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Oracle® OLAP DML Reference
11g Release 2 (11.2)

Part Number E17122-05
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ANY

The ANY function returns YES when any values of a Boolean expression are TRUE, or NO when none of the values of the expression are TRUE.

Return Value

BOOLEAN.

Syntax

ANY(boolean-expression [CACHE] [dimension ...] )

Parameters

boolean-expression

The Boolean expression to be evaluated

CACHE

Specifies slightly different internal behavior. Specify this keyword only when the original performance is extremely slow.

dimension

The name of a dimension of the result; or, the name of a relation between one dimension of boolean-expression and another dimension that you want as a dimension of the result.

By default, ANY returns a single YES or NO value. When you indicate one or more dimensions for the result, ANY tests for TRUE values along the dimensions that are specified and returns an array of values. Each dimension must be either a dimension of boolean-expression or related to one of its dimensions.

Tip:

When you specify a dimension that is not an actual dimension of boolean-expression, but, instead, is dimension that is related to a dimension of boolean-expression and when there are multiple relations between the two dimensions, Oracle OLAP uses the default relation between the dimensions to perform the calculation. (See the RELATION command for more information on default relations.) When you do not want Oracle OLAP to use this default relation, specify the related dimension by specifying the name of a specify relation.

Usage Notes

The Effect of NASKIP on ANY

ANY is affected by the NASKIP option. When NASKIP is set to YES (the default), ANY ignores NA values and returns YES when any of the values of the expression that are not NA are TRUE and returns NO when none of the values are TRUE. When NASKIP is set to NO, ANY returns NA when any value of the expression is NA. When all the values of the expression are NA, ANY returns NA for either setting of NASKIP.

Data with a Type of DAY, WEEK, MONTH, QUARTER, or YEAR

When boolean-expression is dimensioned by a dimension with a type of DAY, WEEK, MONTH, QUARTER, or YEAR, you can specify any other dimension of this type as a related dimension. Oracle OLAP uses the implicit relation between these dimensions. To control the mapping of one of these dimension to another (for example, from weeks to months), you can define an explicit relation between the dimensions and specify the name of the relation as the dimension argument to the ANY function.

For each time period in the related dimension, Oracle OLAP tests the data values for all the source time periods that end in the target time period. This method is used regardless of which dimension has the more aggregate time periods.

Examples

Example 7-14 Testing for Any True Values by District

Suppose you want to find out which districts had at least one month with sales greater than $150,000 for sportswear. You use the ANY function to determine whether the Boolean expression (sales GT 150000) is TRUE for any month. To have the result dimensioned by district, specify district as the second argument in the ANY function.

LIMIT product TO 'SPORTSWEAR'
REPORT HEADING 'High Sales' ANY(sales GT 150000, district)

The preceding statements produce the following output.

DISTRICT       High Sales
-------------- ----------
Boston                 NO
Atlanta               YES
Chicago                NO
Dallas                YES
Denver                 NO
Seattle                NO

Example 7-15 Testing for Any True Values by Region

You might also want to find out which regions had at least one month in which at least one district had sportswear sales greater than $150,000. Since the region dimension is related to the district dimension, you can specify region instead of district as a dimension for the results of ANY.

report heading 'High Sales' any(sales gt 150000, region)

The preceding statement produces the following output.

REGION         High Sales
-------------- ----------
East                  YES
Central               YES
west                   NO