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Oracle® OLAP Java API Developer's Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2)
E10795-03
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6 Making Queries Using Source Methods

You create a query by producing a Source that specifies the data that you want to retrieve and any operations that you want to perform on that data. To produce the query, you begin with the primary Source objects that represent the metadata of the measures and the dimensions and their attributes that you want to query. Typically, you use the methods of the primary Source objects to derive a number of other Source objects, each of which specifies a part of the query, such as a selection of dimension members or an operation to perform on the data. You then join the Source objects that specify the data and the operations that you want. The result is one Source that represents the query. You can then retrieve the data by creating a Cursor for the Source.

This chapter briefly describes the various kinds of Source methods, and discusses some of them in greater detail. It also discusses how to make some typical OLAP queries using these methods and provides examples of some of them.

This chapter includes the following topics:

Describing the Basic Source Methods

The Source class has many methods that return a derived Source. The elements of the derived Source result from operations on the base Source, which is the Source whose method returns the derived Source. Only a few methods perform the most basic operations of the Source class.

Many other methods of the Source class use one or more of the basic methods to perform operations such as selecting elements of the base Source by value or by position, or sorting elements. Many of the examples in this chapter and in Chapter 5, "Understanding Source Objects", use some of these methods. Other Source methods get objects that have information about the Source, such as the getID, getInputs, and getType methods, perform comparisons, such as the ge and gt methods, or convert the values of the Source from one data type to another, such as the toDoubleSource method.

This topic describes the basic Source methods and provides some examples of their use. Table 6-1 lists the basic Source methods.

Table 6-1 The Basic Source Methods

Method Description

alias

Returns a Source that has the same elements as the base Source, but has the base Source as the type.

distinct

Returns a Source that has the same elements as the base Source, except that any elements that are duplicated in the base appear only once in the derived Source.

join

Returns a Source that has the elements of the base Source that are specified by the joined, comparison, and comparisonRule parameters of the method call. If the visible parameter is true, then the joined Source is an output of the resulting Source.

position

Returns a Source that has the positions of the elements of the base Source, and that has the base Source as an input.

recursiveJoin

Similar to the join method, except that this method, in the Source that it returns, orders the elements of the Source hierarchically by parent-child relationships.

value

Returns a Source that has the same elements as the base Source, but that has the base Source as an input.


Using the Basic Methods

This topic provides examples of using some of the basic methods.

Using the alias Method

You use the alias method to control the matching of a Source to an input. For example, if you want to find out if the measure values specified by a member of a dimension of the measure are greater than the measure values specified by the other members of the same dimension, then you need to match the inputs of the measure twice in the same join operation. To do so, you can derive two Source objects that are aliases for the same dimension, make them inputs of two Source objects that are derived from the measure, join each derived measure Source to the associated aliased dimension Source objects, and then compare the results.

Example 6-1 performs such an operation. It produces a Source that specifies whether the number of units sold for each value of the CHANNEL_AWJ dimension is greater than the number of units sold for the other values of the CHANNEL_AWJ dimension.

The example joins units, which is the Source for a measure, to Source objects that are selections of single values of three of the dimensions of the measure to produce unitsSel. The unitsSel Source specifies the units elements for the dimension values that are specified by the timeSel, custSel, and prodSel objects, which are outputs of unitsSel. The unitsSel Source has the Source for CHANNEL_AWJ dimension as an input.

The timeSel, custSel, and prodSel Source objects specify single values from hierarchies of the TIME_AWJ, CUSTOMER_AWJ, and PRODUCT_AWJ dimensions, respectively. The timeSel value is CALENDAR_YEAR::MONTH::2001.01, which identifies the month January, 2001, the custSel value is SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD SJ, which identifies the Business World San Jose customer, and the prodSel value is PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY ABM, which identifies the Envoy Ambassador portable PC.

The example next creates two aliases, chanAlias1 and chanAlias2, for chanHier, which is the Source for the CHANNEL_PRIMARY hierarchy of the CHANNEL_AWJ dimension. It then produces unitsSel1 by joining unitsSel with the Source returned by chanAlias1.value(). The unitsSel1 Source has the elements and outputs of unitsSel and it has chanAlias1 as an input. Similarly, the example produces unitsSel2, which has chanAlias2 as an input.

The example uses the gt method of unitsSel1, which determines whether the values of unitsSel1 are greater than the values of unitsSel2. The final join operations match chanAlias1 with the input of unitsSel1 and match chanAlias2 with the input of unitsSel2.

Example 6-1 Controlling Input-with-Source Matching with the alias Method

Source unitsSel = units.join(timeSel).join(custSel).join(prodSel);
Source chanAlias1 = chanHier.alias();
Source chanAlias2 = chanHier.alias();
NumberSource unitsSel1 = (NumberSource)
                          unitsSel.join(chanAlias1.value());
NumberSource unitsSel2 = (NumberSource)
                          unitsSel.join(chanAlias2.value());
Source result = unitsSel1.gt(unitsSel2)
                         .join(chanAlias1)   // Output 2, column
                         .join(chanAlias2);  // Output 1, row;

The result Source specifies the query, "Are the units sold values of unitsSel1 for the channel values of chanAlias1 greater than the units sold values of unitsSel2 for the channel values of chanAlias2?" Because result is produced by the joining of chanAlias2 to the Source returned by unitsSel1.gt(unitsSel2).join(chanAlias1), chanAlias2 is the first output of result, and chanAlias1 is the second output of result.

A Cursor for the result Source has as values the boolean values that answer the query. The values of the first output of the Cursor are the channel values specified by chanAlias2 and the values of the second output are the channel values specified by chanAlias1.

The following is a display of the values of the Cursor formatted as a crosstab with headings added. The column edge values are the values from chanAlias1, and the row edge values are the values from chanAlias2. The values of the crosstab cells are the boolean values that indicate whether the units sold value for the column channel value is greater than the units sold value for the row channel value. For example, the crosstab values in the first column indicate that the units sold value for the column channel value Total Channel is not greater than the units sold value for the row Total Channel value but it is greater than the units sold value for the Direct Sales, Catalog, and Internet row values.

               ----------------- chanAlias1 ----------------
chanAlias2     TotalChannel  Catalog  Direct Sales    Internet
------------   ------------  -------  ------------  --------
TotalChannel      false       false      false       false
Catalog           true        false      false       false
Direct Sales      true        true       false       false
Internet          true        true       true        false

Using the distinct Method

You use the distinct method to produce a Source that does not have any duplicated values, as shown in Example 6-2. The example joins two selections of dimension members. Some dimension members exist in both selections. The example uses the distinct method to produce a Source that contains only unique dimension members, with no duplicated values.

The example gets the MdmStandardDimension object for the CUSTOMER_AWJ dimension and gets the MdmLevelHierarchy object for the MARKETS hierarchy of that dimension. It gets the StringSource object, mktHier, for the MdmLevelHierarchy. It then uses the selectValues method of mktHier to produce two selections of members of the hierarchy, customersToSelect and moreCustomersToSelect. Two of the members of customersToSelect are also present in moreCustomersToSelect.

The example uses the appendValues method to combine the elements of customersToSelect and moreCustomersToSelect in the combinedCustomers Source. Finally, the example uses the distinct method of combinedCustomers, which returns a Source, distinctCombinedCustomers, that has only the distinct members of the hierarchy.

Example 6-2 Using the distinct Method

MdmStandardDimension mdmCustDim =
  mdmDBSchema.findOrCreateStandardDimension("CUSTOMER_AWJ");
MdmLevelHierarchy mdmMktHier =
  mdmCustDim.findOrCreateLevelHierarchy("MARKETS");
StringSource mktHier = (StringSource)mdmMktHier.getSource();

Source customersToSelect = 
  mdmMktHier.selectValues(new String[] {"MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT BOS",
                                        "MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT TOK",
                                        "MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT WAN"});
Source moreCustomersToSelect = 
  mdmMktHier.selectValues(new String[] {"MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT BOS",
                                        "MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT TOK"});
                                        "MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NY",
                                        "MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD SJ"});
Source combinedCustomers =
  customersToSelect.appendValues(moreCustomersToSelect);

Source distinctCombinedCustomers = combinedCustomers.distinct();

A Cursor for the combinedCustomers Source has the following values:

MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT BOS
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT TOK
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT WAN
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT BOS
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT TOK
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NY
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD SJ

A Cursor for the distinctCombinedCustomers Source has the following values:

MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT BOS
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT TOK
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::KOSH ENT WAN
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NY
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD SJ

Using the join Method

As described in Chapter 5, "Understanding Source Objects", you use the join method to produce a Source that has the elements of the base Source that are determined by the joined, comparison, and comparisonRule parameters of the method. The visible parameter determines whether the joined parameter Source is an output of the Source produced by the join operation. You also use the join method to match a Source with an input of the base or joined parameter Source.

Most of the examples in this chapter use one or more signatures of the join method, as do many of the examples in Chapter 5. Example 6-3 uses the full join signature and the simplest join signature. In the example, the full join signature demonstrates the use of COMPARISON_RULE_DESCENDING as the comparisonRule parameter.

Example 6-3 uses the following Source objects.

  • prodSelWithShortDescr, which is the Source produced by joining the short description attribute of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension with the Source for the FAMILY hierarchy level of the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy of the dimension.

  • salesMeasure, which is the Source for the SALES measure of the UNITS_CUBE_AWJ cube.

  • timeSelWithShortDescr, which is the Source produced by joining the short description attribute of the TIME_AWJ dimension with the Source for a selected member of the CALENDAR_YEAR hierarchy of the dimension.

  • custSelWithShortDescr, which is the Source produced by joining the short description attribute of the CUSTOMER_AWJ dimension with the Source for a selected member of the SHIPMENTS hierarchy of the dimension.

  • chanSelWithShortDescr, which is the Source produced by joining the short description attribute of the CHANNEL_AWJ dimension with the Source for a selected member of the CHANNEL_PRIMARY hierarchy of the dimension.

The first join operation uses the full signature of the join method with prodSelWithShortDescr as the base Source, salesMeasure as the joined Source, the Source for the Number data type as the comparison Source, and COMPARISON_RULE_DESCENDING as the comparison rule. The Source returned by that join operation has the product family level members and related product short description values as base values and an output that has the sales amounts in descending order.

The next three join operations join the single member selections of the other three dimensions of the measure. The result Source specifies the product family level members in descending order of sales amounts for the month of May, 2001 for all customers and all channels.

Example 6-3 Using COMPARISON_RULE_DESCENDING

Source result = prodSelWithShortDescr.join(salesMeasure,
                                           salesMeasure.getDataType(),
                                           Source.COMPARISON_RULE_DESCENDING,
                                           true)
                                     .join(timeSelWithShortDescr)
                                     .join(custSelWithShortDescr)
                                     .join(chanSelWithShortDescr);

A Cursor for the result Source has the following values, displayed as a table. The table includes only the short value descriptions of the hierarchy members and the sales amount values, and has headings and formatting added.

Total Channel
Total Customer
MAY-01

Total Sales Amounts   Product Family
-------------------   -----------------
   3,580,239.72       Desktop PCs
   2,508,560.92       Portable PCs
     891,807.30       CD/DVD
     632,376.84       Modems/Fax
     444,444.38       Memory
     312,389.39       Accessories
     291,510.88       Monitors
     222,995.92       Operating Systems
      44,479.32       Documentation

Using the position Method

You use the position method to produce a Source that has the positions of the elements of the base and has the base as an input. Example 6-4 uses the position method in producing a Source that specifies the selection of the first and last members of the levels of a hierarchy of the TIME_AWJ dimension.

In the example, mdmTimeDim is the MdmPrimaryDimension for the TIME_AWJ dimension. The example gets the level attribute and the CALENDAR_YEAR hierarchy of the dimension. It then gets Source objects for the attribute and the hierarchy.

Next, the example creates an array of Source objects and gets a List of the MdmHierarchyLevel components of the hierarchy. It gets the Source object for each level and adds it to the array, and then creates a list Source that has the Source objects for the levels as element values.

The example then produces levelMembers, which is a Source that specifies the members of the levels of the hierarchy. Because the comparison parameter of the join operation is the Source produced by levelList.value(), levelMembers has levelList as an input. Therefore, levelMembers is a Source that returns the members of each level, by level, when the input is matched in a join operation.

The range Source specifies a range of elements from the second element to the next to last element of a Source.

The next join operation produces the firstAndLast Source. The base of the operation is levelMembers. The joined parameter is the Source that results from the levelMembers.position() method. The comparison parameter is the range Source and the comparison rule is COMPARISON_RULE_REMOVE. The value of the visible parameter is true. The firstAndLast Source therefore specifies only the first and last members of the levels because it removes all of the other members of the levels from the selection. The firstAndLast Source still has levelList as an input.

The final join operation matches the input of firstAndLast with levelList.

Example 6-4 Selecting the First and Last Time Elements

MdmAttribute mdmTimeLevelAttr = mdmTimeDim.getLevelAttribute();
MdmLevelHierarchy mdmCalHier =
  mdmTimeDim.findOrCreateLevelHierarchy("CALENDAR_YEAR");

Source levelRel = mdmTimeLevelAttr.getSource();
StringSource calHier = (StringSource) mdmCalHier.getSource();

Source[] levelSources = new Source[3];
List levels = mdmCalHier.getHierarchyLevels();
for (int i = 0; i < levelSources.length; i++)
{
  levelSources[i] = ((MdmHierarchyLevel) levels.get(i)).getSource();
}
Source levelList = dp.createListSource(levelSources);
Source levelMembers =  calHier.join(levelRel, levelList.value());
Source range = dp.createRangeSource(2, levelMembers.count().minus(1)); 
Source firstAndLast = levelMembers.join(levelMembers.position(),
                                        range,
                                        Source.COMPARISON_RULE_REMOVE,
                                        true);
 
Source result = firstAndLast.join(levelList);

A Cursor for the result Source has the following values, displayed as a table with column headings and formatting added. The left column names the level, the middle column is the position of the member in the level, and the right column is the local value of the member. The TOTAL_TIME level has only one member.

Level       Member Position in Level  Member Value
----------  ------------------------  ------------
TOTAL_TIME               1              TOTAL
YEAR                     1              CY1998
YEAR                    10              CY2007
QUARTER                  1              CY1998.Q1
QUARTER                 40              CY2007.Q4
MONTH                    1              1998.01
MONTH                  120              2007.12

Using the recursiveJoin Method

You use the recursiveJoin method to produce a Source that has elements that are ordered hierarchically. You use the recursiveJoin method only with the Source for an MdmHierarchy or with a subtype of such a Source. The method produces a Source whose elements are ordered hierarchically by the parents and their children in the hierarchy.

Like the join method, you use the recursiveJoin method to produce a Source that has the elements of the base Source that are determined by the joined, comparison, and comparisonRule parameters of the method. The visible parameter determines whether the joined Source is an output of the Source produced by the recursive join operation.

The full recursiveJoin method has other parameters that specify the parent attribute of the hierarchy, whether the result should have the parents before or after their children, and how to order the elements of the result if the result includes children but not the parent. The recursiveJoin method has several signatures that are shortcuts for the full signature.

Example 6-5 uses a recursiveJoin method that lists the parents first, restricts the parents to the base, and does not add the joined Source as an output. The example first sorts the members of the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension by hierarchical levels and then by the value of the package attribute of each member.

In the first recursiveJoin method, the COMPARISON_RULE_ASCENDING parameter specifies that the members of the prodHier hierarchy be in ascending alphabetical order within each level. The prodParentAttr object is the Source for the parent attribute of the hierarchy.

The prodPkgAttr object in the second recursiveJoin method is the Source for the package attribute of the dimension. Only the members of the ITEM level have a related package attribute value. Because the members in the aggregate levels TOTAL_PRODUCT, CLASS, and FAMILY, do not have a related package, the package attribute value for members in those levels is null, which appears as NA in the results. Some of the ITEM level members do not have a related package value, so their values are NA, also.

The second recursiveJoin method joins the package attribute values to their related hierarchy members and sorts the members hierarchically by level, and then sorts them in ascending alphabetical order in the level by the package attribute value. The COMPARISON_RULE_ASCENDING_NULLS_FIRST parameter specifies that members that have a null value appear before the other members in the same level. The example then joins the result of the method, sortedHierNullsFirst, to the package attribute to produce a Source that has the package attribute values as element values and sortedHierNullsFirst as an output.

The third recursiveJoin method is the same as the second, except that the COMPARISON_RULE_DESCENDING_NULLS_FIRST parameter sorts the hierarchy members in descending alphabetical order in the level by package attribute value.

Example 6-5 Sorting Products Hierarchically by Attribute

Source result1 = prodHier.recursiveJoin(prodDim.value(),
                                        prodHier.getDataType(),
                                        prodParentAttr,
                                        Source.COMPARISON_RULE_ASCENDING);

Source sortedHierAscending = 
  prodHier.recursiveJoin(prodPkgAttr,
                         prodPkgAttr.getDataType(),
                         prodParentAttr,
                         Source.COMPARISON_RULE_ASCENDING_NULLS_FIRST);
Source result2 = prodPkgAttr.join(sortedHierAscending);

Source sortedHierDescending = 
  prodHier.recursiveJoin(prodPkgAttr,
                         prodPkgAttr.getDataType(),
                         prodParentAttr,
                         Source.COMPARISON_RULE_DESCENDING_NULLS_FIRST);
Source result3 = prodPkgAttr.join(sortedHierDescending);

A Cursor for the result1 Source has the following values, displayed with a heading added. The list contains only the first seventeen values of the Cursor.

Product Primary Hierarchy Value
-------------------------------------
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::TOTAL_PRODUCT::TOTAL
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::CLASS::HRD
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DISK
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::EXT CD ROM
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::EXT DVD
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT 8X DVD
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT CD ROM
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT CD USB
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT RW DVD
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DTPC
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT FIN
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT MM
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT STD
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::LTPC
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY ABM
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY EXE
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY STD
...

A Cursor for the result2 Source has the following values, displayed as a table with headings added. The table contains only the first seventeen values of the Cursor. The left column has the member values of the hierarchy and the right column has the package attribute value for the member.

The ITEM level members that have a null value appear first, and then the other level members appear in ascending order of package value. Since the data type of the package attribute is String, the package values are in ascending alphabetical order.

Product Primary Hierarchy Value        Package Attribute Value
-------------------------------------  -----------------------
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::TOTAL_PRODUCT::TOTAL     NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::CLASS::HRD               NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DISK             NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::EXT CD ROM         NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT 8X DVD         NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT CD USB         NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::EXT DVD            Executive
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT CD ROM         Laptop Value Pack
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT RW DVD         Multimedia
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DTPC             NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT FIN           NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT STD           NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT MM            Multimedia
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::LTPC             NA
RODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY ABM            NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY EXE           Executive
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY STD           Laptop Value Pack
...

A Cursor for the result3 Source has the following values, displayed as a table with headings added. This time the members are in descending order, alphabetically by package attribute value.

Product Primary Hierarchy Value        Package Attribute Value
-------------------------------------  -----------------------
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::TOTAL_PRODUCT::TOTAL     NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::CLASS::HRD               NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DISK             NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::EXT CD ROM         NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT 8X DVD         NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT CD USB         NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT RW DVD         Multimedia
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT CD ROM         Laptop Value Pack
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::EXT DVD            Executive
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DTPC             NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT FIN           NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT STD           NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT MM            Multimedia
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::LTPC             NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY ABM           NA
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY STD           Laptop Value Pack
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY EXE           Executive
...

Using the value Method

As described in "Deriving a Source with an Input", you use the value method to create a Source that has itself as an input. That relationship enables you to select a subset of elements of the Source, as shown in the example in "Selecting Elements of a Source". You can also use the value method to reverse a relation, as shown in the example in "Reversing a Relation".

Selecting Elements of a Source

Example 5-11 and Example 6-6 demonstrate the selection of a subset of the elements of a Source. In Example 6-6, shipHier is a Source for the SHIPMENTS hierarchy of the CUSTOMER_AWJ dimension. The selectValues method of shipHier produces custSel, which is a selection of some of the elements of shipHier. The selectValues method of custSel produces custSel2, which is a subset of that selection.

The first join method has custSel as the base and as the joined Source. It has custSel2 as the comparison Source. The elements of the resulting Source, result1, are the Cartesian product of the base and joined Source objects that are specified by the comparison Source. The result1 Source has one set of the elements of custSel for each element of custSel that is in the comparison Source. The true value of the visible parameter causes the joined Source to be an output of result1.

The second join method also has custSel as the base and custSel2 as the comparison Source, but it has the Source returned by the custSel.value() method as the joined Source. Because custSel is an input of the joined Source, the base Source matches with that input. That input relationship causes the resulting Source, result2, to have only those elements of custSel that are also in the comparison Source.

Example 6-6 Selecting a Subset of the Elements of a Source

StringSource custSel = (StringSource) shipHier.selectValues(new String[]
                                         {"SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN",
                                          "SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE LON",
                                          "SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ",
                                          "SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE ATL"});

Source custSel2 = custSel.selectValues(new String[]
                                         {"SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN",
                                          "SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ"});
 
Source result1 = custSel.join(custSel, custSel2, true);
 
Source  result2 = custSel.join(custSel.value(), custSel2, true);

A Cursor for result1 has the values shown in the following table. The table has formatting and headings that are not in the Cursor. The left column has the values of the elements of the output of the Cursor. The right column has the base values of the Cursor.

          Output Value                        result1 Value        
---------------------------------   ---------------------------------
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ    SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE ATL
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ    SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ    SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ    SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE LON
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN   SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE ATL
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN   SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN   SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN   SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE LON

A Cursor for result2 has the following values, displayed as a table with headings added. The left column has the values of the elements of the output of the Cursor. The right column has the base values of the Cursor.

          Output Value                        result2 Value        
---------------------------------   ---------------------------------
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ    SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SJ
SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN   SHIPMENTS::SHIP_TO::COMP WHSE SIN

Reversing a Relation

Another use of the value method is to reverse a relation, as shown in Example 6-7. The example reverses the ancestor attribute relation of the CUSTOMER_AWJ dimension to produce a Source, marketsDescendants, that represents a descendants relation. The marketsDescendants Source has as an input the Source for the MARKETS hierarchy of the dimension. When you join marketsDescendants with a Source that matches with that input, you get a Source that specifies the descendants of the participating members of the hierarchy.

Another example of reversing a relation is Example 6-10. It uses the value method in reversing the parent attribute to get the children of a parent.

Example 6-7 first gets the MdmStandardDimension object for the CUSTOMER_AWJ dimension and the MdmLevelHierarchy object for the MARKETS hierarchy of that dimension. It gets the Source for the hierarchy.

The example next gets the ancestors attribute of the dimension and the Source for it. The ancestors attribute relates each dimension member to the ancestors of that member.

To produce a Source that represents the descendants of each member of the dimension, the example reverses the ancestor relation by joining the Source for the hierarchy, mktHier, with the ancestors attribute, ancestorsAttr. The join operation uses mktHier.value() as the comparison Source, so that the Source returned by the join operation, marketsDescendants, has mktHier as an input. The marketsDescendants Source specifies, for each element of ancestorsAttr, the elements of mktHier that have the ancestorsAttr element as their ancestor. Because it has mktHier as an input, the marketsDescendants Source functions in the same way as an attribute that represents the descendants relationship for the hierarchy.

The example demonstrates this when it joins mktHier to marketsDescendants in the following line.

Source selValDescendants = marketsDescendants.join(mktHier, selVal);

In the join operation, the joined Source, mktHier, matches with the input of marketsDescendants. The comparison Source is selVal, which specifies a single member of the hierarchy. The join operation returns selValDescendants, which specifies the elements of marketsDescendants that are the descendants of the selVal member. The result also includes the ancestor member itself. The mktHier Source is not an output of selValDescendants because the signature of the join method used derives a Source that does not have the joined Source as an output.

The example next uses the full signature of the join method to produce selValDescendantsOnly, which contains only the descendants and not the ancestor value. To remove the ancestor value, the example again uses the value method, this time to return a Source that is the joined parameter of the join operation that returns selValDescendantsOnly. The comparison Source is selVal, and the comparison rule is COMPARISON_RULE_REMOVE.

Finally, the example uses the removeValue method to produce selValDescendantsOnly2, which is the same as selValDescendantsOnly. This simply demonstrates that the removeValue method is a shortcut for the join operation that returned selValDescendantsOnly.

Example 6-7 Using the value Method to Reverse a Relation

MdmStandardDimension mdmCustDim =
  mdmDBSchema.findOrCreateStandardDimension("CUSTOMER_AWJ");
MdmLevelHierarchy mdmMktHier =
  mdmCustDim.findOrCreateLevelHierarchy("MARKETS");
StringSource mktHier = (StringSource)mdmMktHier.getSource();
MdmAttribute mdmAncestorsAttr = mdmCustDim.getAncestorsAttribute();
Source ancestorsAttr = mdmAncestorsAttr.getSource();

// Reverse the ancestors relation to get the descendants relation.
Source marketsDescendants = mktHier.join(ancestorsAttr, mktHier.value());

Source selVal = mktHier.selectValue("MARKETS::ACCOUNT::BUSN WRLD");

// Select the descendants of the specified hierarchy member.
StringSource selValDescendants = 
  (StringSource)marketsDescendants.join(mktHier, selVal);

// Remove the ancestor value so that only the descendants remain.
Source selValDescendantsOnly =
  selValDescendants.join(selValDescendants.value(),
                         selVal, 
                         Source.COMPARISON_RULE_REMOVE),
                         false;

// Produce the same result using the removeValue method.
Source selValDescendantsOnly2 = 
  selValDescendants.removeValue("MARKETS::ACCOUNT::BUSN WRLD");

A Cursor for selValDescendants has the following values.

MARKETS::ACCOUNT::BUSN WRLD
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD HAM
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NAN
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NY
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD SJ

A Cursor for selValDescendantsOnly has the following values.

MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD HAM
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NAN
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NY
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD SJ

A Cursor for selValDescendantsOnly2 has the following values.

MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD HAM
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NAN
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD NY
MARKETS::SHIP_TO::BUSN WRLD SJ

Using Other Source Methods

Along with the methods that are various signatures of the basic methods, the Source class has many other methods that use combinations of the basic methods. Some methods perform selections based on a single position, such as the at and offset methods. Others operate on a range of positions, such as the interval method. Some perform comparisons, such as eq and gt, select one or more elements, such as selectValue or removeValue, or sort elements, such as sortAscending or sortDescendingHierarchically.

The subclasses of Source each have other specialized methods, also. For example, the NumberSource class has many methods that perform mathematical functions such as abs, div, and cos, and methods that perform aggregations, such as average and total.

This topic has examples that demonstrate the use of some of the Source methods. Some of the examples are tasks that an OLAP application typically performs.

Using the extract Method

You use the extract method to extract the values of a Source that is the value of an element of another Source. If the elements of a Source have element values that are not Source objects, then the extract method operates like the value method.

Example 6-8 uses the extract method to get the values of the NumberSource objects that are themselves the values of the elements of the list Source measDim. Each of the NumberSource objects represents a measure.

The example selects elements from StringSource objects for the hierarchies of the dimensions of the UNITS_CUBE_AWJ cube. The cost, units, and sales objects are NumberSource objects for the COST, UNITS, and SALES measures of the cube.

Next, the example creates measDim, which is a list Source that has the three NumberSource objects as element values. It then uses the extract method to get the values of the NumberSource objects. The resulting unnamed Source has measDim as an extraction input. The first join operation has measDim.extract() as the base Source. The input of the base Source matches with measDim, which is the joined parameter. The example then matches the other inputs of the measures by joining the dimension selections to produce the result Source.

Example 6-8 Using the extract Method

Source prodSel = prodHier.selectValues(new String[]
                                        {"PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY STD",
                                         "PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY EXE",
                                         "PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY ABM"});
Source chanSel = chanHier.selectValue("CHANNEL_PRIMARY::CHANNEL::DIR");
Source timeSel = timeHier.selectValue("CALENDAR_YEAR::MONTH::2001.05");
Source custSel = custHier.selectValue("SHIPMENTS::TOTAL_CUSTOMER::TOTAL");
 
Source measDim = dp.createListSource(new Source[] {cost, units, sales});
 
Source result = measDim.extract().join(measDim)   // column
                                 .join(prodSel)   // row
                                 .join(timeSel)   // page
                                 .join(chanSel)   // page
                                 .join(custSel);  // page

The following crosstab displays the values of a Cursor for the result Source, with headings and formatting added.

SHIPMENTS::TOTAL_CUSTOMER::TOTAL
CHANNEL_PRIMARY::CHANNEL::DIR
CALENDAR_YEAR::MONTH::2001.05
 
ITEM            COST      UNITS SOLD   SALES AMOUNT
--------     ----------   ----------   -------------
ENVY ABM      73,316.10       26          77,825.54
ENVY EXE     111,588.30       37         116,470.45
ENVY STD      92,692.47       39          93,429.57

Creating a Cube and Pivoting Edges

One typical OLAP operation is the creation of a cube, which is a multi-dimensional array of data. The data of the cube is specified by the elements of the column, row, and page edges of the cube. The data of the cube can be data from a measure that is specified by the members of the dimensions of the measure. The cube data can also be dimension members that are specified by some calculation of the measure data, such as products that have unit sales quantities greater than a specified amount.

Most of the examples in this topic create cubes. Example 6-9 creates a cube that has the quantity of units sold as the data of the cube. The column edge values are initially from a channel dimension hierarchy, the row edge values are from a time dimension hierarchy, and the page edge values are from hierarchies for product and customer dimensions. The product and customer member values on the page edge are represented by parameterized Source objects.

The example joins the selections of the hierarchy members to the short value description attributes for the dimensions so that the results include the attribute values. The example then joins the Source objects derived from the hierarchies to the Source for the measure to produce the cube query. It commits the current Transaction, and then creates a Cursor for the query and displays the values.

After displaying the values of the Cursor, the example changes the value of the Parameter for the parameterized Source for the customer selection, thereby retrieving a different result set using the same Cursor in the same Transaction. The example resets the position of the Cursor, and displays the values of the Cursor again.

The example then pivots the column and row edges so that the column values are time members and the row values are channel members. It commits the Transaction, creates another Cursor for the query, and displays the values. It then changes the value of each Parameter object and displays the values of the Cursor again.

The dp object is the DataProvider. The getContext method gets a Context11g object that has a method that displays the values of the Cursor in a crosstab format.

Example 6-9 Creating a Cube and Pivoting the Edges

// Create Parameter objects with values from the hierarchies
// of the CUSTOMER_AWJ and PRODUCT_AWJ dimensions.
StringParameter custParam =
  new StringParameter(dp, "SHIPMENTS::REGION::EMEA");
StringParameter prodParam =
  new StringParameter(dp, "PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::LTPC");
                      
// Create parameterized Source objects using the Parameter objects.
Source custParamSrc = custParam.createSource();
Source prodParamSrc = prodParam.createSource();

// Select single values from the hierarchies, using the Parameter
// objects as the comparisons in the join operations.
Source paramCustSel = custHier.join(custHier.value(), custParamSrc);
Source paramProdSel = prodHier.join(prodHier.value(), prodParamSrc);

// Select members from the other dimensions of the measure
Source timeSel = 
  timeHier.selectValues(new String[] {"CALENDAR_YEAR::YEAR::CY1999"
                                      "CALENDAR_YEAR::YEAR::CY2000",
                                      "CALENDAR_YEAR::YEAR::CY2001"});
Source chanSel = 
  chanHier.selectValues(new String[] {"CHANNEL_PRIMARY::CHANNEL::DIR",
                                      "CHANNEL_PRIMARY::CHANNEL::CAT     ",
                                      "CHANNEL_PRIMARY::CHANNEL::INT"});

// Join the hierarchy selections to the short description attributes
// for the dimensions.
Source columnEdge = chanSel.join(chanShortDescr);
Source rowEdge = timeSel.join(timeShortDescr);
Source page1 = paramProdSel.join(prodShortDescr);
Source page2 = paramCustSel.join(custShortDescr);

// Join the dimension selections to the measure.
Source cube = units.join(columnEdge)
                   .join(rowEdge)
                   .join(page2)
                   .join(page1);

// The following method commits the current Transaction.
getContext().commit();

// Create a Cursor for the query.
CursorManager cursorMngr = dp.createCursorManager(cube);
CompoundCursor cubeCursor = (CompoundCursor) cursorMngr.createCursor();

// Display the values of the Cursor as a crosstab.
getContext().displayCursorAsCrosstab(cubeCursor);

// Change the customer parameter value.
custParam.setValue("SHIPMENTS::REGION::AMER");

// Reset the Cursor position to 1 and display the values again.
cubeCursor.setPosition(1);
println();
getContext().displayCursorAsCrosstab(cubeCursor);

// Pivot the column and row edges.
columnEdge = timeSel.join(timeShortDescr);
rowEdge = chanSel.join(chanShortDescr);

// Join the dimension selections to the measure.
cube = units.join(columnEdge)
            .join(rowEdge))
            .join(page2)
            .join(page1);
 
// Commit the current Transaction.
getContext().commit();

// Create another Cursor.
cursorMngr = dp.createCursorManager(cube);
cubeCursor = (CompoundCursor) cursorMngr.createCursor();
getContext().displayCursorAsCrosstab(cubeCursor);

// Change the product parameter value.
prodParam.setValue("PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DTPC");

// Reset the Cursor position to 1
cubeCursor.setPosition(1);
println();
getContext().displayCursorAsCrosstab(cubeCursor);

The following crosstab has the values of cubeCursor displayed by the first displayCursorAsCrosstab method.

Portable PCs
Europe
 
        Catalog  Direct Sales  Internet
1999       1986            86         0
2000       1777           193        10
2001       1449           196       215
 

The following crosstab has the values of cubeCursor after the example changed the value of the custParam Parameter object.

Portable PCs
North America

        Catalog  Direct Sales  Internet
1999       6841           385        0
2000       6457           622       35
2001       5472           696      846

The next crosstab has the values of cubeCursor after pivoting the column and row edges.

Portable PCs
North America
 
                1999    2000    2001
Catalog         6841    6457    5472
Direct Sales     385     622     696
Internet           0      35     846

The last crosstab has the values of cubeCursor after changing the value of the prodParam Parameter object.

Desktop PCs
North America
 
                1999    2000    2001
Catalog        14057       13210        11337
Direct Sales     793    1224    1319
Internet           0      69    1748

Drilling Up and Down in a Hierarchy

Drilling up or down in a dimension hierarchy is another typical OLAP operation. Example 6-10 demonstrates getting the members of one level of a dimension hierarchy, selecting a member, and then getting the parent, children, and ancestors of the member. The example gets the children of a parent by reversing the parent relation to produce the prodHierChildren Source.

The example uses the following objects.

  • levelSrc, which is the Source for the FAMILY level of the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension.

  • prodHier, which is the Source for the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy.

  • prodHierParentAttr, which is the Source for the parent attribute of the hierarchy.

  • prodHierAncsAttr, which is the Source for the ancestors attribute of the hierarchy.

  • prodShortLabel, which is the Source for the short value description attribute of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension.

Example 6-10 Drilling in a Hierarchy

int pos = 5;
// Get the element at the specified position of the level Source.
Source levelElement = levelSrc.at(pos);

// Select the element of the hierarchy Source that has the specified value.
Source levelSel = prodHier.join(prodHier.value(), levelElement);

// Get ancestors of the level member.
Source levelElementAncs = prodHierAncsAttr.join(prodHier, levelElement);
// Get the parent of the level member.
Source levelElementParent = prodHierParentAttr.join(prodHier, levelElement);
// Get the children of a parent.
Source prodHierChildren = prodHier.join(prodHierParentAttr, prodHier.value());

// Select the children of the level member.
Source levelElementChildren = prodHierChildren.join(prodHier, levelElement);

// Get the short value descriptions for the members of the level.
Source levelSrcWithShortDescr = prodShortLabel.join(levelSrc);

// Get the short value descriptions for the children.
Source levelElementChildrenWithShortDescr =
                               prodShortLabel.join(levelElementChildren);

// Get the short value descriptions for the parents.
Source levelElementParentWithShortDescr = 
               prodShortLabel.join(prodHier, levelElementParent, true);

// Get the short value descriptions for the ancestors.
Source levelElementAncsWithShortDescr = 
              prodShortLabel.join(prodHier, levelElementAncs, true);

// Commit the current Transaction.
getContext().commit();

// Create Cursor objects and display their values.
println("Level Source element values:");
getContext().displayResult(levelSrcWithShortDescr);
println("\nLevel Source element at position " + pos + ":");
getContext().displayResult(levelElement);
println("\nParent of the level member:");
getContext().displayResult(levelElementParent);
println("\nChildren of the level member:");
getContext().displayResult(levelElementChildrenWithShortDescr);
println("\nAncestors of the level member:");
getContext().displayResult(levelElementAncsWithShortDescr);

The following list has the values of the Cursor objects created by the displayResults methods.

Level Source element values:
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::ACC,Accessories
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DISK,CD/DVD
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DOC,Documentation
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DTPC,Portable PCs
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::LTPC,Desktop PCs
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::MEM,Memory
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::MOD,Modems/Fax
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::MON,Monitors
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::OS,Operating Systems

Level Source element at position 5:
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY:LTPC

Parent of the level member:
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::CLASS::HRD,Hardware
 
Children of the level member:
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY ABM,Envoy Ambassador
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY EXE,Envoy Executive
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::ENVY STD,Envoy Standard

Ancestors of the level member:
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::TOTAL_PRODUCT::TOTAL,Total Product
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::CLASS::HRD,Hardware
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::LTPC,Portable PCs

Sorting Hierarchically by Measure Values

Example 6-11 uses the recursiveJoin method to sort the members of the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension hierarchically in ascending order of the values of the UNITS measure. The example joins the sorted products to the short value description attribute of the dimension, and then joins the result of that operation, sortedProductsShortDescr, to units.

The successive joinHidden methods join the selections of the other dimensions of units to produce the result Source, which has the measure data as element values and sortedProductsShortDescr as an output. The example uses the joinHidden methods so that the other dimension selections are not outputs of the result.

The example uses the following objects.

  • prodHier, which is the Source for the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy.

  • units, which is the Source for the UNITS measure of product units sold.

  • prodParentAttr, which is the Source for the parent attribute of the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy.

  • prodShortDescr, which is the Source for the short value description attribute of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension.

  • custSel, which is a Source that specifies a single member of the SHIPMENTS hierarchy of the CUSTOMER_AWJ dimension. The member is SHIPMENTS::TOTAL_CUSTOMER::TOTAL, which is the total for all customers.

  • chanSel, which is a Source that specifies a single member of the CHANNEL_PRIMARY hierarchy of the CHANNEL_AWJ dimension. The member value is CHANNEL_PRIMARY::CHANNEL::DIR, which is the direct sales channel.

  • timeSel, which is a Source that specifies a single member of the CALENDAR_YEAR hierarchy of the TIME_AWJ dimension. The member is CALENDAR_YEAR::YEAR::CY2001, which is the year 2001.

Example 6-11 Hierarchical Sorting by Measure Value

Source sortedProduct =
  prodHier.recursiveJoin(units,
                         units.getDataType(),
                         prodParentAttr,
                         Source.COMPARISON_RULE_ASCENDING,
                         true,  // Parents first
                         true); // Restrict parents to base
 
Source sortedProductShortDescr = prodShortDescr.join(sortedProduct);
Source result = units.join(sortedProductShortDescr)
                     .joinHidden(custSel)
                     .joinHidden(chanSel)
                     .joinHidden(timeSel);

A Cursor for the result Source has the following values, displayed in a table with column headings and formatting added. The left column has the name of the level in the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy. The next column to the right has the product identification value, and the next column has the short value description of the product. The rightmost column has the number of units of the product sold to all customers in the year 2001 through the direct sales channel.

The table contains only the first nine and the last eleven values of the Cursor, plus the Software/Other class value. The product values are listed hierarchically and in ascending order by units sold. The Hardware class appears before the Software/Other class because the Software/Other class has a greater number of units sold. In the Hardware class, the Portable PCs family sold the fewest units, so it appears first. In the Software/Other class, the Accessories family has the greatest number of units sold, so it appears last.

Product Level      ID                 Description           Units Sold
-------------  ------------   ----------------------------- ----------
TOTAL_PRODUCT  TOTAL          Total Product                     43,785
CLASS          HRD            Hardware                          16,543
FAMILY         LTPC           Portable PCs                       1,192
ITEM           ENVY ABM       Envoy Ambassador                     330
ITEM           ENVY EXE       Envoy Executive                      385
ITEM           ENVY STD       Envoy Standard                       477
FAMILY         MON            Monitors                           1,193
ITEM           19 SVGA        Monitor- 19" Super VGA               207
ITEM           17 SVGA        Monitor- 17"Super VGA                986
...
CLASS          SFT            Software/Other)                   27,242
...
FAMILY         ACC            Accessories                       18,949
ITEM           ENVY EXT KBD   Envoy External Keyboard              146
ITEM           EXT KBD        External 101-key keyboard            678
ITEM           MM SPKR 5      Multimedia speakers- 5" cones        717
ITEM           STD MOUSE      Standard Mouse                       868
ITEM           MM SPKR 3      Multimedia speakers- 3" cones      1,120
ITEM           144MB DISK     1.44MB External 3.5" Diskette      1,145
TEM            KBRD REST      Keyboard Wrist Rest                2,231
ITEM           LT CASE        Laptop carrying case               3,704
ITEM           DLX MOUSE      Deluxe Mouse                       3,884
ITEM           MOUSE PAD      Mouse Pad                          4,456

Using NumberSource Methods To Compute the Share of Units Sold

Example 6-12 uses the NumberSource methods div and times to produce a Source that specifies the share that the Desktop PC and Portable PC families have of the total quantity of product units sold for the selected time, customer, and channel values. The example first uses the selectValue method of prodHier, which is the Source for a hierarchy of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension, to produce totalProds, which specifies a single element with the value PRODUCT_PRIMARY::TOTAL_PRODUCT::TOTAL, which is the highest aggregate level of the hierarchy.

The joinHidden method of the NumberSource units produces totalUnits, which specifies the UNITS measure values at the total product level, without having totalProds appear as an output of totalUnits. The div method of units then produces a Source that represents each units sold value divided by the total quantity of units sold. The times method then multiplies the result of that div operation by 100 to produce productShare, which represents the percentage, or share, that a product member has of the total quantity of units sold. The productShare Source has the inputs of the units measure as inputs.

The prodFamilies object is the Source for the FAMILY level of the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy. The join method of productShare, with prodFamilies as the joined Source, produces a Source that specifies the share that each product family has of the total quantity of products sold.

The custSel, chanSel, and timeSel Source objects are selections of single members of hierarchies of the CUSTOMER_AWJ, CHANNEL_AWJ, and TIME_AWJ dimensions. The remaining join methods match those Source objects to the other inputs of productShare, to produce result. The join(Source joined, String comparison) signature of the join method produces a Source that does not have the joined Source as an output.

The result Source specifies the share for each product family of the total quantity of products sold to all customers through the direct sales channel in the year 2001.

Example 6-12 Getting the Share of Units Sold

Source totalProds =
  prodHier.selectValue("PRODUCT_PRIMARY::TOTAL_PRODUCT::TOTAL");
NumberSource totalUnits = (NumberSource) units.joinHidden(totalProds);
Source productShare = units.div(totalUnits).times(100);
Source result = 
  productShare.join(prodFamilies)
              .join(timeHier, "CALENDAR_YEAR::YEAR::CY2001")
              .join(chanHier, "CHANNEL_PRIMARY::CHANNEL::DIR")
              .join(custHier, "SHIPMENTS::TOTAL_CUSTOMER::TOTAL");
Source sortedResult = result.sortAscending();

A Cursor for the sortedResult Source has the following values, displayed in a table with column headings and formatting added. The left column has the product family value and the right column has the share of the total number of units sold for the product family to all customers through the direct sales channel in the year 2001.

Product Family Member          Share of Total Units Sold
-----------------------------  -------------------------
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::LTPC             2.72%
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::MON              2.73%
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::MEM              3.57%
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DTPC             5.13%
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DOC              6.4%
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DISK            11.71%
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::MOD             11.92%
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::OS              12.54%
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::ACC             43.28%

Selecting Based on Time Series Operations

This topic has two examples of using methods that operate on a series of elements of the MdmLevelHierarchy for the CALENDAR_YEAR hierarchy of the TIME_AWJ dimension. Example 6-13 uses the lag method of unitPrice, which is the Source for the UNIT_PRICE measure, to produce unitPriceLag4, which specifies, for each element of unitPrice that matches with a member of the hierarchy, the element of unitPrice that matches with the hierarchy member that is four time periods earlier at the same level in the hierarchy.

In the example, dp is the DataProvider. The createListSource method creates measuresDim, which has the unitPrice and unitPriceLag4 Source objects as element values. The extract method of measuresDim gets the values of the elements of measuresDim. The Source produced by the extract method has measuresDim as an extraction input. The first join method matches a Source, measuresDim, to the input of the Source returned by the extract method.

The unitPrice and unitPriceLag4 measures both have the Source objects for the PRODUCT_AWJ and TIME_AWJ dimensions as inputs. The second join method matches quarterLevel, which is a Source for the QUARTER level of the CALENDAR_YEAR hierarchy of the TIME_AWJ dimension, with the TIME_AWJ dimension input of the measure, and makes it an output of the resulting Source.

The joinHidden method matches prodSel with the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension input of the measure, and does not make prodSel an output of the resulting Source. The prodSel Source specifies the single hierarchy member PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DTPC, which is Desktop PCs.

The lagResult Source specifies the aggregate unit prices for the Desktop PC product family for each quarter and the quarter that is four quarters earlier.

Example 6-13 Using the Lag Method

NumberSource unitPriceLag4 = unitPrice.lag(mdmCalHier, 4);
Source measuresDim = dp.createListSource(new Source[] {unitPrice, 
                                                       unitPriceLag4});
 
Source lagResult = measuresDim.extract()
                              .join(measuresDim)
                              .join(quarterLevel)
                              .joinHidden(prodSel);

A Cursor for the lagResult Source has the following values, displayed in a table with column headings and formatting added. The left column has the quarter, the middle column has the total of the unit prices for the members of the Desktop PC family for that quarter, and the right column has the total of the unit prices for the quarter that is four quarters earlier. The first four values in the right column are NA because quarter 5, Q1-98, is the first quarter in the CALENDAR_YEAR hierarchy. The table includes only the first eight quarters.

                                                    Unit Price  
Quarter                            Unit Price  Four Quarters Before
---------------------------------  ----------  --------------------
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1998.Q1    2687.54                NA
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1998.Q2    2704.48                NA
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1998.Q3    2673.27                NA
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1998.Q4    2587.76                NA
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1999.Q1    2394.79           2687.54
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1999.Q2    2337.18           2704.48
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1999.Q3    2348.39           2673.27
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1999.Q4    2177.89           2587.76
...

Example 6-14 uses the same unitPrice, mdmCalHier, quarterLevel, and prodSel objects as Example 6-13, but it uses the unitPriceMovingTotal measure as the second element of measuresDim. The unitPriceMovingTotal Source is produced by the movingTotal method of unitPrice. That method provides mdmCalHier, which is the MdmLevelHierarchy for the CALENDAR_YEAR hierarchy of the TIME_AWJ dimension, as the dimension parameter and the integers 0 and 3 as the starting and ending offset values.

The movingTotalResult Source specifies, for each quarter, the aggregate of the unit prices for the members of the Desktop PC family for that quarter and the total of that unit price plus the unit prices for the next three quarters.

Example 6-14 Using the movingTotal Method

NumberSource unitPriceMovingTotal = 
  unitPrice.movingTotal(mdmCalHier, 0, 3);
 
Source measuresDim =  
  dp.createListSource(new Source[]{unitPrice, unitPriceMovingTotal});

Source movingTotalResult = measuresDim.extract()
                                      .join(measuresDim)
                                      .join(quarterLevel)
                                      .joinHidden(prodSel);     

A Cursor for the movingTotalResult Source has the following values, displayed in a table with column headings and formatting added. The left column has the quarter, the middle column has the total of the unit prices for the members of the Desktop PC family for that quarter, and the left column has the total of the unit prices for that quarter and the next three quarters. The table includes only the first eight quarters.

                                                   Unit Price Moving Total 
Quarter                             Unit Price  Current Plus Next Three Periods
---------------------------------   ----------  -------------------------------
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1998.Q1     2687.54              10653.05
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1998.Q2     2704.48              10360.30
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1998.Q3     2673.27               9993.00
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1998.Q4     2587.76               9668.12
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1999.Q1     2394.79               9258.25
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1999.Q2     2337.18               8911.87
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1999.Q3     2348.39               8626.48
CALENDAR_YEAR::QUARTER::CY1999.Q4     2177.89               8291.37
...

Selecting a Set of Elements Using Parameterized Source Objects

Example 6-15 uses NumberParameter objects to create parameterized Source objects. Those objects are the bottom and top parameters for the interval method of prodHier. That method returns paramProdSelInterval, which is a Source that specifies the set of elements of prodHier from the bottom to the top positions of the hierarchy.

The elements of the product Source specify the elements of the units measure that appear in the result Source. By changing the values of the Parameter objects, you can select a different set of units sold values using the same Cursor and without having to produce new Source and Cursor objects.

The example uses the following objects.

  • dp, which is the DataProvider for the session.

  • prodHier, which is the Source for the PRODUCT_PRIMARY hierarchy of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension.

  • prodShortDescr, which is the Source for the short value description attribute of the PRODUCT_AWJ dimension.

  • units, which is the Source for the UNITS measure of product units sold.

  • chanHier, which is the Source for the CHANNEL_PRIMARY hierarchy of the CHANNEL_AWJ dimension.

  • calHier, which is the Source for the CALENDAR_YEAR hierarchy of the TIME_AWJ dimension.

  • shipHier, which is the Source for the SHIPMENTS hierarchy of the CUSTOMER_AWJ dimension.

  • The Context11g object that is returned by the getContext method. The Context11g has methods that commit the current Transaction, that create a Cursor for a Source, that display text, and that display the values of the Cursor.

The join method of prodShortDescr gets the short value descriptions for the elements of paramProdSelInterval. The next four join methods match Source objects with the inputs of the units measure. The example creates a Cursor and displays the result set of the query. Next, the setPosition method of resultCursor sets the position of the Cursor back to the first element.

The setValue methods of the NumberParameter objects change the values of those objects, which changes the selection of elements of the product Source that are specified by the query. The example then displays the values of the Cursor again.

Example 6-15 Selecting a Range With NumberParameter Objects

NumberParameter startParam = new NumberParameter(dp, 1);
NumberParameter endParam = new NumberParameter(dp, 6);
 
NumberSource startParamSrc = (NumberSource)startParam.createSource();
NumberSource endParamSrc = (NumberSource)endParam.createSource();

Source paramProdSelInterval = 
  prodHier.interval(startParamSrc, endParamSrc);
Source paramProdSelIntervalShortDescr =
  prodShortDescr.join(paramProdSelInterval);
 
NumberSource result =
  (NumberSource)units.join(chanHier, "CHANNEL_PRIMARY::CHANNEL::INT")
                     .join(calHier, "CALENDAR_YEAR::YEAR::CY2001")
                     .join(shipHier, "SHIPMENTS::TOTAL_CUSTOMER::TOTAL")
                     .join(paramProdSelIntervalShortDescr);
 
// Commit the current transaction.
getContext().commit();
 
CursorManager  cursorMngr = dp.createCursorManager(result);
Cursor resultCursor = cursorMngr.createCursor();
 
getContext().displayCursor(resultCursor);
 
//Reset the Cursor position to 1.
resultCursor.setPosition(1);
 
// Change the value of the parameterized Source.
startParam.setValue(7);
endParam.setValue(12);

// Display the results again.
getContext().displayCursor(resultsCursor);

The following table displays the values of resultCursor, with column headings and formatting added. The left column has the product hierarchy members, the middle column has the short value description, and the right column has the quantity of units sold.

              Product                       Description        Units Sold
-------------------------------------  ----------------------  ----------
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::TOTAL_PRODUCT::TOTAL   Total Product             55,872
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::CLASS::HRD             Hardware                  21,301
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DISK           Memory                     6,634
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::EXT CD ROM       External 48X CD-ROM          136
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::EXT DVD          External - DVD-RW - 8X     1,526
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT 8X DVD       Internal - DVD-RW - 8X     1,543
 
              Product                       Description        Units Sold
-------------------------------------  ----------------------  ----------
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT CD ROM       Internal 48X CD-ROM          380
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT CD USB       Internal 48X CD-ROM USB      162
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::INT RW DVD       Internal - DVD-RW - 6X     2,887
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::FAMILY::DTPC           Desktop PCs                2,982
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT FIN         Sentinel Financial         1,015
PRODUCT_PRIMARY::ITEM::SENT MM          Sentinel Multimedia          875