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Oracle® Label Security Administrator's Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E10745-02
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7 Creating an Oracle Label Security Policy

This chapter explains how to create an Oracle Label Security policy. It contains these sections:

7.1 Oracle Label Security Administrative Task Overview

To create and implement an Oracle Label Security policy, you perform the following tasks, which are described in the next few chapters:

7.1.1 Step 1: Create the Policy

Create a policy by defining:

  • The policy name

  • The column name for policy labels

  • The default options for the policy

You can use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control interface to create a policy.

To create a policy using Oracle Enterprise Manager:

  1. Log in to Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control using the LBACSYS account.

  2. Click the Server tab.

  3. Click Oracle Label Security under Security. The Label Security Policies page appears.

  4. Click Create to start creating a new label security policy.

    The Create Label Security Policy page appears.

  5. Define the policy's name, label column, and the default policy enforcement options.

    • Name: Enter a name for the policy, for example, ACCESS_LOCATIONS.

    • Label Column: Enter a name for the label column, for example, OLS_COLUMN. Later on, when you apply the policy to a table, the label column is added to that table. By default, the data type of the policy label column is NUMBER(10). You can also use an existing table column of the NUMBER(10) data type as the label column.

    • Hide Label Column: Select to hide the column. When you first create the policy, you may want to disable Hide Label Column during the development phase of the policy. When the policy is satisfactory and ready for use by users, hide the column so that it is transparent to applications.

    • Enabled: Toggle to enable or disable the policy.

    • Enforcement Options: The default policy enforcement options are used when the policy is applied. Ensure that these meet the needs of the application to which you are applying the policy.

      Select from the following options:

      • Apply No Policy Enforcements (NO_CONTROL)

      • Apply Policy Enforcements

        For all queries (READ_CONTROL)

        For Insert operations (INSERT_CONTROL)

        For Update Operations (UPDATE_CONTROL)

        Use session's default label for label column update (LABEL_DEFAULT)

        Operations that update the label column (LABEL_UPDATE)

        Update and Insert operations so that they are read accessible (CHECK_CONTROL)

  6. Click OK.

    The new policy appears in the Oracle Label Security Policies page.

Alternatively, you can use the SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY command-line procedure to create a policy.

7.1.2 Step 2: Define the Components of the Labels

Define the levels, compartments, and groups that form the components of the new policy's labels.

To create the label components using Oracle Enterprise Manager:

  1. In the Oracle Label Security Policies page, select the policy you just created. Click Edit.

  2. In the Edit Label Security Policy page, select the Label Components tab.

  3. Click Add 5 Rows under Levels to add levels for the policy. Enter a Long Name, Short Name, and Numeric Tag for each level that you create. The numeric tag corresponds to the sensitivity of the level. To create more levels, you can click Add 5 Rows again. Use the same steps to create compartments and rows. For compartments and groups, the numeric tags do not correspond to sensitivity.

    At a minimum, you must create one level, such as SECRET. Creating compartments and groups is optional.

    The level numbers indicate the level of sensitivity for their corresponding labels. A greater number implies greater sensitivity. Select a numeric range that can be expanded later on, in case your security policy needs more levels. For example, if you have created levels PUBLIC (7000) and SENSITIVE (8000), and you now want to create an intermediate level called CONFIDENTIAL, then you can assign the numeric value 7500 to this level.

    Compartments identify categories associated with data, providing a finer level of granularity within a level. For example, a single table might have data corresponding to different departments that you might like to separate using compartments. Compartments are optional.

    Groups identify organizations owning or accessing the data. Groups are useful for the controlled dissemination of data and for timely reaction to organizational change. Groups are optional.

  4. Click Apply.

Alternatively, you can use the SA_COMPONENTS package on the command line to create the label components.

7.1.3 Step 3: Identify the Set of Valid Data Labels

Specify the set of valid labels to support the policy. From all the possible combinations of levels, compartments, and groups, you must define labels that can be assigned to data.

To create data labels for a policy:

  1. In the Label Security Policies page, select the policy that needs to have labels linked to levels.

  2. In the Actions box, select Data Labels. Click Go.

    The Data Labels page appears.

  3. Click Add.

    The Create Data Label page appears.

  4. Enter the following information:

    • Numeric Tag: Enter a number that uniquely identifies the label. This number should be unique across all policies.

    • Level: Select a level from the list.

  5. You can optionally select Compartments to add to the label. To add compartments, click Add under Compartments. Select the compartments to be added to the label. Click Select to add the compartments.

  6. You can optionally select Groups to add to the label. To add groups, click Add under Groups. Select the groups to be added to the label. Click Select to add the groups.

  7. Click OK in the Create Data Label page.

    The data label appears in the Data Labels page.

  8. Repeat steps 3 to 7 to create more data labels.

Alternatively, you can use the SA_LABEL_ADMIN package to create the label components.

Applications that need to create data labels dynamically at runtime can use the TO_DATA_LABEL function.

Note:

When Oracle Label Security is installed to work with Oracle Internet Directory, dynamic label generation is not allowed, because labels are managed centrally in Oracle Internet Directory, using olsadmintool commands. Refer to Appendix B, "Command-line Tools for Label Security Using Oracle Internet Directory".)

So, when Oracle Label Security is directory-enabled, this function, TO_DATA_LABEL, is not available and will generate an error message if used.

7.1.4 Step 4: Apply the Policy to Tables and Schemas

Protect individual database tables and schemas by applying the policy to them. In the process, you can customize the level of enforcement of the policy for each table and schema, to reflect your application security requirements.

To apply the policy to a database table:

  1. In the Label Security Policies page, select the policy that needs to be applied to a table.

  2. Select Apply from the Actions box. Click Go.

    The Apply page appears.

  3. Select the Tables tab to apply the policy to a table.

    Note:

    Select the Schemas tab if you are applying the policy to a schema.The process is same as applying the policy to a table.
  4. Click Create.

    The Add Table page appears.

  5. Next to the Table box, click the flashlight icon.

  6. In the Search and Select window, enter the following information under Search:

    • Schema: Enter the name of the schema in which the table appears. Leaving this field empty displays tables in all schemas.

    • Name: Optionally, enter the name of the table. Leaving this box empty displays all the tables within the schema.

    To narrow the search by using wildcards, use the percent (%) sign. For example, enter O% to search for all tables beginning with the letter O.

  7. Select the table and click Select.

    The Add Table page appears.

  8. Enter the following information:

    • Policy Enforcement Options: Select enforcement options as needed. These options will apply to the table on top of the enforcement options that you selected when you created the policy in Step 1: Create the Policy.

      To make no change from those enforcement options, that is, to use the same enforcement options created earlier, select Use Default Policy Enforcement. To add more enforcement options, select from the other options listed.

    • Labeling Function: Optionally, specify a labeling function to automatically compute the label to be associated with a new or updated row. That function is always invoked thereafter to provide the data labels written under that policy, because active labeling functions take precedence over any alternative means of supplying a label.

    • Predicate: Optionally, specify an additional predicate to combine (using AND or OR) with the label-based predicate for READ_CONTROL.

  9. Click OK.

Alternatively, you can use the SA_POLICY_ADMIN package to apply policies to tables and schemas.

7.1.5 Step 5: Authorize Users

For individual users, define the authorizations that each person will use for session access. If users do not have appropriate authorizations, they cannot access protected data.

You can optionally assign special privileges that particular users need to do their job. Note that Oracle Label Security privileges may only be necessary to perform special job functions.

To authorize users for the OLS policy:

  1. In the Label Security Policies page, select the policy that needs authorization.

  2. In the Actions box, select Authorization. Click Go.

    The Authorization page appears. Make sure that the Users tab is selected.

  3. Click Add Users.

    The Add Users page appears.

  4. Add users as follows:

    • Under Database Users, click Add. In the Search and Select window, select users that you want and then click Select.

    • Under Non Database Users, click Add 5 Rows, and then add the user names of the non-database users that you want to add. Most application users are considered non-database users. A non-database user does not exist in the database. This can be any user name that meets the Oracle Label Security naming standards and can fit into the VARCHAR2(30) length field. However, be aware that Oracle Database does not automatically configure the associated security information for the non-database user when the application connects to the database. In this case, the application needs to call an Oracle Label Security function to assume the label authorizations of the specified user who is not a real database user.

  5. In the Create User page, select the user that you want to authorize. Click Next. If you have multiple users that need the same authorizations, then select all users who need the same authorizations. Click Next.

    The Privileges step appears.

  6. Next, you can assign privileges to the user you selected in the preceding step. Privileges allow a database user to bypass certain controls enforced by the policy. Select the privileges you want to grant. Click Next.

    If you do not wish to assign any privilege to the user, click Next without selecting any privileges.

    The Labels, Compartments, and Groups step appears.

  7. Next, you need to create the user label for the user. Under Levels, use the flashlight icon to select data to enter for the following fields:

    • Maximum Level: Enter the highest level for read and write access for this user.

    • Minimum Level: Enter the lowest level for write access.

    • Default Level: Enter the default level when the user logs in.

      This value is equal to or greater than the minimum level and equal to or less than the maximum level.

    • Row Level: Enter the level given to the row when user writes to the table.

  8. Click Add under Compartments, to add compartments to the user label. Select the compartments to add. Click Select.

  9. For each compartment that you add, you can select the following properties:

    • Write: Allows the user to write to data that has the compartment as part of it's label

    • Default: Adds the compartment to the user's default session label

    • Row: Adds the compartment to the data label when the user writes to the table

  10. Click Add under Groups, to add groups to the user label. Select the groups and click Select.

  11. For each group that you add, you can select the following properties:

    • Write: Allows the user to write to data that has the group as part of it's label

    • Default: Adds the group to the user's default session label

    • Row: Adds the group to the data label when the user writes to the table

  12. Click Next.

    The Audit step appears.

  13. Next, you can choose to set the policy audit options for the selected user. You can set audit options for the following operations:

    • Policy Applied:

      Audit On Success By audits successful application of the policy to a table or schema. Select ACCESS to audit by access or SESSION to audit by session.

      Audit On Failure By audits failed application of the policy to a table or schema. Select ACCESS to audit by access or SESSION to audit by session.

    • Policy Removed:

      Audit On Success By audits successful removal of the policy from a table or schema. Select ACCESS to audit by access or SESSION to audit by session.

      Audit On Failure By audits failed removal of the policy from a table or schema. Select ACCESS to audit by access or SESSION to audit by session.

    • Labels And Privileges Set:

      Audit On Success By audits successful setting of user authorizations and privileges. Select ACCESS to audit by access or SESSION to audit by session.

      Audit On Failure By audits failed setting of user authorizations and privileges. Select ACCESS to audit by access or SESSION to audit by session.

    • All Policy Specific Privileges:

      Audit On Success By audits successful use of policy privileges. Select ACCESS to audit by access or SESSION to audit by session.

      Audit On Failure By audits failed use of policy privileges. Select ACCESS to audit by access or SESSION to audit by session.

  14. Click Next.

  15. You can review the policy authorization settings. Click Finish to create the policy authorization. Alternatively, you can click Back to modify the authorization settings.

Alternatively, you can use the SA_POLICY_ADMIN package to authorize users.

7.1.6 Step 6: Create and Authorize Trusted Program Units (Optional)

Trusted program units are functions, procedures, or packages that are granted Oracle Label Security privileges. You create a trusted stored program unit in the same way that you create a standard procedure, function, or package, that is by using the CREATE PROCEDURE, CREATE FUNCTION, or CREATE PACKAGE and CREATE PACKAGE BODY statements. The program unit becomes trusted when you grant Oracle Label Security privileges to it.

To set privileges for a program unit:

  1. In the Label Security Policies page, select the policy that needs authorization.

  2. In the Actions box, select Authorization. Click Go.

    The Authorization page appears.

  3. Click the Trusted Program Units tab.

  4. Click Add to add Oracle Label Security privileges for a procedure, function, or package.

    The Create Program Unit page appears.

  5. Enter the name of the procedure, function, or package, for which the privileges need to be granted, in the Program Unit field. You can also use the Search icon to search for the procedure, function, or package.

  6. Select one or more policy-specific privileges that need to be granted to the program unit. Click OK.

    The trusted program unit is added to the Authorizations page.

Alternatively, you can use the SA_USER_ADMIN package to authorize trusted program units.

7.1.7 Step 7: Configure Auditing (Optional)

Configure monitoring of the administrative tasks and use of privileges, if desired.

To configure audit settings for an existing Oracle Label Security policy:

  1. In the Label Security Policies page, select the policy that you need to configure.

  2. Click Edit.

    The Edit Label Security Policy Settings page appears.

  3. Click the Advanced tab. You can edit the audit settings under the Audit section.

  4. Select Include Label In Audit trail under Audit Labels, if you wish to include user session labels in the audit table.

  5. Select the Operation, to audit, under Audit Settings. You can choose from the following operations:

    • Policy Applied: Audits application of the policy to a table or schema.

    • Policy Removed: Audits removal of the policy from a table or schema.

    • Labels And Privileges Set: Audits setting of user authorizations and privileges.

    • All Policy Specific Privileges: Audits use of policy privileges.

  6. Click Add under Policy Applied to add users that will be audited for the Operation you selected in the preceding step.

    The Search and Select window appears.

  7. Select the users that you need to add. Click Select.

  8. Select values for Audit on Success By and Audit on Failure By, for each user that you added.

    For each user that you added, you can choose to audit successful and failed instances of the chosen operation. You can also choose to audit by access or session.

  9. Repeat steps 5 to 8 for each operation that you choose to audit.

7.2 Organizing the Duties of Oracle Label Security Administrators

You can manage the administration of an Oracle Label Security policy in various ways. The policy_DBA role is created when you create a new policy, and every individual who needs to perform administrative functions must be granted this role. However, you can grant EXECUTE privileges on the administrative packages to different users, so that each administrator can be restricted to a subset of the administrative functions.

For example, you could grant EXECUTE privilege on SA_COMPONENTS and SA_LABEL_ADMIN to one user or role to manage the label definitions, and grant EXECUTE on SA_USER_ADMIN to a different user or role to manage user labels and privileges. Alternatively, you could grant EXECUTE on all of the administrative packages to the policy_DBA role, so that anyone with the policy_DBA role could perform all of the administrative tasks.

7.3 Choosing an Oracle Label Security Administrative Interface

You can perform Oracle Label Security development and administrative tasks using either of two interfaces:

7.3.1 Oracle Label Security Packages

Oracle Label Security packages provide a direct, command-line interface for ease of administration. These include:

Table 7-1 Oracle Label Security Administrative Packages

Package Purpose

SA_SYSDBA

To create, alter, and drop Oracle Label Security policies

SA_COMPONENTS

To define the levels, compartments, and groups for the policy

SA_LABEL_ADMIN

To perform standard label policy administrative functions, such as creating labels

SA_POLICY_ADMIN

To apply policies to schemas and tables

SA_USER_ADMIN

To manage user authorizations for levels, compartments, and groups, as well as program unit privileges. Also to administer user privileges.

SA_AUDIT_ADMIN

To set options to audit administrative tasks and use of privileges


7.3.1.1 Oracle Label Security Demonstration File

For a demonstration showing how to create and develop an Oracle Label Security policy using the supplied packages, refer to the olsdemo.sql file in your ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/demo directory.

7.3.2 Oracle Enterprise Manager

You can use the Web interface provided by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to administer Oracle Label Security. Figure 7-1 is a representative screenshot that illustrates the Oracle Enterprise Manager interface.

Figure 7-1 Using Enterprise Manager to Configure Oracle Label Security Policies

screenshot
Description of "Figure 7-1 Using Enterprise Manager to Configure Oracle Label Security Policies"

See Also:

7.4 Using the SA_SYSDBA Package to Manage Security Policies

This section explains how to manage a policy using the SA_SYSDBA package. It includes the following topics:

7.4.1 Who Can Use the SA_SYSDBA Package

To use the SA_SYSDBA package to create, alter, and drop policies, a user must have:

  • The LBAC_DBA role

  • EXECUTE privilege on the SA_SYSDBA package

7.4.2 Who Can Administer a Policy

When you create a policy, a role named policy_DBA is automatically created. You can use this role to control the users who are authorized to run the policy's administrative procedures.

For example, after you have created a human resources policy named HR, an HR_DBA role is automatically created. To use any administrative packages, a user would need to have the HR_DBA role. If Joan is the administrator of the HR policy, and David is the administrator of the FIN policy, then Joan has the HR_DBA role and David has the FIN_DBA role. Each person can administer that policy for which he or she has the policy_DBA role.

The user who creates the policy is automatically granted the policy_DBA role with the ADMIN option, and the user can grant the role to others.

7.4.3 Valid Characters for Policy Specifications

Valid characters for all policy specifications include alphanumeric characters and underscores, as well as any valid character from your database character set.

7.4.4 Creating a Policy with SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY

Use the CREATE_POLICY procedure to create a new Oracle Label Security policy, define a policy-specific column name, and specify a set of default policy options.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE CREATE_POLICY (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   column_name       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   default_options   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Table 7-2 Parameters for SA_SYSDBA.CREATE_POLICY

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy name, which must be unique within the database. It can have a maximum of 30 characters, but only the first 26 characters in the policy_name are significant. Two policies may not have the same first 26 characters in the policy_name.

column_name

Specifies the name of the column to be added to tables protected by the policy. If NULL, the default name "SA_LABEL" is used. Two Oracle Label Security policies cannot share the same column name.

default_options

Specifies the default options to be used when the policy is applied and no table- or schema-specific options are specified. Includes enforcement options and the option to hide the label column.


7.4.5 Modifying Policy Options with SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY

Use the ALTER_POLICY procedure to set and modify policy default options.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE ALTER_POLICY (
   policy_name       IN  VARCHAR2,
   default_options   IN  VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Table 7-3 Parameters for SA_SYSDBA.ALTER_POLICY

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy name

default_options

Specifies the default options to be used when the policy is applied and no table- or schema-specific options are specified. Includes enforcement options and the option to hide the label column.


7.4.6 Disabling a Policy with SA_SYSDBA.DISABLE_POLICY

Use the DISABLE_POLICY procedure to turn off enforcement of a policy, without removing it from the database. The policy is not enforced for all subsequent access to the database.

To disable a policy means that no access control is enforced on the tables and schemas protected by the policy. The administrator can continue to perform administrative operations while the policy is disabled.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE DISABLE_POLICY (policy_name IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-4 Parameters for SA_SYSDBA.DISABLE_POLICY

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy to be disabled


Note:

This feature is extremely powerful, and should be used with caution. When a policy is disabled, anyone who connects to the database can access all the data normally protected by the policy. So, your site should establish guidelines for use of this feature.

Normally, a policy should not be disabled in order to manage data. At times, however, an administrator may need to disable a policy to perform application debugging tasks. In this case, the database should be run in single-user mode. In a development environment, for example, you may need to observe data processing operations without the policy turned on. When you reenable the policy, all of the selected enforcement options become effective again.

7.4.7 Enabling a Policy with SA_SYSDBA.ENABLE_POLICY

Use the ENABLE_POLICY procedure to enforce access control on the tables and schemas protected by the policy. A policy is automatically enabled when it is created. After creation or enabling, the policy is enforced for all subsequent access to tables protected by the policy.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE ENABLE_POLICY (policy_name IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-5 Parameters for SA_SYSDBA.ENABLE_POLICY

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy to be enabled


7.4.8 Removing a Policy with SA_SYSDBA.DROP_POLICY

Use the DROP_POLICY procedure to remove the policy and all of its associated user labels and data labels from the database. It purges the policy from the system entirely. You can optionally drop the label column from all tables controlled by the policy.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE DROP_POLICY (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   drop_column  BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE);

Table 7-6 Parameters for SA_SYSDBA.DROP_POLICY

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy to be dropped

drop_column

Indicates that the policy column should be dropped from protected tables (TRUE)


7.5 Using the SA_COMPONENTS Package to Define Label Components

This package manages the component definitions of an Oracle Label Security label. Each policy defines the components differently. This section contains these topics:

7.5.1 Using Overloaded Procedures

Oracle Label Security makes use of overloaded subprogram names. That is, the same name is used for several different procedures whose formal parameters differ in number, order, or datatype family.

For example, you can call the SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL procedure this way:

PROCEDURE ALTER_LEVEL (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   level_num       IN INTEGER,
   new_short_name  IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_long_name   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

or this way:

PROCEDURE ALTER_LEVEL (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name      IN VARCHAR2,

new_long_name IN VARCHAR2);

Because the processing in these two procedures is the same, it is logical to give them the same name. PL/SQL determines which of the two procedures is being called by checking their formal parameters. In the preceding example, the version of initialize used by PL/SQL depends on whether you call the procedure with a level_num or short_name parameter.

7.5.2 Creating a Level with SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_LEVEL

Use the CREATE_LEVEL procedure to create a level and specify its short name and long name. The numeric values assigned to the level_num parameter determine the sensitivity ranking (that is, a lower number indicates less sensitive data).

Syntax:

PROCEDURE CREATE_LEVEL (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   level_num         IN INTEGER,
   short_name        IN VARCHAR2,
   long_name         IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-7 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_LEVEL

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

level_num

Specifies the level number (0-9999)

short_name

Specifies the short name for the level (up to 30 characters)

long_name

Specifies the long name for the level (up to 80 characters)


7.5.3 Modifying a Level with SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL

Use the ALTER_LEVEL procedure to change the short name and long name associated with a level.

Once they are defined, level numbers cannot be changed. If a level is used in any existing label, then its short name cannot be changed, but its long name can be changed.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE ALTER_LEVEL (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   level_num       IN INTEGER,
   new_short_name  IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_long_name   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

PROCEDURE ALTER_LEVEL (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name      IN VARCHAR2,
   new_long_name   IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-8 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_LEVEL

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

level_num

Specifies the number of the level to be altered

short_name

Specifies the short name for the level (up to 30 characters)

new_short_name

Specifies the new short name for the level (up to 30 characters)

new_long_name

Specifies the new long name for the level (up to 80 characters)


7.5.4 Removing a Level with SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL

Use the DROP_LEVEL procedure to remove a level. If the level is used in any existing label, then it cannot be dropped.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE DROP_LEVEL (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   level_num   IN INTEGER);

PROCEDURE DROP_LEVEL (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-9 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_LEVEL

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

level_num

Specifies the number of an existing level for the policy

short_name

Specifies the short name for the level (up to 30 characters)


7.5.5 Creating a Compartment with SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_COMPARTMENT

Use the CREATE_COMPARTMENT procedure to create a compartment and specify its short name and long name. The comp_num parameter determines the order in which compartments are listed in the character string representation of labels.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE CREATE_COMPARTMENT (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   comp_num    IN INTEGER,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2,
   long_name   IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-10 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_COMPARTMENT

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

comp_num

Specifies the compartment number (0-9999)

short_name

Specifies the short name for the compartment (up to 30 characters)

long_name

Specifies the long name for the compartment (up to 80 characters)


7.5.6 Modifying a Compartment with SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT

Use the ALTER_COMPARTMENT procedure to change the short name and long name associated with a compartment.

Once set, the comp_num parameter cannot be changed. If the comp_num parameter is used in any existing label, then its short name cannot be changed but its long name can be changed.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE ALTER_COMPARTMENT (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   comp_num          IN INTEGER,
   new_short_name    IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_long_name     IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

PROCEDURE ALTER_COMPARTMENT (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name        IN VARCHAR2,
   new_long_name     IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-11 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_COMPARTMENT

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

comp_num

Specifies the number of the compartment to be altered

short_name

Specifies the short name of the compartment to be altered (up to 30 characters)

new_short_name

Specifies the new short name of the compartment (up to 30 characters)

new_long_name

Specifies the new long name of the compartment (up to 80 characters).


7.5.7 Removing a Compartment with SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT

Use the DROP_COMPARTMENT procedure to remove a compartment. If the compartment is used in any existing label, then it cannot be dropped.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE DROP_COMPARTMENT (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   comp_num    IN INTEGER);

PROCEDURE DROP_COMPARTMENT (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-12 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_COMPARTMENT

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

comp_num

Specifies the number of an existing compartment for the policy

short_name

Specifies the short name of an existing compartment for the policy


7.5.8 Creating a Group with SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP

Use the CREATE_GROUP procedure to create a group and specify its short name and long name, and optionally a parent group.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE CREATE_GROUP (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num   IN INTEGER,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2,
   long_name   IN VARCHAR2,
   parent_name IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

Table 7-13 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.CREATE_GROUP

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

group_num

Specifies the group number (0-9999)

short_name

Specifies the short name for the group (up to 30 characters)

long_name

Specifies the long name for the group (up to 80 characters)

parent_name

Specifies the short name of an existing group as the parent group. If NULL, then the group is a top-level group.


Note that the group number affects the order in which groups will be displayed when labels are selected.

See Also:

"Groups"

7.5.9 Modifying a Group with SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP

Use the ALTER_GROUP procedure to change the short name and long name associated with a group.

Once set, the group_num parameter cannot be changed. If the group is used in any existing label, then its short name cannot be changed, but its long name can be changed.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE ALTER_GROUP (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num      IN INTEGER,
   new_short_name IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_long_name  IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL);

PROCEDURE ALTER_GROUP (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name     IN VARCHAR2,
   new_long_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-14 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

group_num

Specifies the existing group number to be altered

short_name

Specifies the existing group short name to be altered

new_short_name

Specifies the new short name for the group (up to 30 characters)

new_long_name

Specifies the new long name for the group (up to 80 characters)


7.5.10 Modifying a Group Parent with SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT

The ALTER_GROUP_PARENT procedure changes the parent group associated with a particular group.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE ALTER_GROUP_PARENT (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num   IN INTEGER,
   parent_name IN VARCHAR2);

PROCEDURE ALTER_GROUP_PARENT (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num   IN INTEGER,
   parent_num  IN INTEGER);

PROCEDURE ALTER_GROUP_PARENT (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2,
   parent_name IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-15 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.ALTER_GROUP_PARENT

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

group_num

Specifies the existing group number to be altered

short_name

Specifies the existing group short name to be altered

parent_num

Specifies the number of an existing group as the parent group

parent_name

Specifies the short name of an existing group as the parent group


7.5.11 Removing a Group with SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP

Use the DROP_GROUP procedure to remove a group. If the group is used in an existing label, it cannot be dropped.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE DROP_GROUP (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   group_num   IN INTEGER);

PROCEDURE DROP_GROUP (policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   short_name  IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-16 Parameters for SA_COMPONENTS.DROP_GROUP

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the policy

group_num

Specifies the number of an existing group for the policy

short_name

Specifies the short name of an existing group


7.6 Using the SA_LABEL_ADMIN Package to Specify Valid Labels

The SA_LABEL_ADMIN package provides an administrative interface to manage the labels used by a policy. To do this, a user must have the EXECUTE privilege for the SA_LABEL_ADMIN package and have been granted the policy_DBA role.

This section includes:

7.6.1 Creating a Valid Data Label with SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL

Use the SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL procedure to create a valid data label. You must manually specify a label tag value from 1 to 8 digits long.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE CREATE_LABEL (
   policy_name IN VARCHAR2,
   label_tag   IN INTEGER,
   label_value IN VARCHAR2,
   data_label  IN BOOLEAN DEFAULT TRUE);

Table 7-17 Parameters for SA_LABEL_ADMIN.CREATE_LABEL

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the name of an existing policy

label_tag

Specifies a unique integer value representing the sort order of the label, relative to other policy labels (0-99999999)

label_value

Specifies the character string representation of the label to be created

data_label

TRUE if the label can be used to label row data. Use this to define the label as valid for data.


When specifying labels, use the short name of the level, compartment, and group.

When you identify valid labels, you specify which of all the possible combinations of levels, compartments, and groups can potentially be used to label data in tables.

Note:

If you create a new label by using the TO_DATA_LABEL procedure, a system-generated label tag of 10 digits will be generated automatically.

However, when Oracle Label Security is installed to work with Oracle Internet Directory, dynamic label generation is not permitted, because labels are managed centrally in Oracle Internet Directory, using olsadmintool commands. Refer to Appendix B, "Command-line Tools for Label Security Using Oracle Internet Directory".

So, when Oracle Label Security is directory-enabled, the TO_DATA_LABEL function is not available and will generate an error message if used.

7.6.2 Modifying a Label with SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL

Use the ALTER_LABEL procedure to change the character string label definition associated with a label tag. Note that the label tag itself cannot be changed.

If you change the character string associated with a label tag, the sensitivity of the data in the rows changes accordingly. For example, if the label character string TS:A with an associated label tag value of 4001 is changed to the label TS:B, then access to the data changes accordingly. This is true even when the label tag value (4001) has not changed. In this way, you can change the data's sensitivity without the need to update all the rows.

Ensure that when you specify a label to alter, you can refer to it either by its label tag or by its character string value.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE ALTER_LABEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   label_tag         IN INTEGER,
   new_label_value   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_data_label    IN BOOLEAN  DEFAULT NULL);

PROCEDURE ALTER_LABEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   label_value       IN VARCHAR2,
   new_label_value   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
   new_data_label    IN BOOLEAN  DEFAULT NULL);

Table 7-18 Parameters for SA_LABEL_ADMIN.ALTER_LABEL

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the name of an existing policy

label_tag

Identifies the integer tag assigned to the label to be altered

label_value

Identifies the existing character string representation of the label to be altered

new_label_value

Specifies the new character string representation of the label value. If NULL, the existing value is not changed.

new_data_label

TRUE if the label can be used to label row data. If NULL, the existing value is not changed.


7.6.3 Deleting a Label with SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL

Use the SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL procedure to delete a specified policy label. Any subsequent reference to the label (in data rows, or in user or program unit labels) will raise an invalid label error.

Syntax:

PROCEDURE DROP_LABEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   label_tag         IN INTEGER);

PROCEDURE DROP_LABEL (
   policy_name       IN VARCHAR2,
   label_value       IN VARCHAR2);

Table 7-19 Parameters for SA_LABEL_ADMIN.DROP_LABEL

Parameter Name Parameter Description

policy_name

Specifies the name of an existing policy

label_tag

Specifies the integer tag assigned to the label to be dropped

label_value

Specifies the string value of the label to be dropped


Caution:

Do not drop a label that is in use anywhere in the database.

Use this procedure only while setting up labels, prior to data population. If you should inadvertently drop a label that is being used, you can recover it by disabling the policy, fixing the problem, and then re-enabling the policy.