\pw@database_specification_string 
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON PGAADMIN.PURGE_TRACE TO PUBLIC;
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON PGAADMIN.READ_TRACE TO PUBLIC;
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON PGAADMIN.GPGLOCAL TO PUBLIC;
    SQL> EXIT
    

    You can use either private or public grants. Both grants are sufficient for using PGA. Public grants are easier and can be performed now. If you use private grants, then they must be issued each time a new TIP developer user ID is created.

    SQL scripts for performing these grants are provided in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. The pgddapub.sql script performs these grants for public access to the packages. The pgddadev.sql script performs the grants for private access to the packages by a single TIP developer. If you are going to use private grants, then you must run the pgddadev.sql script once for each TIP developer's user ID:

    1. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user PGAADMIN.

    2. From SQL*Plus, run the suitable script (pgddapub.sql or pgddadev.sql) from the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. The script performs the necessary grants as described earlier. You are prompted for the required user IDs, passwords, and database specification strings.

      If you are using private grants, then repeat this step for each user ID requiring access to the packages.

      C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin
      SQL> @pgddapub.sql
      

      or

      SQL> @pgddadev.sql
      
  4. If you are upgrading from a previous release of the gateway and if you want to upgrade your existing TIPs with new function and maintenance, then regenerate existing TIP specifications using the PGAU GENERATE statement.

    Note:

    The Procedural Gateway Administrative Utility (PGAU) has been enhanced to automatically upgrade existing PG DD entries with a new attribute when a PGAU GENERATE command is executed. To support this enhancement, add a new privilege to the PGDDGEN role. To do this, as the PGAADMIN user, use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database where the PG DD is stored. Then issue the following SQL command:
    SQL> GRANT INSERT ON PGA_DATA_VALUES TO PGDDGEN
    
    1. Call PGAU in the directory path where the PGAU control files are generated and where TIPs are stored:

      C:\> pgau
      PGAU> CONNECT PGAADMIN\pgaadmin@database_specification_string 
      PGAU> GENERATE tranname 
      PGAU> EXIT
      

    For more information about the GENERATE command, refer to the PGAU GENERATE command section in Chapter 2 of the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide.

    Note that it is not necessary to define the PG DD entries again.

  5. Call SQL*Plus in the same directory path where the newly-generated TIP specifications are stored.

    C:\> sqlplus tip_owner\pw@database_specification_string 
    SQL> @tipname.pkh 
    SQL> @tipname.pkb
    SQL> exit
    

    PGAU GENERATE produces the TIP in two output file, a specification and a body. You must compile both, first the specification and then the body.

    For more information about the GENERATE command, refer to the PGAU GENERATE command section in Chapter 2 of the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide.

8.7 Configuring the Gateway

To configure the gateway, perform the following steps:

  1. Tailor the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC parameters.

    Parameters specific to the gateway are supplied in the gateway parameter file, initsid.ora, which is in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. A sample gateway parameter file, initPGA.ora, is provided in this subdirectory.

    Note:

    In the initsid.ora file, substitute your dg4appc SID name for "sid " in this file name.

    The initsid.ora file contains both APPC and TCP/IP parameters, separated by a description. You must modify the initsid.ora file by deleting the TCP/IP parameters. Refer to Appendix A, "Gateway Initialization Parameters for SNA Protocol" for the valid APPC parameters.

    The parameters fall into two categories:

    • gateway initialization parameters

      These parameters control the general operation of the gateway in the Oracle environment.

      Important:

      Before performing the following step, refer to Appendix A, "Gateway Initialization Parameters for SNA Protocol" for information about tailoring gateway initialization and PGA parameters. Pay special attention to the information about using the PGA_CAPABILITY parameter.
    • PGA parameters

      PGA parameters control the APPC interface portion of the gateway. Use the SET gateway initialization parameter to specify PGA parameters. Oracle recommends that you group all SET commands for PGA parameters at the end of the initsid.ora file.

      Note:

      Misspelled parameters are ignored. However, if the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin\initsid.ora file is missing, then all calls to the gateway fail and return a PGA-20928 error.

      If you do not plan to configure commit-confirm, then proceed to"Verifying the Gateway Installation and OLTP Configuration".

8.8 Configuring Commit-Confirm

Note:

If you are planning to implement commit-confirm, then read the detailed explanation of commit-confirm capabilities in Chapter 5 of the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide, "Implementing Commit-Confirm (SNA Only) before proceeding.

Follow these steps to configure the commit-confirm components.

The steps for configuring commit-confirm include:

All these steps must be performed before attempting to use any application that uses commit-confirm.

8.8.1 Configuring the Oracle Database for Commit-Confirm

The Oracle database where the gateway server will store its transaction log information should ideally be on the same system where the gateway runs. The configuration of the server consists of creating the gateway DBA user, creating the commit-confirm log tables and creating the PL/SQL stored procedure used by the gateway server for logging transactions.

The pgaccau.sql script from the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory creates the gateway DBA user ID. The default user ID is PGADBA with the initial password set to PGADBA. If you want to change the user ID or initial password, you must modify the script.

  1. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user SYSTEM.

  2. From SQL*Plus, run the pgaccau.sql script from the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script creates the gateway DBA user ID. If you want to change the password at any time after running this script, then you can use the ALTER USER command to change the password. For further information, refer to the Oracle Database SQL Language Reference.

  3. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as user PGADBA.

  4. From SQL*Plus, run the pgaccpnd.sql script from the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script creates the PGA_CC_PENDING table used by the gateway server for its commit-confirm transaction log.

  5. From SQL*Plus, run the pgacclog.sql script from the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\admin directory. This script creates the PGA_CC_LOG PL/SQL stored procedure used by the gateway server for updating the PGA_CC_PENDING table.

  6. Disconnect from the Oracle database .

8.8.2 Configuring Gateway Initialization Parameters for Commit-Confirm

The gateway initialization parameters are described in Appendix A, "Gateway Initialization Parameters for SNA Protocol". The parameters necessary for commit-confirm support in the gateway are:

  • PGA_CAPABILITY

  • PGA_LOG_DB

  • PGA_LOG_USER

  • PGA_LOG_PASS

  • PGA_RECOVERY_USER

  • PGA_RECOVERY_PASS

  • PGA_RECOVERY_TPNAME

These parameters should be added to your initsid.ora file, where sid is the gateway SID for the commit-confirm gateway.

Refer to Appendix A, "Gateway Initialization Parameters for SNA Protocol" for full information about the gateway initialization parameters supported by the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC.

8.8.3 Configuring the OLTP for Commit-Confirm

Configuration of the OLTP includes the following:

  • defining and installing the commit-confirm transaction log database

  • defining and installing the commit-confirm forget/recovery transaction

  • defining and installing the sample commit-confirm applications provided with the gateway.

    Note:

    A restart of the OLTP may be necessary to implement the changes required for commit-confirm support. You should plan for this with your OLTP system administrator.

Detailed instructions for configuring the Transaction Server for z/OS and IMS/TM are provided in the %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\CICS\README.doc and %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\IMS\README.doc files, respectively.

Refer to Chapter 5, "Implementing Commit-Confirm (SNA Only)" in the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide for detailed information about commit-confirm.

However, first proceed to Section 8.9 to verify the gateway installation.

8.9 Verifying the Gateway Installation and OLTP Configuration

To verify the gateway installation and the OLTP configuration, perform the following procedures after installing Oracle Database Gateway for APPC. In addition, if you chose to configure commit-confirm, then follow the steps to verify the OLTP configuration for commit-confirm.

Note:

If your database link name is not PGA, then modify the demonstration .sql files to give them the particular database link name that you created in Step 5 of "Integrating Server Configuration: First-Time Gateway Installations". You must modify the following .sql files:
  • pgavsn.sql

  • pgaecho.sql

  • pgacics.sql

  • pgaidms.sql

  • pgaims.sql

  • pgamvs.sql

8.9.1 Verifying the Gateway Installation

To verify the gateway software installation using the database link PGA previously created, perform the following steps:

  1. Using SQL*Plus, connect to the Oracle database as user PGAADMIN.

  2. Run %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\pgavsn.sql.

    C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo
    SQL> @pgavsn.sql
    

    The server version number banner appears at your terminal. You will receive the following output:

    Oracle Database Gateway for APPC.
    Version 11.2.0.0.2 Thu Jun 11 14:39:15
    2009
     
    Copyright (c) Oracle Corporation 1979, 2009.  All rights reserved.
     
     
    PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
    
  3. Run %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\pgaecho.sql.

    C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo
    SQL> @pgaecho.sql
    

    You will receive the following output:

    ==> Congratulations, your installation was successful. <==
    

8.9.2 Verifying the OLTP Configuration

The procedure for verifying the OLTP configuration varies, depending on which OLTP you are using and depending on the platform the OLTP is running on. CICS Transaction Server for z/OS, IMS/TM, APPC/MVS and z/OS are the currently supported OLTPs. Follow the instructions for verifying the installation.

Attention:

If you have not completed the file transfers detailed in "Preparing to Configure a Gateway Installation/Upgrade", then complete them now, before proceeding to the next step.

8.9.2.1 CICS Verification

If your OLTP is CICS Transaction Server for z/OS, then perform the following steps to verify the CICS configuration.

  1. To verify that the FLIP transaction is installed correctly, log on to your CICS Transaction Server for z/OS and enter the following transaction, replacing FLIP with the transaction ID you chose for FLIP when you configured your CICS Transaction Server for z/OS for the gateway:

    FLIP THIS MESSAGE
    

    The following output appears at your terminal:

    EGASSEM SIHT PILF 
    
  2. From the Windows platform, modify the pgacics.sql file which resides at %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\CICS\pgacics.sql.

    Customize the following three items used for accessing the gateway and the CICS Transaction Server for z/OS, as described in the comments at the beginning of the file:

    • the CICS transaction ID

    • the side profile name

    • the logmode entry name

  3. Ensure that the SNA Server on the system has been started.

  4. Log on to the CICS Transaction Server for z/OS and enter this transaction, where name is the name of the CONNECTION definition installed by the DFHCSDUP job you ran in the CICS configuration steps:

    CEMT SET CONNECTION(name) ACQUIRED
    

    This transaction activates the CICS connection to Windows.

  5. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as PGAADMIN.

  6. Run pgacics.sql.

    C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\CICS
    SQL> @pgacics.sql
    

    The following message appears:

    ==> Congratulations, your gateway is communicating with CICS <==
    

The CICS Transaction Server for z/OS installation verification is complete.

8.9.2.2 IMS/TM Verification

If the OLTP is IMS/TM, then perform the following steps to verify the IMS/TM configuration:

  1. To verify that the FLIP transaction is installed correctly, log on to the IMS/TM system and enter the following transaction, replacing FLIP with the transaction ID you chose for FLIP when you configured the IMS/TM system for the gateway:

    FLIP THIS MESSAGE
    

    The following output appears on the terminal:

    EGASSEM SIHT PILF
    
  2. From a Windows platform, modify the pgaims.sql file, which resides at

    %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\IMS\pgaims.sql. Customize the following three items used for accessing the gateway and the IMS/TM system, as described in the comments at the beginning of the file:

    • the IMS/TM transaction ID

    • the side profile name

    • the logmode entry name

  3. Ensure that the SNA Server on the system has been started.

  4. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as PGAADMIN.

  5. Run pgaims.sql.

    C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\IMS
    SQL> @pgaims.sql
    

The following message appears:

==> Congratulations, your gateway is communicating with IMS/TM <==

The IMS/TM installation verification is now complete.

8.9.2.3 APPC/MVS Verification

If the OLTP is APPC/MVS, then perform the following steps to verify the APPC/MVS configuration:

  1. Verify that the APPC/MVS subsystem is active.

  2. From the Windows platform, modify the pgamvs.sql file, which resides at %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\MVS\pgamvs.sql. Customize the following three items used for accessing the gateway and the APPC/MVS system, as described in the comments at the beginning of the file:

    • the APPC/MVS transaction ID

    • the side profile name

    • the logmode entry name

  3. Ensure that the SNA Server on the system has been started.

  4. Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle database as PGAADMIN.

  5. Run pgamvs.sql.

    C:\> cd %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\MVS
    SQL> @pgamvs.sql
    

    The following message appears:

    => Congratulations, your gateway is communicating with APPC/MVS <=
    

The APPC/MVS installation verification is now complete.

8.9.3 Verifying OLTP Configuration for Commit-Confirm

If you chose to configure commit-confirm in Section 8.8, "Configuring Commit-Confirm", then the following section will assist you in verifying the configuration.

Note:

Refer to Chapter 5, "Implementing Commit-Confirm" in the Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide for background information about the components and capabilities of commit-confirm.

Samples are provided with the gateway for Transaction Server for z/OS and IMS/TM for implementing commit-confirm support. They are in the following directories, respectively: %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\CICS and %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\demo\IMS. A README.doc file in each directory provides detailed information about installing and using the samples. JCL files for compiling and linking the sample programs are provided as well. The samples included with the gateway assist you with the following:

  • Creating and initializing the commit-confirm transaction log databases and defining those databases to the OLTP. For Transaction Server for z/OS, the sample uses a VSAM file for the log database. For IMS/TM, a SHISAM/VSAM database is used.

  • Using subroutines for receiving the Oracle Global Transaction ID from the gateway and logging it into the commit-confirm transaction log database. These subroutines are provided in the pgacclg.asm files. They can be used in the applications to reduce the complexity of the code changes to the programs.

    For Transaction Server for z/OS, the subroutine provided is called using the EXEC CICS LINK interface. For IMS/TM, the subroutine provided is called using the standard CALL statement or its equivalent in the application's programming language. Both these subroutines are written in 370 assembler to eliminate any interlanguage interface complexities and compiler dependencies.

  • Installing forget/recovery transactions in the OLTP. These are provided in the pgareco.asm files. Forget/recovery transactions must be accessible through APPC so that the gateway can call them to forget a transaction once it has been successfully committed, and to query a transaction's state during recovery processing. These transactions delete the entry for a particular Oracle Global Transaction ID from the OLTP commit-confirm transaction log database during forget processing, and query the entry for a particular Oracle Global Transaction ID from the OLTP commit-confirm transaction log database during recovery processing. For both Transaction Server for z/OS and IMS/TM, these transactions are written in 370 assembler.

  • Using the sample commit-confirm transaction log databases and subroutines. For Transaction Server for z/OS, a sample DB2 update transaction, DB2C, is provided in the pgadb2c.cob file. This is a COBOL example that updates the DB2 sample EMP table. For IMS/TM, a sample DLI update transaction, PGAIMSU, is provided in the pgaimsu.cob file. This is a COBOL example that updates the DLI sample PARTS database.

8.10 Performing Postinstallation Procedures

The following are optional steps that you can perform as necessary. Installation of the sample applications for your OLTP is recommended to help you to fully understand how the gateway works and how it interfaces with the OLTP.

8.10.1 Installing Sample Applications

The Oracle Database Gateway for APPC package contains sample PL/SQL procedures and OLTP transaction programs that demonstrate the capabilities of the gateway. Samples are provided for the following:

APPC/MVS

  • z/OS dataset information

CICS Transaction Server for z/OS

  • DB2 inquiry

  • DB2 multirow inquiry

  • DB2 update

  • VSAM inquiry

  • VSAM update

  • DLI inquiry

  • FEPI DB2 inquiry

  • FEPI VSAM inquiry

IMS/TM

  • IMS inquiry using IVTNO and IVTNV sample transactions

  • IMS PARTS inquiry (CPI-C)

  • IMS PARTS update (CPI-C)

Additional samples are added to the distribution media in later releases of the product. Wherever possible, the sample applications use the sample databases provided with the database products.

For this release, full documentation on installing and using the sample applications is available in the README.doc files in the following directories:

  • %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\CICS\sample_CICS_applications.txt

  • %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\IMS\sample_IMS_applications.txt

  • %ORACLE_HOME%\dg4appc\MVS\sample_MVS_applications.txt